Case Studies

Case studies provide excellent insight into the practical challenges of SSR initiatives and provide an opportunity to learn from those that have been successful, and not so successful.  They help us to see the patterns of good practice, when to apply different approaches and what pitfalls to avoid.  Please add your own case studies to help us build a rich repository of examples from real experience.

Gender and Security Sector Reform: Examples from the Ground

Selected Resources

Training Resource Package: Guide to Integrating Gender in SSR Training- DCAF

Video: Gender in SSR-Stephen Jackson, Chief of Staff at the UN Office in Burundi

The Examples from the Ground are concrete illustrations of ways in which a gender perspective has been integrated in different security sector institutions around the world. They range from measures to counter human trafficking in Kosovo, to women’s organisations’ involvement with security institutions in Nepal, to female parliamentarians’ contribution to post-conflict reconstruction in Rwanda. These examples can help policymakers, trainers and educators better understand and demonstrate the linkages between gender and SSR.

The examples are organised around the following nine themes, for which a short introduction is provided:

• Police Reform and Gender
• Defence Reform and Gender
• Justice Reform and Gender
• Penal Reform and Gender
• Border Management and Gender
• Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
• National Security Policy-Making and Gender
• Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
• SSR Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation and Gender

For downloading individual examples and case studies in Integrating Gender into SSR Training on Kosovo, Liberia, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste, Hungary, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the Central African Republic, Indonesia, Peru, Somalia, Afghanistan, the Russian Federation, Tajikstan, Rwand, Brazil, Israel, Jamaica, Nepal, the United States, and the regions of West Africa and the Pacific, kindly follow the link. 

Case Study

Women's Meaningful Participation in Peacebuilding and Governance

Selected Resources

Publication: The Role of Women in Peacebuilding
in Nepal- Asian Development Bank

Video: Bringing Women into the Security Sector Reform Process in Somalia, Hanan Ibrahim, African Initiative for Women

This study on Nepal was commissioned by CARE Austria (CÖ) as a contribution to CARE’s International Report on Women, Peace and Security: Review of 1325 +10 years in Nepal, Uganda and Afghanistan, defining ‘meaningful participation by women’. The Country Study was carried out between 13th July and 30th September 2010 by Consultant Lesley Abdela, Senior Partner in UK-based Consultancy Eyecatcher/Shevolution. As well as small-group gatherings in Kathmandu and desk review of relevant documentation, meetings were held with CARE staff and partner organisations and other stakeholders, including war survivors, Donors, INGOs, NGOs, women’s network alliances/coalitions, Nepal Government Departments, LPCs, community groups, Media and UN agencies.

Case Study

Promoting Local Ownership Through a Thematic Assessment in Guatemala's Justice Sector

In 2005, an intense national dialogue was taking place in Guatemala on the dramatic increase of homicides. Several donors tried to strengthen the National Civil Police’s and the Public Ministry’s capacity to investigate and prosecute homicide cases. There was a tremendous lack of knowledge regarding the weaknesses and strengths of the justice and security system in this area and there was no baseline to inform better programming.

Case Study

Improving Coherence and Coordination Through a Joint Multi-actor Assessment in Guinea

Selected Resources

Policy Brief- Addressing state fragility in Guinea-Conakry: A European success story?- Cristina Barrios, FRIDE

This case study outlines the lessons from the UN-ECOWAS joint multi-actor security sector assessment mission in response to the request of the Guinean transitional authority including the interim president, General Konate. The purpose of the mission was the "diagnosis of the security sector" in Guinea.

Case Study

Applying an Anthropological Perspective to Social Contracts in Albania

Selected Resources: 

Video: Albanian Symposium: Kanun of Lekë Dukagjini - Robert Elsie (10 November 2012, Leiden), AlbaFact

Publication: The Kanun in Present Day Albania, Kosovo and Montenegro- Tanya Mangalakova, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations

Publication: Security Sector Reform in Albania- Intiative for Peacebuilding

Albania presents a case study where citizen and state do not have an idealised institutional social contract relationship such as what is outlined in Western social contract theory. Rather, social norms based on mostly personal forms of interaction between citizens persist. In specific realms of society these are still expressed though the cultural custom of ‘besa’. For security and justice sector reform to take place, such interpersonal social contracts and their spaces need to be understood and not simply sidelined for a citizen-state relationship that is not present.

Case Study