In 2010, at the request of the Netherlands, ISSAT was asked to support a group of four police academies to develop a two week training course, targeting mainly (senior) law enforcement officials. The aim of the course is to train these officers on the issues around police reform within an SSR and post-conflict context, and to prepare them to act as police reform advisors within multilateral mission or bilateral support programmes.
The programme is a joint endeavour chaired by the Netherlands in conjunction with Norway,Canada and the UK. ISSAT was mandated to provide advisory support as well as its current SSR training materials, and to present a module on looking at police reform through an SSR lens. The first course was piloted in September 2011, and a second course took place in 2012, both at Bramshill in the UK. The Third course was hosted in 2013 by the Swiss at Stans, and this year’s Master Class will be hosted by the Norwegians in Stavern, Norway.
The workshop is designed to address how best to deal with the deteriorating security situation in the Middle East and North Africa: How can we accurately describe the situation which now exists, a time characterised by some as the 'Arab Winter'? What is required to restore physical security, the rule of law and economic prosperity? What is the role of national and local governments, and police and criminal justice institutions in a situation characterized by ungoverned spaces, clashes within and between secular and religious forces, legal pluralism, and the presence of armed jihadis, militias, and tribal forces?
The Study Day aims to look at two key themes:
- Is NATO configured to deliver SFA in the future?
- How should HQ ARRC adapt if at all to meet the challenge; training, manpower, capability etc?
It would be really useful to have civilian contribution to balance the discussion, particularly to look at how SFA fits into the larger SSR arena. As NATO doctrine is being written it is a great chance to influence the way we do business in the future.
OECD-DAC member states have developed their capacities for engaging with S&J work. This includes:
- defining policies (EU/EC, France, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, UK and US),
- the development of standing capacities (such as the UK stabilisation unit or police deployment capabilities);
- the development of cross–government coordination mechanisms, specific training and funding support.
For many donors, project reporting systems often struggle to articulate the successes and failures of Security and Justice (S&J) programmes beyond immediate outputs. In part, this is because progress in security and justice reform is often lengthy, carried out in very complex contexts, and is very dependent on national political direction from outside the development field.
Nonetheless, many donors have commissioned evaluations and reviews of individual programmes and many examples of good practice exist. Department for International Development (DFID) would like to work with ISSAT to start the process of synthesising these lessons, identifying good practice and helping donors to learn from each other.