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Understand to Prevent (U2P) is one of ten lines of development in the Multinational Capability Development Campaign (which consists of mostly NATO and like-minded nations – see also the MCDC website). The U2P line of development seeks to elaborate the role that militaries can adopt, in partnership with other governmental departments and civil society, in preventing violent conflict.
The first iteration of meetings (in the last two-year cycle) produced the capstone ‘doctrine’ embodied in the Understand to Prevent Foundation Studies book linked below. The current iteration of meetings, seeks to operationalise the doctrine into a more tangible Handbook of tools and process. Most of the military representatives involved are from their national concepts and doctrine development centres, so there is lots of scope for open and out-of-the box thinking, some of which might make it into tactical field manuals if it survives contact with national/NATO approval processes.
As at January 2016, the U2P Handbook is looking at interoperability with the NATO Comprehensive Operational Planning Directive (COPD), and with NATO CIMIC doctrine and processes. A number of bilateral nations are interested in options for collaboration and trialing, thus moving U2P from doctrine and planning to gaining traction as a field option for tactical units. Trialing opportunities include:
Further opportunities to trial the Handbook are welcome.
For full access to the U2P Handbook Understand to Prevent: the military contribution to the prevention of violent conflict, updated in 2017, kindly follow the link.
Bien que 60% des pays sortant d’un conflit et fragilisés soient francophones, il y a très peu d’information disponible en français sur la réforme du secteur de la sécurité (RSS). En outre, seul le site Internet du DCAF-ISSAT est (partiellement) disponible en français et dédié à la RSS. Les commentaires de certains de nos membres du « Comité de direction », de membres de notre « communauté des praticiens », de même que ceux que nous recevons à l’issue de nos formations avancées sur la RSS font apparaitre qu’il existe une demande non satisfaite en matière de ressources disponibles en français, particulièrement s’agissant des outils, des tendances, des défis et des bonnes pratiques de la RSS.
La prochaine étape du projet consiste en une mission exploratoire au Niger à la fin du mois d'octobre. Cette semaine permettra à l'équipe méthodologie de nouer des contacts auprès des personnels des représentants de l'Union Européenne, auprès des autorités nigériennes, des représentations des principaux partenaires techniques et financiers et des acteurs de la société civile. Ces entretiens permettront de préparer la mission de déploiement de nos experts justice, gouvernance, défense et sécurité intérieure, prévue en décembre pour une durée de trois semaines, qui constituera le coeur de cette analyse.
The Austrian Ministry of Defence and Sport has requested ISSAT’s support to run the first part of a European Security and Defence College (ESDC) SSR training course from 7 to 10 October 2015. The course will be conducted by the Austrian MoD and the Austrian Study Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution (ASPR), in collaboration with ISSAT.
This international training programme will bring together approximately 25 to 30 participants from different ministries and governmental institutions, personnel serving in different international and regional organisations and international crisis response missions/operations as well as personnel from NGOs and Think Tanks.
The first part of the training will include components of the ISSAT’s Level 1 introductory training and will be delivered from 7 – 10 October. The entire ESDC Core course will run from 7 – 15 October 2015
The Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) has requested for ISSAT support in further developing and supplementing the existing mapping of bilateral support to the SSR process, which was completed in June 2015 by ISSAT (see mandate Ukraine Mapping mandate from 01 May 2015). In this regard, ISSAT is requested to expand the mapping to cover additional actors and institutions in the sector, namely multilateral organisations and international/national non-state actors involved in SSR.
In addition, a mapping and synthetization of other SSR assessments is to be concluded. This mapping will include a list of ongoing and planned assessments made by the international community (and recently finalized ones) and a summary of the key findings in these assessments.
Finally, ISSAT is requested to support a comprehensive mapping of the Ukrainian security sector. This information will complement the mapping of international initiatives and serve as a basis for the consultations in Ukraine and the final needs assessment of SSR in Ukraine.
ISSAT is requested to support a comprehensive needs-analysis of SSR in Ukraine that is being developed by the Swedish Agencies involved in international support to Security Sector Reform: the FBA, the Swedish Police, the Swedish Prosecution Authority, the Swedish National Courts Administration, the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), and the Swedish Prison and Probation Service. The joint analysis is carried out through the Swedish National Contact Group for Security Sector Reform (NCSSR) with shared responsibility in line with respective agencies area of expertise. The needs-analysis will be carried out in 3 phases. First, a desk study will be performed to map the Ukrainian security sector and all relevant international engagements. Second, consultations in Ukraine will be organised to verify and if necessary correct assumptions. A final report will subsequently be produced and presented to the Swedish government latest by 1 December 2015. This mandate request only covers support to the first phase of the needs-analysis – the desk review. The first phase is expected to be completed by the beginning of August 2015.
The mandate should contribute and complement ongoing assessments and mappings conducted by other ISSAT Governing Board Members. It is noted that parallel processes are also being undertaken by the European Union, Netherlands, and Norway. The process of developing this needs assessment should promote and facilitate more active collaboration, information sharing and improve complementarity of efforts between ISSAT members and the wider international community. In addition, ISSAT will be able to draw on the expertise and country experience of DCAF to help complete the mapping and needs-analysis.
UNDP has asked for ISSAT’s support in evaluating its Community Policing Programme in DRC. The Programme’s Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in 2013 and it will reach the end of its currently planned for span in 23 March 2016. The main focus of the programme has been in Kinshasa and Bunia with some training activities in Kasanga.
UNDP has mandated ISSAT to set up a three-person team (governance focus, police focus and evaluation methodology focus) to conduct a two-week evaluation mission to the main target areas of the programme and its sustainability regarding possible international support for a second phase.
The main objective of the evaluation is to look at the impact, sustainability, efficiency, effectiveness and relevance of the programme.
The mandate will also focus on building the capacity of the UNDP programme team in terms of institutional evaluation methodology. These skills will be used by the team to roll out similar future activities in Ituri.
Within the framework of the revision process of the EU SSR policy, the aim of this mandate was to support the Netherlands and Slovakia to organise a series of workshops and seminars together with the EU institutions (the European External Action Service, the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development, and the Directorate-General for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations).These consultations were used to allow an exchange of views on SSR, the main challenges and current trends around the world and across organisations.