As a result, each body responds to a distinctive set of incentives and develops at its own, separate pace, although one that needs to be integrated into and is reliant on the greater whole. Strengthening one link in the criminal justice and security (CJS) chain in isolation merely creates pressures and fractures elsewhere. With this understanding comes the need to embrace the complexity of working across multiple institutions and at multiple levels.
Reform of the justice sector, therefore, will benefit from a thorough mapping initially of the criminal justice and security system of a country to feed into designing policies and strategies for reform. Analysing the dependencies and the effects of one part of the system onto other areas of the system will allow for better risk mitigation measures and plans for implementing desired reforms.
In most of the world, the vast majority of people access security and justice through traditional, customary or other non-state means. Consideration for customary justice therefore is part of a holistic understanding of the security and justice needs of a country, just as a gendered analysis of those needs is equally important to arriving at a full understanding.
- UNODC Tools and Resources for Criminal Justice Reform - A comprehensive list of UN Tools and Publications on Criminal Justice Reform
- DCAF Justice Reform and Gender Tool - Key DCAF publication aimed at personnel within national governments, international and regional organisations and donors providing advice on a gendered lens to justice reform needs.
- DANIDA How to Note: Justice Sector Reform - Danish Development Cooperation provides hands-on guidance and inspiration on how to put strategic priorities into practice
- World Bank Justice Reform Projects - The World Bank Group provides funding as well as analytical and advisory work for justice reform, tailored towards country specific needs and contexts
- Initiatives in Justice Reform 1992-2012 - A compendium of World Bank-financed activities since 2000 highlight the breadth of the Bank's work in this critical field of development
- Handbook for Monitoring Administrative Justice - An overview of main fair trial rights and OSCE commitments applicable to judicial hearings within administrative justice.
ISSAT Knowledge Products
Our methodology and guidance takes into account good practice gathered by ISSAT and other practitioners during security and justice programming. ISSAT Knowledge Products include explanations of key concepts, recommended activities, and a constantly growing collection of case studies, tools, examples and lessons.
- What Works in International Security and Justice Programming? - Research paper
- Ten Tips for Criminal Justice System Development - Blog
- Customary Justice - Principle in Practice page
In most of the world, the vast majority of people access security and justice through traditional, customary or other non-state means. Consideration for customary justice therefore is part of a holistic understanding of the security and justice needs of a country.
Selected ISSAT Justice and Rule of Law Mandates
ISSAT mandates in justice range from support in justice programming to evaluations of projects carried out by governing board members, trainings and facilitation of multilateral discussions on rule of law and justice reform.
- Albania Juvenile Justice Baseline Study, Mandated by Sweden, 2017
- Mapping Donor Support to the Justice Sector in Nepal, Mandated by Norway, 2017
- Study on Legal Aid in Haiti - Bureaux d’Assistance Légale (BAL) : Lessons Learned, Mandated by the UN, 2017
- Final Evaluation of UNDP 'Rule of Law and Justice' Project in Guinea-Bissau, Mandated by the UN, 2016
- Facilitation of UNHCR workshop on Rule of Law, Mandated by the UN, 2016
- Strategic Meeting of Heads of Justice and Corrections Components in United Nations Peace Operations, Mandated by the UN, 2016
- Project Identification for an EU programme to support the reform of the Justice Sector in Guinea Bissau, Mandated by the EU, 2016
- Review of the Norwegian Mission of Rule of Law Advisers to Moldova (NORLAM) Justice Conference, Mandated by Norway, 2015
- Evaluation of the Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), Mandated by the UN, 2015
- Training on Justice and Security Sector Reform (JSSR) The Norwegian Rule of Law Response Pool, Mandated by Norway, 2015