Reinforcing African Union SSR Unit support to national SSR processes (Madagascar)

01/03/2017 - 31/05/2017

Target country


The Defense and Security Division (DSD) of the African Union (AU) has requested ISSAT's support to strengthen the assistance of the African Union (AU) to national SSR processes. In this first instance, in Madagascar.

ISSAT will provide one advisor who will support the African Union Liaison Office (AULO), in assisting the Government of the Republic of Madagascar to maintain momentum in the implementation of the SSR strategic and operational plans. The advisor's work will be reinforced by backstopping from ISSAT's main staff.

  • The first deployment will focus on the increase of insecurity caused by the Dahalo, and how the Malagasy government can better deal with this issue in a manner sensitive to the needs of the communities;
  • The focus of the subsequent two deployments will build on the findings and needs identified in the first deployment.

Mandating organisation / agency / department / ministry

Target organisation type(s)

Mandate outputs / products

  1. A plan for the conduct of each of the three field missions before deployment.
  2. Substantive weekly updates on the development of the mission, to be sent to the SRCC with copies to the Head DSD and ISSAT focal point.
  3. End of mission report for the first deployment will include:
    i. reflections on the sustainable management of the Dahalo phenomenon;
    ii. dimensions of South-South cooperation and African solidarity principles, drawing on Malagasy learning from other similar African contexts and solutions;
    iii. highlight  security, political and technical risks to the implementation process of the SSR strategic and operational plans deriving from the Dahalo issue, as well as from the implementation of potential measures to address the issue;
    iv. non-binding recommendations on the way forward.  

Outcome objectives of mandate

  • The Special Representative of the African Union Commission Chairperson (SRCC) for Madagascar and the AU Liaison Office in Madagascar are strongly enhanced in their advisory role to the SSR process in Madagascar. They are enabled to provide sound technical assistance according to the AU SSR Policy Framework and international, including African, good practice on security governance.
  • The AU Defense and Security Division (DSD) is reinforced in its SSR advisory capacity, as well as on management and methodology of on-the-ground mission accompaniment. Their capacity capacity for missions' lessons learning is also strengthened.

Start date


End date



Specific Lessons Identified

  • application/pdf

    Cattle Rustling and Insecurity in Africa: A Comparative Perspective

    This ISSAT brief draws on existing literature, and provides an overview of cattle rustling in Madagascar, Lesotho, South Africa, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya. A brief contextualisation is provided for each country, before outlining the security measures implemented to tackle the challenge, and deriving recommendations.