Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

DCAF is an international foundation under Swiss law, based in Geneva, Switzerland. DCAF is the world’s leading institution in the area of security sector reform (SSR) and security sector governance (SSG). DCAF’s core area of activities are 1) advisory field support, 2) policy-relevant research, 3) promotion of emerging norms and standards, and 4) advocacy and training in the areas of SSR/SSG. 

Telephone: +41 22 741 9400
Fax: +41 22 741 9405
Website: www.dcaf.ch
Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2E
Case Postale 1360
1202 Geneva
No programmes have been added yet.

Introductory Course on Security Sector Governance and Oversight for National Assembly of Armenia.

mandate in Armenia 07/10/2009 - 09/10/2009

This mission was a three day Introductory Course on Security Sector Governance and Oversight for government officials and members of the National Assembly of Armenia.

Mandate

Training Session for Members of the Security and Defense Committee - Assembly of Serbia.

mandate in Serbia 26/04/2010 - 27/04/2010

Two-day training session for Members of the Committee on Security and Defense of the Assembly of Serbia.

Mandate

DCAF Assessment study on Security Sector governance and oversight in Kosovo.

mandate in Kosovo 22/02/2010 - 26/02/2010

This mission was implemented to conduct an assessment study on Security Sector governance and oversight in Kosovo.

Mandate

Project Assistant, DCAF's Public-Private Partnerships Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: ppps@dcaf.ch (ppps@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 19/11/2017 6:00 pm

Headquartered in Geneva, DCAF has a global portfolio and employs over 170 highly qualified international staff. As part of the organisation’s mandate to promote democratic security sector governance, DCAF supports the international community in the development and implementation of norms and good practices in the field of private security governance/business and security. DCAF’s Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) division is seeking a Project Assistant (activity level 50% over 2 months, with possibility of extension). For more information on the work of the PPP Division, please see: www.ppps.dcaf.ch.

The Project Assistant will assist the Project Officer responsible for promoting outreach and implementation of the Montreux Document on pertinent international obligations and good practices related to private military and security companies in situations of armed conflict . More specifically, the Project Assistant will play an active role in a project supporting the OSCE as well as in supporting the organisation of a Montreux Document Forum Regional Meeting in February 2018.

Key tasks and responsibilities:

  • Conduct research on project-related substance matters and assist the Project Officer in drafting of background documents and event documentation.
  • Engage in language and content editing of various project documents and research papers.
  • Assist the Project Officer in conceptualising and planning the Regional Meeting with a focus on the logistical/administrative preparation of the event.
  • Assist the Project Officer with a range of organisational and administrative tasks related to carrying out the event successfully.
  • Assist the Project Officer in the financial management as well as in the preparation of the financial and narrative documentation according to relevant DCAF and donor procedures.

Requirements and Qualifications:

  • University graduates or currently enrolled in university studies in a relevant field, including international relations, conflict resolution, history, law, development, security, peace studies, or political science.
  • Fluency in English and Spanish, both written and spoken.
  • Knowledge of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and/or the Latin America and Caribbean region.
  • Prior experience in assisting in the management of projects, in particular assisting in the organisation of conferences, workshops and training activities, is preferred.
  • Prior experience in management of financial aspects is an asset.
  • Knowledge of issues related to security, human rights and business/corporate social responsibility is a strong asset.
  • Swiss or EU citizenship or a valid work permit for Switzerland at time of application a pre-requisite

 Working hours

The weekly working time is 21 hours. The contract is for 2 months with possibility of extension upon confirmation of additional funding.

Starting date: 01 December 2017 or mutually agreed date.

Closing date for applications: 19 November 2017

DCAF is committed to equality of opportunity for all staff, and applications from individuals are encouraged regardless of sex, age, disability, gender identity, or ethnicity.

Interested candidates are invited to e-mail their curriculum vitae and an application letter outlining how their qualifications meet the above requirements to ppps@dcaf.ch, with the subject line “Project Assistant – Private Security Governance”. Please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

Vacancy

Project Coordinator Business and Security Sector Reform, Public-Private Partnerships Division

Location: geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 30/11/2017 6:00 pm

Headquartered in Geneva, DCAF has a global portfolio and employs over 170 highly qualified international staff. As part of the organisation’s mandate to promote democratic security sector governance, DCAF supports the international community in the development and implementation of norms and good practices in the field of private security governance/business and security. DCAF’s Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) division is seeking a dynamic and creative individual to serve as Project Coordinator (activity level 100%). 

For more information on the vacancy Project Coordinator Business and Security Sector Reform, Public-Private Partnerships Division, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

DCAF - ISSAT Internship Opportunity | Training Focus

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (ISSATinternship@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 26/11/2017 5:00 pm

The DCAF-ISSAT training intern will form part of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) that consists of 23 staff drawn from a variety of specialisations to support strategic, successful and sustainable Security Sector Reform (SSR) interventions in post-conflict and transitional countries. ISSAT is a Division of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) and provides a deployable capacity to support its Members (which include 16 bilateral donors, and the AU, EU, OECD Secretariat, OIF, OSCE, UN, and the World Bank) with SSR interventions in conflict-affected and development environments.

The post holder will 

  • Undertake background research on SSR general, country-specific and/or thematic issues;
  • Draft and/or prepare training products including case studies, background notes and exercises to be used in trainings;
  • Review existing e-learnings and make suggestions for improving contents and visuals
  • Gather and prepare audio and/or video support material for use in trainings;
  • Support the design and delivery of publicity and outreach materials for ISSAT trainings including brochures, flyers etc.;
  • Gather lessons identified and good practice examples for use in ISSAT trainings;
  • Support in the maintenance and development of ISSAT’s online courses;
  • Provide administrative team support in the coordination, preparation and implementation of training activities 

For qualifications and terms of reference, kindly consult the attached document. 

Vacancy

Research Fellow on SSR and Peace Processes

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 11/12/2017 to 11/12/2018
Application Contact: Fairlie Chappuis, Programme Manager, Policy and Research Division, DCAF (f.chappuis@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 19/11/2017 12:00 am

DCAF’s Policy and Research Division is looking for an experienced, motivated and flexible individual to serve as Research Fellow on SSR and Peace Processes (50%). The Research Fellow on SSR and Peace Processes will be part of a professional team in Geneva and report to the Project Lead within the Policy and Research Division. She/He will support the Project Lead in implementing the research project, "SSR in Peace Processes: Lessons from the Practice of Mediation" as part of the Division’s applied policy research function. This research project seeks to learn from the collective insights of experienced mediators how better to address SSR and related transitional security challenges during mediation processes.

For full access to Research Fellow on SSR and Peace Processes, please follow the link. 

Vacancy

PROJECT COORDINATOR, SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DIVISION (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 15/10/2017 10:00 pm

The Sub-Saharan Africa Division is looking for an experienced and motivated individual who will manage projects related to security sector reform and/or governance in Africa. The Project Coordinator (PC) will be the lead on support to parliamentary oversight, providing technical expertise to a range of actors from parliamentarians, parliament staff, and legislative committees to civil society organizations. 

For more information on the position Project Coordinator, Sub-Saharan Africa Division, kindly follow the link

Vacancy

Programme Manager - DCAF Gender and Security Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/01/2018 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 27/10/2017 12:00 am

The Gender and Security Division at DCAF is currently seeking a Programme Manager (100%). The selected candidate will provide daily management of select programmes of the Gender and Security Division’s diverse policy and research portfolio related to gender equality in security sector governance and reform. The Programme Manager will also manage and participate in collaborative work with other DCAF divisions, and oversee staff in project planning, implementation, and reporting.

For more information on the vacancy Programme Manager - DCAF Gender and Security Division, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Advisor on Programme Management

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 15/09/2017 12:00 am

Headquartered in Geneva, DCAF has a global portfolio and employs over 170 highly qualified international staff with operational activities in over 70 countries. DCAF is internationally recognized as one of the world’s leading centres of excellence for security sector governance (SSG) and security sector reform (SSR).

Its Operations Department is seeking a professional and qualified professional who will be reporting to the Head of the Operations Department and will support the implementation of the Operations Department activities including:

  • Contribute to the design and implementation of an effective project support function within the Operations Department; including the creation of a virtual community of practice that supports and enables project management in the Department;
  • Support the implementation of the DCAF approach to programme management, including guidance and support to teams throughout the process of project design and planning, implementation and monitoring, and evaluation and learning;
  • Support the roll out of RBM across the Operations department;
  • Support to facilitating cooperation and the exchange of information between the different divisions within the department; also seeking synergies with other Departments (Policy and research/ISSAT) within the organisation.
  • Contribute to donor relations, external communications and strategy development;
  • Support the operations of the geographic divisions, as required;
  • Assist the Head of Operations in the management of the Department. 

For full details of the vacancy, Advisor on Programme Management, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Intern - DCAF Operations Southeast Europe Division

Application Deadline: 17/10/2017 12:00 pm

DCAF Operations Southeast Europe Division is currently seeking an intern to assist in implementing projects and activities to foster security sector governance and parliamentary oversight of the security sector in the Southeast European countries, with special focus on Kosovo. Tasks and responsibilities involve:

  • Support project and activity implementation;
  • Conduct research on project-related topics, present main findings in team-meetings;
  • Support impact monitoring of DCAF parliamentary assistance activities in the Western Balkans with a focus on Kosovo;
  • Undertake language- editing of project documents as necessary;
  • Support the logistical set-up of meetings, workshops and other training activities;
  • Perform other relevant duties as assigned.

If interested interested, please send your C.V. and a letter of motivation to the following e-mail address: c.cattaud@dcaf.ch

Vacancy

Research Assistant, Gender and Security Division - DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/10/2017 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 03/09/2017 12:00 pm

DCAF - Gender and Security Division is currently seeking a dynamic individual to serve as Research Assistant (RA) in the Gender and Security Division (activity level 100%). The selected candidate will support the implementation and monitoring of research and policy projects related to gender equality in security sector governance and reform.

This position requires knowledge in gender and security, interpersonal skills, and good understanding of security policy. The post is based in Geneva with a one-year contract renewable to an additional year. Only candidates with valid work permit or Swiss/ EU citizenship are eligible.

For further information on the position Research Assistant, Gender and Security Division - DCAF, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Deputy Head, Gender and Security Division - DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/09/2017 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 15/09/2017 12:00 pm

DCAF is currently seeking an experienced, dynamic, and creative individual to serve as Deputy Head of the Gender and Security Division (activity level 100%). The selected candidate will provide daily management and oversight of the Gender and Security Division’s diverse policy and research portfolio related to gender equality in security sector governance and reform. The Deputy Head will be part of a professional team in Geneva and report to the Assistant Director, Head of the Gender and Security Division. 

Interested candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their curriculum vitae and an application letter outlining how their qualifications meet the above requirements to the following address: gsd-recruit@dcaf.ch with the reference “Deputy Head GSD”. 

For more information on the vacancy Deputy Head, Gender and Security Division - DCAF, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

ISSAT SSR Officer

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (ISSATrecruitment@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/08/2017 12:00 am

DCAF-ISSAT is seeking to recruit one or more Security Sector Reform Officers. The post holder will form part of the core International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). An SSR Officer (SSRO) within ISSAT is a professional level, multidisciplinary profile, able to undertake activities related to Advisory Field Support (AFS), Training and Capacity Development, Knowledge Services and the development of operational tools in the area of SSR programme design, assessment and monitoring and evaluation. 

For more details on the position, kindly refer to the vacancy announcement.

Vacancy

Administrative Assistant 80-100%

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/09/2017 to 31/03/2018
Application Deadline: 06/08/2017 12:00 am

Initiated by the Swiss Government, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is one of the world’s leading institutions in the areas of security sector reform and security sector governance. DCAF’s Public-Private Partnerships Division is seeking to recruit an Administrative Assistant for an initial period of 7 months, starting on 1 September 2017.
Tasks:

  • Develop and implement administrative, organizational and financial management procedures for the division
  • Oversee the division’s budget and accounts
  • Assist with reporting requirements, including financial reports and audits
  • Coordinate hiring and induction of incoming staff
  • Assist with the organization of events / meetings / seminars / conferences, etc.
  • Assist in the translation or proofreading of documents or publications
  • Creation of flyers and brochures

Required competencies and qualifications: 

  • Minimum of 5-10 years of progressively responsible experience in a similar position
  • Excellent administrative / organizational / financial management skills
  • Ability to proactively plan and implement work, including managing multiple priorities
  • Fluent in French and English (excellent oral and writing skills), fluency in German and/or Spanish appreciated
  • Comprehensive knowledge of Microsoft Office
  • Excellent interpersonal skills, ability to establish and maintain effective partnerships and working relationships in a dynamic, multi-cultural environment
  • Familiarity with Swiss administrative and legal procedures
  • Valid working permit for Switzerland or Swiss national

The deadline for application is: 6 August 2017
Candidates meeting these requirements should send a CV and motivation letter to:
Mrs. Séverine Arroyo-Dunand at s.arroyo-dunand@dcaf.ch
Please note that only those candidates that are short-listed for interviews will be notified. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.

Vacancy

Project Assistant, Parliamentary Assistance Programme

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 31/07/2017 to 31/07/2018
Application Deadline: 21/07/2017 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is one of the world’s leading institutions in the areas of security sector reform (SSR) and security sector governance (SSG).

DCAF provides in-country advisory support and practical assistance programmes, develops and promotes appropriate democratic norms at the international and national levels, advocates good practices and makes policy recommendations to ensure effective democratic governance of the security sector.

DCAF’s advantages are:

  • neutrality and impartiality;
  • the combination of strong operational capability with policy-oriented research;
  • flexibility and intergovernmental support;
  • expertise across the entire spectrum of SSR / SSG issues.

In this context, DCAF wishes to recruit a:

Project Assistant, Parliamentary Assistance Programme (50%)

 If selected, you will assist the project coordinator in the Parliamentary Assistance Programme of DCAF’s Southeast Europe Division in implementing projects and activities to foster security sector governance primarily in the countries of South Eastern Europe. 

Key tasks and responsibilities:

  • Assist the project coordinator in conceptualising and planning workshops and seminars with a focus on the logistical/administrative preparation of events.
  • Assist in the preparation of financial and narrative documentation according to relevant DCAF and donor procedures.
  • Assist in the management of financial aspects of projects.
  • Draft and follow up contracts, keep track or reporting requirement and relevant payments.
  • Assist the project coordinator with a range of organisational and administrative tasks.
  • Assist the project coordinator in implementing projects, including drafting of project proposals, implementation and documentation of project activities and preparation of information dissemination on project results.
  • Engage in language and content editing of various project documents and research papers.
  • Conduct research on project-related substance matters. 

Requirements and Qualifications:

  • Applicants should be university graduates or currently enrolled in university studies in a relevant field, including international relations, conflict resolution, history, law, development, security, peace studies, or political science.
  • Applicants should have an excellent level of English, both written and spoken.
  • Prior experience in assisting in the management of projects, in particular assisting in the organisation of conferences, workshops and training activities, is preferred.
  • Prior experience in drafting funding proposals, correspondence and reports to donors is preferred.
  • Prior experience in management of financial aspects in an asset.
  • Knowledge of issues related to security, democracy, parliamentary development, civil society, is an asset.
  • Knowledge of/academic focus on the South-Eastern European region is an asset.
  • Knowledge of a Western Balkan language is a strong asset.
  • valid work permit or valid student permit for Switzerland at the time of application, is a prerequisite

Working hours

The weekly working time is 20 hours. The contract is for 12 months with a possibility of renewal.

Starting date: end August 2017 (indicative)

If you are interested, please send your C.V. and a short letter of motivation before the close of business on 21 July 2017 to the following e-mail address: c.cattaud@dcaf.ch

Only candidates selected for an interview will be contacted.

Vacancy

Internship, DCAF Latin America and the Caribbean (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 18/06/2017 5:00 pm

Internship,DCAF Latin America and the Caribbean(100%)

DCAF’s Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) Division are looking for a motivated individual to support its office in Geneva during a 3- 6-month paid internship.

The intern will mainly assist DCAF-LAC in all aspects of proposal writing, project management and targeted research on Security Sector Reform and Governance (SSR/G) in LAC and will mainly assist the Head of LAC- Division.

Tasks and responsibilities:

  • Provides support to projects that DCAF-LAC is carrying out in justice and security sector reform in the region (Central America and Colombia);
  • Contributes to identifying needs for further DCAF-LAC support in justice and security sector reform in the LAC- region through research and a network of contacts;
  • Assists the DCAF-LAC head on ad-hoc tasks, specifically contributing to and drafting support documents like concept notes, project documents and  correspondence for different projects;
  • Provides any additional support requested by DCAF- LAC.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • ·        Excellent command of written and spoken Spanish and English; knowledge of French is considered an asset;
  • ·        University degree or currently enrolled in university studies in International Relations, Conflict Resolution, Law, Development, Security, Peace Studies, Political Science, or related fields;
    • Proven track report in drafting and editing reports in English and Spanish.
    • Ability to work fast, under short deadlines;
    • Ability to work independently, to be proactive and solution-oriented;
    • Ability to work in a multi-cultural environment;
    • Experience with publishing software is an asset.

Duty station: Geneva

Starting date: immediately

Duration: 3- 6 months – renewable once

Interested and qualified candidates are invited to submit their applications by e-mail to dcaf.lac@dcaf.ch. Applications must include:

  • a letter of motivation and CV in English
  • a writing sample (in Spanish/English) of a recent research paper or article
  • the completed application form (in attachment).

The subject line of the application email should mention: “Vacancy GVA2017/INTERN-DCAF-LAC”. The deadline for applications is 18th of June 2017. Only applications containing all requested documents will be considered.

Only candidates shortlisted for an interview will be contacted. sDCAF is not in a position to respond to telephone inquiries.

Vacancy

Internship, DCAF Tunis (100%)

Location: Tunis, Tunisia
Period: 01/06/2017 to 31/12/2017
Application Deadline: 25/05/2017 12:00 am

DCAF’s Operations Middle East and North Africa (OPMENA) Division is looking for a motivated individual to support its office in Tunis during a 6-month paid internship..

The intern will mainly assist DCAF Tunis in all aspects of proposal writing, project management, event organisation and targeted research on Security Sector Reform and Governance (SSR/G). The Intern will mainly assist the Project Manager in charge of DCAF’s justice and detention reform programmes in Tunisia. Under the supervision of the Justice Programme Manager will assist with events organisation, targeted research on security sector issues and other tasks as needed. 

Tasks and responsibilities:

  • Provides support to four projects that DCAF is carrying out in justice and detention reform (in cooperation with the Department for prisons and re-education, the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Health, the Truth and Dignity Commission, and the Tunisian National Prevention Mechanism for Torture).
  • Contributes to identifying needs for further DCAF support in justice sector and detention reform through research and a network of contacts
  • Assists the DCAF Tunis team on ad-hoc tasks, specifically contributing to and drafting support documents like concept notes, project documents and  correspondence for different projects
  • Provides any additional support requested by DCAF Tunis or OPMENA.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken French and English; knowledge of Arabic is considered an asset
  • University degree or currently enrolled in university studies in International Relations, Conflict Resolution, Law, Development, Security, Peace Studies, Political Science, or related fields
    • Proven track report in drafting and editing reports in French
    • Ability to work fast, under short deadlines
    • Ability to work independently, to be proactive and solution-oriented;
    • Ability to work in a multi-cultural environment.
    • Experience with publishing software is an asset

Duty station: Tunis, Tunisia 

Starting date: 1 June 2017 or upon agreement

Duration: 6 months – renewable once

Interested and qualified candidates are invited to submit their applications by e-mail to opmena@dcaf.ch. Applications must include:

  • a letter of motivation and CV in French
  • a writing sample (in French) of a recent research paper or article
  • the completed application form (in attachment).

The subject line of the application email should mention: “Vacancy GVA2017/INTERN-TUNIS”. The deadline for applications is 25 May 2017. Only applications containing all requested documents will be considered.

Only candidates shortlisted for an interview will be contacted. DCAF is not in a position to respond to telephone inquiries.

Vacancy

Programme Manager, Public-Private Partnerships Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/07/2017 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (ppps@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 05/06/2017 12:00 am

DCAF’s Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) Division is currently seeking an experienced,
dynamic and creative individual to serve as Programme Manager (activity level 100%). The successful applicant will play a key role in the planning, implementation and monitoring of policy research and operational programmes in the field of private security governance, supporting the Division in strengthening its applied research, its translation into policy-relevant tools, and the regional and national implementation of international norms and good practices.

For full application details on the vacancy, Programme Manager, Public-Private Partnerships Division, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Research Assistant / Asia-Pacific Unit (50%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/06/2017 to 31/12/2017
Application Deadline: 15/05/2017 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is one of the world’s leading institutions in the areas of security sector governance (SSG) and security sector reform SSR). DCAF’s Asia-Pacific Unit provides support to nationally-led SSR processes and regional security sector experience-sharing initiatives in the Asia-Pacific region. In addition, the Asia-Pacific Unit carries out policy research and develops guidance tools in the area of health security.

For full details on the vacancy, please open the document attached. 

Vacancy

DCAF Project Officer - Gender and Security Division

Location: geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (gsd-recruit@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 26/05/2017 12:00 pm

The Project Officer will contribute to the development, implementation, and monitoring of complex projects for the Gender and Security Division and work collaboratively with other DCAF divisions. This position requires expertise in gender and security, interpersonal skills, and good understanding of security policy, as well as availability for travel to different regions of the world. 

Vacancy

DCAF-ISSAT Administrative Assistant - 100%

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (AAposition@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/04/2017 5:00 pm

The Administrative Assistant is a junior position responsible for the administrative and logistical support required for the day-to-day functioning of ISSAT, its missions, and its activities. Specific tasks include but are not limited to:

  • Office management and liaison with other DCAF administrative staff,
  • Planning and organisation of events and missions
  • Supporting and applying financial management procedures
  • Supporting the development and revision of ISSAT’s administrative and logistical procedures.
  • Administrating ISSAT’s roster of SSR experts
  • Occasionally drafting and editing documents
  • Updating and maintaining ISSAT’s planning and organisational tools, and databases.
  • Other support tasks related to finance, logistics, HR and administration as assigned by ISSAT’s Project and Finance Officer and Senior Management Team.
Vacancy

Assistant Director and Head of DCAF’s Resources Department

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 28/02/2017 12:00 am

The Head of DCAF’s Resources Department is a newly created position offering a unique opportunity to an experienced and dynamic leader to help define and drive the strategic, operational and organizational priorities of a globally reputed, high-impact organization. The new head of department will be a crucial member and a thought partner of DCAF’s senior management team and Directing Board, reporting to the DCAF Director. At the same time, s/he will be a hands-on and participative manager who can provide leadership, expertise and innovation to a team of 10 staff responsible for finance, budgeting, human resources, administration, and IT.

For a full description of the Assistant Director and Head of DCAF’s Resources Department job opening, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Project Officer - Policy & Research Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/05/2017 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 10/03/2017 6:00 pm

DCAF’s Policy & Research Division is seeking a Project Officer (100%). The successful candidate will develop, implement and manage policy research projects in the field of the Research Division’s Programme on “Democratic governance of the security sector.” While this programme comprises various activity areas such as parliamentary capacity building and intelligence accountability, the emphasis will be on projects related to ombuds institutions for the armed forces.

For a full description of the Project Officer - Policy & Research Division job opening, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Project Coordinator - Sub-Saharan Africa Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: Head of Sub-Saharan Africa Division - DCAF (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 28/02/2017 12:00 pm

Reporting to: Programme Manager, Sub-Saharan Africa Division

Location: Geneva, with requirement for overseas travel

Deadline: Applications accepted until 28 February 2017

Background: The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is one of the world’s leading organizations in the area of justice and security sector reform (SSR) and justice and security sector governance (SSG). 

DCAF is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will provide daily management and oversight of Security Sector Reform and Governance (SSR/G) projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Project Coordinator will work as part of a team, with responsibility for the design, planning, implementation, and/or monitoring of a diversity of field projects.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken English and French;
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace or security studies, law, social sciences, development or other relevant area of studies;
  • Demonstrable professional experience in Sub-Saharan Africa;
  • Experience in formal representation, designing, organising and conducting seminars and conferences, trainings and presentations;
  • Strong writing skills and proven experience in preparing, drafting, and editing internal and external proposals and reports in English and French;
  • Familiarity with the UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other intergovernmental and/or regional organizations;
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international team;
  • Availability to travel frequently to Sub-Saharan Africa;
  • At least five years of practical international experience working in diverse cultural contexts;
  • Demonstrable knowledge in the field of institutional reform, governance, international development, and/or justice and security sector reform;
  • Demonstrated experience in managing and monitoring projects using a results-based management (RBM) framework; strong budget management skills required;
  • Demonstrated experience in parliamentary assistance would be an asset.

The deadline for applications is 28 February 2017. The position commences in April/May 2017. Contract for twelve months with possibility of extension.

DCAF is committed to a diverse workplace free of discrimination. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: www.dcaf.ch.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter explaining their interest and suitability for the position to:

Head of Sub-Saharan Africa Division - DCAF

africa.programme@dcaf.ch

Ref: PC Sub-Saharan Africa

Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted

Vacancy

Project Assistant - Sub-Saharan Africa Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: Head of Sub-Saharan Africa Division - DCAF (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 28/02/2017 12:00 pm

Reporting to: Programme Manager, Sub-Saharan Africa Division

Location: Geneva, with requirement for overseas travel

Deadline: Applications accepted until 28 February 2017

Background: The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is one of the world’s leading organizations in the area of justice and security sector reform (SSR) and justice and security sector governance (SSG). 

DCAF is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible junior professional who will provide daily support to Security Sector Reform and Governance (SSR/G) projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. As part of a team, the Project Assistant supports the design, planning, implementation, and/or monitoring of a diversity of field projects.

Eligible applicants must be Swiss or EU citizens, or hold a valid work permit for Switzerland. Other requirements for this position are:

  • Demonstrated ability to draft clear and concise communications;
  • Excellent command of written and spoken English and French;
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a strong focus on management and governance issues;
  • Knowledge in the field of institutional reform, governance, international development, and/or security sector reform in Sub-Saharan Africa;
  • Excellent academic research and analytical skills in social sciences or international law;
  • Excellent organisational, administrative and logistical skills;
  • Proficiency in Microsoft Outlook, Word, Excel, Access and Powerpoint;
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international team;
  • Demonstrated ability to work independently, solve problems and exercise initiative;
  • Availability to travel to Sub-Saharan Africa.

The deadline for applications is 28 February 2017. The position commences in April/May 2017. Contract for twelve months with possibilities of extension.  

DCAF is committed to a diverse workplace free of discrimination. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: www.dcaf.ch.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter explaining their interest and suitability for the position to:

Head of Sub-Saharan Africa Division - DCAF

africa.programme@dcaf.ch

Ref: PA Sub-Saharan Africa

Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. 

Vacancy

Communications Manager

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 10/03/2017 12:00 am

Communications manager is a newly created position offering a unique opportunity for an experienced and dynamic individual to lead communication efforts for a globally reputed, high-impact organization. This key communications position will play a strong role in developing DCAF’s
corporate identity and long-term communications strategy. The post holder will report to the DCAF Director. This is a demanding position that, in addition to extensive expertise in communications, requires strong leadership and interpersonal skills, as well as a full understanding of SSG/SSR concepts and DCAF’s mandate to enhance democratic governance in the interests of security and development.

Vacancy

Intern - Operations Southeast Europe

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (c.cattaud@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 15/01/2017 5:00 pm

DCAF is looking for an intern to be employed in the Kosovo Programme inside its Operations Southeast Europe Division. The successful candidate will report to the Deputy Head of DCAF Operations Southeast Europe Division in implementing projects and activities to foster security sector governance and parliamentary oversight of the security sector in the Southeast European countries, with special focus on Kosovo.

To access the full description of the Intern - Operations Southeast Europe job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Project Assistant, Operations South East Europe Division (50%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: Céline Cattaud (c.cattaud@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 15/01/2017 3:00 pm

DCAF is looking for a Project Assistant who will assist in the implementation of activities to foster security sector governance and oversight primarily in countries of South Eastern Europe with a particular focus on assistance activities in the West Balkan region, including and in particular assistance activities in/for Kosovo.

To access the full description of the Project Assistant, Operations South East Europe Division job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Project Officer - Operations South East Europe Division (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: Céline Cattaud (c.cattaud@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 15/01/2017 5:00 pm

DCAF Operations is looking for a Project Officer to be responsible for implementation of activities to foster security sector governance and oversight primarily in countries of South Eastern Europe with a particular focus on assistance activities in the West Balkan region, including and in particular assistance activities in/for Kosovo.

To access the full description of the Project Officer - Operations South East Europe Division job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Senior J/SSR Advisor & Lead for Advisory Field Support

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (ISSATrecruitment@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 31/01/2017 5:00 pm

DCAF is a centre for security, development and the rule of law, and is one of the world’s leading organisations in the area of justice and security sector reform (SSR) and justice and security sector governance (SSG). 

The International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) is a department within DCAF that was established in 2008 to provide practical support to the international community in its efforts to improve security and justice, primarily in conflict-affected and fragile states. It does this by working with a group of member states and institutions (its Governing Board Members) to develop and promote good security and justice reform practices and principles, and by helping its Members to build their capacity to support national and regional security and justice reform processes.

ISSAT is seeking a Senior Justice/Security Sector Reform Advisor who would lead the overall management of ISSAT’s Advisory Field Support missions. In addition to being the lead for ISSAT’s advisory field support work, the post holder will also be expected to contribute to all other areas of ISSAT’s activities.

This is a demanding and high profile implementation and representational role, requiring overseas travel and wide-ranging high-level departmental contacts within international organisations, governments, development agencies and their staff overseas. ISSAT may operate in post-conflict contexts, so the post-holder will have to demonstrate an ability to work in challenging conditions. 

Vacancy

Project Manager – Justice Sector Reform (100%) - Middle East and North Africa

Location: Tunis, Tunisia
Period: 01/01/2017 to 31/12/2017
Application Deadline: 31/01/2017 12:00 pm

Under the supervision of the Chargé de mission of DCAF Tunis, the Project Manager is responsible for advancing justice sector reform in Tunisia by conducting outreach to relevant stakeholders and contributing to the implementation of DCAF’s country strategy for Tunisia by managing projects related to justice and detention reform and independent institutions.

To access the full description of the Project Manager – Justice Sector Reform (100%) - Middle East and North Africa job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Programme Manager, Africa Programme - DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/03/2017 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Daniel De Torres (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 15/01/2017 12:00 pm

DCAF is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will provide daily management and oversight of the Africa Programme and its diverse project portfolio related to security sector reform and governance in Africa. The Programme Manager (PM) will coordinate a professional team in Geneva and ensure the coherence of programmatic activities. The incumbent is expected to have a minimum of ten years of professional experience working in diverse cultural contexts as well as excellent command of written and spoken French and English with demonstrable strong writing and editing skills in both languages among other qualifications. 

To access the full description of the Programme Manager, Africa Programme job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Project Coordinator Yemen (100%) - MENA

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 03/01/2017 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (opmena@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 02/12/2016 12:00 pm

DCAF is seeking a highly qualified and flexible individual with strong communication, diplomatic and organisational skills for the role Project Coordinator Yemen at its Geneva headquarters. The project coordinator will develop and implement projects, plans and budgets; oversee all organisational, administrative and financial aspects of the projects and ensure proper financial and narrative reporting as well as organise meetings, workshops and training events for the region, produce high-quality research on specific aspects of security and justice sector reform and monitor the political, conflict and security situation in Yemen and the region, and assess implications for project implementation. 

To access the full description of the Project Coordinator Yemen (100%) - MENA job opening, kindly follow the link. 

Vacancy

Deputy Head Middle East and North Africa Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 28/10/2016 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is recruiting a new Deputy Head of Division to lead all operational activities in the Middle East and North Africa. The main tasks for this position include:

  • The development of programs and ensure their successful implementation.
  • Support to the teams to create ambitious, high impact, development assistance programs
  • Encourage organizational growth through developing relationships, knowledge, staff, funding and organizational systems.
  • Share administrative responsibility with the Head of Division (financial management and budget, evaluation, performance management, staff training and coaching)

Represent the Head of Division in board meetings and international events or replace him in his absence.

For this position, a sound experience in planning, running international development assistance programs, or public management reform programs. i.e. strategy formulation, operational design, corporate strategy, political strategy negotiation and fundraising is required.
Knowledge of French and / or Arabic is an asset.

To access the full description of the Deputy Head Middle East and North Africa Division job opening, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Internship | DCAF - Operations Southeast Europe Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 03/10/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Céline Cattaud (c.cattaud@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 01/10/2016 12:00 pm

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) Operations Southeast Europe Division is looking for an intern. The incumbent reports to the Deputy Head of DCAF Operations Southeast Europe Division in implementing projects and activities to foster security sector governance and parliamentary oversight of the security sector in the Southeast European countries, with special focus on Kosovo.

Tasks and responsibilities involve:

General contribution:

  • Support project and activity implementation;
  • Conduct research on project-related topics, present main findings in team-meetings;
  • Support impact monitoring of DCAF parliamentary assistance activities in the Western Balkans with a focus on Kosovo;
  • Undertake language- editing of project documents as necessary;
  • Support the logistical set-up of meetings, workshops and other training activities;
  • Perform other relevant duties as assigned.

Required qualifications:

  • Student enrolled in Masters or PHD studies in law, political science, international relations or other relevant fields;
  • Eligibility for an internship in Switzerland (e.g. within the frame of an international student exchange or young professionals program);
  • Proven proficiency in English language;
  • Excellent organizational skills, effective time management and ability to prioritize and plan own work to meet deadlines;
  • Capacity of working in a team;
  • Excellent  communication (spoken and written) skills; excellent drafting and editing capacities;
  • Initiative and Flexibility

Starting date: October 2016

If you are interested, please send your C.V. and a letter of motivation to the following e-mail address: c.cattaud@dcaf.ch  

Only candidates invited for interview will be contacted.

Vacancy

Internship opportunity – Communications and Social Media (50%) (Public-Private Partnerships)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/06/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Mrs. Séverine Arroyo-Dunand Public-Private Partnerships Division (s.arroyo-dunand@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 24/04/2016 12:00 am

The Public-Private Partnerships Division leads DCAF’s innovative work supporting public-private partnerships in the fields of private security governance, business and security sector reform and cyber security and internet governance. A major part of the Division’s work focuses on promoting regulation of the private security industry, including through the development and implementation of the Montreux Document (see www.mdforum.ch) and the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (see http://icoca.ch/). The organisation also supports the implementation of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (see http://www.securityhumanrightshub.org).

Communication and public outreach is a core priority of the Public-Private Partnerships Division and several activities are planned, including the development and launch of a multi-lingual online platform, the development of a social media strategy, and the elaboration of specific outreach materials. In order to support its work, the Public-Private Partnerships Division seeks a Communications Intern working at 50% for a six month period. In addition to offering the possibility for the successful candidate to develop a range of communications skills and being exposed to cutting-edge humanitarian and human rights issues, the successful candidate will be working in a multi-cultural and dynamic team.

For the full internship description and application details, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Assistant Director and Head - Africa / Gender & Security

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: ( hdafrica-gender@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 29/04/2016 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is seeking a dynamic and visionary individual to serve as Assistant Director and Head of its Division “Africa / Gender & Security”

Under the overall guidance of the Director, s/he is responsible for the strategic, operational and administrative management of the Division’s activities and provides leadership to a diverse team of 20 highly qualified experts. Candidates should be committed to DCAF’s guiding principles of neutrality, impartiality, gender sensitivity and local ownership.

For the full job description and application details, kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Research Assistant (100%) | DCAF - Research Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 02/05/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Lynda Chenaf (l.chenaf@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 10/04/2016 12:00 am

The Research Division is seeking a fulltime Research Assistant within its ‘United Nations and Security Sector Reform Programme’. The position commences on 2 May 2016 (or a mutually agreed date).

See attached document for further details.

Vacancy

ISSAT | Administrative Assistant 50%

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (AAposition@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 10/04/2016 12:00 am

ISSAT is looking for a part-time (50%) Administrative Assistant to support its work.

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is an international foundation established in 2000 on the initiative of the Swiss Confederation and contributes to enhancing security sector governance (SSG) through security sector reform (SSR). The Centre supports the development of effective and accountable security and justice provision.
As a Division within DCAF, the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) is dedicated to enhancing the way in which the international community supports security and justice reform projects. ISSAT annually undertakes numerous international missions in support of its bilateral and multilateral member countries and organisations. ISSAT offers a friendly and multi-cultural working environment in one of the world’s leading organisations in the field of peace and security.

Download the PDF attachment for the full job description.

Vacancy

Project Officer | Performance Management and Reporting

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: (PMRjob@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 15/03/2016 6:00 pm

ISSAT is a dynamic team, dedicated to enhancing the way in which the international community delivers its support to countries developing the way in which they provide security and justice to their citizens. We are looking for a performance management and reporting officer, who is motivated and committed to producing high quality work, and will support ISSAT’s approach to being a learning organisation. The position will initially be part-time (80%), with the potential to increase to full time (100%). 

Tasks:

  • Monitoring of, and reporting on, ISSAT’s performance against its development goals and strategic objectives. This includes responsibility for tracking ISSAT’s performance indicators;
  • Collection and analysis of data across mandates and activities;
  • Providing briefings to teams deploying on what indicators they need to gather information on during the mission;
  • Monitoring and analysis for wider organisational performance;
  • Development of recommendations for ISSAT based on performance management data;
  • Responsibility for managing ISSAT’s inputs to DCAF’s RBM system;
  • Lead drafter for ISSAT’s annual report;
  • Lead drafter for additional regular reports to Governing Board Members, including co-ordination of inputs from ISSAT service leads;
  • Continuing development of ISSAT’s performance management and reporting system, with particular focus on harmonising/streamlining monitoring and reporting requirements where possible to improve efficiency;
  • Inputs for presentations for the annual ISSAT Governing Board meeting and lead on minutes;
  • Support to the development of ISSAT outreach material;
  • Proof reading/editing operational reports;
  • Any other relevant tasks or such other duties as may, from time to time, be assigned by the Head of ISSAT in support of ISSAT activities.

Requirements

  • The post holder must be proactive and have demonstrated an ability to work as part of a multi-disciplinary team. They must able to work quickly and accurately with minimal supervision and have a proven track record in developing and implementing organisational performance management systems; experience of working in international development preferred;
  • Naturally analytical and experienced in compiling both qualitative and quantitative data;
  • Previous experience in organisational reporting, working to tight timescales, ideally for donor audiences. This should include explaining and presenting complex topics in ways that are easy to understand;
  • He/she must have good interpersonal and communication (verbal and written) and presentational skills, as well as the ability to network and liaise effectively.
  • Strong drafting skills in English and French; other languages (especially Spanish, Arabic or Portuguese) would be an asset;
  • Understanding of the concept of SSR, and awareness of the main international policy frameworks (AU, EU, OECD, UN, etc); an interest in international relations and development issues, fundamental to the SSR concept, is highly desirable. ISSAT’s Security Sector Reform e-learning (available for free at http://issat.dcaf.ch/learn/E-learning) provides a useful introduction.

ISSAT is committed to geographical and gender diversity.

Candidates meeting the requirements are invited to send their applications via email to PMRjob@dcaf.ch by close of business on Tuesday 15 March 2016. The application should include a cover letter, CV and example of a report that you have written.

Applications received after this date will not be accepted.

Please note that only candidates reaching the shortlist will be contacted. 

Vacancy

Project Coordinator - Gender and Security Programme (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/04/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: gender@dcaf.ch ()
Application Deadline: 19/02/2016 12:00 am

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will manage projects related to gender and security sector reform and/or governance in Africa, specifically West Africa. The Project Coordinator (PC) will be the lead on specific partnerships in West Africa, providing technical expertise to a range of actors from security or justice institutions, to women’s organizations and/or other civil society organizations.

Working as part of a team, the PC will be responsible for managing the budgets for his/her projects and for all phases of the project cycle; from design, to implementation, monitoring and evaluation. As part of the support provided to partners in the field, the PC will deliver and facilitate workshops, training, and other capacity building activities. The PC is innovative and is able to work with partners to develop projects best suited to address their needs, building on the past experience of the Gender and Security Programme while contributing towards it with every new project.

Vacancy

Project Assistant, Africa Programme

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/05/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 18/03/2016 12:00 pm

DCAF's AfricaProgramme aims to contribute to the good governance of the Security Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa and to build expertise in the area of security sector reform and governance. DCAF seeks a Project Assistant to support its work on operationalising the programme in Sub-Saharan Africa.  

Eligible applicants must be Swiss or EU citizens, or hold a valid work permit. Other requirements for this position are:

  • Fluent written and spoken English and French
  • Proficient in writing and editing in English and French
  • Knowledge of issues of governance and/or security in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Excellent academic research and analytical skills in social sciences or international law
  • Excellent organisational, administrative and logistical skills
  • Demonstrated ability to draft clear and concise communications
  • Proficiency in Microsoft Outlook, Word, Excel, Access and Powerpoint
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international team
  • Demonstrated ability to work independently, solve problems and exercise initiative

Further desirable characteristics for this position are:

  • Familiarity with research and policy concerning security studies
  • Experience in web-based communication

The position commences in May 2016. Candidates meeting the requirements are invited to email or post their CV with a cover letter addressing the selection criteria to:

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)
Administrative Assistant, Operations III
P.O. Box 1360
CH-1211 Genève 1
E-mail: africa.programme@dcaf.ch
Re: Project Assistant

Applications must be received, by post or e-mail, by 18 March 2016. Interviews will take place in the first half of April. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.
DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply.

Vacancy

Programme Manager, Africa Programme (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/05/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 31/03/2016 12:00 am

DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will provide daily management and oversight of the Africa Programme and its diverse project portfolio related to security sector reform and governance in Africa, particularly West Africa. The Programme Manager will coordinate a professional team in Geneva and ensure the coherence of programmatic activities.

The PM is innovative and able to support his/her team in developing and implementing projects that capitalize on the expertise and strengths of the team while simultaneously addressing the specific needs of partners in a given context. The PM is thus responsible for the overall direction of the Programme including contributing to its growth and direction. The PM will advise the Division management on the strategic development of the Programme and will work collaboratively with Division management on human and financial resource decision-making. The PM will be responsible for overseeing project design, reporting and evaluation, monitoring budgets, and developing funding proposals associated with the Programme.

Vacancy

Project Coordinator, Gender and Security Programme (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/04/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (gender@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 19/02/2016 5:00 pm

Initiated by the Swiss Government, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is a foundation contributing to the process of democratisation of the security sector in countries around the world, including those in transition to democracy or affected by crisis or war.

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will manage projects related to gender and security sector reform and/or governance in Africa, specifically West Africa. The Project Coordinator (PC) will be the lead on specific partnerships in West Africa, providing technical expertise to a range of actors from security or justice institutions, to women’s organizations and/or other civil society organizations.

Working as part of a team, the PC will be responsible for managing the budgets for his/her projects and for all phases of the project cycle; from design, to implementation, monitoring and evaluation. As part of the support provided to partners in the field, the PC will deliver and facilitate workshops, training, and other capacity building activities. The PC is innovative and is able to work with partners to develop projects best suited to address their needs, building on the past experience of the Gender and Security Programme while contributing towards it with every new project.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken English and French.
  • A minimum of five years of professional experience working in different cultural contexts.
  • Advanced university degree (or equivalent) in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a focus or specialization on women’s/gender studies.
  • Demonstrated experience managing projects related to gender and security or gender and justice.
  • Experience providing technical assistance and guidance in integrating gender equality into security or justice work.
  • Extensive experience delivering and facilitating workshops, seminars, consultations and capacity building activities.
  • Demonstrated experience in project planning and design, budget management, project implementation and monitoring and evaluation.
  • Experience liaising with donors, embassies, and international organisations in the field.
  • Availability and willingness to travel frequently to Africa
  • Excellent organisation skills with strong attention to detail.

Desirable additional skills or experience:

  • Experience conducting research and producing publications
  • Familiarity with the UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other intergovernmental and/or regional organisations

Position location: Geneva, Switzerland, with frequent travel to Africa and in particular to West Africa.

The position commences in April 2016.

Deadline for applications is 19 February 2016.

 

DCAF is committed to a diverse workplace free of discrimination. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: www.dcaf.ch.

 

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter explaining their interest and suitability for the position to the address below. Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

DCAF Geneva

gender@dcaf.ch

Ref: PC Gender and Security Africa

Vacancy

DCAF Ramallah: National Project Officer

Location: Ramallah, Palestinian Territories
Period: 01/02/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (dcaf.gender2016@gmail.com)
Application Deadline: 27/01/2016 12:00 am

DCAF’s Office in Ramallah seeks for its gender programme a highly qualified National Project Officer “Gender and Security Sector Reform” (100%).

Under the supervision of the Senior Programme Manager of DCAF in Ramallah, the Project Officer “Gender” will work on DCAF’s projects in the area of gender and security sector reform.

His/her duties and responsibilities shall include the following:

 1.    Project Planning and Implementation

2.    Research

3.    Development of guidelines on gender sensitive service delivery in the security forces

4.    Event management

5.    Publications

6.    Monitoring and Evaluation

Vacancy

Project Assistant at DCAF Operations SEE Division – Swiss Regional Police Cooperation Program in Western Balkans

Location: geneva, Switzerland
Period: 04/01/2016 to 31/12/2016
Application Contact: (c.cattaud@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 01/11/2015 12:00 am

DCAF is looking for a Project Assistant (100%) that will be assigned to the DCAF Operations Division SEE, Police Programme and reports to the Head of Police Programme/SPCP Programme Manager and the SPCP Project Coordinator.

Overall tasks and responsibilities:The incumbent is charged to provide support in the implementation of the Swiss Regional Police Cooperation Programme in the Western Balkans (SPCP 2012-16).  S/He assists the Head of Police Programme/SPCP Programme Manager and the SPCP Project Coordinator in all administrative, financial and project management tasks and responsibilities.

Vacancy

Project Assistant (100%) – Gender and Security in Africa

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/12/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (gender@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 30/10/2015 5:00 pm

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is an International Foundation promoting good governance and reform of the security sector. DCAF conducts research on good practices, encourages the development of appropriate norms at the national and international levels, makes policy recommendations and provides in-country advice and assistance programmes. A Project Assistant is being hired for our Gender and Security programme.

 

ProjectAssistant (100%) – Gender and Security Programme in Africa

 

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of support tasks related to gender and security sector reform.

Eligible applicants must be Swiss or EU citizens, or hold a valid work permit. Other requirements for the position are:

  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a strong focus on women’s/gender studies
  • Fluent written and spoken English and French
  • Practical knowledge of issues of governance and/or security and women’s/gender studies, or women, peace and security
  • Excellent academic research and analytical skills in social sciences or international law
  • Excellent organisational skills
  • Demonstrated ability to draft clear and concise communications
  • Proficiency in Microsoft Outlook, Word, Excel, Access and Powerpoint
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international team
  • Demonstrated ability to work independently, solve problems and exercise initiative

Further desirable characteristics for the position are:

  • Experience in web-based communication

The position commences on 1 December 2015. Candidates meeting the requirements are invited to email or post their CV with a cover letter addressing the selection criteria:

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

P.O. Box 1360

CH-1211 Genève 1

E-mail: gender@dcaf.ch

Re: Project Assistant

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.

 

Applications must be received, by post or e-mail, by 30 October 2015. Interviews will take place in early November. Only those selected for interviews will be contacted.

Vacancy

Project Coordinator DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/12/2015 to 31/12/2016
Application Contact: (opmena@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 16/10/2015 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is an international organisation with 62 member states. DCAF helps its partners achieve good governance of the security sector, adjusting legal frameworks and developing institutions and practices. DCAF is known for its ability to implement projects in complex and dynamic environments. DCAF works with governments, parliaments, security and justice providers, international organisations, civil society and media to assist the development of transparent and accountable governance of the security sector. DCAF seeks a highly qualified individual for the following position:

Project Coordinator Yemen (100%)

Based at DCAF’s Head Office in Geneva and reporting directly to the Head of DCAF’s MENA Division, the Project Coordinator Yemen will be responsible for implementing DCAF’s programme of work in Yemen.

Vacancy

Project Coordinator, Africa Programme (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 04/01/2016 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (africa.programme@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 30/10/2015 12:00 am

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of tasks related to security sector reform in Africa, with a focus on Western Africa.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken English and French
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a strong focus on management and governance issues
  • At least five years of practical international experience in the Security Sector Reform/Governance area
  • Professional experience in Africa
  • Experience in project planning, budgeting, implementation and management in areas of reform and governance of the security sector
  • Experience in formal representation on different levels, designing, organising and conducting seminars and conferences, trainings and presentations
  • Experience in drafting, editing and/or coordinating research and publications
  • Familiarity with the UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other intergovernmental and/or regional organizations
  • Availability to travel frequently to Africa
Vacancy

Evaluation of the DCAF Project ‘Supporting Security Sector Reform and Governance in Mali (2014-2015)’

Location: Mali
Period: 01/11/2015 to 31/03/2016
Application Contact: (africa.programme@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/10/2015 5:00 pm

DCAF is currently conducting a two year SSR project in Mali, providing support to the Ministry of Security and Civil Protection in establishing the basic architecture to lead an inclusive and holistic SSR process that takes into account principles of good governance and oversight. This entails high-level sensitisation and capacity building work, as well as technical advice. To assess the project’s performance, and to provide guidance for the design and implementation of future DCAF support to the SSR process in Mali beyond 2015, DCAF is looking for a qualified individual to conduct an external evaluation of the project. 

Vacancy

Research Assistant (50%) - Research Division

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: ( l.chenaf@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 11/09/2015 4:00 pm

DCAF’s Research Division is seeking a Research Assistant (50%).

The successful candidate will provide research, editing and administrative support to the Research Division’s ombuds institutions for the armed forces programme. In particular, the research assistant will provide support on a project on the use of social media in the armed forces.

The successful candidate will undertake the following tasks:

  • Research
  • Editing and proofreading
  • Other tasks as required

Qualifications and skills:

  • Applicant’s should be Master’s or PhD candidates, preferably with a background in political science, history, or law
  • Excellent research, writing and organisational skills
  • Fluent or near-fluent command of English with experience in drafting and editing publications
  • Knowledge of security sector governance, particularly on ombuds institutions for the armed forces
  • Familiarity with popular social media platforms
  • Knowledge of other languages would be an advantage

Duration of contract
12 month fixed-term contract
Working hours
The weekly working time is 20 hours
Other conditions
Applicants should be registered at a higher education institution in the Geneva region
Swiss or EU citizenship or a valid work permit 
Starting date
As soon as possible

Candidates should send a C.V. and a short letter of motivation before 16:00 on Friday, 11 September 2015 to the following email address: l.chenaf@dcaf.ch

Vacancy

Research Assistant (50%) - Public Private Partnerships

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/10/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (m.duverney@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 11/09/2015 12:00 am

The Public Private Partnerships Division is currently seeking a Research Assistant.

Responsibilities principally involve: research assistance; organisational, administrative and editing support on research projects in the field of private security governance. Applicants should be currently registered in a master’s degree or PhD programme in the Geneva or Vaud region and have a strong background in domestic or international human rights, humanitarian law, international relations or political science.

Requirements for this position include:

  • Strong interest in security sector reform and governance
  • Familiarity with or knowledge of the various regulatory regimes associated with private security companies, including the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers and the Montreux Document
  • Outstanding research and analytical skills
  • Excellent ability to draft, review and edit texts
  • Excellent administrative abilities and organisational skills
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international environment
  • Flexibility and ability to work independently
  • Fluency in English is essential and fluency in other languages highly desirable (in particular French and Spanish)
  • Swiss or EU citizenship or a valid work permit

The weekly working time is 20 hours, starting 1 October 2015.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a covering letter to:

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

Ms Margaux Duverney

Operations IV

E-mail: m.duverney@dcaf.ch

Vacancy

Head of North Africa Desk (100%) - Middle East and North Africa | DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/09/2015 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 07/08/2015 8:00 pm

DCAF’s Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Division is seeking a highly qualified person for the following position: Head of North Africa Desk (100%).

Starting date: September 2015 or upon agreement

Duty Station:  Geneva

Responsibilities:  Reporting to the Head of Division, the Head of North Africa Desk will oversee the implementation of DCAF’s programme of work in North Africa. Tasks include:

  • Implementation of the MENA Division’s strategy in North Africa
  • Project management quality control (planning, execution and reporting)
  • Exchange of information between the various offices across the region
  • Managing relations with donors.

Requirements:

  • Professional experience of project management (minimum 5-8 years), in the field of governance, security and international development assistance
  • An advanced degree in development, security, international relations, business management or public administration
  • Excellent English and French (both written and spoken) – knowledge of Arabic or German would be an asset
  • Professional experience with Arab countries
  • Knowledge of security sector reform and -governance is an asset
  • Flexibility, including availability for frequent missions abroad
  • In possession of a valid work permit for Switzerland

Candidates who fulfil the aforementioned criteria are invited to fill in the application form and send it along with their CV and a letter of motivation to opafme@dcaf.ch. Please mention the code « PCNA2015 » in the subject line of your email. Only the candidates who are selected for an interview will be contacted.

Deadline for applications submission: 07 August 2015.

Vacancy

Director | DCAF

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/07/2016 to 01/12/2015
Application Deadline: 05/08/2015 8:00 pm

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is recruiting a new Director. DCAF is a non-profit foundation, with some 150 employees. The Centre’s work in supporting an effective and efficient security sector accountable to the political authorities and the citizens is underpinned by the acknowledgement that security, development and the rule of law are essential preconditions for sustainable peace.

Task: The Director is responsible for the strategic, operational, and administrative management of DCAF under the guidance of its Foundation Council.

Qualifications, Experience and Skills: Relevant long-standing management experience in security issues related to international development cooperation is essential. The candidate has proven experience on the strategic and policy level and in the implementation of operational programs in order to position the DCAF in the broader domains of conflict, security and development in addition to the ability to communicate and cooperate with a variety of organisations, including national authorities, UN agencies, NGOs, research institutions, and the private sector. Due to intense cooperation with Swiss Governmental institutions, a solid link to and understanding of Switzerland, its political system and its institutions, completed by a network in the relevant field are required. Strong leadership and management skills, a sound political sense, networking and fundraising capabilities complete the profile of this important position. Fluency in English and French required, other Swiss official languages and any additional language are a plus.

Application procedure: Please send your application (detailed CV and motivation letter), in English only, by e-mail to:
Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA
Directorate of Political Affairs
Dr Rahul SAHGAL
rahul.sahgal@eda.admin.ch

For further information on the tasks and responsibilities of the DCAF Director, please contact the President a.i. of the DCAF Council of Foundation, Ambassador Véronique BUJON-BARRÉ: v.bujon-barre@dcaf.ch

Closing date for applications: 05.08.2015

A selection search committee will assess the candidacies and develop a proposal for the DCAF Foundation Council that will appoint the Director from 1st of July, 2016 for an initial four year term. The term can be renewed once for an additional four years.

Vacancy

Senior Programme Manager, Ramallah (100%) - DCAF (MENA)

Location: Ramallah, Palestinian Territories
Period: 01/10/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: OP MENA (opmena@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 31/07/2015 12:00 am

DCAF’s Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Division seeks for its programme in the occupied Palestinian territories a highly qualified Senior Programme Manager (100%).

Starting date: October 2015 (or upon agreement)

Duty Station:  Ramallah

Duration:       24 months, with possibility of extension

 

Responsibilities:

Reporting directly to the Head of the Operations Division Middle East and North Africa at DCAF headquarters in Geneva, the Senior Programme Manager is responsible for overseeing a number of projects and staff in DCAF’s office in Ramallah. His/her duties and responsibilities shall include the following:

  • Manage and develop DCAF’s programmes related to Palestinian security sector reform, including designing, planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating projects
  • Oversee all organisational, administrative and financial aspects of programme and office management
  • Develop projects, plans, proposals, budgets and resource strategies to meet planned objectives
  • Represent DCAF in the oPt and the region; liaise, coordinate and negotiate with all relevant stakeholders, including executive and legislative authorities, police and security forces, community leaders, civil society, media and donors
  • Direct research on Palestinian security sector governance
  • Develop donor relations and research new opportunities for funding
  • Develop and implement a yearly country programme budget
  • Manage expat and local staff and visiting experts

Requirements:

Education, knowledge and experience

  • An advanced degree in political or social sciences, business administration, public administration, law, development, or related fields
  • A minimum of 5 years relevant work experience, preferably in the MENA region
  • A minimum of 3 years experience in project management, including experience managing multiple grants/budgets, staff (both operations and finance staff) and programmes, preferably with an NGO or in the public sector.
  • Proven conceptual knowledge and technical expertise in areas such as security sector reform, good governance, media, civil society, rule of law, public administration
  • Experience in preparing analytical reports
  • Excellent command of both oral and written English; working knowledge of Arabic is preferred; knowledge of another language is considered an asset

Skills

  • Strong interpersonal communication skills
  • Proven ability to solve problems
  • Strong planning and analytical skills
  • Ability to manage multiple tasks and tight deadlines
  • Cultural sensitivity
  • Familiarity with the Arab world

Interested and qualified candidates are invited to submit their applications by e-mail to opmena@dcaf.ch

Attachments must include the following documents:

  • letter of motivation,
  • EU format CV (including the names of 3 references), and
  • the completed application form
Vacancy

DCAF Project Coordinator, Gender and Security Programme - Africa (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/07/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 30/06/2015 12:00 pm

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of tasks related to project coordination and management in the area of gender and security in Africa, in particular, West Africa.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken French and English
  • A minimum of five years of practical experience managing projects on gender and security including planning and design, budgeting, implementation and monitoring and evaluation
    • Producing written material like policy briefs, guidance notes, research reports, media releases and publications
    • Providing technical assistance and guidance to integrate gender equality into security work
    • Conducting research on gender and security
    • Organizing, coordinating, delivering and facilitating workshops, seminars, consultations and capacity building activities
  • Demonstrated professional experience working outside of your country of origin
  • Demonstrated experience serving as a formal representative of an organization with Embassies, NGOs, funders, International Organizations and at high level events
  • Demonstrated experience working on gender and security including:
  • Advanced university degree in security studies, law, international relations, peace, or international development with a focus or specialization in women and gender; or equivalent.

Desirable additional skills or experience:

  • Work experience, knowledge or familiarity in Africa, in particular, West Africa
  • Experience developing and preparing funding proposals

Position location: Geneva, Switzerland, with frequent travel to Africa, in particular, West Africa.

The position will start as soon as possible.

Deadline for applications is 30 June 2015.

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter outlining in further detail how they meet the above criteria, including available start date. Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. Please send your applications to:

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

DCAF Geneva

pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch    

Ref: PC Gender and Security - Africa

Vacancy

Project Coordinator, Gender and Security Programme - Africa (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/08/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 30/06/2015 11:55 pm

Initiated by the Swiss Government, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) is an international foundation that addresses security, development and the rule of law.

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of tasks related to project coordination and management in the area of gender and security in Africa, in particular, West Africa.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken French and English
  • A minimum of five years of practical experience managing projects on gender and security including planning and design, budgeting, implementation and monitoring and evaluation
    • Producing written material like policy briefs, guidance notes, research reports, media releases and publications
    • Providing technical assistance and guidance to integrate gender equality into security work
    • Conducting research on gender and security
    • Organizing, coordinating, delivering and facilitating workshops, seminars, consultations and capacity building activities
  • Demonstrated professional experience working outside of your country of origin
  • Demonstrated experience serving as a formal representative of an organization with Embassies, NGOs, funders, International Organizations and at high level events
  • Demonstrated experience working on gender and security including:
  • Advanced university degree in security studies, law, international relations, peace, or international development with a focus or specialization in women and gender; or equivalent.

Desirable additional skills or experience:

  • Work experience, knowledge or familiarity in Africa, in particular, West Africa
  • Experience developing and preparing funding proposals

Position location: Geneva, Switzerland, with frequent travel to Africa, in particular, West Africa.

The position will start as soon as possible.

Deadline for applications is 30 June 2015.

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter outlining in further detail how they meet the above criteria, including available start date. Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. Please send your applications to:

 

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

DCAF Geneva

pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch    

Ref: PC Gender and Security - Africa

Vacancy

Deputy Head Middle East and North Africa Division (100%)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/09/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: (opmena@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 21/06/2015 12:00 am

The Deputy Head of Division in conjunction with the Head of Division is responsible for providing leadership in the design and conduct of DCAF’s operational activities in the Middle East and North Africa. The Deputy Head of Division has responsibility for overseeing the day to day implementation of the DCAF programs in the region. He/her shares administrative responsibility with the Head of Division, including budget management, oversight of evaluation, performance management and training and supervising staff.

More information here.

Vacancy

Project Officer (100%) - Operations I Southeast Europe

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Deadline: 29/05/2015 5:00 pm

Programme: Swiss Regional Police Cooperation Program in Western Balkans (SPCP)

Reporting: The Project Officer will be assigned to the DCAF Operations I – Southeast Europe Division and will report to SPCP Program Manager.

Overall tasks and responsibilities:The incumbent is charged to assist in the implementation of the Swiss Regional Police Cooperation Programme in the Western Balkans (SPCP).  S/He assists the Head of Police Programme/SPCP Programme Manager, the SPCP Project Coordinator and relevant DCAF staff in all project cycle management related tasks and responsibilities.

Specific tasks include:

SPCP implementation, monitoring and review

  • Contribute to the drafting, reviewing and editing of project-related documents and reports;
  • Review project reports sent by partners;
  • Liaise with project partners while maintaining effective working relationships.
  • Conduct monitoring and review activities and produce reports;
  • Perform desk research;
  • Assist in the preparation of operational reports (narrative and financial);
  • Maintain appropriate, transparent archiving (hardcopy and electronic);
  • Supervise project assistants that may be assigned to the incumbent;
  • Assist in preparing relevant meetings.
  • Perform any other assigned administrative tasks related to the programme.

Requirements:

  • Advanced University degree in political science, international relations, development, conflict studies or a related field.
  • At least 5 years of professional experience in project cycle management, preferably in democratic governance with particular focus on police affairs.
  • Particular knowledge and experience in monitoring, review and reporting systems.
  • Proficiency in English, both spoken and written;
  • Excellent analytical, drafting and editing skills in English language
  • Excellent interpersonal skills and ability to establish and maintain effective working relationships in a multi-cultural environment.
  • Strong organizational skills with effective time management and ability to prioritize and plan own work to meet deadlines.
  • Relevant experience in dealing with budgetary issues related to project management
  • Ability to travel within the Southeast Europe region.
  • Swiss or EU citizenship, or a valid work permit for Switzerland at the time of application, is a prerequisite.

What does DCAF offer?

This position offers unique project implementation tasks and responsibilities in the area of security sector governance and public administration reform. As part of the DCAF team and Operations Division Southeast Europe in particular we offer an exciting, fast-paced job within a dynamic and international work environment.   

Indicative starting date: As soon as possible;

Duration of contract: 1 year initial with possibility of extension.

If you are interested in this position, please apply by sending an updated CV and a 1-page letter of motivation before the close of business on 29 May 2015 to the following e-mail address:  c.cattaud@dcaf.ch

Candidates are requested to provide an indication of their employment availability and preferred start date.

Only candidates invited for an interview will be contacted.

11/05/2015

Vacancy

Project Coordinator, Gender and Security – Eastern Europe (100%)

Location: Switzerland
Application Contact: (pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 15/05/2015 12:00 pm

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of tasks related to project coordination and management in the area of gender and security and justice in Eastern Europe.

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken English
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in security studies, law, international relations, peace, or international development with a focus or specialization in women and gender.
  • A minimum of five years of practical experience working on gender and security and/or justice including demonstrated experience:
  • Producing written material like policy briefs, guidance notes, research reports, media releases and publications
  • Providing technical assistance and guidance to integrate gender equality into security and justice work
  • Conducting research on gender and security and justice
  • Organizing, coordinating, delivering and facilitating workshops, seminars, consultations and capacity building activities
  • Demonstrated experience managing projects on gender and security and/or justice including planning and design, budgeting, implementation and monitoring and evaluation
  • Demonstrated experience serving as a formal representative of an organization with Embassies, NGOs, funders, International Organizations and at high level events

Desirable additional skills or experience:

  • Additional languages, French, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Georgian
  • Experience, knowledge or familiarity with countries in Eastern Europe
  • Experience conducting research and producing publications
  • Experience developing and preparing funding proposals

Position location: Geneva, Switzerland, with frequent travel to Eastern Europe.

The position commences in late June or early July 2015.

Deadline for applications is 15 May 2015.

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply. For further information on DCAF, please visit our website: http://www.dcaf.ch.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter addressing the above criteria. Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. Please send your applications to:

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

DCAF

pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch    

Ref: PC Gender and Security Eastern Europe

01/06/2015

Vacancy

Research Assistant (50%) - Operations IV (Public Private Partnerships)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Application Contact: Ms Margaux Duverney (m.duverney@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 19/04/2015 11:55 pm

DCAF’s Operations IV (Public Private Partnerships) Division is currently seeking a Research Assistant.

Responsibilities principally involve: research assistance; organisational, administrative and editing support on research projects in the fields of cyber security / internet governance. Applicants should be currently registered in a master’s degree or PhD programme in the Geneva or Vaud region and have a strong background in either international relations, domestic or international human rights and humanitarian law, or a related field.

Eligible applicants must be Swiss or EU citizens, or hold a valid work permit. Other qualifications for this position include:

  • Strong interest in and familiarity with the areas of cyber security / internet governance.
  • Outstanding research and analytical skills
  • Excellent ability to draft, review and edit texts
  • Excellent administrative abilities and organisational skills
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international environment
  • Flexibility and ability to work independently
  • Good attention to detail
  • Fluency in English (essential) with fluency in other languages highly desirable (in particular French and Spanish)

The duration of this position is for 9 months with a weekly working time of 20 hours.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a covering letter to:

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

Ms Margaux Duverney

Operations IV

P.O. Box 1360

Rue de Chantepoulet 11

1211 Genève 1

E-mail: m.duverney@dcaf.ch

Deadline for applications is 20 April 2015.

Please note that only those candidates that are short-listed will be notified.

Vacancy

Project Assistant (100%) – Gender and Security Programme

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 15/05/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (genderpa2015@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/04/2015 11:55 pm

The Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of support tasks related to gender and security sector reform.

Eligible applicants must be Swiss or EU citizens, or hold a valid work permit. Other requirements for the position are:

  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a strong focus on women’s/gender studies
  • Fluent written and spoken English
  • Practical knowledge of issues of governance and/or security and women’s/gender studies, or women, peace and security
  • Excellent academic research and analytical skills in social sciences or international law
  • Excellent organisational skills
  • Demonstrated ability to draft clear and concise communications
  • Proficiency in Microsoft Outlook, Word, Excel, Access and Powerpoint
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in an international team
  • Demonstrated ability to work independently, solve problems and exercise initiative

Further desirable characteristics for the position are:

  • Experience in web-based communication
  • Fluency in French and/or other languages

The position commences on 15 May 2015. Candidates meeting the requirements are invited to email or post their CV with a cover letter addressing the selection criteria:

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

P.O. Box 1360

CH-1211 Genève 1

E-mail: genderpa2015@dcaf.ch

Re: Project Assistant

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply.

Applications must be received, by post or e-mail, by 20 April 2015. Interviews will take place in late April/early May. Only those selected for interviews will be contacted.

Vacancy

PROJECT OFFICER - TRAINING, ISSAT (100%)

Location: Geneva,
Period: 01/05/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Ms Eleanor Pavey (e.pavey@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 25/03/2015 11:55 pm

Job Title:PROJECT OFFICER - TRAINING (100%)

 

Reporting to:ISSAT Training Coordinator

 

Location:Geneva, with occasional overseas travel

 

Application Deadline:25 March 2015

 

Background:The post holder will form part of the core International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). ISSAT provides a deployable capacity to support its 19 members (which include 14 bilateral donors, the EU, OIF, OECD, OSCE and the UN) in creating effective, strategic and sustainable Security and Justice Sector Reform interventions in conflict-affected and development environments. 

 

Training and Capacity Development is one of DCAF/ ISSAT’s core services. Other service lines include Advisory Field Support (AFS), Knowledge Services (KS), Advocacy and Outreach (A & O) and Performance Management, Finance and Logistics (PFL). DCAF/ ISSAT provides face-to- face and online courses on SSR, Policing and Police Reform, Mentoring and Advising and other related topics in multiple languages. Training audiences include middle to senior-level representatives from member countries/ organisations and peacekeeping training centres. The mission of DCAF/ ISSAT’s training and capacity development activities is to be the leading provider of high quality, cutting edge SSR training products that enhance SSR knowledge and skills of members and partners, enabling them to provide effective support to SSR processes in fragile and post-conflict environments.

 

Tasks & Responsibilities

 

The post-holder will support the work of DCAF/ ISSAT’s Training and Capacity Development Services through the following tasks:

 

  • Contribute to the design and development of face-to-face and online training courses on SSR and related topics in multiple languages;
  • Participate in the delivery of face-to-face trainings to members and partners as required;
  • Conduct background research to support the development of training material including country backgrounders, thematic information notes, case studies and exercises;
  • Provide substantive and logistical support to ISSAT training teams before, during and after trainings;
  • Contribute to strengthening strategic partnerships with like-minded institutions, networks and individuals;
  • Help identify, document and validate lessons learned through DCAF/ ISSAT trainings and help ensure that existing material and methodologies are updated accordingly on a regular basis;
  • Support the dissemination of information on DCAF/ ISSAT’s training products and policies through effective communication methods and tools;
  • Maintain effective and productive relationships with other  DCAF/ ISSAT service lines as well as other DCAF divisions;
  • Maintain the innovation of DCAF/ ISSAT activities through a substantive commitment to ongoing personal and professional development;
  • Contribute to ISSAT’s annual activity reports and other such periodic reports that may be required by the Head of ISSAT and/ or ISSAT’s Training Coordinator;
  • Undertake such other tasks as may, from time to time, be required by the Head of ISSAT and/ or ISSAT’s Training Coordinator.

 

Qualities required:The post holder must be proactive and have demonstrated an ability to work as part of a multi-cultural, multi-disciplinary team. S/He must have good communication (verbal and written), and good drafting and presentational skills, including in designing training material and delivering trainings to an adult audience. S/He should have the ability to translate complex ideas into visual tools that facilitate learning.

 

S/He must be able take the lead in planning and organising a range of face-to-face trainings and liaising effectively with colleagues from different institutional backgrounds (police, defence, development and foreign affairs, for example). Attention to detail, client orientation and the ability to manage multiple tasks simultaneously are essential.

 

Experience in developing and/ or managing online learning platforms, experience in the use of innovative training tools and/ or techniques such as webinars, infographics and presentational tools such as Prezi, Strut etc. will be a definite advantage.

 

An interest in international relations and development issues, fundamental to the SSR concept, and knowledge of the UN approach to SSR and of latest developments in the fields of rule of law and justice reform, including gender and human rights, as well as familiarity with other institutional approaches (AU, EU, AfDB, OECD etc.) is highly desirable.

 

Qualifications:For this post, a Masters degree in international relations, political science, law or a related field, with a minimum of 4 - 5 years of experience in SSR and/or related international development work- including significant experience in designing and delivering trainings is required. The team’s operating language is English. Fluency in French, Spanish or Arabic is an added advantage.

 

 

 

Candidates meeting the requirements above are invited to send their CVs and Cover Letter to Ms. Eleanor Pavey at e.pavey@dcaf.ch on or before 25 March 2015.

 

Selection will be carried out based on CV/Cover Letter analysis, followed by a competency based written evaluation and interviews. Due to the volume of applications, only those selected to undertake the written evaluation/interviews will be contacted.

 

ISSAT is strongly committed to geographical and gender diversity.  Individuals from countries who have undergone/are undergoing an SSR process are strongly encouraged to apply.

Vacancy

Coordinateur/Coordinatrice de Projet (100%) Genre et Sécurité –Afrique

Period: 01/05/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Assistante Administrative, Opérations III (pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/03/2015 11:55 pm

La Division Opérations III est responsable du Programme Afrique ainsi que du Programme Genre et Sécurité. La Division Opérations III du DCAF recherche une personne expérimentée, motivée et flexible pour entreprendre une grande variété de tâches dans le domaine de la gouvernance et la réforme du secteur Genre et Sécurité, en Afrique sub-Saharienne, et plus particulièrement en Afrique de l’Ouest.

Qualifications requises:

  • Excellente maîtrise de l’anglais et du français, parlé et écrit.
  • Degré universitaire  supérieur ou équivalent en relations internationales, études sur la paix et la sécurité, et en particulier dans le domaine des femmes et du genre.
  • Au moins cinq ans d’expérience professionnelle dans le domaine du genre et/ou de la sécurité
  • Excellentes capacités organisationnelles et un grand souci du détail.
  • Excellentes connaissances et/ou expérience professionnelle en Afrique, et en particulier en Afrique de l’Ouest.
  • Expérience significative en gestion de projet (planification, design, gestion du budget,  mise en œuvre,  suivi et évaluation) dans le secteur de gouvernance et réforme
  • Excellentes capacités à faire des présentations devant des publics variés ; expérience dans la conception et l’organisation de séminaires, de conférences, de formations et de présentations.
  • Le poste requiert aussi des voyages fréquents en Afrique, et en particulier en Afrique de l’Ouest

Autres qualifications souhaitées :

  • Expérience dans la production de recherches et de publications
  • Familiarité avec l’ONU, UA, CEDEAO, et d’autres organisations intergouvernementales et/ou régionales
  • Connaissances de l’administration publique et/ou de la réforme et gouvernance du secteur de la sécurité

Lieu: Genève, Suisse, avec voyages fréquents en Afrique, et en particulier Afrique de l’Ouest

La position commence en mai 2015.

Le délai pour postuler est le 20 mars 2015.

Le DCAF s’engage à être un lieu de travail diversifié et sans discrimination. Les candidates/candidats de toutes origines sont encouragés à poser leur candidature.

Les candidates/candidats répondant aux critères ci-dessus sont invités à envoyer leur dossier de candidature (CV et lettre de motivation abordant les critères de sélection) par courriel ou par poste à:

Assistante Administrative, Opérations III

C.P. 1360

CH-1211 Genève 1

pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch   

Ref : PC Gender et Sécurité Afrique de l’Ouest

Merci de noter que seul(e)s les candidates/candidats présélectionné(e)s seront contacté(e)s.

01/05/2015

Vacancy

DCAF Project Coordinator (100%) Gender and Security – Africa

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/05/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Administrative Assistant, Operations III (pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 20/03/2015 11:55 pm

The DCAF Operations III Division is responsible for the Africa Programme and for the Gender and Security Programme. DCAF Operations III is looking for an experienced, motivated, and flexible individual who will undertake a wide range of tasks related to gender and security sector reform and governance, with a focus on Africa, especially West Africa.

 

Candidates should meet the following criteria:

  • Excellent command of written and spoken English and French
  • Advanced university degree or equivalent in international relations, peace, or security studies, with a strong focus on women’s/gender studies
  • At least five years of practical experience working on gender and/or security issues
  • Excellent organisation skills with strong attention to detail
  • Strong knowledge of and/or professional experience working in Africa, especially West Africa
  • Experience in project management (planning and design, budgeting, implementation and monitoring and evaluation) in areas of reform and governance of the security sector
  • Experience in formal representation on different levels, designing, organising and conducting seminars and conferences, trainings and presentations
  • Availability to travel frequently to Africa

Desirable additional skills or experience:

  • Experience in research and publications
  • Familiarity with the UN, AU, ECOWAS, and other intergovernmental and/or regional organisations
  • Knowledge of public administration and/or security sector reform and governance

Position location: Geneva, Switzerland, with frequent travel to Africa and in particular to West Africa.

The position commences in May 2015.

Deadline for applications is 20 March 2015.

DCAF is committed to a diverse and discrimination-free workplace. Qualified candidates from all backgrounds are encouraged to apply.

Candidates meeting the qualifications are invited to e-mail their CV with a cover letter addressing the above criteria to the address below. Due to the high number of applications, please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

Administrative Assistant, Operations III

DCAF Geneva

pcgssr2015@dcaf.ch    

Ref: PC Gender and Security West Africa

01/05/2015

Vacancy

Research Assistant

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 01/04/2015 to 01/01/2016
Application Contact: Mrs. Lynda Chenaf (l.chenaf@dcaf.ch )
Application Deadline: 06/03/2015 5:00 pm

Responsibilities principally involve research assistance and providing administrative/editing support on research projects in the field of security sector reform and security sector governance. Applicants should be registered at a higher education institution in the wider Geneva region and have a focus in the fields of international relations or international law.

See attached document for further details.

Vacancy

Call for background paper: 2015 Montreux Document Regional Conference in Ethiopia

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 20/03/2015 to 30/09/2015
Application Contact: Anna Marie Burdzy (a.burdzy@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 20/03/2015 5:00 pm

DCAF seeks to commission a background paper presenting research on the regulation of private military and security companies (PMSCs) and private security companies (PSCs) in Africa. The paper will provide food for thought to inform discussions during the 2015 Montreux Document Regional Conference in Addis Ababa. The Montreux Document is an intergovernmental initiative launched by Switzerland and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 2008 to promote respect for international humanitarian law (IHL) whenever PMSCs are present in armed conflicts. Through its private security governance programme, DCAF supports the development, promotion and implementation of the Montreux Document. 

DCAF is committed to promoting African scholarship on security sector reform (SSR) and security sector governance (SSG). On this basis, DCAF seeks proposals from African experts with knowledge and experience in the field of private security governance issues in Africa. The applicant must also demonstrate excellent research and professional writing and editing skills. 

Vacancy

Programme Manager - Public Private Partnerships (DCAF)

Location: Geneva, Switzerland, Switzerland
Period: 01/04/2015 to Indefinite
Application Contact: Margaux Duverney (m.duverney@dcaf.ch)
Application Deadline: 09/03/2015 11:00 pm

The Programme Manager will implement and drive the development of DCAF activities in this field with a particular emphasis on applied research, its translation into policy-relevant tools and their implementation on the ground. The Programme Manager will also play a cross-cutting role in the further development of the Division’s work.

Vacancy

Project Officer

Location: Geneva, Switzerland
Period: 02/02/2015 to Indefinite
Application Deadline: 31/03/2015 12:00 pm

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces(DCAF) contributes to the process of democratisation and reform of the security sector in countries in transition to democracy. DCAF has been providing project implementation and capacity building assistance in the field of security sector governance and oversight in the Southeast Europe region since 2001. In this context, DCAF wishes to recruit:

Project Officer (100%)

Title:Project Officer

Unit:Operations 1 – Southeast Europe Division

Location:Geneva, Switzerland

Reporting:The Project Officer will be assigned to the DCAF Operations I – Southeast Europe Division and will report to a Program Manager.

Tasks and responsibilities:The Project Officer will be responsible for supporting the Program Manager in implementing project activities in - among other – the Republic of Moldova and Republic of Macedonia. Project focus will primarily be on public administration reform and security sector governance.

The tasks include:

Project planning, implementation and evaluation

  • Assist in managing the planning, implementation and monitoring of assigned projects in the Southeast Europe region.
  • Participate in the preparation and management of project budgets and relevant financial documents, in cooperation with the Program Manager and the DCAF accounting team.
  • Prepare for and support tendering procedures as part of project implementation.
  • Contribute to the drafting, reviewing and editing of project-related documents and reports.
  • Contribute to the implementation of a project monitoring and evaluation system and help collect data to facilitate monitoring of project activities.
  • Carry out logistical and administrative tasks for the smooth running of project activities, including assisting with the booking of travel arrangements, preparing contracts, maintaining appropriate hard copy and electronic materials, etc.
  • Maintain frequent and clear communication and effective working relationships with project team members, external experts and key project counterparts and beneficiaries.

Requirements:

  • Advanced University degree in political science, international relations, development, conflict studies, anthropology or a related field.
  • At least 3 years of professional project implementation experience.  
  • Fluent in English, both spoken and written; excellent written and oral communication skills, including strong drafting and editing capacities.
  • Excellent interpersonal skills and ability to establish and maintain effective partnerships and working relationships in a multi-cultural environment and with colleagues based abroad.
  • Strong organizational skills with effective time management and ability to prioritize and plan own work to meet deadlines – periodically working on your own.
  • Ability to travel within the Southeast Europe region.
  • Swiss or EU citizenship, or a valid work permit for Switzerland at the time of application, is a prerequisite.

Preferred Qualifications:

  • Experience from implementing international assistance programs
  • Experience in conducting tender procedures.  
  • Knowledge of project finance and accounting.
  • Knowledge of Romanian or another Southeast European language.

What DCAF offers?

This position offers unique project implementation tasks and responsibilities in the area of security sector governance and public administration reform. As part of the DCAF team and Operations Division Southeast Europe in particular we offer an exciting, fast-paced job within a dynamic and international work environment.  

Indicative starting date:March 2015 (dependent on securing project funding).  

If you are interested in this position, please apply by sending an updated CV and a 1-page letter of motivation before the close of business on 26 February 2015 to the following e-mail address:  c.cattaud@dcaf.ch 

Candidates are requested to provide an indication of their employment availability and preferred start date.

Only candidates invited for an interview will be contacted.

Vacancy

Case Studies

The Integration of a Gender Perspective in the Sierra Leone Police

The Sierra Leone Police (SLP) began its reform process in 1997. As part of this process, the service developed a number of key policies that seek to promote gender equality and responsiveness. In 2011 the SLP undertook, for the first time, an assessment to measure its achievements to date in integrating gender issues in its reform process, and identify remaining gaps as well as good practices to inform the ongoing restructuring. This self-assessment process was undertaken by the SLP, using DCAF’s Gender Self-Assessment Guide.  It was conducted from May to October 2011 by a 10-member working group within SLP, comprising personnel from different departments with varied ranks, expertise and length of service. The SLP working group was supported by an external local consultant, Dr. Aisha Fofana Ibrahim.  The assessment focused on the following areas :

1. Performance effectiveness

2. Laws, policies and planning

3. Community relations

4. Accountability and oversight

5. Personnel

6. Institutional culture

The SLP internal self-assessment report has formed the basis of a case study entitled “The Integration of a Gender Perspective in the Sierra Leone Police”, written by Dr. Ibrahim. This case study was commissioned by DCAF with the support and collaboration of the SLP.  It is intended to be of use to stakeholders such as security sector institutions and oversight bodies, including parliament and civil society organisations, security sector reform practitioners and police services in other countries. It seeks to illustrate how gender perspectives have been integrated into the SLP, achievements, challenges and recommendations for becoming more inclusive and responsive to the needs of the entire population.

Case Study

Involvement of Parliaments in Advancing the ‘Women, Peace and Security’ Agenda in NATO Member Countries

In 2013, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly commissioned DCAF to provide an analysis of responses to a survey of Member Countries regarding national implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. The subsequent study, “Involvement of Parliaments in Advancing the Women, Peace and Security’ Agenda in NATO Member Countries,” analyses the role of national parliaments in establishing and monitoring legal and policy initiatives put in place by NATO Member Countries to implement Resolution 1325. Its findings point to an increased level of parliamentary involvement in advancing this agenda in countries that have adopted national action plans for implementing United Nations Security Council resolutions on women, peace and security.

DCAF presented the findings of this study at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly 2013Annual Session in Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Case Study

Liberia national dialogue on security sector reform, Monrovia, Liberia, 3–4 August 2005

In addition to historical contradictions and inadequacies, implementation of the 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) has further exposed the need to address critical issues in Liberia’s security sector, in order to consolidate the gains of post-conflict reconstruction and to pave the way towards good governance. In view of the role played by ill-governed security institutions in the Liberian civil war, the success and sustainability of rebuilding Liberia will to a large extent depend on the extent to which the security sector is reformed to operate more efficiently and within a framework of effective democratic control. Within this context, a dialogue on SSR would help broaden the constituency of actors working to develop a collective vision of security in Liberia. Moreover, such a dialogue would facilitate the inclusion of debates around the security sector prior to elections, so as to sustain interest on the issue in a post-election reform agenda. Significantly, a dialogue on SSR would serve as a crucial step in bringing voice and accountability into the process of creating an inclusive, locally driven SSR process in Liberia.

Against this background, the Ministry of Justice of Liberia and the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) convened a National Dialogue on Security Sector Reform, which was held in Monrovia 3-4 August 2005. The event was jointly facilitated and funded by the Conflict Security and Development Group (CSDG) of King’s College, University of London; the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD), Lagos, Nigeria; and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), Switzerland. The dialogue served as an avenue toward a structured but informal conversation on SSR among relevant stakeholders, including
the United Nations, the transitional legislature, the judiciary, civil society, relevant ministries, civil society, and organizations responsible for implementing reform.

The dialogue was guided by, and sought to provide answers to, the following interrelated
questions:

1. What kind of security (and security sector) does Liberia have?
2. What kind of security (and security sector) do Liberians want?
3. What are the necessary key steps for achieving the desired security?
4. Who are the critical actors for attaining such security?
5. How can a locally driven, inclusive and accountable security sector reform process be
achieved?

Source: Source found in: Security Sector Reform: Integrated Technical Guidance Notes , United Nations SSR Task Force, 2012. pg 20.

Case Study

Gender and Security Sector Reform: Examples from the Ground

Selected Resources

Training Resource Package: Guide to Integrating Gender in SSR Training- DCAF

Video: Gender in SSR-Stephen Jackson, Chief of Staff at the UN Office in Burundi

The Examples from the Ground are concrete illustrations of ways in which a gender perspective has been integrated in different security sector institutions around the world. They range from measures to counter human trafficking in Kosovo, to women’s organisations’ involvement with security institutions in Nepal, to female parliamentarians’ contribution to post-conflict reconstruction in Rwanda. These examples can help policymakers, trainers and educators better understand and demonstrate the linkages between gender and SSR.

The examples are organised around the following nine themes, for which a short introduction is provided:

• Police Reform and Gender
• Defence Reform and Gender
• Justice Reform and Gender
• Penal Reform and Gender
• Border Management and Gender
• Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
• National Security Policy-Making and Gender
• Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
• SSR Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation and Gender

For downloading individual examples and case studies in Integrating Gender into SSR Training on Kosovo, Liberia, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste, Hungary, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the Central African Republic, Indonesia, Peru, Somalia, Afghanistan, the Russian Federation, Tajikstan, Rwand, Brazil, Israel, Jamaica, Nepal, the United States, and the regions of West Africa and the Pacific, kindly follow the link. 

Case Study

Tools

Overseeing Intelligence Services - A Toolkit

DCAF’s toolkit on overseeing intelligence services is a compendium of booklets (tools) written by leading experts on intelligence governance from around the world.  

To view these tools, please follow this link.

Tool

Training Manual on Police Integrity

Capture

DCAF's Training Manual on Police Integrity aims to assist ministries of interior, police services and training institutions in developing their capacities to deliver integrity training to their staff. It also provides guidance on how to build and sustain organisational integrity through effective planning and management of human resources and reform processes.

The manual includes nine modules and three chapters:

  1. Understanding Integrity
  2. Democratic Policing and Integrity
  3. Values and Attitudes of Police Officers
  4. Police integrity legal and regulatory framework
  5. Police misconduct
  6. Peer control and reporting of misconduct
  7. Police accountability
  8. Gender equality, non-discrimination and police integrity
  9. Police ethical dilemmas
  10. Adult Learning – Guidelines for facilitators
  11. Human Resources Management & Integrity
  12. Integrity Planning and Reform

This manual is a knowledge product from DCAF’s Police Integrity Building Programme (PIBP).

It is available in English, Albanian, Macedonian and Serbian. 

For full access to DCAF's Training Manual on Police Integrity, kindly follow the link.

Tool

Host country security assessment guide

This guide is aimed to assist companies in evaluating the national and regional security contexts and identifying the different challenges that are likely to affect extractive operations. It provides the user with a comprehensive list of guiding questions that allow for a holistic overview of the security situation as well as a detailed analysis of all relevant actors.

For more information on the Host country security assessment guide, kindly follow the link.

Tool

Host government engagement strategy tool

This tool aims to support company representatives prepare for the first consultations with national security actors and establish a strategy for the engagement and communication with security sector representatives. Companies can draw on individual sections of the tool to fill gaps in their preparations for consultations or use the tool in its entirety to establish an engagement and communication strategy.

For more information on the Host government engagement strategy tool, kindly follow the link.

Tool

Tool 8: Integrating Gender in Security Sector Reform and Governance

Tool 8 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa is designed to provide practitioners with action-oriented guidance for tackling the challenge of gender equality. How can practitioners identify effective entry points for integrating the aims of gender equality in national legislation, strategies and budgets for security; in the management of security institutions and in the delivery of justice and security services? This DCAF toolkit provides important guidance on these and other SSR related topics in the West African context.

For more information on the Tool 8: Integrating Gender in Security Sector Reform and Governance, kindly follow the link.

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 4) : Access to Information and Security Sector Governance

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 4 aims to give participants a clear understanding of the objectives, principles and structure of access to information laws. The session also allows participants to better understand how to request access to information held by government bodies and how to deal with authorities’ denials to disclose information on grounds of national security.

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 4) : Access to Information and Security Sector Governance, please follow the link. 

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 3) : Media Freedom and Security Sector Governance

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 3 aims to give participants a clear understanding about media freedom in connection to security sector governance. 

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 3) : Media Freedom and Security Sector Governance, please follow the link. 

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 2) : The Media and Security Sector Governance

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 2 aims to give participants a working knowledge of what the security sector and what security sector governance (SSG) are.

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 2) : The Media and Security Sector Governance, please follow the link. 

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 1) : Using the Toolkit and Acquiring Training Skills

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 1 offers information for the trainer on how to use the toolkit and on useful training skills. It also includes introduction and conclusion training sessions, to be used when giving the training course as a whole.

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Part 1) : Using the Toolkit and Acquiring Training Skills, please follow the link. 

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 6) : Social Media and Security Sector Governance

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 6 aims  to give participants a clear understanding of how to use social media in covering security sector topics and events. This includes:

• Understanding what social media is

• Becoming aware of the potential professional advantages of using social media in covering security sector events

• Gaining practical knowledge of how to use specific social media platforms

• Learning how to create and distribute stories related to security by using social media

• Developing awareness of best practices and ethical considerations regarding the use of social media

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 6) : Social Media and Security Sector Governance, please follow the link. 

Tool

Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 5) : Reporting Community Safety

Journalists and other members of the media often acknowledge the importance of strengthening their role in security sector governance. However, many media practitioners still face various obstacles and tend to encounter special challenges when reporting on security-related topics.

As a partial response to the challenges faced by journalists and other members of the media, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) has produced this toolkit for trainers. While the toolkit has been developed in the Arab region and provides practical examples from this region, it has been designed to be used by media trainers in any region of the world.

Tool 5 aims to give participants a clear understanding about media freedom in connection to security sector governance. This includes the following learning objectives:

• Understanding the role of the media in reporting issues related to community safety

• Identifying the root-causes of community safety issues

• Planning for a news report on community safety issues

• Writing a news report on an issue related to crime, crime prevention or community safety

• Applying an ethics checklist for covering community safety issues (additional activity)

For full access to Media Toolkit for Trainers (Tool 5) : Reporting Community Safety, please follow the link. 

Tool

Ferramenta 8: Integração do Género na Governação e Reforma do Sector da Segurança

A igualdade de género é uma norma internacional que estipula o direito igual de mulheres e homens a aceder a serviços, oportunidades e recursos, independentemente do seu género ou do sexo com que nasceram. No contexto do sector da segurança, tal significa que homens e mulheres devem ter iguais oportunidades para participar na liderança, provisão, gestão e supervisão da segurança em todos os níveis. Significa também que as diferentes necessidades de segurança das mulheres, homens, raparigas e rapazes devem ser reconhecidas e supridas de igual forma para que seja possível alcançar a segurança humana.

Apesar de a CEDEAO recomenda que as necessidades específicas de segurança e justiça dos homens, mulheres, rapazes e raparigas sejam totalmente integradas em todos os processos da reforma do sector da segurança e mecanismos de governação, a transição da teoria para a prática é frequentemente um desafio.

Reconhecendo este desafio, a Ferramenta 8 da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental foi criada para providenciar orientações básicas a profissionais para conseguirem incorporar de forma mais eficaz os objectivos e princípios da igualdade de género nos seus respectivos níveis. Tendo em conta a amplitude do tema, a ferramenta foca-se na identificação de pontos de entrada eficazes, através dos quais diversos intervenientes (tais como organismos de coordenação e equipas de programação de RSS, parlamentos, ministérios, instituições de segurança individuais e organizações da sociedade civil) podem começar a integrar a igualdade de género como um princípio orientador e um objectivo no seu próprio trabalho e mandato.

Por favor, siga o link para ter acesso às outros documentos da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental

Ferramenta 1 : Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 2 : Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Esta é a versão em Português da publicação. It is also available in English.

Tool

Preventing and Responding to Sexual and Domestic Violence against Men: A Guidance Note for Security Sector Institutions

Sexual and domestic violence (SDV) presents a serious security threat in all societies and one that security sector institutions such as the police, justice system, armed forces and prisons are increasingly beginning to address. Historically, SDV was thought to almost exclusively affect women, yet recent studies in several countries have indicated that there are also large numbers of male victims. These men often share similar security needs with female victims, but they also experience gender-specific barriers to accessing security and justice caused, in part, by the fact that the issue of SDV against men remains shrouded in silence and misconceptions. With this in mind, this guidance note is designed to serve as a tool to enable security sector institutions to provide a more effective, gender-sensitive approach to preventing and responding to SDV against men.

The first half of this publication provides an overview of the characteristics and incidence of SDV committed against men as well as an outline of who the perpetrators and victims are and what impact these forms of violence tend to have on the victim. It then highlights how these factors translate into gender-specific barriers to reporting and why the security sector should seek to overcome them. The second half of the publication begins with a collection of recommendations on how security sector institutions can improve their ability to prevent and respond to SDV against men. This is followed by some suggested self-assessment questions designed to help these institutions understand how they currently respond to SDV against men with the aim of identifying areas of further work.

Tool

Gender Self-Assessment Guide for the Police, Armed Forces and Justice Sector

This DCAF self-assessment guide is a tool for assessing the gender responsiveness of a security sector institution. While it can be used by other security sector institutions, it is particularly designed for use by police services, armed forces and justice sector institutions. A gender-responsive security sector institution is one that both meets the distinct and different security and justice needs of men, women, boys and girls and promotes the full and equal participation of men and women.

This guide leads you through an eight-stage process to conduct an assessment of your institution, create an action plan to move your organisation forward, and monitor and evaluate the plan’s implementation.

1. Consider benefits and risks

2. Obtain the proper authorisation

3. Organise the work

4. Tailor the self-assessment process

5. Collect the information

6. Analyse and report on findings

7. Develop a gender action plan

8. Monitor, evaluate and adjust

For full access to Gender Self-Assessment Guide for the Police, Armed Forces and Justice Sector, kindly follow the link.

Tool

Tool 4: Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform

Tool 4 SSRG

Tool 4 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa by DCAF addresses key challenges that West African states may face when extending their cooperation relationships to the field of security governance. It aims to provide ECOWAS member states with practical guidance on how to manage external assistance to SSR in a way that supports a national vision, ensures cost-efficiency, enforces mutual accountability and strives for sustainable results. It is mainly aimed at national administrations of ECOWAS member states specifically in charge of planning, managing and overseeing internal and external resource allocation to SSR, but can also be useful for oversight stakeholders monitoring the national security agenda, the national budget or cooperation policies, such as the media, academic research centres and civil society observatories and organisations.

SSR is a costly process, which requires an intense and long-term budgetary commitment from countries undertaking it. The financial burden of this process can weigh particularly heavily on the national budgets of West African states facing the challenges of economic development. The increasing readiness of the international community to support SSR efforts represents an opportunity for countries willing to redefine their security system, but also comes with a number of political, strategic and technical challenges from a national point of view.

For more information on the Tool 4 : Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform, kindly follow the link to the DCAF website.

Follow the links to access the other documents in the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa: 

Tool 1: Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes

Tool 2: Security Sector Reform Programming

Tool 6: Civil Society Involvement in Security Sector Reform and Governance

This publication is also available in  français  and  português.

Tool

Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Tool 4 SSRG_Portuguese

A reforma do sector de segurança (RSS) é um processo altamente complexo do ponto de vista político e técnico, que exige recursos humanos e financeiros consideráveis. A gestão destes recursos é, por si só, uma questão politicamente sensível e tecnicamente desafiadora, que envolve a definição de uma agenda de segurança partilhada, o desenvolvimento de processos orçamentais complexos, a criação de mecanismos fiáveis de responsabilização financeira para os gastos relacionados com a segurança e, em muitos casos, o envolvimento em parcerias construtivas1 com intervenientes internos e externos para obter financiamento complementar, assentes na liderança nacional e na responsabilização mútua. No contexto da RSS, a incapacidade de sustentar as necessidades da reforma de forma eficaz e transparente pode ter impactos negativos na segurança do Estado e da população. Os Estados oeste-africanos cuja capacidade financeira seja limitada poderão solicitar apoio a contrapartes bilaterais ou multilaterais para financiar os seus processos de RSS. Apesar de a assistência externa representar uma oportunidade para os estados-membros da CEDEAO dispostos a iniciar um processo de RSS, a mobilização e gestão deste apoio comporta desafios políticos, técnicos e em matéria de políticas. Acima de tudo, é necessário estabelecer um equilíbrio entre o valor das parcerias que visam colmatar as lacunas de um processo nacional de RSS em matéria de recursos e a necessidade de manter a apropriação e a liderança nacionais do processo de reforma, independentemente da origem dos fundos complementares que o sustentam. Com efeito, é comum que os Estados soberanos manifestem reservas em expressar abertura a parcerias internacionais que comportem o risco de resultar numa ingerência externa em assuntos internos fulcrais, tais como questões relacionadas com a defesa e a segurança.

Para maiores informações sobre a Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança, siga o link para o website do DCAF.

Por favor, siga o link para ter acesso às outros documentos da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental: 

Ferramenta 1: Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 2: Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Esta é a versão em Português da publicação. It is also available in English et disponible en français.

Tool

Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança

ferramenta 6

Esta ferramenta 6 « Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança », parte da « Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental », visa colmatar as lacunas em matéria de conhecimento e competências que impedem o pleno envolvimento dos intervenientes da sociedade civil oeste-africana no controlo do sector de segurança. Fornece a estes intervenientes aconselhamento e orientação práticos que se destinam a reforçar a sua capacidade de acção nesta área. Embora se destine principalmente aos intervenientes oeste-africanos da sociedade civil com intervenção local, nacional e regional, incluindo organizações de meios de comunicação social, esta ferramenta pode igualmente servir de guia à Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Ocidental (CEDEAO) e a todos os seus estados-membros, bem como aos parceiros internacionais envolvidos na reforma e governação do sector de segurança, para promover a tomada em consideração por parte destes intervenientes do papel da sociedade civil na reforma e governação do sector de segurança.

A participação activa de uma sociedade civil empenhada, competente e diversificada no controlo público do sector de segurança reforça a confiança dos cidadãos e cidadãs nos mecanismos estatais que garantem a sua segurança.

No entanto, os intervenientes da sociedade civil nem sempre têm consciência do seu papel e das suas responsabilidades para com os mecanismos democráticos de governação da segurança. Por vezes, carecem igualmente de ferramentas conceptuais e competências práticas para participar activamente nesta área, ou têm dificuldade em estabelecer parcerias construtivas com as instituições estatais de segurança ou outros intervenientes pertinentes, bem como em identificar pontos de entrada adequados para se envolverem de forma construtiva na governação de segurança. O seu potencial de contribuição está subexplorado.

Para maiores informações sobre a Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança, siga o link para o website do DCAF.

Por favor, siga o link para ter acesso às outros documentos da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental: 

Ferramenta 1 : Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 2 : Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Esta é a versão em Português da publicação. It is also available in English et disponible en français.

Tool

Implementing the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions in Security Sector Reform (Tool 13)

Reflecting the text of the resolutions, the Tool focuses on reforms in the defence forces, police and the justice sector. Issues examined include: DDR, vetting, specialised services for victims of sexual violence, prosecution of violence against women in armed conflict, measures to increase women’s leadership in police and defence organisations and to promote deployment of women in peacekeeping, peacekeepers’ training , operational strategies to prevent sexual violence, and gender justice. The Tool will also examine progress made in promoting the participation of women in security decision-making, and in integrating Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888 and 1889 in national security policy-making, including through national action plans.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acronyms

1. Introduction

2. What is security sector reform?
2.1 Security sector reform
2.2 Why women and girls?

3. What are the women, peace and security resolutions?
3.1 Overview
3.2 What do the women, peace and security resolutions mean for UN Member States?

4. How can the women, peace and security resolutions be implemented in security sector reform?
4.1 In national and regional security policies and Action Plans
4.2 Through women’s participation in SSR processes
4.3 In defence reform
4.4 In police reform
4.5 In transitional justice and justice reform
4.6 In preparation for the deployment of personnel to peacekeeping missions
4.7 By Countries involved in armed conflict

5. Key recommendations

6. Additional resources

Tool

Sample Lesson Plans for Teaching Gender to the Military

Three lesson plans for teaching gender to the military developed by experts on military education, gender training for the military and integrating gender in military operations developed at the 17th meeting of the Security Sector Reform Working Group of the Partnership for Peace Consortium, hosted in Garmisch-Partenkirchen from 12 to 14 December 2012 in collaboration with the Education Development Working Group and the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies.

Tool

Gender Training for the Security Sector: Lessons identified and practical resources

On 4-6 June 2012, DCAF hosted a three-day workshop on gender training for the security sector in Geneva, Switzerland. The workshop brought together thirty-six gender training experts from around the world to share and discuss good practices and lessons learned in delivering gender training to defence, police and other security audiences.

 

The topics covered during the workshop were:

 

   - Gender training needs assessment

   - Importance of gender – debating different approaches

   - Simulation exercises and role plays

   - Favourite gender training exercises

   - Exchange and analysis of gender training agendas

   - Gender training for men

   - Gender and diversity training

   - Exchange and analysis of case studies

   - Gender training exercises to promote attitude change

   - Follow-up and evaluating the impact of gender training

 

The workshop was held as part of DCAF’s ongoing project on Gender and Security Sector Reform Capacity Building. The report provides an invaluable resource to anyone involved in training in the field of gender and security as it includes numerous lessons identified as well as useful tips and pointers on how to overcome some of the greatest challenges that gender trainers currently face. Furthermore, the report contains a sizeable collection of tried-and-tested gender training exercises as well as an extensive list of additional resources such as publications, short videos and other electronic training materials.

Tool

A Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform

A Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform seeks to encourage and empower women to take part in shaping and transforming the security sector in their communities and countries.

The Women’s Guide provides both information on the security sector and tools for action. It draws on the rich and varied experiences of women in civil society from across the world and shares examples of practical, and sometimes innovative, ways to influence reform from the grassroots.

The Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform includes three sections:

  • Section 1:Understanding Security

Introduces key concepts in security, explaining SSR, and discusses why women’s contributions in civil society are vital to transforming the security sector.

  • Section 2:Get Involved

Outlines concrete ways in which women’s organisations can engage and influence reform: how to research security issues, form coalitions, plan strategically, develop recommendations, advocate and engage directly.

  • Section 3:Tools for Action

Presents an array of practical activities and tools for women’s organisations to take action, including activities to identify local security needs, sample letters to security officials, talking points for meetings with policymakers and media and definitions of security jargon.

Tool

Police Reform and Gender (Tool 2)

This tool is designed as a reference tool, with a mix of background information and practical examples and tips to assist in the design and/or implementation of the reform process. The following information can be used as a starting point for incorporating gender issues into a police reform processes The tool includes:

- An introduction to police reform
- The rationale behind integrating gender issues and ways in which this can strengthen police reform initiatives
- Entry points for incorporating gender issues into different aspects of police reform, including practical tips and examples
- An examination of particular gender and police reform issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

Tool

Security Sector Reform and Gender (Tool 1)

The tool includes:

- An introduction to SSR and gender 
- The rationale for why integrating gender issues strengthens SSR processes
- Practical ways of integrating gender into SSR policy and programme cycles
- An overview of specific gender and SSR issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts.

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Defence Reform and Gender (Tool 3)

Local ownership of SSR processes is widely acknowledged and advocated in current international discourse. National actors, located in government ministries, defence services, research institutions and civil society are therefore a target audience of the tool. The tool provides insight into defence reform processes and the manner in which women can be integrated into the armed forces and defence structures. It also highlights areas for advocacy and civil society mobilisation in the quest for democratically controlled armed forces. The tool includes:

- An introduction to defence reform 
- The rationale for why integrating gender strengthens defence reform processes
- Practical actions to integrate gender into defence reform initiatives
- An overview of particular gender and defence reform issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Justice Reform and Gender (Tool 4)

This tool focuses on the institutional reform of the judiciary, law reform and access to justice, with specific emphasis on gender equality. It examines justice reform within the broad and often overlapping contexts of post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed countries. Any justice reform effort is highly context-specific, and no one-fits-all template can be applied to a reform process. The tool provides suggestions and recommendations that can be adapted to the specific reform context within which you are working.The tool includes:

- An introduction to justice reform
- The rationale for why integrating gender strengthens justice reform processes
- Practical actions to integrate gender into justice reform initiatives
- An overview of particular gender and justice reform issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

For full access to this tool, Justice Reform and Gender, and other DCAF tools, kindly follow the link. 

Tool

Penal Reform and Gender (Tool 5)

The tool includes:

- An introduction to penal reform
- The rationale for why integrating gender strengthens penal reform processes
- Practical actions to integrate gender into penal reform initiatives
- An overview of particular gender and penal reform issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Implementing the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions in Security Sector Reform (Tool 13)

This tool is intended for use by policymakers, NGOs and international actors supporting SSR and/or the design and implementation of SCR 1325 National Action Plans. The focus of the Tool is national-level implementation of the standards set by the four United Nations Security Council Resolutions on women, peace and security (SCRs 1325, 1820, 1888 and 1889) in security sector institutions.

Reflecting the text of the resolutions, the Tool focuses on reforms in the defence forces, police and the justice sector. Issues examined include: DDR, vetting, specialised services for victims of sexual violence, prosecution of violence against women in armed conflict, measures to increase women’s leadership in police and defence organisations and to promote deployment of women in peacekeeping, peacekeepers’ training , operational strategies to prevent sexual violence, and gender justice. The Tool will also examine progress made in promoting the participation of women in security decision-making, and in integrating Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888 and 1889 in national security policy-making, including through national action plans.

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender (Tool 7)

This tool seeks to highlight the importance of parliamentary oversight of the security sector and the benefits parliamentarians derive from integrating a gender perspective into their work.

The tool includes:

- A conceptual introduction to parliamentary oversight of the security sector
- An outline of the importance and benefits of integrating gender into parliamentarians’ work on security issues
- Actions on how to integrate gender into parliamentary oversight
- Examination of gender and parliamentary oversight in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

National Security Policy-Making and Gender (Tool 8)

This tool provides an introduction to the benefits and opportunities of integrating gender issues into national-level security policy making.

As strategic documents, security policies are critically important in establishing a coordinated response to security threats, and can serve as a platform for security sector reform (SSR) processes. Ensuring that gender issues are integrated into security policies may increase participation and local ownership, and create policies and institutions that are more likely to effectively and sustainably provide security and justice to men, women, girls and boys on an equitable basis.

The tool includes:

-An introduction to SSR and gender 
- The rationale for why integrating gender issues strengthens SSR processes
- Practical ways of integrating gender into SSR policy and programme cycles
- An overview of specific gender and SSR issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender (Tool 9)

This tool is designed to be a resource for civil society organisations (CSOs) engaged in oversight of the security sector, as well as those CSOs that seek to play a more active role in this regard.

The tool is also relevant for policymakers and officials in national governments, international and regional organisations, and donor countries around the world that are engaged in designing and implementing security sector reforms and that could play an active role in strengthening and supporting civil society engagement.

The tool includes:

- A description of the role of civil society in oversight mechanisms
- The rationale behind the inclusion of gender issues and ways in which this can strengthen and enhance oversight
- Entry points for incorporating gender into different aspects of civil society oversight, including practical tips and examples
- An overview of integrating gender into civil society oversight in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed countries

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Private Military and Security Companies and Gender (Tool 10)

This tool addresses the gender aspects and challenges of a relatively new phenomenon: the privatisation of security on a global scale.

So far, reliable research data is scarce. Moreover, much of the relevant information, such as companies’ standard operating procedures as well as the contents of most of their contracts, is strictly confidential. However, this must not lead to complacency. In order to ensure the effectiveness and long-term success of security sector reform (SSR) involving Private Security Companies (PSCs) and Private Military Companies (PMCs) it is indispensable to integrate gender aspects into all operations.

The tool includes:

- An introduction to PMSCs and their increasing role as part of the security sector
- The rationale for why integrating gender strengthens PMSCs
- Practical actions to integrate gender into PMSCs and their operations
- An overview of particular gender and PMSC issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Gender Training for Security Sector Personnel – good practices and lessons learned (Tool 12)

This tool is designed to provide a basic introduction to SSR and gender issues for the staff of national governments (including in donor countries), security sector institutions, and regional and international organisations, responsible for the development of SSR policy and programming. Civil society organisations, academics and researchers working on gender and security matters will also find it useful.

The tool includes:

- An introduction to gender training for security sector personnel 
- Practical tips and examples of good practices in gender training for security sector personnel
- Entry points for incorporating gender into training for security sector personnel

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Security Sector Reform Assessment, Monitoring & Evaluation and Gender (Tool 11)

This tool explores two dimensions of gender-responsive assessments, monitoring and evaluation (M&E).

First, the tool looks at existing SSR assessment frameworks, monitoring and evaluation strategies, and how to include a gender perspective in the different tools and approaches.

The tool also discusses gender mainstreaming initiatives in security sector institutions, including how to conduct a gender audit and M&E of gender mainstreaming. Inclusive and participatory processes of data gathering; interdepartmental cooperation and coordination; the collection and use of data disaggregated by sex, age and ethnicity; gender-responsive results-based management; gender-sensitive indicators; and focus group interviews are tools and methods presented and discussed in this publication.

The tool includes:

- An introduction to assessment, monitoring and evaluation 
- The rationale behind the inclusion of gender issues and ways in which this can strengthen and enhance assessment, M&E 
- Entry points for incorporating gender into SSR assessment, M&E
- How to conduct gender audits of security sector institutions, as well as monitor and evaluate the impact of gender mainstreaming initiatives

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Training Resources on Security Sector Reform and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
 A gender-responsive SSR process seeks to:

» address the different security needs and priorities of women and men
» confront gender-based violence against men and women, boys and girls
» promote the equal participation of men and women in decision-making within the security sector
» create security sector institutions that are representative of society at large—and thus are more trusted and effective
» ensure comprehensive and effective security sector oversight
» establish SSR that is locally-owned and sensitive to the needs of all parts of the community
» comply with international and regional laws, instruments and norms concerning security and gender, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820

Tool

Guide to Integrating Gender in SSR Training

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is designed to provide you with a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR training. In addition to having a specific exercise or session on gender and SSR, taking a few moments to look through this guide can help you to mainstream gender issues throughout your training. It provides practical tips on integrating gender into the entire SSR training cycle—from conducting a training needs assessment to monitoring and evaluation.

This guide is explicitly designed for SSR trainers and educators. Gender trainers working with the security sector will also find the content useful. As short-hand, the guide refers to “SSR training”, however, this is broadly defined to include training related to police reform, penal reform, security sector governance and oversight, border management, defence reform, justice reform, national security policy-making, etc.

Introduction 
Step 1: Assess and analyse training needs 
Step 2: Develop learning objectives 
Step 3: Design and develop the training 
Step 4: Implement the training 
Step 5: Monitor and evaluate the training

Tool

Training Resources on Defence Reform and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.

A gender-responsive defence reform process seeks to:

» respond to the different security needs of women and men, boys and girls
» create capacity to address gender issues, including gender-based violence, in operations
» achieve the full integration of women in the armed forces, defence ministries and defence oversight bodies
» end any discrimination or human rights violations by armed forces personnel
» strengthen relations between the armed forces and civil society
» comply with international and regional laws, instruments and norms concerning security and gender, such as the Beijing Platform for Action and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820

Tool

Training Resources on Police Reform and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 

A gender-responsive police reform process seeks to:

» prevent and respond to the different forms of crime and insecurity faced by men, women, girls and boys, including gender-based violence
» promote the equal participation of men and women in the police service—for more effective policing
» ensure equal access of men and women to police services
» end any discrimination or human rights violations by police
» comply with international and regional laws, instruments and norms concerning security and gender, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820

Tool

Training Resources on Justice Reform and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
A gender-responsive justice reform process seeks to:

» establish a fair, accessible, trusted and accountable justice sector for all groups within society
» promote gender equality
» ensure equal access to judicial processes
» identify and address problems and gaps within existing laws, mechanisms and processes which impede justice and security for men, women, boys and girls

Tool

Training Resources on Penal Reform and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
Gender-responsive penal reform seeks to:

» Develop responses to offending by men, women, boys and girls, including non-custodial measures carried out in the community that consider their different needs and characteristics

» Improve the planning and delivery of services in prisons (including accommodation, healthcare, security and preparation for release) in a manner that is responsive to the different needs and characteristics of men, women, boys and girls

» Train penal staff in gender issues and human rights in policy and practice

» Strengthen complaint and oversight mechanisms within the penal system by including a gender responsive approach
» Strengthen collaboration with civil society organisations, including women’s groups, in both service and oversight functions

Tool

Training Resources on Border Management and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
A gender-responsive border management reform process seeks to:

» Strengthen the protection of human rights for all by addressing the specific insecurities of men, women, girls and boys at borders,
» Improve prevention and detection of and responses to human trafficking and smuggling,
» Create more representative border institutions by promoting the participation of women,
» Enhance local ownership of border management processes by improving oversight and collaboration with civil society.

Tool

Training Resources on Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
Gender-responsive parliamentary oversight of the security sector seeks to:

» respond to the different security needs of women and men, boys and girls—especially through security legislation and policy
» consult with a broad range of civil society actors
» involve female and male parliamentarians equally
» increase the representation of women within security sector institutions
» hold security sector institutions accountable for discrimination, gender-based violence and other human rights violations
» ensure equitable defence budgeting and resource management
» comply with international and regional laws, instruments and norms concerning security and gender, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820

Tool

Training Resources on National Security Policy-Making and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
A gender-responsive national security policy-making process seeks to:

» consult and involve women and men from across the community
» address the security needs of different groups of women, men, boys and girls
» confront gender-based violence
» eliminate discrimination by and within security sector institutions

Tool

Training Resources on Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.
 
Gender-responsive civil society oversight of the security sector seeks to:

» reflect the different security needs, views and priorities of women and men, boys and girls
» include women and men and women’s organisations in oversight processes
» monitor how security sector institutions address gender-based violence
» hold security sector institutions accountable for discrimination and human rights violations
» advocate for equal participation of men and women in security sector institutions
» promote the implementation of international and regional laws, instruments and norms concerning security and gender, such as the Beijing Platform for Action and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820

Tool

Training Resources on SSR Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation and Gender

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is a series of practical training materials to help trainers integrate gender in SSR training, and deliver effective gender training to SSR audiences.
 
 It is designed for SSR trainers and educators, and gender trainers working with the security sector, to help you present material on gender and SSR in an interesting and interactive manner. The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package contains a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR or gender training.  
 
Gender-responsive assessment, monitoring and evaluation of SSR processes seeks to:

» identify differences between men, women, girls and boys’ security needs, and experiences of SSR processes
» respond appropriately to these differences
» recommend improved (gender-responsive) SSR policies, programmes and practices
» identify appropriate gender-responsive indicators and processes for monitoring and evaluating how SSR programmes and practices impact differently on women, men, boys and girls
» improve overall performance in SSR programmes and practices

Tool

Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit - Annex

Security sector reform (SSR) is increasingly prioritised by governments, and on the agenda of international development, peace and security communities. SSR opens a window of possibility to transform security policies, institutions and programmes, creating opportunities to integrate gender issues

Despite this recognition of the importance of integrating gender issues in SSR, there has been a lack of resources on the topic. This Toolkit  is an initial response to the need for information and analysis on gender and SSR. It is designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with a practical introduction to why gender issues are important in SSR and what can be done to integrate them.

The Toolkit Annex is a compilation of key laws and instruments relevant to gender and SSR, referencing specific articles that relate to particular security sector institutions.Section 1 includes more general standards relating to SSR and gender, as well as a section on norms guiding security sector reform and a compilation of international and regional instruments. Each subsequent chapter refers to a particular area of SSR covered in the Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit .

For translations in French, Arabic, Montenegrin, Russian, and Indonesian, click here.

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Toolkit on Police Integrity

The Toolkit on Police Integrity aims to assist police services in designing effective measures to curb police corruption, increasing their ability to fight crime, improving public security and strengthening the rule of law and public trust in the police. The Toolkit contains nine chapters.

  1. Introduction: corruption and policing
  2. Values, rules and behaviour
  3. Organisation
  4. Supporting police officers facing ethical questions
  5. Internal control
  6. External oversight and control
  7. Investigation
  8. Capacity building
  9. Instruments

For further information on the Toolkit please contact Paulo Costa, Head of Police Programme, DCAF, OPS1.

Tool

Tool 1 : Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes

federanza 1

Tool 1 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa by DCAF addresses political will and national ownership, fundamental requirements of SSR processes.

Without the strong political commitment of national authorities, SSR will fail, regardless of the material resources and technical expertise invested into it. SSR must be home-grown, designed to meet country-specific needs, and led by national stakeholders who take full responsibility for it. For SSR to produce sustainable results, it is also essential to ensure the active involvement of a critical mass of citizens - men and women - from all strata of society in the definition and implementation of a reform agenda that reflects a shared vision of security. Unless it relies on an inclusively defined and widely shared vision of security, SSR cannot succeed.

Acknowledging the challenges that may arise in the process of operationalising these principles, Tool 1 offers practical guidance on how to reinforce national ownership and leadership while defining an inclusive, national vision of security as a basis for a security sector reform. It provides an overview of potential entry points for SSR in the broader framework of national governance in a West African setting. It also suggests how to institutionalise the national leadership and coordination of an SSR process, including through strategic communication.

The Tool is primarily intended for policy and other strategic decision makers, government officials involved in security sector governance, national SSR advisers and practitioners. It will also provide members of parliament, other oversight institutions, civil society organisations and development partners with an overview of the responsibilities of the executive in SSR and how to uphold national ownership throughout the process.

For more information on the tool Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes, kindly follow the link to the DCAF website.

Follow the links to access the other documents in the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa: 

Tool 2: Security Sector Reform Programming

Tool 4: Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform

Tool 6: Civil Society Involvement in Security Sector Reform and Governance

The publication is also available in français and português.

Tool

Tool 2 : Security Sector Reform Programming

Security-Sector-Reform-Programming_publications_full

The conduct of an SSR process requires translating a political, national vision of security into an operational programme and defining the different concrete actions needed to generate the desired societal change and improve security for all. SSR programming provides tools both to determine the nature of the change sought in the functioning of the security sector and to plan implementation in a structured manner that is measurable over time.

Tool 2 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa addresses the successive programming steps that enable the development and rolling out of a context-relevant SSR programme. These steps range from an initial needs assessment to the setting up of coordination mechanisms aimed at ensuring overall coherence of national SSR efforts. The Tool offers practical advice for prioritising and sequencing reform actions, budgeting the programme and mobilising the resources necessary for its implementation, establishing viable and efficient management mechanisms, coordinating national and international actors involved in the implementation of the programme and developing a communication strategy to support transparency and sustain national ownership.

For more information on Tool 2 : Security Sector Reform Programming, kindly follow the link to the DCAF website.

Follow the links to access the other documents in the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa: 

Tool 1: Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes

Tool 4: Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform

Tool 6: Civil Society Involvement in Security Sector Reform and Governance

This publication is also available in français and português.

Tool

Ferramenta 1 : Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

federanza 1

Esta ferramenta 1 « Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança », parte da « Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental », fornece orientações práticas para as autoridades nacionais da África Ocidental sobre como abordar a RSS de uma forma que demonstre liderança e garanta uma apropriação nacional inclusiva. Ressalva a importância da vontade política na formulação de políticas relacionadas com o sector de segurança, a necessidade de envolver actores não-estatais não só na fase inicial, mas também durante todo o processo de reforma, e a necessidade de articular a RSS com outras políticas e reformas à escala nacional. A ferramenta também se debruça sobre o papel desempenhado pela CEDEAO, que apoia os estados-membros na construção de processos de reforma endógenos. Aborda igualmente os desafios práticos que as autoridades nacionais poderão vir a enfrentar na concepção e implementação de processos de RSS, propondo também soluções para enfrentá-los.

A ferramenta pretende ser um recurso para os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões estratégicas, funcionários governamentais, consultores nacionais e outros profissionais de RSS. Também disponibilizará aos membros do parlamento, a outras instituições de supervisão, às organizações da sociedade civil (OSC) e aos parceiros de desenvolvimento uma visão geral das responsabilidades que o poder executivo tem na RSS e sobre como garantir a apropriação nacional ao longo do processo.

Para maiores informações sobre a Ferramenta 1 : Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança, siga o link para o website do DCAF.

Por favor, siga o link para ter acesso às outros documentos da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental: 

Ferramenta 2 : Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Esta é a versão em Português da publicação. It is also available in English et disponible en français.

Tool

Ferramenta 2 : Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

federata 2

Esta publicação faz parte da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental. Visa apoiar a implementação do quadro de políticas para a reforma e governação do sector de segurança da Comunidade Económica dos Estados da África Ocidental (CEDEAO). Através de orientações e conselhos práticos, adaptados ao contexto da África Ocidental e baseados em experiências regionais, a Caixa de Ferramentas visa facilitar a elaboração de políticas, bem como a implementação e gestão de processos de reforma do sector de segurança (RSS) a nível nacional.

Para maiores informações sobre a Ferramenta 2 : Programação da Reforma do Sector de Segurança, siga o link para o website do DCAF.

Por favor, siga o link para ter acesso às outros documentos da Caixa de Ferramentas para a Reforma e Governação do Sector de Segurança na África Ocidental: 

Ferramenta 1 : Liderança Política e Apropriação Nacional dos Processos da Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 4 : Gestão Eficaz do Apoio Externo à Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Ferramenta 6 : Envolvimento da Sociedade Civil na Governação e Reforma do Sector de Segurança

Esta é a versão em Português da publicação. It is also available in English et disponible en français.

Tool

Tool 6: Civil Society Involvement in Security Sector Reform and Governance

tool 6

Tool 6 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa addresses the gaps in knowledge and skills that hinder the involvement of West African civil society actors in public oversight of the security sector and provides CSOs of the region with practical advice and guidance on how to strengthen their capacity for action and optimise the impact of their contributions to SSR and SSG.

Representative and credible civil society organisations (CSOs) are integral stakeholders in the democratic governance of the security sector. They can contribute by influencing security policy so that it better reflects the security needs of men, women, boys and girls; informing the people about security-related matters, and the role and rights of citizens; supporting constructive relations between security institutions and civilians; supporting public institutions with specialised expertise, etc. However, civil society actors are sometimes unaware of their role, lack the tools and skills to fully engage in this field or struggle to identify entry points. Their potential contribution is therefore often underexploited.

For more information on the Tool 6: Civil Society Involvement in Security Sector Reform and Governance, kindly follow the link to the DCAF website.

Follow the links to access the other documents in the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa: 

Tool 1: Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes

Tool 2: Security Sector Reform Programming

Tool 4: Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform

The publication is also available in français and português.

Tool

Policy and Research Papers

Palestinian Women and Security

This report presents the perspectives of Palestinian women and girls on issues related to security as well as their assessment of the services provided by local authorities and/ or the international community to address their security needs. It concludes with a series of recommendations made by Palestinian women and girls for improving these services.

The findings of this report are based on focus group discussions and in-depth interviews conducted by the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) with Palestinian women and girls between June and November 2009 in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip. DCAF hopes that the report’s findings will encourage stakeholders to integrate the perspectives of women and girls into the national security debate within the Palestinian Territories.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Background

Methodology

Maps of the Palestinian Territories

Findings

Military and Political Violence

Perceptions of Insecurity in the Public Sphere

Perceptions of Insecurity in the Home

Perceptions of the Response Mechanisms

The Recommendations of Women and Girls

Conclusion

Annexes

Annex 1: Focus Group Discussions: Questioning Route

Annex 2: Selection of Organisations Offering Services to Palestinian Women

Paper

Security for All: West Africa’s Good Practices on Gender in the Security Sector

Despite ongoing efforts to improve the accountability and effectiveness of the security sector in West Africa, the different security and justice needs of men, women, boys and girls are often marginalised and women remain largely excluded from security and defence decision-making processes. Nevertheless, there are examples of innovative initiatives taken across West Africa to integrate gender issues into security sector reform (SSR) processes and security sector institutions (SSIs).

This report highlights the lessons identified and country-specific examples shared during the regional conference “Security for All: West Africa’s Good Practices on Gender in the Security Sector” held in Saly, Senegal, 22 -24 June 2010. Organised by UNOWA and DCAF in partnership with the ECOWAS Gender Development Centre, MARWOPNET and AMLD, this working-level conference brought together over seventy gender and security sector practitioners and researchers from West Africa. The report includes guidance and examples on eight interconnected topics:

1. Gender assessments of the security sector
2. Provision of security and justice services to women and men
3. Civil society oversight: collaboration between women’s organisations, gender machineries and SSIs
4. Gender and security policies
5. Internal oversight mechanisms
6. Recruitment, retention and advancement of female security sector personnel
7. Female security sector staff associations
8. Gender training

For translation in French, click here.

Paper

Security Sector Transformation in Africa

The eighth edition in DCAF’s Yearly Book series examines theconceptual and operational dimensions of Security Sector Transformation inAfrica. African knowledge and experience has contributed much to theevolution of the security sector reform (SSR) concept while Africa continuesto be the main arena for SSR programmes. Consequently, over the years,DCAF has actively sought to expand its knowledge base, policy researchfocus and operational activities on African security sector reform andgovernance issues. For these reasons it is therefore particularly appropriatethat DCAF focuses on this subject in 2010 – the 10th anniversary of thecreation of the DCAF foundation.

Paper

Security Sector Governance in Southern Caucasus – Challenges and Visions

This publication is the result of the first of two joint workshops between the two tracks with the participation of the PfP-C Security Sector Reform Working Group and the Regional Stability South Caucasus Study Group. The meeting took place in November 2003 in Reichenau, Austria, hosted by the Austrian Ministry of Defense (represented by the National Defense Academy and the Bureau for Security Policy). It reflects the excellent possibilities and opportunities the Consortium provides for interdisciplinary, comparative and crosscountry studies. It shows how unconventional ideas and new initiatives can be tested without immediately having major political impacts. This is what makes the PfP Consortium so unique and deserves our support and attention.

Paper

Security Sector Reform Missions under CSDP: Addressing Current Needs

As part of a new series in a joint ISIS DCAF project, "Communicate, Coordinate and Cooperate: the A-Z of Cohering EU Crisis Management in the post-Lisbon Era", this first paper highlights some major operational challenges that hinder Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission planners and field personnel from effectively implementing security sector reform (SSR) missions. Member States have launched thirteen SSR missions without mustering the political will to supply sufficient adequately-trained personnel, money and equipment.

Member States must decide on whether or not they want the EU to become a viable international actor in the field of SSR. If so, they must clearly prioritise future CSDP missions in order not to waste scarce resources through mere flag raising exercises. Therefore, and in addition to addressing the operational needs mentioned above, the EU needs to agree on an SSR strategy in the EAS which would clarify the concrete criteria for intervention as well as objectives to be achieved in the framework of SSR-related CSDP missions.

Paper

Poster Boys No More

Gender analysis of actual SSR processes is sorely lacking in the SSR literature. In ‘Poster Boys No More: Gender and Security Sector Reform in Timor-Leste’ Henri Myrttinen breaks new ground in examining the gender dimensions of the DDR and SSR processes in Timor-Leste, with a focus on the establishment of the police and armed forces. The paper explores issues such as: how men’s roles relate to gang violence and relationships of patronage that undermine the security services, how women have been incorporated into the new security services and how the security services are addressing gender-based violence. It shows how a gender perspective can add to our understanding of many of the social processes at work in Timor-Leste and help to find solutions to some of the main security issues in the country, making recommendations for Timor-Leste’s ongoing SSR processes.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Background to the DDR/SSR Process

3. Gender Roles in Timor-Leste 
3.1 Women and girls
3.2 Men and boys

4. Violence, Insecurity and Gender 
4.1 Masculinities and the legitimacy of violence 
4.2 Patrons and clients 
4.3 Gender-based violence

5. FALINTIL-Forças de Defesa de Timor-Leste (F-FDTL) 
5.1 Structure 
5.2 Recruitment and training 
5.3 Internal tensions and external problems

6. Policía Nacional de Timor-Leste (PNTL) 
6.1 Structure 
6.2 Recruitment and training 
6.3 GBV and the Vulnerable Persons Units 
6.4 Internal and external problems of the PNTL

7. The 2006 Crisis 
7.1 Overview of events 
7.2 Aftermath of the crisis

8. Overview of Post-2006 SSR Developments 
8.1 The F-FDTL 
8.2 The PNTL 
8.3 The SSR process

9. Analysis and Policy Recommendations

Appendix 1. Timeline of key events from 1974-2009

Appendix 2. Overview of UN Missions in Timor-Leste 1999-2009

Paper

Security Sector Responses to Trafficking in Human Beings

In recent years trafficking in human beings has become an issue of increasingconcern to European states. Trafficking in human beings is understood as ahuman rights issue, a violation of labour and migration laws, and as underminingnational and international security through its links to organised crime andcorruption.

United Nations agencies, the European Union, the Council of Europe and theOrganisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, amongst others, makeimportant contributions to coordinating the fight against human trafficking.However, there remain significant deficits in concrete information sharing andcooperation between the security agencies of different states necessary to achieve success. In many countries, cooperation among local security sector actors, other state agencies and non governmental organisations has improved. However, ensuring that the human rights of trafficking victims are protected requires more substantial training and specialised operational procedures within the security sector.

This paper brings a governance analysis to security sector responses to humantrafficking. It focuses on security governance approaches concerningcriminalisation and harmonisation of laws, prosecution of traffickers, protectionof trafficked persons, prevention in countries of origin and prevention incountries of destination. The authors identify key shortcomings in current securityresponses to human trafficking, and make recommendations to states with aparticular focus on national and international coordination and the prevention ofhuman trafficking.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. The Nature and Scope of Trafficking in Human Beings
2.1. Key concepts
2.2. Overview of Global Patterns in Human Trafficking
2.3. Overview of Patterns in Human Trafficking in Europe
2.4. Both Organised Crime and Violation of Human Rights

3. A Security Governance Analysis of Responses toTrafficking in Human Beings

4. Improving Security Sector Responses to Traffickingin Human Beings
4.1. Legal measures
4.2. Prosecution
4.3. Protection
4.4. Prevention in Countries of Origin
4.5. Prevention in Countries of Destination

5. Conclusions

Appendix

Paper

Security Sector Responses to Trafficking in Human Beings

In recent years trafficking in human beings has become an issue of increasingconcern to European states. Trafficking in human beings is understood as ahuman rights issue, a violation of labour and migration laws, and as underminingnational and international security through its links to organised crime andcorruption.

United Nations agencies, the European Union, the Council of Europe and theOrganisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, amongst others, makeimportant contributions to coordinating the fight against human trafficking.However, there remain significant deficits in concrete information sharing andcooperation between the security agencies of different states necessary to achieve success. In many countries, cooperation among local security sector actors, other state agencies and non governmental organisations has improved. However, ensuring that the human rights of trafficking victims are protected requires more substantial training and specialised operational procedures within the security sector.

This paper brings a governance analysis to security sector responses to humantrafficking. It focuses on security governance approaches concerningcriminalisation and harmonisation of laws, prosecution of traffickers, protectionof trafficked persons, prevention in countries of origin and prevention incountries of destination. The authors identify key shortcomings in current securityresponses to human trafficking, and make recommendations to states with aparticular focus on national and international coordination and the prevention ofhuman trafficking.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. The Nature and Scope of Trafficking in Human Beings
2.1. Key concepts
2.2. Overview of Global Patterns in Human Trafficking
2.3. Overview of Patterns in Human Trafficking in Europe
2.4. Both Organised Crime and Violation of Human Rights

3. A Security Governance Analysis of Responses toTrafficking in Human Beings

4. Improving Security Sector Responses to Traffickingin Human Beings
4.1. Legal measures
4.2. Prosecution
4.3. Protection
4.4. Prevention in Countries of Origin
4.5. Prevention in Countries of Destination

5. Conclusions

Appendix

Paper

The Rule of Law and Security Sector Reform: Conceptualising a Complex Relationship

There is a clear need to better understand the relationship between two concepts at the heart of peacebuilding: the Rule of Law (RoL), and Security Sector Reform (SSR). If it is acknowledged in principle that they are interdependent, in practice enduring conceptual ambiguities and contradictions undermine latent synergies. As a consequence, international donor agencies are under increasing pressure to demonstrate the benefits of their RoL and SSR assistance. This SSR Paper moves the RoL-SSR debate forward through examining these activities jointly within a peacebuilding context. It proposes a heuristic framework that helps to rationalize this relationship on a conceptual level, demonstrating that RoL and SSR are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. The resulting framework provides a basis for the development of coherent policies that can support the development of coordinated, complementary programmes on the ground. 

Available to download at:

http://www.dcaf.ch/Publications/The-Rule-of-Law-and-Security-Sector-Reform-Conceptualising-a-Complex-Relationship

Paper

Integrating Gender in Post-Conflict Security Sector Reform

The importance of security sector reform (SSR) has increasingly been emphasizedin international engagement with post-conflict countries. Many governments and UN and donor agencies have emphasized women’s participation and efforts to achieve gender equality as crucial elements of post-conflict reconstruction. In 2000 the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 on ‘Women, peace and security4, highlighting the interdependence of postconflict gender equality, peacebuilding and security. Women are acknowledged as playing important roles in peacebuilding and in sustaining security on a communal level. Gender inequality is understood to inhibit development and violence against women to be a pervasive form of insecurity with widespread ill-effects across society. There is also growing awareness of the need to address the particular experiences of men and boys, both as victims and as sources of insecurity.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Gender and security sector reform
2.1 Gender and security
2.2 Gender and (in)security in post-conflict settings
2.3 Principles for integrating gender in security sector reform

3. Gender mainstreaming and promoting women’s participation in post-conflict security sector reform
3.1 Gender mainstreaming in security sector reform
3.2 The challenge of women’s participation in security sectorreform
3.3 Women’s civil society groups in security sector reform
3.4 Women parliamentarians in security sector reform

4. Securing women’s full and equal participation in post-conflictsecurity situations
4.1 The challenge of women’s participation in security services
4.2 Women’s participation within post-confl ict security services

5. Gender and specifi c post-conflict security sector reform issues
5.1 Integrating gender in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration
5.2 Integrating gender in transitional justice and justice reform

6. Conclusions

Paper

Measuring the Impact of Peacebuilding Interventions on Rule of Law and Security Institutions

Since the 1990s, internationally-supported peacebuilding interventions have become increasingly prominent. Activities focusing on rule of law and security institutions are a key component of this agenda. Despite increasing calls for more rigorous analysis of the impact of peacebuilding interventions, conceptual advances have been limited. There is little clarity on what is working, what is not, and why. This SSR Paper seeks to address this gap by mapping relevant approaches and methodologies to measuring impact. It examines how international actors have approached these questions in relation to support to rule of law and security institutions in complex peacebuilding environments. Most significantly, the paper demonstrates that measuring impact is not only feasible but necessary in order to maximise the effectiveness of major international investments in this field.

Available for download at: 

http://www.dcaf.ch/Publications/Measuring-the-Impact-of-Peacebuilding-Interventions-on-Rule-of-Law-and-Security-Institutions

Paper

Women, Peace and Security: from Resolution to Action - Ten Years of Security Council Resolution 1325

This publication summarizes the proceedings of the seminar entitled “Women, Peace, and Security:From Resolution to Action. Ten years of Security Council Resolution 1325”, held in Geneva on 15 September 2010. Convened jointly by the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG), the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the European Union and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), the seminar is part of an ongoing series of joint events hosted by DCAF and UNOG since 2003, addressing various aspects of security governance.

Paper

Mapping Study on Gender and Security Sector Reform Actors and Activities in Liberia

DCAF conducted a mapping study on Gender and Security Sector Reform Actors and Activities in Liberia from November 2010 to March 2011. The mapping study was undertaken by an independent consultant, Mr Cecil Griffiths from the Liberian National Law Enforcement Association (LINLEA). This research was made possible thanks to the cooperation of most gender and SSR actors in Liberia including the Ministry of Gender and Development (MoGD), the Ministry of Justice (MoJ), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Civil Society Organization Working Group on Security Sector Reform.

This project aimed to complement existing information on gender and SSR issues in Liberia and to reinforce information-sharing and coordination between actors.

On 31 March 2011, LINLEA and DCAF organised a workshop in Monrovia to complete and validate the findings of the study. In addition to validating the findings of the study, the participants made key recommendations related to gender and training, policy development, programmes and activities. The report was launched in Monrovia on 23 September 2011.

Paper

PfP Consortium Workshop on Gender & Security Sector Reform

The Partnership for Peace Consortium’s Security Sector Reform Working Group held a workshop entitled “Gender & Security Sector Reform” from 17 to 19 February 2010. The workshop, hosted by DCAF, was an opportunity for thirty-six practitioners, researchers and policy advisors from sixteen NATO and PfP countries to discuss and exchange on ongoing efforts and challenges to integrating a gender perspective into SSR. The workshop focused on best practices and examples from the ground in both national and international security sector institutions, including NATO peace support operations, ministries of defence, and armed forces.

Paper

International Intervention and the Use of Force: Military and Police Roles

Intervening states apply different approaches to the use force in war-torn countries. Calibrating the use of force according to the situation on the ground requires a convergence of military and police roles: soldiers have to be able to scale down, and police officers to scale up their use of force. In practice, intervening states display widely differing abilities to demonstrate such versatility. This paper argues that these differences are shaped by how the domestic institutions of sending states mediate between demands for versatile force and their own intervention practices. It considers the use of force by Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States in three contexts of international intervention: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Afghanistan. The paper highlights quite different responses to security problems as varied as insurgency, terrorism, organised crime and riots. This analysis offers important lessons. Those planning and implementing international interventions should take into account differences in the use of force. At the same time, moving towards versatile force profoundly changes the characteristics of security forces and may increase their short-term risks. This difficulty points to a key message emerging from this paper: effective, sustainable support to states emerging from conflict will only be feasible if intervening states reform their own security policies and practices.

Paper

The Role of Penal Reform in Security Sector Reform

Penal reform activities have been carried on in Europe and the United States sinceat least the late eighteenth century. Security sector reform (SSR), a much newerconcept, is a governance-driven approach that looks to strengthen the roles ofboth state and non-state actors to deliver security to individuals and communities.As such, attention to the penal system is important in any comprehensive SSR process. However, much SSR programming overlooks penal elements, and lessonslearnt through long experience in penal reform have not been applied to other SSR activities. There is limited discourse between the penal reform community ofpractice and the wider SSR community. This paper seeks to initiate a dialogue concerning the relationship between penal reform and wider security sector reform and governance. It is based on desk research and a number of interviews with penal reform practitioners. Follow this link for the publication.

Paper

Towards a Code of Conduct for Armed and Security Forces in Africa

The aim of this paper is to account for the evolution of the draft Code, and to examine its relationship (if any) to similar initiatives within and beyond Africa. Following this brief introduction therefore, the paper attempts to place the draft Code within the context of general trends in civil-military relations in Africa. It then traces the evolutionary process of the African Code, within the context of similar and related initiatives and processes in Africa. The paper also identifies the main provisions of the Code. It compares the OSCE Code to the draft African Code, pointing out similarities and differences and the extent to which the former was a model for the latter. The paper then identifies matters arising in the drive to achieve the adoption and implementation of the present draft African Code. The paper is concluded with recommendations which could enrich the CoC and create the basis for more viable articulation of the agenda of democratic control of armedand security forces in Africa.

Paper

Mapping Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces

DCAF's newest addition to its SSR series has just been published, co-authored by Albrecht Schnabel and Marc Krupanski and titled "Mapping Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces." It is widely assumed, at least from a Western perspective, that the armed forces provide national defence against external threats. In reality, within many consolidated Western democracies the armed forces are assuming an increasingly wide range of internal roles and tasks. These can include domestic security roles and the provision of humanitarian assistance in situations of natural or humanitarian catastrophe, often under the command and control of different civilian agencies. This SSR Paper seeks to make sense of this complex reality. Different internal roles of armed forces are analysed, drawing on the cases of Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Through carefully examining evolving internal roles and identifying patterns and lessons from these experiences, this SSR Paper provides an important contribution to understanding the evolving nature of contemporary armed forces.

Paper

Security Sector Reform under CSDP: Addressing Current Needs

This study focuses on EU support to SSR in the form of CSDP missions, analysing recent developments in the EU's internal set-up, capacities and training arrangements for mission personnel. It is based on interviews with mission personnel, Brussels-based officials and secondary sources.

Paper

Consolidating the Security Sector in Post-Conflict States: Polish Lessons from Iraq

This chapter examines the security sector reform in Iraq after the end of major combat operations in April 2003. The author discusses the Polish contribution to stabilization and reconstruction as member of the US-led 'coalition of the willing.' He draws the conclusion that an augmentation of NATO capabilities in post-conflict reconstruction, particularly security sector reform, would enable it to better face the challenges of the strategic environment in Iraq.

Paper

Parliamentary Powers in Security Sector Governance

This publication contains two sections: First, an introductory text on parliamentary oversight with the aim to help parliamentarians and non-parliamentarians alike to understand what the powers of an ambitious, competent and well-prepared parliament and its committees can be and what good they can do. Secondly, the publication contains a ‘self-assessment’ kit that helps parliamentary and non-parliamentary security and governance experts understand where their parliament stands and what further improvements could be made in the light of ‘best practices’.

Paper

Security Sector Development and the Rule of Law in Afghanistan

The fourth in the series of NATO-PA – DCAF public conferences highlighting and the discussing the principal challenges to the transatlantic security agenda focused on the dual prerogatives of security sector reform and establishing the rule of law in Afghanistan. Afghanistan remains of paramount importance for allies on both sides of the Atlantic, and for the international community as a whole. At NATO’s Bucharest summit at the beginning of April 2008, all major international actors reaffirmed their commitment to the Afghan people, yet much remains to be done to provide the conditions for a stable and prosperous Afghanistan, not least to create local ownership of security problems.

Paper

Security Sector Reform in Central Asia

This report intends to show the latest developments in security sector reform (SSR) legislation in four Central Asian states. Kazakhstan’s open sources offer the most comprehensive overview of the latest legislation adopted between 2005 and 2011. Kyrgyzstan’s resources are accessible as well, but following the violent regime change in April and the ethnic violence in June 2010, the Parliament and government have started revising many of the laws related to the Interior Ministry and Judicial sector. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan have only few pieces of legislation available to the public. The report does not analyse whether changes in the law translated into more democratic and more open control over the military.

Paper

Les Archives de la Police Politique: Un Défi Pour la Transition Démocratique?

En partenariat avec le Centre pour le contrôle démocratique des forces armées - Genève (DCAF), l’association tunisienne « Le Labo’ Démocratique » a organisé les 12 et 13 novembre 2011 à Tunis une conférence sur la question de la gestion des archives de la police politique en Tunisie. Cette conférence a été l’occasion d’un débat instructif introduit par des communications sur les expériences vécues par d’autres pays en la matière, ainsi que la projection d’un documentaire inédit sur les méthodes de la police politique tunisienne.

Site web de la conférence : http://projetpolicepolitique.wordpress.com/

Paper

Summary Report: Integrating Human Security into National Security Policies in North-West Africa

The first ever regional conference on “Integrating Human Security into National Security Policies in North-West Africa” was hosted in Rabat 23-24 November 2010 by the Centre for Human Rights and Democracy Studies (CEDHD) and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), with the support of Switzerland. The conference brought together a large number of high-ranking representatives from North-West Africa and the Sahel region (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania and Senegal) as well as a number of international experts. This was the first event of its kind to consider the development and implementation of national security policy from the regional perspective of North-West Africa.

Paper

DCAF Background Paper on National Security Policy

This DCAF backgrounder provides an introduction to the concept of national security policy. The paper explains why states need a national security policy, what the legal basis for such policies is, and how they are structured, formulated, and implemented. The backgrounder concludes with an overview of the main principles necessary for an effective and democratic national security policy.

Paper

Developing a Guinean National Security Policy

On October 20 and 21, 2011, the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) - United States, the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), the African Institute for Security Sector Transformation (AISST)- Partners- Senegal, held a joint conference on the theme “Developing a Guinean National Security Policy.” The conference brought together members of the Guinea’s ACSS community, as well as official representatives from the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Security, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the National Transition Council, and Guinean civil society organizations. Contributions by speakers and attendees brought to light the necessary preconditions for ensuring that the national security policy (NSP) development process remains credible and effective.

Speaker presentations focusing on the experiences of other countries in the region fueled a discussion about Guinea’s true needs, in light of current and future threats that the country must manage. 

During these discussions, participants underlined the unique characteristics of Guinea’s situation, in particular highlighting the similarities and differences between the political, economic and geographic contexts of Guinea and the other countries in the region.

Particular emphasis was placed on the consultative process implemented for developing Guinea’s national security policy. The experiences of participating members of the National Security Sector Reform Steering Committee also contributed to this reflective exercise.

In the end, it was concluded that discussions must be continued and developed in further depth.

To view this publication, follow this link.

Paper

Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in Francophone Africa: Burkina Faso, Burundi and Senegal

Under the aegis of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) DCAF undertook three case studies in Burkina Faso, Burundi and Senegal each of which was prepared by country experts. Each study seeks to identify and facilitate the exchange of good practices and experiences between the states concerned, as well as among similar institutions around the world. Each study examines relevant national institutions, as well as their legal status, shedding light on their strengths and weaknesses and contributing to an evaluation of their capacity building needs. Each study also includes details of their complaints handling procedures and of standards that may be relevant to other similar institutions, contributing as a result to a deepened understanding of their mandates, remit, and functioning. Furthermore, these case studies provide a snapshot of the state of security sector governance in each of the three countries, as well as the progress of ongoing reforms.

Paper

Report of the Liberia National Dialogue on Security Sector Reform

The National Dialogue, co-hosted by the Liberian Transitional Government and UNMIL, brings together all statutory security agencies of Liberia to help address the critical problem of Security Reform, which is attributed to the main causes of the Liberian conflict. This report summarizes the discussions that took place among these stakeholders

Paper

Gender and Security Sector Reform in Serbia

The report, co-drafted by the Belgrade Centre for Security Policy (formerly known as the Centre for Civil-Military Relations) and the Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence with the support of DCAF, presents the findings of the needs assessment on gender and SSR in Serbia.

It:
• Generates a detailed baseline for the current state of gender mainstreaming in security sector institutions at the central, provincial and municipal level;
• Identifies local needs, gaps and shortcomings of current SSR processes, and prioritizes needs which should be addressed by national authorities and civil society, with the support of the international donor community, including DCAF’s gender and SSR project.

The needs assessment is built on desk research, interviews, and a series of local stakeholder consultations conducted in Novi Sad, Kragujevac, Novi Pazar, Bujanovac and Belgrade in the course of March and April 2010. It forms the building block of DCAFs dedicated and long term gender and SSR project in Serbia.

Paper

Enhancing Security Sector Governance in the Pacific Region

Security institutions in the Pacific region have a special responsibility in society to support democracy and human rights and to protect citizens from harm. This publication focuses on the need for a new strategic framework in the Pacific, which will complement existing reform and capacity building efforts of police, military, and customs and immigration agencies and will result in greater accountability and legitimacy of security institutions.

To view this publication, please follow this link.

Paper

A Framework for Conducting Annual Community Safety Audits: an In-House Methodology for Police Departments

This paper proposes a framework by which police departments can undertake in-house, annual community safety audits. This methodology proposes a twelve-month, iterative process, which commences with the police department triangulating (a) a range of routinely-collected police data, (b) the findings of an audit of local fear generators, and (c) the results of a community safety survey. Utilizing a problem-oriented policing framework, the output from this community safety audit would enable subsequent policing activity to target the greatest sources of community safety concern. By implementing this process on an annual basis, police would have a sustainable, reliable strategy for monitoring community safety variations over time and for staying in touch with the concerns of their local community.

Paper

Dealing with the Past in Security Sector Reform

Security sector reform (SSR) and transitional justice processes often occur alongside each other in societies emerging from conflict or authoritarian rule, involve many of the same actors, are supported by some of the same partner countries and impact on each other. Yet the relationship between SSR and transitional justice, or “dealing with the past” (DwP) as it is also called, remains underexplored and is often marked by ignorance and resistance. While SSR and transitional justice processes can get into each other’s way, this paper argues that SSR and DwP are intrinsically linked and can complement each other. SSR can make for better transitional justice and vice versa. Transitional justice needs SSR to prevent a recurrence of abuses, an essential element of justice. SSR can learn from transitional justice not only that it is better to deal with rather than ignore an abusive past but also how to address an abusive legacy in the security sector. The validity of these assumptions is tested in two case studies: the police reform process in Bosnia and Herzegovina after 1995 and the SSR process in Nepal after 2006.

Paper

The Paradox of Gendarmeries: Between Expansion, Demilitarization and Dissolution

This paper describes and explains the evolution of gendarmerie-type forces, i.e. police forces with a military status, over the past three decades. It focuses on their institutional features and functions, including material and human resources, and uses case studies from Europe, the Middle East and North Africa to illustrate these characteristics in different contexts. The overall development of gendarmeries has been a somewhat paradoxical one. On the one hand, most of these forces have witnessed a considerable expansion, and come to assume an increasingly prominent role in addressing many of the currently most important security challenges, ranging from border control and counterterrorism to public order tasks in international peace operations. On the other hand, there has also been a trend towards the demilitarization of gendarmeries, which in some European countries has ultimately led to their dissolution and integration into the civilian police. The paper suggests an explanation of these seemingly contradictory developments with reference to two broad – and at least partly opposing – trends: the convergence of internal and external security agendas, which to a large extent is a post-Cold War phenomenon; and the demilitarization of internal security, which is a more long-term historical trend and part of the more general democratization process. Based on this analysis, the paper predicts that in the long run gendarmeries are likely to be further demilitarized, eventually losing their formal military status, although in the context of international peace operations militarized gendarmerie forces are expected to play an increasingly significant part.

Paper

The "Democratic Soldier": Comparing Concepts and Practices in Europe

Since the end of the Cold War almost all European countries have reformed their armed forces, focusing on downsizing, internationalization and professionalization. This paper examines how these changes in security sector governance have affected the normative model underlying the military’s relationship to democracy, using the image of the “democratic soldier”. Drawing on a comparative analysis of 12 post-socialist, traditional and consolidated democracies in Europe, the different dimensions of the national conception of soldiering are analysed based on the official norms that define a country’s military and the ways in which individual members of the armed forces see their role. Cases converge around the new idea of professional soldiering as a merging of civilian skills with military virtues in the context of the military’s new post-Cold War missions. Yet despite this convergence, research also shows that specific aspects of national traditions and context continue to influence the actual practice of soldiering in each case. The contradictions that result between these old and new visions of the role of the military and the soldier illustrate the tensions that exist between political goals and defence reform dynamics.

Paper

Auto-évaluation des capacités parlementaires et des besoins législatifs au Burkina Faso

This report (in French) is a self-evaluation workshop report on parliamentary oversight of the security sector with the National Assembly of Burkina Faso. In June 2013, DCAF and the African Security Sector Network (ASSN) organised a three-day workshop where parliamentarians and staffers from the Burkinabe National Assembly assessed their capacities and the legislative need in view of strengthening parliamentary oversight of the security sector. The parliamentarians who participated in the workshop were members of the committee specifically responsible for matters relating to security.

 

The workshop report highlights self-identified opportunities and challenges in the fulfillment of the committee’s mandate on oversight of the security sector by the Assembly. Challenges include the reluctance of the institution to assume such a role, the taboo surrounding security questions and the lack of technical knowledge of the parliamentarians. The report also summarises concrete recommendations made by the participants to overcome these challenges and reinforce the oversight role of the National Assembly.

Paper

Reforma e Governação do Setor de Segurança na África ocidental: Dos Conceitos à Realidade

À luz da rápida mutação e evolução da situação de segurança na África Ocidental, este artigo analisa as políticas da CEDEAO relativas à SSR e destaca os desafios de implementação das normas estabelecidas.  Avalia ainda o apoio concreto prestado pela CEDEAO aos processos de SSR na região, tanto do seu envolvimento como parceiro, ou como ator principal; enumera os desafios a superar e as oportunidades a aproveitar pela CEDEAO, no que concerne ao seu apoio à SSR; e apresenta recomendações aos principais interessados sobre a forma como um Quadro Regional para a Reforma e Governação do Setor da Segurança poderá servir de plataforma de apoio à SSR, e de ferramenta para a prevenção de conflitos e desenvolvimento sustentável.

Paper

Security Sector Reform and Governance Processes in West Africa: From Concepts to Reality

In light of the rapidly changing and evolving security situation in West Africa, this paper analyses ECOWAS policy documents relating to SSR and highlights the challenges of translating norms to practice. It assesses ECOWAS’s concrete support to SSR processes in the region, both as a partner and as a leading actor and outlines challenges to overcome and opportunities to be seized by ECOWAS in its role in supporting SSR. Finally, it puts forward recommendations to key stakeholders on how a Regional Framework for Security Sector Reform and Governance could serve as a platform for SSR support and a tool for conflict prevention and sustainable development.

The paper can also be downloaded in English, French or Portuguese at http://www.dcaf.ch/Publications/Security-Sector-Reform-and-Governance-Processes-in-West-Africa-From-Concepts-to-Reality 

Paper

Judicial Benchbook: Considerations for Domestic Violence Case Evaluation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Domestic violence constitutes one of the most complicated and difficult socio-criminal issues confronted by judiciaries and criminal justice communities the world over, including in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The purpose of the Judicial Benchbook is to improve the judicial response to domestic violence and increase the consistency of judicial practice in cases of domestic violence in BiH.

The Benchbook was developed over a nine month period by a panel of nine judges from across BiH. The recommendations were later reviewed by BiH legal scholars and practitioners as well as the institutions responsible for providing continuing education to judges and prosecutors in BiH. The Benchbook represents the first of its kind in BiH – a resource on domestic violence developed by judges for judges. While the Benchbook is tailored for the specific legal context of BiH, the recommendations are appropriate for a wider context. As well, the methodology used to develop the Benchbook can serve as a model for similar work in other locations.

Paper

Contrôle et Orientation – La Pertinence du Contrôle Parlementaire pour le Secteur de la Sécurité

Ce volume est une version actualisée du Vademecum de l’Assemblée parlementaire de l’OTAN et du DCAF sur le contrôle et l’orientation du secteur de la sécurité. Comme dans sa première édition, publiée en 2003, ce volume cherche à présenter une information de fond sur le contrôle et l’orientation parlementaire du secteur de la sécurité, en mettant un accent particulier sur les affaires de défense, ainsi que des documents mis au point et agréés par l’Assemblée parlementaire de l’OTAN (APO) qui mettent en valeur le status quaestionis dans cette enceinte et au sein de la communauté euro atlantique élargie.

Paper

Integrating a Gender Perspective into Internal Oversight within Armed Forces

  • How can armed forces measure the impact of a gender perspective on operations?
  • How can armed forces monitor their success in providing equal opportunities for men and women, and tackling sexual harassment and abuse?
  • How can armed forces embed a gender perspective in all internal systems and processes?

This guidance note on Integrating a Gender Perspective into Internal Oversight within Armed Forces, developed by DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR and the OSCE Gender Section, is a practical resource for militaries, and for those who manage and support them. It can help an armed forces move beyond a policy commitment to integrate gender  ­̶  by designating responsibilities, by monitoring how gender issues are addressed in human resource management and in operations, and by strengthening responses to misconduct.

Designed as a complement to the DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN-INSTRAW Tool on Defence Reform and Gender, and DCAF’s Gender Self Assessment Guide, the guidance note contains checklists, examples of good practice from across the OSCE, and a self assessment table.

It is an essential resource for those working at the strategic or management level in armed forces; gender units, gender advisers and gender focal points; equal opportunities officers and others responsible for human resources; and those supporting reform processes or gender mainstreaming.

Associated guidance notes are available on: Integrating Gender into Internal Police Oversight and Integrating Gender into Oversight of the Security Sector by Ombuds Institutions & National Human Rights Institutions.

Paper

Integrating Gender into Oversight of the Security Sector by Ombuds Institutions & National Human Rights Institutions

  • How can ombuds institutions and NHRIs build their own institutional capacity to address gender issues in the security sector?
  • How can ombuds institutions and NHRIs ensure that they are accessible to men and women in the security sector and handle their complaints in a gender-responsive manner?
  • How can ombuds institutions and NHRIs proactively investigate gender-related problems in the security sector?

This guidance note on Integrating Gender into Oversight of the Security Sector by Ombuds Institutions & National Human Rights Institutions, developed by DCAF,OSCE/ODIHR and the OSCE Gender Section  is a practical resource for ombuds institutions and NHRIs, and those who support them. It can help an ombuds institution or NHRI engage more effectively with police, militaries and other security sector institutions to monitor and reinforce how the human rights of men and women working there are upheld.  It can strengthen oversight of how well police and others meet the needs of communities.

Designed as a complement to the DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR , UN-INSTRAW Tools onParliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender and Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender, and DCAF’s Gender Self Assessment Guide, the guidance note contains checklists, examples of good practice from across the OSCE, and a self assessment table.

Associated guidance notes are available on: Integrating a Gender Perspective into Internal Oversight within Armed Forces and Integrating Gender into Internal Police Oversight.

Paper

Integrating Gender into Internal Police Oversight

  • How can a police service monitor its success in providing equal opportunities for men and women?
  • How can it monitor how it addresses the different security needs of men and women?
  • How can it ensure that attention to gender is embedded in all its internal systems and processes?

This guidance note on Integrating Gender into Internal Police Oversight, developed by DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR  and the OSCE Gender Section is a practical resource for police services, and those who manage and support them. It can help a police service move beyond a policy commitment to integrate gender  ̶  by designating responsibilities for gender, by monitoring how gender issues are addressed in human resource management and in police operations, and by strengthening prevention and respond to sexual harassment and discrimination.

Designed as a complement to the DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN-INSTRAW Tool on Police Reform and Gender, and DCAF’s Gender Self Assessment Guide, the guidance note contains checklists, examples of good practice from across the OSCE, and a self assessment table.

It is an essential resource for those: working at the strategic or management level in police services, responsible for human resources, providing specialist services for victims of domestic and sexual abuse, and supporting police reform and/or gender mainstreaming.

Associated guidance notes are available on: Integrating a Gender Perspective into Internal Oversight within Armed Forces and Integrating Gender into Oversight of the Security Sector by Ombuds Institutions & National Human Rights Institutions.

Paper

Female Staff Associations in the Security Sector: Agents of Change?

In most security sector institutions, women constitute a small minority of the personnel. Unwelcoming working environments discourage recruitment and retention of women, and thus create a vicious circle that perpetuates their minority status. At the same time, female security sector staff associations have multiplied, promoting networking and offering mutual support among members. Many of these associations have expanded their mandate to activities reaching beyond their members’ welfare.

This occasional paper examines the structures, mandates and activities of a sampling of female staff associations and networks in the security sector, analyses whether and how they meet members’ needs, and gauges the effect or influence they have had on changing policies and practices in their institutions and in the communities they serve. Research for this paper focused on 67 international, national, regional, and local female security sector associations and networks in the military, police, corrections, justice system, fire and emergency services, immigration services, and in national security bodies and private security companies from around the world. An annex to the paper provides more information on the associations studied.

Paper

The Security Sector and Gender in West Africa

This report aims to systematically document the status of gender integration within the security sectors in 14 Member States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

The report is designed to be a resource for people working in, or with, security sector institutions; for those interested in governance and development in West Africa; and for those involved in gender-related issues. It combines information gathered by in-country researchers, interviews, document analysis and desk research. Much of the data in this report has never before been published or compared across countries in the region.

The survey is guided by the following two questions: Are security sector institutions providing adequate response to the different security and justice needs of men, women, boys and girls? What steps have been taken to create internally equitable, representative and non-discriminatory institutions?

The report contains three main sections: an introduction, a summary and analysis of findings, and individual country profiles. The introduction provides background on the survey rationale, methodology and research challenges. The summary and analysis of findings offers a cross-country and cross-institution analysis of the survey findings, and includes a list of recommendations. The 14 extensive country profiles present easy-to-read yet detailed information structured by 101 indicators on national governance, police services, armed forces and gendarmerie, the justice system and penal services.

The complete report, as well as individual country profiles, can be accessed online here.

For more information, contact gender@dcaf.ch

Paper

Working Paper: Amending the Regulatory Framework for Handling Palestinian Citizens’ Complaints

This Working Paper presents the conclusions of a joint task force which had convened to discuss amending the Palestinian Council of Ministers’ Regulation on Complaints No. 6 of 2009. It aims to raise Palestinian decision-makers’ awareness on the importance of improving the existing complaint handling mechanisms of the executive authorities and to provide concrete recommendations for legal reform. While DCAF focuses on complaints handling in relation to complaints against the behaviour of police and security forces, enhancing the overall complaints handling system will also benefit other parts of the public administration and thus the wider Palestinian population.

To access the paper, click here.

Paper

Operationalizing Human Security: Tools for Human Security-Based Threat and Mitigation Assessments

This publications, one of two, presents the final results of a collaborative project onOperationalizing Human Security (OPHUSEC), carried out by DCAF, the Laboratory of Urban Sociology at the EPFL Lausanne (EPFL-LaSur), the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South at the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, and the Swiss Peace Foundation (swisspeace). The project was funded by SDC and the Swiss National Science Foundation. It examined the link between human security analysis and human security provision to improve the lives of people living in threatened communities and to sensitize security providers about means and ways to channel existing resources and capacities more effectively towards the alleviation of serious threats in specific local contents.  Operationalizing Human Security: Tools for Human-Security-Based Threat and Mitigation Assessments (Cahier 21) offers a series of practical suggestions and tools to allow the replication of some or all of the project’s practical assessment and mitigation components.

Available for download here.

Paper

International Standards of Financial Oversight in the Security Sector

Currently available in English and Arabic, this compilation provides readers with easy access to internationally adopted guiding principles, standards and best practices of financial oversight of security sector institutions. It allows readers to: access key international standards on budgeting and auditing in the security sector; compare existing practices and regulations in their countries with universally accepted budgeting and auditing principles; use the international standards as a basis for proposals to political leaders and members of parliament for reforming the prevailing financial oversight system in the security sectors of their countries; and monitor and evaluate the performance of financial accountability institutions against international best practice.

Paper

Building Integrity in Defence

This Parliamentary Brief provides practitioners with a concise introduction in to the main concepts, strategies, and good practices in building integrity and dealing with corruption risks in the defence establishment. It looks at:

  • Why is Corruption in Defence an Important Issue for Members of Parliaments?
  • Why is the Defence Sector Prone to Corruption?
  • What Should a Member of Parliament know about Defence Spending Categories?
  • Corruption Risks in Personnel Management
  • Corruption Risks in Operations & Maintenance
  • Corruption Risks in Defence Procurement
  • Corruption Risks in Offset Arrangements
  • Corruption Risks in Defence Conversion
  • Who has a Role in Building Integrity?
  • What are the International Norms and Best Practices in Building Integrity in Defence?
  • What Independent Resources are Available on the Defence Budgeting Process?
Paper

DCAF | Mapping Study: Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in the OSCE Region

This publication has been developed in joint cooperation between DCAF and the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) as part of an ongoing research project on ombuds institutions for the armed forces.  It is the result of an effort to conceptualize and examine issues and challenges related to oversight of the armed forces and the promotion of human rights based on the feedback provided by the institutions themselves. It maps prominent capacity development needs of ombuds institutions in the OSCE region, and offers best practices through which these needs can be addressed. The study also examines different models, functions and approaches of ombuds institutions for the armed forces in the OSCE region.

The mapping study will hopefully help states that wish to establish ombuds institutions by identifying the best format for doing so but it can also support existing ombuds institutions, scholars, policy-makers and armed forces commanders by offering a reference instrument on the current state of ombuds institutions in the OSCE region.

You can download the full study in English here.

Paper

Parliaments and National Strategy Documents: A comparative case-study from the Nordic region

Many countries today produce a security 'strategy' document to cover the full range of military and non-military challenges facing them. By their nature such policy papers deserve careful parliamentary scrutiny, but do they receive it?  Published by DCAF, this case-study from the five Nordic states shows that governance arrangements for strategy-making vary considerably and sometimes leave parliament only a limited role. This does not necessarily mean the strategies themselves are wrong, but it does underline the problem of updating parliamentary roles to keep pace with new security practices.

You can download it in English here.

Paper

Assessing Community Safety in the Governorate of Hebron

In order to implement an effective security strategy plan in the Governorate of Hebron, it is necessary for security providers be able to identify the reasons for insecurity, and the lack of community safety. For this reason, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF), in collaboration with the Ramallah-based Human Rights and Democracy Media-Centre (SHAMS), conducted focus group discussions with Palestinian community safety stakeholders. The aim of these discussions was to draw out the perceptions of key stakeholders regarding the security situation in Hebron

This report highlights these discussions and presents the findings discussed and formulated by the participants themselves. The findings include:

  • safety deficit due the unstable political and socio-economic satiation in the governorate,
  • domestic insecurity and violence against women
  • accountability challenges of tribal reconciliation mechanisms, and
  • the lack of coordination between formal and informal security and justice institutions.

This reports aims to provide a set of detailed recommendations to the Palestinian authorities in charge of developing and implementing crime prevention and community safety strategies at governorate and national level. It also hopes to provide an informed input to stakeholders in Hebron who are involved in implementing the objectives outlined in the Hebron Community Safety Plan. Finally, it aims to help Palestinian citizens and decision-makers better understand the challenges related to crime prevention and community safety, with a focus on specific issues such as violence against women.

Paper

The Role of Parliaments in Advancing the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in NATO Member Countries

In 2015, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly commissioned DCAF to provide an analysis of responses to a survey of Member Countries regarding national implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. The resulting report, “The Role of Parliaments in Advancing the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in NATO Member Countries” outlines nine different types of action that parliamentarians in NATO member countries have undertaken since the results of a previous survey were published in 2013. The main finding of the report is that parliaments have become increasingly active in the implementation and monitoring of the women, peace and security agenda since 2013, especially in those countries that have adopted a National Action Plan (NAP) on women, peace and security. There is also evidence that the kinds of activities being undertaken by parliaments are increasingly diverse.

The findings of this study will be presented at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly 2015 Annual Session in Stavanger, Norway.

Report

Paper

Understanding Shifts in Egyptian Civil-Military Relations: Lessons from the Past and Present

Understanding power and influence shifts in Egypt’s civil-military relations requires an analysis of societal dynamics and of loyalties in the officer corps. The ability to build and demonstrate support from a societal constituency, or an important faction in the officer corps, is a source of leverage for both political and military leaders. Powers of appointment and dismissal are also pivotal in shaping power relations between political and military leaders. When enjoyed by a political leader, these prerogatives reflect and promote control of the armed forces. Conversely, the inability to appoint and dismiss officers both reflects a political leader’s weakness and serves more broadly to degrade control of the armed forces. The centrality of these aspects is evident during critical episodes of civil-military relations in Egypt. These factors, in turn, have important bearing in assessing the prospects for future developments in the country’s civil-military relations.

Details

Paper

Mapping Study: Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in the OSCE Region

This study is the result of a joint project between the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF) and the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). This publication seeks to conceptualize and examine issues and challenges related to oversight of the armed forces and the promotion of human rights based on the feedback provided by the institutions themselves. The study maps prominent capacity development needs of ombuds institutions in the OSCE region, and offers best practices through which these needs can be addressed.

Details

Paper

Progress and Opportunities: Challenges and Recommendations for Montreux Document Participants

DCAF has just published the second edition of Progress and Opportunities: Challenges and Recommendations for Montreux Document Participants. The report draws on extensive and updated research to provide an overview of the experiences of Montreux Document states and international organisations with regards to the regulation of private military and security companies (PMSCs). Originally commissioned by Switzerland to inform discussions during the 2013 Montreux+5 Conference, the study discerns major challenges in implementation and identifies ways to build on good practices in the future. Focusing also on the way forward, the report proposes concrete ways that the Montreux Document can serve as a force multiplier for effective implementation of PMSC regulations. 

Details

Report

Paper

Reconciling Security Sector Reform and the Protection of Civilians in Peacekeeping Contexts

United Nations peacekeeping operations are frequently mandated both to protect civilians and to support security sector reform. These mandates implicitly assume that the protection of civilians and security sector reform are complementary and mutually reinforcing. But neither academics nor policymakers have examined how exactly they are related, and past experiences of peacekeeping operations show that there can be friction when the two are pursued simultaneously. A better understanding of both the convergences and the tensions between the two agendas will help peacekeeping operations reduce this friction and improve the security of populations under threat.

Download Issue.

This Issue Brief is the product of a collaboration between the Stimson Center and the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).

Paper

Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector

A complete reading of the Handbook will provide the most comprehensive understanding of security issues and the role of parliamentary oversight. However, it is also possible to make a selective reading of those sections and chapters which are of particular concern to the user. The index and various cross-references are designed for this purpose.

Paper

Money Matters: Addressing the Financial Sustainability of Security Sector Reform

This paper traces the new demands placed on peacekeeping operations to “get more bang for every peacekeeping buck”, and explores how to match SSR priorities and recurring costs in the security sector with available resources over the long term. In presenting the lessons learned from the security sector public expenditure review conducted by the UN and the World Bank in Liberia in 2012, the first such review jointly undertaken by the two organizations, the paper seeks to illustrate how the discussion on right-sizing of the security sector can go hand in hand with a discussion on right-financing in order to help prioritize key reforms pragmatically in light of the available fiscal space. Specifically, the paper provides SSR practitioners with insights into the challenges often encountered when assisting national authorities to address the political economy of SSR, and how to navigate those dilemmas.

Full paper: Money Matters: Addressing the Financial Sustainability of Security Sector Reform

Paper

A Force for Good: Mapping the private security landscape in Southeast Europe

A-Force-for-Good-Mapping-the-private-security-landscape-in-Southeast-Europe_publications_full

The first publication of the project explores and assesses the origins and current state of the private security sector in each of the target countries, with specific reference to principles of good governance and the protection of human rights. In particular, the authors examine when and how the first private security companies developed and whether and how PSCs, their clients, and other factors such as relevant legislation determined the services private security offer today, and which companies were established/have survived in the market. 

"A Force for Good: Mapping the private security landscape in Southeast Europe" full document

Paper

Business and Security Sector Reform: The Case of Corporate Security Responsibility

Challenges to security and human rights involving extractive and other industries are addressed in a framework known as business and human rights (BHR), which shares many challenges and goals with SSR. This paper describes the grounds where BHR and SSR coincide in principles, actors and activities and which synergies can be built on that base. Opportunities for bridging BHR and SSR are drawn from a systematic comparison of case studies on Guinea, Colombia and Papua New Guinea. BHR and SSR should ideally cohere instead of collide.

Full paper available here: Business and Security Sector Reform: The Case of Corporate Security Responsibility

Paper

Towards an International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers: A View from Inside a Multistakeholder Process

The use of private security companies (PSCs) to perform services that are traditionally associated with the state presents a challenge to regulatory and oversight frameworks. Analyzing developments leading to the International Code of Conduct for Security Providers (ICOC) and the ICOC Association, this paper argues that a multistakeholder approach to develop standards adapted for the private sector and which creates governance and oversight mechanisms fills some of the governance gaps found in traditional regulatory approaches.

Full paper available here: Towards an International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers: A View from Inside a Multistakeholder Process

Paper

SSR Backgrounders series

The SSR Backgrounders are concise, accessible; ‘first-stop’ resources for practitioners, policy-makers and anyone who wants to get up to speed quickly on the basics of SSR. They offer a coherent and consistent conceptual foundation on which DCAF’s wide range of knowledge products can build more specialized knowledge. Available on a growing range of topics, in French and English and selected other languages. The series is available in print and also online at:http://ssrbackgrounders.org/

SSR Backgrounders app

The SSR Backgrounders app makes the new SSR Backgrounders series accessible on mobile devices and smartphones and is now available for download in the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store

Available in French

Paper

International Coherence in Security Sector Reform

The DCAF Horizon Paper outlines the overall challenge of developing coherence amongst stakeholders in an SSR context. Drawing from both bilateral and regional organisations such as the AU, ASSN, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK, this paper additionally highlights good practices as well as ways forward with cross-governmental coordination and SSR programming. 

Paper

International Coherence in Security Sector Reform

This paper explores why coherence is a problem for internationally supported SSR and proposes ways to move forward. It begins by addressing the importance of mainstreaming core objectives and values underpinning the SSR approach. It then considers the imperative to develop integrated SSR programmes. This relates both to delivering on a ‘holistic’ SSR agenda but also to how post-conflict SSR can contribute to wider peacebuilding efforts. Opportunities are identified to bridge gaps between policy commitments and genuine behaviour change. The paper concludes with some observations on future directions that may support improved coherence in practice.

To read the article, please click on the following link: International Coherence in Security Sector Reform

Paper

Gender and Complaints Mechanisms: A Handbook for Armed Forces and Ombuds Institutions to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Related Discrimination, Harassment, Bullying and Abuse

Around the world, armed forces are recognizing the important contribution that women make within their ranks, and the fact that increasing the representation of female personnel is fundamental to capability and operational effectiveness. In tackling barriers to women’s full participation in armed forces, a key priority is to prevent gender-related discrimination, harassment, bullying and abuse –to ensure that all personnel, men and women, serve in an environment that is healthy, safe and respectful, and upholds their human rights. Effective and trusted complaints mechanisms are a crucial component of such an environment.

This handbook brings together knowledge and experience as regards prevention of misconduct and handling and monitoring of complaints within armed forces, with particular regard to gender. It is a resource for armed forces, ministries of defence, ombuds institutions and others that manage and oversee armed forces in:

  • establishing a safe and non-discriminatory environment for men and women in the armed forces;
  • dealing with instances and complaints of gender-related discrimination, harassment, bullying and abuse in the armed forces; and
  • monitoring and overseeing the handling of instances and complaints of gender-related discrimination, harassment, bullying and abuse in the armed forces.

The handbook was developed by DCAF in partnership with the Parliamentary Ombudsman for the Norwegian Armed Forces, and with the support of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme, the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and the Swiss Confederation.

Ce document est aussi disponible en français.

Paper

Countering Human Trafficking: The UK’s Efforts

This 2015 DCAF paper by Bernie Gravett of Specialist Policing Consulting UK analyses from a security sector perspective, the structure, politics and process of efforts to counter trafficking in human beings.

The United Kingdom (UK) is a destination country for men, women, and children primarily from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe who are subjected to human trafficking for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour, including domestic servitude. Human trafficking is a subject of growing concern in the UK, which has therefore led the government to take positive action to improve legislation and punishment for trafficking and slavery offences. In 2015, the UK government passed the Modern Slavery Act to restructure criminal offences linked to trafficking, implement tougher sentencing and create a new position for a Modern Slavery Commissioner to oversee changes in the UK trafficking response. This legislation also gives support to victims through seizing traffickers’ assets and channeling some of that money towards reparations for victims. Furthermore, it created a new statutory defence for slavery or trafficking victims compelled to commit criminal offences. However, there is still a long way to go in terms of investing in dedicated police human trafficking training and investigation capacity as police forces in the UK are facing up to 45% budget cuts over an 8 year period lasting until 2018. 

For DCAF's full report on Countering Human Trafficking: The UK’s Efforts, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

DCAF Annual Report 2015

Capture

The Annual Report covers The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces' (DCAF) cooperation with international organisations, regional cooperation, global issues over the last year, activities of DCAF’s International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT), etc. The Annexes include updated information on DCAF’s organisational structure, details on DCAF accounts for 2015, DCAF's most recent publications and more.

Follow the link to download the DCAF Annual Report 2015.

Paper

La protection des données personnelles dans le cadre du secteur de la sécurité au Maroc

Morocco

Ce rapport du Centre pour le contrôle démocratique des forces armées – Genève (DCAF) et du Centre d’Études en Droits Humains et Démocratie (CEDHD) présente un résumé des discussions menées lors d'un séminaire organisé à Rabat sur le thème de « La bonne gouvernance du secteur de la sécurité à l’ère numérique: gestion et protection des données personnelles ». Sa publication vise à faire le point sur la protection des données personnelles dans le cadre du secteur de la sécurité au Maroc. Par ailleurs, il vise à sensibiliser les acteurs concernés à l'importance de la protection de la vie privée.

Le rapport détaille le contexte de la bonne gouvernance du secteur de la sécurité en lien avec la protection des données personnelles en présentant débats, textes législatifs et exemples concrets. Le rapport note ainsi l'accroissement des tensions entre sécurité et vie privée avec les nouvelles technologies, la protection des données personnelles à l'ère numérique et le droit d'accès à l'information. Ensuite, la seconde partie présente la protection des données personnelles dans le cadre du secteur de la sécurité au Maroc d'un point de vue juridique et institutionnel ainsi qu'au regard des défis et opportunités auxquels le Maroc est confronté. Finalement, les recommandations des participants au séminaire sont présentées, sur les plans politique, juridique et institutionnel.

Pour accéder au rapport La protection des données personnelles dans le cadre du secteur de la sécurité au Maroc, veuillez suivre le lien.

Paper

Teaching Gender in the Military: a Handbook

teaching military

DCAF, on behalf of the Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes (PfPC) Security Sector Reform Working Group and in collaboration with the Education Development Working Group, launched a new publication entitled "Teaching Gender in the Military".

The handbook aims to

(a) strengthen the ability of faculty to integrate gender in professional military education and

(b) improve the capacity of gender experts to deliver educational content.

 In other words, it covers both ‘what to teach’ and ‘how to teach’ when it comes to gender and the military.

This handbook is a product of the Security Sector Reform Working Group of the Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defence Academies and Security Studies Institutes (PfPC), which is co-chaired by DCAF (the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces). The Handbook addresses the call to integrate gender in military education and training articulated in the UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security; the NATO frameworks to implement these resolutions; and national policies and initiatives in the NATO-PfP area.

It documents the knowledge outcomes of a series of four workshops on teaching gender in the military organised by the Security Sector Reform and Education Development Working Groups of the PfPC. These workshops were held over the course of two years and focused on the methodology of teaching gender to the military, designing sample lesson plans, integrating gender in the curriculum and evaluation, coaching and mentoring.

It was officially launched at NATO Headquarters in Brussels during the NATO Committee on Gender Perspectives in June this year. The launch was kindly hosted by the Swiss Mission to NATO.

To access Teaching Gender in the Military: a Handbook kindly follow the link.

Paper

Legislative Guidance Tool for States to Regulate Private Military and Security Companies

guidance

The Legislative Guidance Tool for States to Regulate Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) was developed by DCAF as a response to growing challenges in national regulation of the private security industry.

The aims of the Legislative Guidance Tool are:

  • To raise awareness of existing national legislation, policies, and best practices.
  • To provide guidance for parliamentarians and lawmakers to develop or update national legislation related to PMSCs, in line with international legal obligations and taking into account good practices.

It provides guidance to parliamentarians, lawmakers, members of oversight committees and other actors in national legislative processes who are in the process of updating or developing national regulation related to PMSCs.  Drawing on the guidance of the Montreux Document and other international frameworks, as well as expert and state consultations, this Guidance Tool is comprised of 7 distinct Chapters, structured around key challenges for parliamentarians and lawmakers.

To access the Legislative Guidance Tool for States to Regulate Private Military and Security Companies kindly follow the link.

Paper

Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance

21.04.2016_experiences ouest africaines

Many efforts have been undertaken to address dysfunctional security sector governance in West Africa. However, security sector reform (SSR) has fallen short of radical – transformational – change to the fundamental structures of power and governance in the region. Looking more closely at specific examples of SSR in six West African countries, Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance explores both progress and reversals in efforts by national stakeholders and their international partners to positively influence security sector governance dynamics. Written by eminent national experts based on their personal experiences of these reform contexts, this study offers new insights and practical lessons that should inform processes to improve democratic security sector governance in West Africa and beyond.

For full access to Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Security Sector Reform Narrowing the Gap between Theory and Practice

The persistent gap between theory and practice in SSR can be a source of much irritation and disappointment – at failures to implement SSR norms as well as in response to concepts and strategies that seem unhelpfully far removed from local realities. This paper compares ideal-case SSR environments with real-life conditions of implementing SSR. Through offering suggestions for better practice in SSR implementation, it shows that the art of ‘applied SSR’ can be learned.

To access the full report Security Sector Reform Narrowing the Gap between Theory and Practice, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

Arab Uprisings and Armed Forces: Between Openness and Resistance

Since late 2010, an unprecedented wave of protests has swept across much of the Arab world. The aim of this paper is to examine the role of the armed forces when confronted with anti-regime uprisings that demand greater political freedoms or even regime change. Drawing on the cases of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Bahrain, Yemen and Syria, it argues that the degree of institutionalization of the armed forces and their relationship to society at large can account for different responses to pro-reform uprisings.

To access the full report Arab Uprisings and Armed Forces: Between Openness and Resistance, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

UN Use of Private Military and Security Companies: Practices and Policies

Although subject to little discussion, the UN has increasingly paid private military and security companies (PMSCs) for a range of services in the areas of humanitarian affairs, peacebuilding and development. However, this practice has rarely translated into coherent policies or guidelines that could guide the UN in setting standards or ensuring responsible contracting procedures. This paper explores UN demand for PMSCs and identifies the need for a more proactive, sensitive and deliberate political approach in order to avoid potential pitfalls associated with involving PMSCs in the delivery of UN tasks.

To access the full report UN Use of Private Military and Security Companies: Practices and Policies, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

Money Matters: Addressing the Financial Sustainability of Security Sector Reform

Although the financial sustainability of United Nations (UN) support to institutional capacity building in post-conflict contexts may be the least analysed topic on the peacebuilding agenda, understanding the costs of rebuilding and maintaining the security sector should be one of the most important priorities for security sector reform (SSR) practitioners today. Through innovative partnerships between the UN and the World Bank, a new and important practice area in public financial management of the security sector is beginning to take shape. This paper traces the new demands placed on peacekeeping operations to “get more bang for every peacekeeping buck”, and explores how to match SSR priorities and recurring costs in the security sector with available resources over the long term. In presenting the lessons learned from the security sector public expenditure review conducted by the UN and the World Bank in Liberia in 2012, the first such review jointly undertaken by the two organizations, the paper seeks to illustrate how the discussion on right-sizing of the security sector can go hand in hand with a discussion on right-financing in order to help prioritize key reforms pragmatically in light of the available fiscal space. Specifically, the paper provides SSR practitioners with insights into the challenges often encountered when assisting national authorities to address the political economy of SSR, and how to navigate those dilemmas.

To access the full report Money Matters: Addressing the Financial Sustainability of Security Sector Reform, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

DDR and SSR in War-to-Peace Transition

While disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) have become integral statebuilding tools in post-conflict states, the existing empirical literature examining their relationship has focused on supply-side considerations related to the programming of both processes. In practice, though, DDR and SSR are implemented in the wider context of war-to-peace transitions where the state is attempting to establish a monopoly over the use of force and legitimize itself in the eyes of domestic and international communities. This paper therefore assumes that to identify opportunities and constraints for establishing closer practical linkages between DDR and SSR it is important to take the local politics into consideration. It examines two past externally driven peacebuilding interventions in West Africa, namely Liberia and Sierra Leone, featuring cases in which the central state had essentially fragmented or collapsed. Through this comparative analysis, the paper aims to provide a stepping-stone for future studies examining demand-side considerations of DDR and SSR in post-conflict contexts.

To access the full report  DDR and SSR in War-to-Peace Transition, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

Linking Mine Action and SSR through Human Security

Security sector reform (SSR) and mine action share a strong common conceptual basis, which draws from a shared understanding of security. They both reflect a conceptualization of security that is not limited to the level of the state, but takes into account security threats and needs at societal and individual levels. This common basis provides opportunities for synergies between SSR and mine action. However, empirical evidence demonstrates that the strong conceptual basis is not fully reflected in concrete activities, and the linkages remain limited and underexplored. Despite this gap, there are positive examples showing the potential for synergies between SSR and mine action. Ultimately, this paper maintains that the concept of human security provides a comprehensive framework which can bridge the differences and open broader opportunities for cooperation, which in turn will increase the impact of interventions in SSR and mine action.

To access the full report Linking Mine Action and SSR through Human Security, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

Integrating SSR and SALW Programming

Security sector reform (SSR) and small arms and lights weapons (SALW) reduction and control programmes have become staples of peacebuilding policy and practice in fragile, failed and conflict-affected states (FFCAS). There is wide agreement in the peacebuilding field that the two areas are intricately interconnected and mutually reinforcing. However, this consensus has rarely translated into integrated programming on the ground. Drawing on a diverse set of case studies, this paper presents a renewed argument for robust integration of SSR and SALW programming. The failure to exploit innate synergies between the two areas in the field has not merely resulted in missed opportunities to leverage scarce resources and capacity, but has caused significant programmatic setbacks that have harmed wider prospects for peace and stability. With the SSR model itself in a period of conceptual transition, the time is ripe for innovation. A renewed emphasis on integrating SSR and SALW programming in FFCAS, while not a wholly new idea, represents a potential avenue for change that could deliver significant dividends in the field. The paper offers some preliminary ideas on how to achieve this renewed integration in practice.

To access the full report Integrating SSR and SALW Programming, kindly click on the link.

This paper is part of DCAF's SSR Papers series. Click on the link for more DCAF publications on security sector reform.

Paper

DCAF Parliamentary Brief - Safeguards in Electronic Surveillance

Electronic surveillance is used across European countries to fight serious crime, terrorism, and avert dangers to state security. It is a covert, intrusive method for information collection, performed in secrecy and without the knowledge of the target; it requires security services to possess special, exceptional powers, which often infringe fundamental human rights, primarily the right to privacy.

Therefore, electronic surveillance is a field where abuse is potentially easy in individual cases, but can inflict harmful consequences for the democratic society as a whole, undermining public trust in the state.

This policy paper provides guidance for Parliamentarians in order to address those issues.

Paper

Tool 8 : Integrating Gender in Security Sector Reform and Governance

Gender equality is an international norm that stipulates the equal right of women, men and gender minorities to access opportunities and resources, regardless of the sex with which they were born and the gender with which they identify. In the context of the security sector, this means that women and men should have equal opportunities to participate in the provision, management and oversight of security services, and that the security needs of women, men, boys and girls should be equally considered and effectively responded to.

While ECOWAS recommends that the specific security and justice needs of men and women, boys and girls are fully integrated into all reform processes and governance mechanisms applicable to the security sector, the transition from theory to practice often proves challenging.

Tool 8 of the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa is designed to provide practitioners with action-oriented guidance for tackling this challenge. It may be most useful to national actors involved in the governance of security institutions and to those who partake in democratic oversight. This Tool aims to facilitate the identification of effective entry points for integrating the aims of gender equality in national legislation, strategies and budgets for security; in the management of security institutions; in the delivery of justice and security services and in national defence; as well as at all stages of internal and external oversight of the security sector.

For more information on the Tool 8 : Integrating Gender in Security Sector Reform and Governance, kindly follow the link to the DCAF website.

Follow the links to access the other documents in the Toolkit for Security Sector Reform and Governance in West Africa: 

Tool 1: Political Leadership and National Ownership of Security Sector Reform Processes

Tool 2: Security Sector Reform Programming

Tool 4: Effective Management of External Support to Security Sector Reform

Tool 6: Civil Society Involvment in Security Sector Reform and Governance

The publication is also available in português.

Paper

Addressing Security and Human Rights Challenges in Complex Environments

Capture

This is the third edition of the Toolkit developed by the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) as part of their joint project to develop guidance to support companies operating in complex environments manage their security in a way that is effective and respects human rights and, when relevant, international humanitarian law. This edition contains a new fourth chapter - Working with communities  - developed in collaboration with Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA), as well as chapters on working with host governments, public security forces, and private security providers. 

It may be freely used and shared for educational and other non-commercial purposes, provided that the DCAF-ICRC Toolkit is acknowledged as the source. As the Toolkit is a ‘Living Document’, accessing it from the Knowledge Hub can ensure that the users have always access to the latest version.

For full access to the Knowledge Hub and the toolkit on Addressing Security and Human Rights Challenges in Complex Environments, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Ombuds Institutions for the armed forces in francophone countries of sub-Saharan Africa

Ombudsmen Sub Saharan Africa DCAF

This mapping study on ombuds institutions for the armed forces in francophone sub-Saharan African states is a project initiated under the aegis of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) in collaboration with the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), in the framework of the OIF programme “Providing Support to Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding”.

The mapping study is the continuation of extensive research conducted within the context of a first project entitled “Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in Francophone Africa: Burkina Faso, Burundi and Senegal.” The objectives of the mapping study are to develop a comprehensive analysis of the activities and role of the ombuds institutions; to identify factors that may facilitate or hinder the establishment and functioning of such institutions; to encourage ombuds institutions to deal with the armed forces and to improve the functioning and effectiveness of existing institutions; and to involve the ombuds institutions of the states concerned in the global process of exchanging good practice and experience between existing ombuds institutions.

The research explores sub-Saharan states, some with ombuds institutions whose mandates include military matters (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Niger, Senegal, and Togo), some who have established general ombuds institutions, but without such jurisdiction over the armed forces (Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Republic of Guinea, Madagascar and Mali), and some who lack these institutions (Comoros and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). The paper delineates some common characteristics of general ombuds institutions, before pointing the challenges they confront, from the level of resources to a lack of visibility.

To access the Ombuds Institutions for the armed forces in francophone countries of sub-Saharan Africa, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Seeking more coherent implementation in post-conflict security: Can we better align SSR, DDR, SALW and Mine Action?

Security sector reform (SSR), disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR), small arms and light weapons (SALW) control, and mine action are anchored in the same conceptual and normative commitment to human security; yet, differences in scope, timelines and perspectives have made alignment of these four post-conflict peacebuilding programmes challenging. DCAF and GICHD brought together a panel of experts from these four practitioner fields to examine the practical implications of linking these important programmes.

For full access to the article Seeking more coherent implementation in post-conflict security: Can we better align SSR, DDR, SALW and Mine Action?, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Local Ownership and Security Sector Reform

Over the past two decades, in response to the underwhelming results of international development efforts across the Third World, arguments concerning the importance of local ownership have been gaining currency within the international development community. At its core, the discourse around ownership revolves around fundamental questions of agency: who decides, who controls, who implements, and who evaluates. The growing emphasis on local ownership, then, emerged as a critique of mainstream development practice and the broader cult of Western expertise which underpins it. As Joseph Stiglitz argued a decade ago, a vision of development in which all the answers and all the agency are seen to lie in the hands of foreigners is inherently problematic and ultimately self-defeating: ‘We have seen again and again that [local] ownership is essential for successful transformation: policies that are imposed from outside may be grudgingly accepted on a superficial basis, but will rarely be implemented as intended’. Since then, the principle of local ownership has been viewed increasingly as a precondition for effective development assistance, even if
the translation of the principle into actual practice remains an ongoing challenge.

Paper

Ghana: Gender-related Human Resources Policies in Armed Forces

This overview of gender-related human resources policies in Ghana’s armed forces seeks to contribute to the very fragmented and incomplete literature on human resources policies in armed forces. It is not intended to be a comprehensive analysis, but a reference for other armed forces’ in considering ways in which they can promote the retention, recruitment, promotion and full participation of women in armed forces. It is accompanied by an overview of human resources policies in the armed forces of Albania and the Netherlands.

For full access to Gender-related Human Resources Policies in Armed Forces, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Albania: Gender-related Human Resources Policies in Armed Forces

This overview of gender-related human resources policies in the Albanian Armed Forces seeks to contribute to the very fragmented and incomplete literature on human resources policies in armed forces. It is not intended to be a comprehensive analysis, but a reference for other armed forces in considering ways in which they can promote the retention, recruitment, promotion and full participation of women. It is accompanied by an overview of human resources policies in the armed forces of Ghana and the Netherlands.

For full access to Gender-related Human Resources Policies in Armed Forces, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Gender Bias and the Law: Legal Frameworks and Practice from Bosnia & Herzegovina and Beyond

This publication is the first comprehensive review of gender bias in criminal and civil legal practice and court rulings in the Western Balkans and makes an important contribution to the topic internationally. The Gender Bias and the Law Handbook answers the question, Why Does Gender Matter? The purpose of the Handbook is to provide law students with a greater awareness of the existence of gender bias in court proceedings and to expand their understanding of how gender bias is manifested in the application of law within the social context of BiH.

For full access to Gender Bias and the Law: Legal Frameworks and Practice from Bosnia & Herzegovina and Beyond, kindly follow the link.

Paper

The Privatisation of security in Africa: Challenges and lessons from Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal

Private security in Africa is booming. Whether from the perspective of major multinational players or small-scale local enterprises, the market for commercial security has expanded and evolved over  recent years. However, policy makers rarely address private security, national parliaments and regulatory bodies provide limited oversight in this area, and the attention of African media and civil society is localized and sporadic. In short, a fundamental shift in the African security landscape is taking place under the radar of democratic governance. The Privatisation of Security in Africa – Challenges and Lessons from Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal provides expert accounts which portray the realities of the contemporary private security industry in Africa. The volume analyses key characteristics of security privatisation in Africa, offers new insights into the significance of this phenomenon from a security sector governance perspective and identifies specific entry points that should inform processes to promote good governance of the security sector in Africa.

To access the full report The Privatisation of security in Africa: Challenges and lessons from Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal, kindly click on the link.

Paper

Oversight and Guidance: Parliaments and Security Sector Governance

Via a collection of edited articles, this third version of the DCAF-NATO PA ‘Vademecum’ underlines the essential role that parliaments must play in ensuring democratic oversight of the security sector. Updating key information on best practices related to parliamentary oversight and guidance of the security sector, the volume retains a special focus on defence affairs, and puts the oversight role of parliament into political and military contexts. Aimed at democratic institutions in NATO partners, the product provides an introduction to the overarching principles of security sector reform and key oversight mechanisms and best practices.

For full access to DCAF's report on Oversight and Guidance: Parliaments and Security Sector Governance, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Où en sommes-nous avec la réforme du secteur de la sécurité au Mali ?

Cette étude de l'Alliance pour refonder la gouvernance en Afrique (ARGA) se penche sur le cas du Mali, où l’exigence d’une RSS s’inscrit dans un contexte d’après-conflit, qui a révélé la fragilité de l’appareil sécuritaire étatique au regard des nouvelles menaces qui guettent le pays et ses populations. En effet, outre les menaces liées à la criminalité de droit commun, aux conflits internes ou régionaux et au grand banditisme, on assiste depuis quelques années à l’expansion d’idéologies radicales, qui se traduisent par des modes d’actions violents, voire terroristes ; ou encore aux conséquences désastreuses d’une circulation incontrôlée des armes déversées dans le Sahel par suite du conflit libyen.

Pour accéder au Policy Brief Gouvernance participative et pratiques démocratiques au Mali, veuillez ouvrir le document ci-dessous.

Paper

Criminal Justice Practice and Violence Against Women

The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) and La Strada-Ukraine (LSU) collaborated to assess the current practices of the Ukrainian criminal justice system response to violence against women and domestic violence. The aim of the assessment was to identify the readiness of the criminal justice system to implement the principles and obligations associated with the Istanbul Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.

For full access to Criminal Justice Practice and Violence Against Women, kindly follow the link.

Paper

DCAF | OSCE Focus: Ukraine and European Security: Prospects for the Future

This DCAF publication gathers five "Food for thought papers" based on the OSCE Focus Conference titled "Ukraine and European Security: Prospects for the Future" that took place on 10th-11th October 2014 at the WMO in Geneva.

To access the full report, kindly follow the link.

Paper

The Contribution and Role of SSR in the Prevention of Violent Conflict

The prevention of violent conflict has traditionally been one of the core aims of SSR. While there are encouraging examples of the important contribution of SSR to preventing violent conflict, the experience of the broader international SSR community confirms that more must be done.

UN-World Bank Prevention Report Input was developed as a contribution to the UN - World Bank Group study on the Prevention of Violent Conflict, drawing on examples from across DCAF as well as lessons from interventions further afield. 

The preliminary report from the World Bank and UN Pathways for Peace : Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict was first presented at the UN General Assembly in September 2017, and will be followed by a series of dissemination events worldwide. 

Paper

Parliamentary oversight of the security sector: Principles, mechanisms and practices

The handbook is divided in eight sections, each containing several chapters, and can be read in two different ways. A complete reading of the Handbook will provide the most comprehensive understanding of security issues and the role of parliamentary oversight. However, it is also possible to make a selective reading of those sections and chapters which are of particular concern to the user. The index and various cross-references are designed for this purpose.

Throughout the handbook, there are separate boxes which clarify complex issues in the main text, provide examples of laws or regulations and highlight practices of parliamentary oversight of the security sector in various countries. At the end of most chapters there is a section called -- "what you can do as a parliamentarian," where concrete recommendations are given. However these recommendations have to be looked at from the national context.

To find out more about the Parliamentary oversight of the security sector, please kindly follow the link.

Paper

The Military, the Media and Public Perceptions in Egypt: Communication and Civil-Military Relations

Following the downfall of President Hosni Mubarak in January 2011, and more markedly after the July 2013 ouster of President Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s military assumed a new role in national politics. In taking on such new responsibilities and control, the military also came to realize the powerful importance of the media, both as a useful political tool and as a significant potential threat. Building upon their traditional, historical role in Egyptian society, the military resolved to adopt strategies aimed at manipulating and severely controlling media organizations and journalists in order to support the military’s agenda and shape public opinion.

This paper examines the results of this new military approach to public communication. Specific attention is devoted to the military’s communication strategy, its evolution since January 2011, its effects on civil-military relations, as well as the consequences for media freedom.

For full access to the research paper  The Military, the Media and Public Perceptions in Egypt: Communication and Civil-Military Relations, kindly follow the link.  

Paper

Parliamentary oversight of the security sector

This brochure contains an overview of DCAF’s resources and tools in the field of parliamentary oversight of the security sector.

It provides for easy access to comparative expertise, international standards and research on:

  • Introduction to parliamentary oversight of the security sector
  • Parliamentary oversight of intelligence services
  • Parliament’s role in ensuring financial oversight of the security sector
  • Parliamentary oversight of states of emergency
  • Military justice reform
  • Negotiating a status of forces agreement (SOFA)
  • Reform of the military justice system
  • The role of gender in parliamentary oversight of the security sector

In addition, it provides an overview to DCAF tools and websites related to security sector governance in Tunisia.

For full access to Parliamentary oversight of the security sector, please kindly follow the link.

Paper

Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender

Why is gender important in parliamentary oversight of the security sector? Parliaments engaged in security sector reform benefit from integrating a gender perspective into their core functions. Parliamentarians, as elected representatives of their constituents, have the responsibility to ensure that the security needs of women, men, girls and boys are incorporated into security policy-making. Men, women, girls and boys face different threats to their security. Gender-based violence (GBV) is one of the most common threats to human security worldwide.

For full access to Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender, please kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Parliamentary Oversight of Intelligence Services

Although parliaments tend to have very little authority over operational matters, they have broad powers to determine the mandate and budget of the intelligence services, as well as to scrutinise its conduct after the fact. In some cases, Parliament, or at least some of its members, must be informed of or authorise certain operational matters.

For full access to Parliamentary Oversight of Intelligence Services, please kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Other Documents

Factsheet on NATO Documents and Initiatives on Gender and Security

In the last decade, NATO has shown keen interest in integrating gender in military operations as well as empowering women throughout its operations and internal structures, led by the advances in women’s integration in some of its key militaries. Several working groups as well as member institutions of the Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes (PfPC) have concomitantly taken steps to integrate gender in their activities. This factsheet was compiled by the Security Sector Working Group (SSR WG) of the PfPC. Its aim is to provide an overview of existing gender policies, structures, resources and initiatives in NATO and Partner Countries. The factsheet also seeks to identify complementary efforts by the PfPC and its stakeholders in integrating gender, with a view to inform cooperation in joint research, outreach and expert formation in the PfPC context, as well as to serve as the basis for identifying complementary areas of activity.

Download the report on DCAF's website.

Other Document

Interactive timeline of the democratic transition and security sector reform in Tunisia

DCAF launches an interactive timeline on the democratic transition in Tunisia. The timeline documents over 425 events since the end of 2010, divided into four parallel processes:

  • political process
  • transitional justice
  • security sector reform
  • security incidents

It provides a comprehensive overview of the progress of governance in the areas of security and justice in Tunisia since the end of 2010 until today. It, therefore, enables:

  • anyone interested to review the key moments of the democratic transition in Tunisia;
  • researchers and stakeholders involved in the security sector reform in Tunisia to better understand the connection between events and processes and to draw lessons for the future.

Each event includes a short description and provides links to the main press reports covering it.    

In developing the interactive timeline, DCAF has tried to be as exhaustive as possible. However, DCAF also invites anyone interested to make proposals for the ongoing development and improvement of the interactive timeline.

The timeline is available in French only. 

Other Document

The Security Sector and Gender: A survey of the National Police, Civil Protection, the Armed and Security Forces, the Justice system and Penal services of Mali

The-Security-Sector-and-Gender-A-survey-of-the-National-Police-Civil-Protection-the-Armed-and-Security-Forces-the-Justice-system-and-Penal-servi_publications_full

This report by DCAF aims to systematically document the status of gender integration within the security sectors in Mali.

The report is designed to be a resource for people working in, or with, security sector institutions; for those interested in governance and development in Mali; and for those involved in gender-related issues. It combines information gathered by in-country researchers, interviews, document analysis and desk research. Much of the data in this report has never before been published.

The survey is guided by the following two questions: Are security sector institutions providing adequate response to the different security and justice needs of men, women, boys and girls? What steps have been taken to create internally equitable, representative and non-discriminatory institutions?

The report contains two main sections: an introduction and key findings for each security sector actor implicated in the study. The introduction provides background on the survey rationale, methodology and research challenges. The summary and findings present easy-to-read yet detailed information structured by the indicators on national governance, police services, civil protection, armed forces and security forces, the justice system and penal services.

For the full DCAF report on The Security Sector and Gender: A survey of the National Police, Civil Protection, the Armed and Security Forces, the Justice system and Penal services of Mali, kindly follow the link.

Other Document

Learning Lab on ‘Improving Security Sector Governance in Africa’

The African Security Sector Network (ASSN) and the Geneva Democratic Centre for the Control on Armed Forces (DCAF) with funding support from the Open Society Foundation (OSF) organised a workshop in Dakar (Sénégal) from 26 – 27 April 2016. The workshop was themed Improving Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa : a Learning Lab.”

Moving-from-concept-to-practice-SSR-in-West-Africa
"

…If it (SSR) is treated as a technical process abstracted from national political, security, socio-economic and cultural realities, it will not succeed. 

"

Despite multiple reasons why SSR in Africa is difficult examples of reform examples of reform also show that significant opportunities to move towards more democratic security governance do exist. The ‘Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa’ drew on the experience of academics, researchers, policy makers and practitioners in this field in order to explore these challenges and identify ways to move forward in spite of them. To support these reflections, the Background Paper, Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa provides a baseline understanding of SSG/R concepts, policies and practice. It then considers key challenges for SSR in Africa before assessing programming gaps and potential entry points for engagement. The Background Paper is complemented by six Think Pieces, which are intended to help shape discussion during the different sessions of the Learning Lab.

The Learning Lab was a two-day workshop-event drawing together predominantly African experts (researchers, academics, policy makers and practitioners) with practical experience of the security sector, Security Sector Reform (SSR), and Security Sector Governance (SSG) in Africa. The Lab began with an introductory session which was graced by the presence of His Excellency Dr Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS).

The bulk of the Lab took the form of six moderated sessions, underpinned by the six following Think Pieces:

"

experience has shown that important progress can be made when internal and external support for reform align at opportune moments for change.

"

In light of the opportunities and challenges to SSR processes identified, a concluding session summarised options and recommendations for potential entry points for African and international engagement in promoting an African governance-driven SSR approach based on accountability, rule of law and human rights.

As well as the six Think Pieces, this blog highlights practical implications for identifying the challenges of SSR processes: Moving from concept to practice: SSR in West Africa.

The resources are also available in français.

Other Document

Putting Private Security Regulation into Practice: Sharing Good Practices on Procurement and Contracting 2015–2016

This study highlights good practices and clarifies the landscape of existing procurement and contracting systems in international organisations and states. The study: 1) summarises relevant existing instruments related to human rights-based procurement of private security companies; 2) outlines the essential stages of a procurement process, and; 3) shares good practices from selected case studies. Through this, the study aims to support the development and implementation of procurement and contracting policies based on international human rights standards.

For full access to the scoping study, Putting Private Security Regulation into Practice: Sharing Good Practices on Procurement and Contracting 2015–2016, kindly follow the link. 

Other Document

DCAF Annual Report 2016

DCAF Annual Report 2016, Promoting Good Governance of the Security Sector captures DCAF’s contribution to wider peace, security and development goals and focuses on DCAF’s :

  • Direct support to improve security and justice provision in over 70 countries worldwide, including in many fragile and post-conflict contexts;
  • Assistance to bilateral donors and multilateral organizations in their delivery of effective and coherent support to nationally-led security sector reform processes;

The DCAF Annual Report provides an overview of the organization’s achievements over the last year, and also outlines he direction that DCAF wishes to pursue in the future.

For full access to the DCAF Annual Report 2016, Promoting Good Governance of the Security Sector, kindly follow the link. 

Other Document

Programme Design: Assisting Sweden to design programmes to support Community Policing in Albania

ISSAT has reinforced Sweden in its support of the MoI and ASP over the past five years to develop Community Policing in Albania. The first mandate in 2010-2011 was to help design the programme: Swedish support to Albania on Community Policing (SACP). It focused on three areas:

1) support for the identification and start-up of a performance management mechanism for the ASP;

2) partnership development, including youth and police partnerships; and

3) tackling domestic violence.

Other Document

Evaluation: Dutch Mandate in Burundi

Burundi and the Netherlands have cooperated on SSR issues since 2004. This cooperation was formalised through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), signed in 2009 to support a Security Sector Development (SSD) programme for a period of eight years (2009-2017). This programme was divided into four phases, each lasting two years, and a strategic plan was developed for each phase. While the SSD programme is currently suspended due to the political turmoil in Burundi, this programme is still worth mentioning as it gathered many of the SSR principles the international community is promoting. The programme took a holistic approach and included three pillars: support to the Ministry of Public Security (including the Burundian National Police), Ministry of Defence (including the Burundian Defence Forces), and Security Sector Governance. The SSD programme was developed with the main SSR principals in mind, including how to integrate local ownership into the programme design, balancing its support for greater effectiveness with more accountability of the security forces, as well as ensuring the link between the political and technical dimensions of a reform process. One of the programme’s particularities was its level of flexibility to take advantage of opportunities as they arise or to adapt to a changing environment.

Other Document

Designing Sample Gender Lessons - Second Workshop on Teaching Gender to the Military - After Action Report

DCAF co-organised a joint workshop entitled “Designing Sample Gender Lessons - Second Workshop on Teaching Gender to the Military” on behalf of the PfPC working group on SSR in collaboration with the education development working group and in partnership with the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen in December 2012. This event was a follow-up to the SSR working group’s previous workshop on teaching gender to the military, this time focusing on integrating educational best practices into the development of sample lesson plans for teaching gender to the military. The workshop brought together twenty experts on military education, gender training for the military and integrating gender in military operations, consolidating DCAF’s ongoing engagement in capacity building with NATO staff on gender and SSR.

The After Action Report contains a summary of the workshop sessions, three sample lesson plans for teaching gender to the military, a list of best practices for teaching gender to the military, a checklist for gender curriculum review and a list of online resources.

Other Document

The Nepali Security Sector: An Almanac

This Almanac contains articles from senior politicians across the major political parties, academics, journalists, human rights defenders and lawyers who have been engaged in public and academic debates and in policy making in the area of security sector reform. The book seeks to contribute to the security sector reform process by offering open source information, data and analysis on all related areas like the military, police, intelligence and the overall role of government. It offers perspectives not only from major political parties but also from the media, human rights and constitutional/legal areas and will thus serve as an important reference data bank for future discussions on the democratic transformation of Nepal’s security sector.

The book is a joint project of DCAF and NPC (The National Peace Campaign). In May 2009, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland and the UK proposed to DCAF and NPC as its local partner, to embark on a comprehensive capacity building programme on behalf of the Constituent Assembly and the Parliament of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The programme supports the peace process and facilitates a comprehensive parliamentary role in oversight issues, and stakeholder engagement with the security sector of Nepal. The programme seeks to empower parliament and civil society on security sector governance issues in a structured, locally owned process sensitive to Nepali values and customs.

The Almanac studies the structure and orientation of the security sector in Nepal. It aims at contributing towards transparency in the security sector, and greater civilian involvement in the analysis and documentation of security sector institutions and processes.

Other Document

Backstopping: Swiss Mandate in Honduras

The rule of law architecture in Honduras is weak. Organised crime and a strong youth gang culture— involved in extortion and in activities linked to the drug trade (Honduras is on the main drug trafficking route from South America to the US)—represent significant challenges. The Mission to Support the Fight against Corruption and Impunity in  Honduras (MACCIH), established via a recent signed agreement between the Organization of American States (OAS) and Honduran Government will seek to dismantle corruption networks operating in the country. Although different from the International Commission against impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), the OAS mission will still offer independency and the ability to closely follow the actors of the justice and security sector.

Other Document

Police Integrity Building Programme (PIBP): PIBP Strategy and Tools

The PIBP was designed to assist countries in their efforts to develop and maintain police services that function with the highest level of integrity.

The PIBP strategy is comprised of two strands including awareness-raising activities and capacity-building initiatives, which are combined to support police services in developing measures relevant to their needs and context.

To support and complement different PIBP activities, DCAF developed several capacity building tools.

They include:

-          The Toolkit on Police Integrity

-          The Training Manual on Police Integrity

-          Two E-learning courses on Police Integrity. 

For the briefing notes about the PIBP Strategy and Tools, kindly download the document.

Other Document

DCAF Police Integrity Building Programme (PIBP)

This document is a presentation about DCAF's Police Integrity Building Programme, which touches upon certain aspects of the programme, such as the Training Manual, the Toolkit and the E-Learnings.

For full access to the presentation on the PIBP kindly download the document.

Other Document

Police Integrity Building Programme (PIBP) Factsheet

DCAF's Police Integrity Building Programme aims to provide guidance to a broad range of actors; government officials, decision makers, senior/mid-level police leaders, oversight authorities and citizens, on how to develop and sustain police services that function in line with the democratic standards of accountability, transparency and respect for human rights. 

For the full factsheet on the Police Integrity Building Programme, kindly download the document. 

Other Document

Aligning Protection of Civilians and SSR

Experience from UN peacekeeping

Other Document

DCAF Annual Report 2014

annual report

The Annual Report covers DCAF’s cooperation with international organisations, regional cooperation, global issues over the last year, activities of DCAF’s International Security Sector Advisory Team, etc. The Annexes include updated information on DCAF’s organisational structure, details on DCAF accounts for 2014, DCAF's most recent publications and more.

Le rapport annuel du DCAF de 2014 est aussi disponible en français

Other Document

Accountable and legitimate security through civilian democratic oversight and control

This think piece prepared by Sandy Africa (ASSN) for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa explains that civilian democratic oversight and control is a necessary, though not exclusive, precondition for accountable and legitimate security. By civilian democratic oversight is meant the exercise of the mandatory authority of one body to hold another to account. The author argues that in countries experiencing armed conflict, the civilian democratic oversight of the security sector is weak or non-existent. There is a window of opportunity to engage in civilian democratic oversight when there is a cessation of hostilities but even then, the immediate challenges are peacekeeping and peace enforcement. A more realistic prospect happens when there is a conducive and decisive shift in the political conditions.

Other Document

Encouraging open debate: the essential role of civil society and media in good security governance

This think piece prepared by Fairlie Chappuis (DCAF) for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa aims at encouraging open debate on the essential role of civil society and media in good security governance as well as the challenges they face. Civil society, by which is meant all groups that engage in voluntary collective actions in the public interest, has an essential role to play in order to ensure that the security sector is accountable, transparent and responsive to the public.  The paper outlines common factors in a variety of African contexts which make society activism and media engagement challenging. It then gives a list of entry points for engagement and how these can help to align civil society and media values with the principles of democratic security governance, human rights and rule of law.

Other Document

Protecting a democratic public space: maturing civil-military relations

This think piece, prepared by Boubacar N’Diaye and Eboe Hutchful (ASSN) for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa, looks at the challenges and implications to improve ‘civil-military relations’ (CMR) for a better protection of a democratic public space. The document explains how, since the end of the Cold war, the academic field of CMR has gone into decline whilst SSR has been ascending. If CMR focused insufficiently on the micro-politics of security institutions, it is argued that SSR has not necessarily resulted in integrated approaches. SSR is thus particularly challenged in this sector, with weak budgetary and expenditure controls and corruption in the security sector. There is also a potential for reversals in current CMR, as has been demonstrated recently in Uganda and Congo-Brazzaville, where police, military and paramilitary forces were used to violently suppress protests. To engage in efforts to improve CMR in Africa, it is argued that it is important to identify states where efforts already started, under the leadership of a new generation of military leaders who are willing to embrace new roles and responsibilities for civilian institutions.

Other Document

Towards a regional agenda for security sector governance and reform: Opportunities and challenges for the African Union and ECOWAS

This think piece, prepared by Ornella Moderan (DCAF) for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa, looks at the opportunities and challenges for the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the development of a regional agenda for security sector governance and reform. If major steps have already been made with the African Union Policy Framework on Security Reform (2013) as well as with the work of ECOWAS to develop a common normative framework, the transposition of theoretical standards into practice remains a challenge. Providing member states with multidimensional support also poses a number of questions in terms of their own mandates and capacities. The implications for SSR are outlined in the paper and these vary from contextualising international discourse on SSR to national ownership and regional support. Omella Moderan outlines various entry points for engagement, from fostering regional capacities for policy implementation to reinforcing AU-ECOWAS coordination.

Other Document

Security and safety from the bottom up: hybrid security governance

This Think Piece prepared by Niagalé Bagayoko for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa addresses the implications of hybrid security for Security Sector Reform (SSR).  After presenting the challenges institutions operating alongside or within nominally formal political institutions bring to SSR, the author calls for better identifying the interactions and interpenetrations of formal and informal networks that constitute as a whole “hybrid security orders”.

In order to build a better understanding of all the actors, particularly informal actors, who have an influence on the security sector at large and can thus affect SSR processes, the author proposes some entry points: to map out the informal actors and the informal norms, solidarities, and networks in the security sector; to build capacity to orient their activities towards supporting SSR; to help develop empirically grounded programmes and policies; and to help in the design of oversight as well as monitoring and evaluation processes.

Other Document

The changing face of security provision: commercial security providers and the privatisation of security

This Think Piece prepared by Alan Bryden for the Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance in Africa explores the issue of private security. The paper highlights a lack of knowledge or understanding on the scale, activities, and implications of the private security industry in Africa. Private security provision, and the lack of knowledge on the topic, can affect Security Sector Reform (SSR) in a variety of ways: the state has an incomplete view of the actors providing security on the national territory, there is a blurring of roles and responsibilities between public and private security, private security can result in greater security for some while leaving insecurity to others, and security privatisation remains somewhat neglected in programmatic responses.

The author proposes some entry points to engage with private security and better understand the related issues. Fostering African research capabilities can further the development of an evidence base to increase the visibility of the issue, while developing the legal and policy frameworks on oversight and accountability is a step to control the growth and evolution of the private security sector. Furthermore, the author argues for supporting capacity building of security sector management and oversight bodies, for empowering civil society, and leveraging international initiatives to create momentum for change.

Other Document

Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa | Background Paper

Concept note Learning Lab ASSN OSF DCAF
"

Outdated legal frameworks, under-capacitated parliaments, and submissive judicial authorities fail to provide the oversight, transparency or accountability that is required to protect human rights and uphold the rule of law. 

"

What is difficult about SSR in Africa? On one level, the framing conditions are undoubtedly challenging. Change of the kind that SSR aims for is measured in decades – even generations – rather than the months or years that measure national political cycles or donor programmes. Moreover, in most contexts the resources to support transformational change have also been scarce, whether human, material, technical or financial. On a more fundamental level, SSR is highly political and context-specific. If it is treated as a technical process abstracted from national political, security, socio-economic and cultural realities, it will not succeed.

There are also undoubted weaknesses and gaps in current SSR approaches. Different understandings of what SSR involves and who it concerns have led to flawed interventions that bred mistrust and suspicion, including between national and international understandings of reform.

The fact remains that freer and fairer democratic societies require more accountable and more effective security provision. In spite of the factors that limit progress in SSR, experience has shown that important progress can be made when internal and external support for reform align at opportune moments for change. New legal architecture for state security provision, fairer and more inclusive security recruitment, broader-based access to justice, more efficient management and oversight, and increased public scrutiny of security affairs are examples of reform that mark valuable progress in security governance. Moreover, progress can materialise in unexpected and intangible forms; thus, some of the most catalytic changes in people’s experiences of security have flowed from apparently subjective shifts in attitudes towards things like more inclusive security policy-making, greater sensitivity to human rights in security provision, or a strengthened resolve among overseers to make the most of their legal authority.

The ‘Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa’ drew on the experience of academics, researchers, policy makers and practitioners in this field in order to explore these challenges and identify ways to move forward in spite of them. To support these reflections, this Background Paper provides a baseline understanding of SSG/R concepts, policies and practice. It then considers key challenges for SSR in Africa before assessing programming gaps and potential entry points for engagement. This Background Paper is complemented by six Think Pieces, which intended to help shape discussion during the different sessions of the Learning Lab.

Access all material related to the ‘Learning Lab on Security Sector Governance and Reform in Africa’ to find out more.

Other Document