The Federal Foreign Office represents Germany’s interests to the world. It promotes international exchange and offers protection and assistance to Germans abroad. With headquarters in Berlin and a network of 229 missions abroad, the Federal Foreign Office maintains Germany’s relations with other countries as well as with international and supra-national organizations.
Understand to Prevent (U2P), is one of ten lines of development in the Multinational Capability Development Campaign (which consists of mostly NATO and like-minded nations – see also the MCDC website). The U2P line of development seeks to elaborate the role that militaries can adopt, in partnership with other governmental departments and civil society, in preventing violent conflict.
The first iteration of meetings (in the last two year cycle) produced the capstone ‘doctrine’ embodied in the Understand to Prevent Foundation Studies book linked below. The current iteration of meetings, seeks to operationalise the doctrine into a more tangible Handbook of tools and process. Most of the military representatives involved are from their national concepts and doctrine development centres, so there is lots of scope for open and out-of-the box thinking, some of which might make it into tactical field manuals if it survives contact with national/NATO approval processes.
- U2P Foundation Studies book – an informative and concise delve into the theory and evidence supporting of prevention of violent conflict
- The Understand to Prevent concept (short paper)
As at January 2016, the U2P Handbook is looking at interoperability with the NATO Comprehensive Operational Planning Directive (COPD), and with NATO CIMIC doctrine and processes. A number of bilateral nations are interested in options for collaboration and trialing, thus moving U2P from doctrine and planning to gaining traction as a field option for tactical units. Trialing opportunities include:
- the Combined Joint Staff Exercise in Sweden, April 2016
- Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Junior Officers Conflict Analysis Module (summer)
Further opportunities to trial the Handbook are welcome.
The sensitisation SSR course is designed for policymakers and practitioners who are working in the field of security and justice reform to build both SSR knowledge and skills. The objective of this course is to provide participants with a solid introduction to the concept, policy framework and international good practice of security and justice reform through its practical and exercised-based collaborative learning methodology. The course provides an overview of the various dimensions of SSR and emphasises the importance of adopting a holistic and context-specific approach when working in transitional, fragile and/or post-conflict contexts. The course also discusses key issues such as gender, coordination and SSR programming. The course provides the necessary foundations for subsequent trainings.
1 German-Netherlands Corp (1GNC) will hold its civil-military training period, Exercise Common Effort, from 27 June to 1 July. This year's exercise will concentrate on “Libya & the region” and “migration/refugees”. Participants will be divided into the following thematic groups:
- protection of civilians
- economic/private sector
The German government has initiated a consultation process in preparation of its new interagency guidelines for crisis engagement and peacebuilding. As part of this consultation process, the collaborative research centre (SFB 700) "Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood" at the Freie Universität Berlin will bring together experts from civil society, academia, practice and policy for a debate on how to improve Germany’s future engagement in supporting security and justice sector reforms in view of the inherent challenges of state-building.
ISSAT has been invited to provide input for a working group on how to locate the 'line of best fit' for supporting effective and legitimate security and justice sectors, and to be a resource person for this working group.
- 17-18 February 2016: Receive the annual visit from the FuAkBw to DCAF. Up to 15 OF3 (majors) will take part in the visit to International Geneva.
- 8-11 March 2016: Following on from initial support on SSR design and planning to the German Armed Forces Staff College (FuAkBw) in November 2015, FuAkBw wishes to expand its understanding of SSR design and planning considerations in its March 2016 planning exercise. The planning exercise runs over the course of three weeks, involving Headquarters staff officers ranking from captain to brigadier. The exercise will apply the Comprehensive Operational Planning Directive (COPD) to a NATO planning scenario. After assessing the NATO Commander's orders and reviewing Military Response Options (MROs), the exercise will design and elaborate a plan (project). part of the plan will integrates elements for preventing or de-escalating conflict, providing early warning and early action by building resilience, in part through the military role in SSR.
- 31 October - 1 November: Lead the Theory of Change sub-group for SSR as part of the OF5 Operational Thinking course, which gathers Germany's top 20 full colonels together to advance their military education.
ISSAT, jointly with Germany, will develop comprehensive mappings of donor support to SSR in Nigeria and Mali. In Mali, the mapping will focus on the criminal justice chain, including accountability. In Nigeria, the mapping will look at both the security forces and the criminal justice chain, also including accountability. With the aim of further building German SSR capacity, a joint Germany-ISSAT team will develop the methodology and undertake the mappings.
The methodology will be finalised during a one/two-day workshop at ISSAT in Geneva. This will be followed by a desk review and telephone interviews, exploiting ISSAT’s network across bilateral donors and multilateral actors, and building on already existing material. The findings will then be consolidated with a 10-day field mission to each country that will involve donors, implementing partners of SSR projects and international NGOs, as well as national institutions of the security and justice sector, including relevant ministries. The subsequent reports will then be shared by the joint Germany-ISSAT team across the international community active in the countries through an in-situ workshop that could also include discussions on how to further consolidate international support.
Mapping of Development Partner Support to Justice and Security Sector Reform in Nigeria (Final Report)
This mapping study provides an overview of the various ongoing or planned development partner efforts to support security sector reform in Nigeria since 2014. The mapping was jointly undertaken by the German Federal Foreign Office and ISSAT. The report tracks development partner support to all justice and security sector institutions in Nigeria. The elements of support were organized according to four categories: management reform, accountability reforms, capacity building/training and equipment/infrastructure support. Given the resource and time constraints facing the mapping team, the mapping only covered activities and programme interventions for the period of 2014 to 2016. All future programme activities that were identified were detailed under future support.
L'ISSAT, en coordination avec l'Allemagne, a développé une série de cartographies complètes relatives au soutien des bailleurs à la RSS au Mali. Celle-ci s'est penchée sur le système de justice pénale, incluant les mesures de transparence. Avec pour objectif de consolider les compétences allemandes en RSS, une équipe conjointe Allemagne-ISSAT a développé la méthodologie et réalisera les infographies.
La méthodologie a été finalisée durant un séminaire d'un ou deux jours à Genève, et suivie par une phase de revue préparatoire et par des entretiens par téléphone, mettant à profit le réseau de l'ISSAT parmi les bailleurs bilatéraux et les acteurs multilatéraux. La réflexion se basera sur des ressources déjà existantes. Les résultats ont ensuite été consolidés au cours de deux missions terrain de dix jours dans chacun des pays qui inclura les bailleurs, les partenaires dans la mise en place de la RSS, ainsi que les institutions nationales des secteurs de la sécurité et de la justice, y compris les ministères correspondant. Les rapports ainsi produits ont été partagés par l'équipe conjointe Allemagne-ISSAT au bénéfice des acteurs de la communauté internationale présents dans ces pays à l'occasion d'un séminaire in situ qui a débouché sur des discussions sur la manière dont consolider le soutien international.