Victoria Walker is the Head of DCAF’s International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT), and is an Assistant Director of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).
Victoria has been with ISSAT since 2008, when the team was first established, and has been intimately involved in its development. She was previously the deputy head, a senior SSR advisor, and the lead for ISSAT’s advisory field support work. Her main areas of focus include strategic management and engagement, change management, risk, governance, national security strategies, and policy development. In addition she has extensive experience of assessments, programme design and M&E, having led ISSAT’s development of guidance for assessments and programme design. Her country experience covers Sub-Saharan Africa, the Balkans, South-East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, combined with direct experience of supporting national governments and non-state actors, bilateral donors, and multi-lateral and regional organisations such as the UN, EU, AU, Inter-American Development Bank, and OSCE.
Prior to joining ISSAT she worked with the EU in several ESDP/CSDP missions. These included political advisor to the head of the EU Rule of Law planning mission in Kosovo; working on crisis management, DDR and human rights in the Aceh Monitoring Mission in Indonesia, and head of the Albania country office for the Balkans EU Monitoring Mission. Before moving into civilian crisis management and development, she held a commission in the British Army. She has a law degree from Kings’ College London, an MSc in Development Management and an MA in Social Sciences (focusing on environmental policy) from the Open University, as well as a Post-Graduate Diploma in Security Sector Management from Cranfield University. Victoria is passionate about participatory approaches to reform and supporting local ownership, as well as the political dimensions of justice and security sector reform.
ISSAT Blog posts:
Thammy Evans is the Deputy Head of the International Security Sector Advisory Team.
She joined ISSAT in 2012, and initially worked in Knowledge Services, and later became ISSAT's Advocacy and Outreach Coordinator. She continues to focus on liaison between ISSAT and its Members to understand their priorities in security and justice sector reform and so harness the assets of all ISSAT's services to meet Members’ needs. As an SSR practitioner and advisor, her main area of work is in defence reform and governance, and notably on the military contribution to security and justice sector reform. She also advises donors and multilaterals on policy and strategy development for SSR support to third countries; and presents and lectures regularly on a variety of security and justice topics.
Prior to joining ISSAT, Thammy was Political Advisor to the Senior Military Representative of NATO HQ Skopje as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia undertook deep reforms to join NATO and the EU. She has served as an officer in the British Army and worked for the UK Ministry of Defence variously on the Balkans desk, vision and strategy development, and on partner capacity building. Her early career provided a foundation in public relations and international qualitative market research in the private and public sector, as well as business development harnessing systems thinking and resource efficiency.
A graduate in Chinese and German Studies from the University of Leeds, UK, she holds a Master’s of Science in Conflict Studies from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. She has a certificate in Strategic Management and Leadership from the UK's Chartered Management Institute, and has authored on China, the Balkans, security capacity building, and resource efficiency. She also speaks varying degrees of French, German, Serbo-Croat and Mandarin.
ISSAT Blog posts:
A Global Fund for SSR (co-authored with Mark Downes)
Alexander Burian is an SSR Advisor and provides support to ISSAT advisory field support missions. Prior to joining ISSAT, he has worked as a consultant in the field of monitoring and evaluation of external aid programmes for the European Commission. He has also worked as a Governance Advisor at the European Union Delegation to the Kingdom of Lesotho. In this function he was responsible for political reporting, donor coordination and worked as a programme manager for EU funded projects in areas of justice sector reform, anti-corruption, public finance management and economic planning. Additionally, Alexander has worked as an Advisor to the Slovenian Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York during Slovenia’s EU Presidency term. In this position he covered the agenda of the Peacebuilding Commission and advised the Permanent Representative on issues related to security sector reform, nuclear non-proliferation, and peacebuilding. Lastly, he also has experience working as an intern at both the Slovak Permanent Representation to the UN in New York, during Slovakia’s respective tenure on the UN Security Council, and as intern working at NATO headquarters in Brussels.
Alexander holds a MLitt in International Security Studies from the University of St Andrews. He also holds a B.Sc in Political Science from the University of Western Ontario.
ISSAT Blog posts:
Anícia Lalá is a Senior Security and Justice Sector Reform Advisor and has worked in the field of international security cooperation for more than 15 years. She has combined practitioner, policy researcher, and academic experience in the fields of international politics, conflict resolution, development, and security. She is a founding member of the African Security Sector Network (ASSN) and has served as a member of its Executive Committee until recently joining the International Security Sector Advisory Team at DCAF. Previously she was Deputy Director for Africa at the Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform, when the project was based at Cranfield University in the UK.
Earlier posts include a lecturing position in Conflict and Peace Studies at the Higher Institute for International Relations (Mozambique) and a civil servant placement at the National Directorate for Defence Policy in the Ministry of Defence of Mozambique. Through her extensive work experience Anicia has developed skills in political, conflict, security and governance analysis, programme management, delivery of training, applied research and organisational building. Anícia holds an MSc in peace and development studies, from the University of Gothenburg, and has published articles in the fields of conflict resolution, democratisation, international security, post-conflict reconstruction, and security sector reform.
Antoine Hanin is an SSR Advisor at ISSAT. He works on Advisory Field Support mandates and Knowledge Services activities. His main focus is on Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of Security Sector Reform (SSR) projects, programmes and policies. He also supports ISSAT training activities related to design, monitoring and evaluation of SSR in post-conflict countries.
Prior to joining ISSAT, Antoine worked for a private consulting company in monitoring and evaluation. He was an evaluation expert on strategic level evaluations of development aid policies. He carried out several large scale evaluations for the European Commission (EC), the European Investment Bank, the UN and the World Bank. His last two major evaluations were on the EC support to conflict prevention & peace building and the EC support to justice & security sector reform worldwide over the period 2001-2010.
Antoine holds a B.Sc in Economics from the Université Catholique de Louvain and a Masters degree in International Relations and Conflict Management from the Katholieke Universiteit van Leuven in Belgium. He is fluent in French and English and has good knowledge of Spanish and Dutch. He has field experiences in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia, the Pacific and the Caribbean.
ISSAT Blog posts:
Bgen Bernard Bélondrade is a Senior SSR Advisor seconded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and is essentially in charge of strengthening the links between France and ISSAT, as far as SSR is concerned. He also devotes himself in putting his personal experience of gendarmerie policing at the disposal of ISSAT.
Bernard served 37 years in the French Gendarmerie; he ended his military career in the rank of Brigadier General as reserve advisor of the Gendarmerie Director. Throughout his career he was in charge of different field police responsibilities, along with the command of the South Indian Ocean Gendarmerie’ s forces in the Reunion. He also held several Staff Officer positions in Paris, in the General Direction of Gendarmerie, principally in the human resources field. His last post in the area was one of Training and Recruitment Sub-Director.
Bgen Bernard Bélondrade is also experienced in international affairs. As a Gendarmerie Attaché in the French Embassy in Buenos Aires, he was acting in parallel in Argentina and Chile. From the Reunion, Bernard was developing a technical and advisory relationship with the Malagasy Gendarmerie and the Mauritius National Police Force.
Eleanor Pavey is ISSAT’s Training Coordinator. Within ISSAT, she assists in the design and development of core training packages as well as SSR training material for multi-lateral organizations such as the UN. She is also responsible for developing a strategic plan to handover training packages to ISSAT members and to roll out ISSAT training in coordination with members of the Association for Security Sector Education and Training (ASSET).
Prior to joining ISSAT, Eleanor worked as a consultant at the Best Practices Section of the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations in New York. She has also worked with the Department of strategic affairs of the French Ministry of Defence and at the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) in Paris.
Eleanor holds a diplôme and an MA in political science from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques (Sciences-Po), Paris and a BA in international relations from the University of Colombo. She is currently completing her doctoral thesis at the department of international relations at Sciences-Po Paris. She has also studied at King’s College London and at Princeton University. She is the author of several articles on ethnic conflicts, nationalism and mediation.
Eleonora is a Project Assistant for the International Security Sector Advisory Team. Her role is to support ISSAT’s Performance, Logistics and Finance team. Her main tasks include the planning and organisation of ISSAT’s activities and mandates, the provision of logistical support for missions, as well as administrative and financial management support. She also provides support to thematic research on SSR and related issues, notably on gender issues.
Prior to joining ISSAT, Eleonora worked as Project Assistant for Merck's Access to Health Unit in Geneva. She also worked as a fund-raising volunteer for Emergency, an Italian NGO providing support to victims of war, landmines and poverty.
Eleonora holds a Master's degree in International Public Affairs from the LUISS School of Government in Rome, and a Master's degree in International Relations from the London School of Economics (LSE) and the School of Political Science at the University of Bologna. Eleonora is fluent in Italian, English and French.
Elizabeth is ISSAT’s performance management and reporting officer. She is responsible for developing and implementing the performance management plan to ensure that ISSAT is continually improving how it works. Additionally, she coordinates internal and external reporting, including the provision of updates to Governing Board members.
Before commencing with ISSAT, Elizabeth conducted research on Gender and Security as a Government Fellow at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. Before moving to Geneva, she was a Policy Officer with the Australian Department of Defence, where she worked in the Directorate of Operations and International Law and the Middle East Operations and South Asia teams within the International Policy Division. In these roles, she developed strategic policy, facilitated intra- and inter-governmental relationships, and managed large security sector reform projects. She also worked for the Carter Center on the South Sudanese Independence Referendum.
Elizabeth holds a Master of Public Policy (International Policy) and a Master of Diplomacy from the Australian National University. She also holds a Master of History and a Bachelor of History from Trinity College Dublin, and has qualified as a Barrister in Ireland through the Honorable Society of King’s Inns, Dublin.
Elsa Dazin is an SSR Advisor undertaking activities related to Advisory Field Support, training, gender mainstreaming, knowledge management and the development of operational tools in the area of SSR programme design, assessment and monitoring and evaluation.
Elsa comes from a gender mainstreaming, peacebuilding and conflict prevention background. Previously working as Gender Expert with UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, she was responsible for carrying out operational and strategic gender mainstreaming into the UN system’s crisis prevention programmatic portfolio. This included, strategy design and programme development, as well as, continuous capacity development of UN staff and local stakeholders. Elsa has also worked with UNDP’s Arab Regional Centre as a Research Analyst on issues relating to gender, nation-building, poverty-reduction. She was in charge of capacity development in those areas for UNDP country offices, in addition to backstopping the team leaders in the areas of communication and partnership building.
Previously, Elsa was a Chargée de Mission, with the French Ministry of Finance’s economic mission to Vietnam (ADETEF). Elsa speaks fluent French, Arabic and English. A graduate in Political and Administrative Sciences, Elsa has a Master's degree in Development Studies delivered by the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Bordeaux.
Eren is responsible for maintaining website content, preparing newsletters and managing ISSAT social media accounts while facilitating membership and discussions in the ISSAT Community of Practice. She conducts research on knowledge material as well as on country-specific and thematic issues and contributes to developing of advocacy material.
Before joining ISSAT, Eren has worked for UNESCO’s International Bureau of Education (IBE) in the Knowledge Production and Management department developing IBE publications and establishing partnerships for international cooperation. She has also worked as researcher and faculty member in the European Studies departments of Bogazici University and Bahcesehir University in Istanbul while conducting her doctoral studies on the westernisation and modernisation of Turkey. Her recent research focus has been on democratisation, civil military relations and Europeanisation in Southeast Europe. She has carried out a Jean Monnet teaching module within the 7th Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Commission in the area of Justice, Freedom and Security cooperation between the EU and Turkey.
Having a PhD in Political Science and International Relations from Bogazici University and a Master of Arts degree in European Studies from the Georg-August University of Göttingen, Eren is fluent in English, German, Turkish, Greek and has a good knowledge of French.
Guillaume Lacaille is a Senior SSR Advisor and the lead for Advisory Field Support in ISSAT. He has over 15 years’ experience working on security reform, peacebuilding and stabilisation mostly in conflict-affected countries in Africa. He has held various positions as field analyst, policy adviser and programme manager in EU and UN field missions, development agencies and a preeminent think-tank.
From mid-2014 to mid-2017, he was seconded by the UK Stabilisation Unit to EUCAP Sahel Mali as the Political Advisor of the Chief of Mission. Based in Bamako, he supported the reform of the Malian security forces and the implementation of the European security strategy in Sahel. From 2011 to mid-2014, he worked particularly on improving donor’s strategies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo as an independent expert for the UN, the World Bank, the Swiss and British governments. Among other assignments, he was seconded by the Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs to MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission, as a Stabilisation Adviser and he worked for DFID in Kinshasa as the Programme Manager of a £1,9m programme delivering political economy analyses and policy recommendations to the community of donors in Congo. From 2008 to 2010, Guillaume was the Senior Analyst for the DRC at International Crisis Group, based in Nairobi. He researched and authored several ICG reports covering a vast range of issues, including national politics and insurgencies in the Kivu. From 2005 to 2008, he served successively in the UN peacekeeping missions in Côte d’Ivoire (ONUCI) and in Congo (MONUC). With the later, Guillaume was based in Goma as the Political Officer of the DDRRR unit tasked with disarming and repatriating combatants of foreign armed groups.
Prior to working in Africa, Guillaume was the Political Attaché at the Embassy of Luxembourg in Washington during the 2005 Luxembourg presidency of the EU. He also completed an 18-month military service in France as a Second-Lieutenant in the Army. Guillaume holds a MA in Security Studies from the School of Foreign Services at Georgetown University and a Master in Business Economics from the University of Paris Dauphine. He is fluent in English and French.
Iman Simon provides support to ISSAT’s advocacy and communications activities. Her main tasks include assisting the development of ISSAT’s Community of Practice, assisting in the design of communications materials in English, French, and Arabic, undertaking background research on country-specific and thematic issues, as well as supporting ISSAT’s other services.
Prior to joining ISSAT, she worked as a Communications and Project Coordinator with the Future of Human Rights Forum, a Swiss-based NGO. She has also worked as a junior consultant on women’s affairs for the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe, in Lisbon, Portugal. Before this, Iman worked as an educator in Dheisheh, Bethlehem and Ramallah, Palestine, on an innovative Education Programme for young professional refugees, with The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
Iman holds a Master’s degree in Anthropology of Development from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), and a Bachelor’s degree in Arabic and French from University College London (UCL). In addition to English, French and Arabic, Iman speaks German, Spanish and Dhivehi.
Kai Schaefer is an SSR Officer at ISSAT. His main areas of focus are on training and capacity building, and as a member of ISSAT’s methodology cell he works on the development of tools and knowledge products for use in training as well as for wider consumption by security and justice practitioners.
Prior to joining ISSAT, Kai worked as researcher on EU-Africa relations in peace and security with a think tank and participated in various election observation missions with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the European Union (EU) in Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. He was a Programme Manager at the European Commission’s African Peace Facility (DG DEVCO) for institutional capacity building and mediation issues with the African Union and African Regional Economic Communities/Mechanisms. Previously, he held positions with the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) as Information Analyst in the Peacekeeping Situation Centre in New York, and as Political Affairs Officer in the United Nations Mission in the DRC (MONUC) in Kinshasa and Kampala.
Kai holds a Masters degree in Political Science from Freie Universität Berlin and also studied International Relations at Université Laval in Quebec. He is fluent in German, French and English and has good knowledge of Italian. Kai is a member of the board of EIRENE International.
ISSAT Blog posts:
Kurt is a leadership and professional development expert working extensively at the executive and operational levels within and across policing, justice and security sectors. Specialising in international leadership and training development, Kurt advises on the design, coordination and implementation of programmes supporting performance improvement and reform in enhancing citizen security.
Formerly head of the UK College of Policing's International Academy (Bramshill), Kurt was the national lead in researching and developing policing assistance programmes in support of the UK Government, EU, Sovereign States, Commonwealth and UN. Masters qualified in international security sector management at Cranfield University, Kurt has worked in supporting the Commonwealth, UK academic institutions and co-leading on the European policing Agency (CEPOL) Future Leaders programme and Middle East Counter-Terrorist curricula and strategy development.
Kurt helped establish the original pan-EU and Canadian Security Sector Reform Master Class for strategic policing advisors (now coordinated by ISSAT) and was the former UK voting member of the CEPOL Governing Board as well as being an inaugural member of Interpol’s International Training Advisory group. Previously, Kurt worked in management consultancy at Ashridge Business School and held a Commission in the UK Royal Marines.
Mirko Fernandez is an SSR Officer and a member of ISSAT’s Methodology Cell providing backstopping support to the Advisory Field Support (AFS) service line.
Mirko has an interdisciplinary background in human rights with diverse field experience in justice and security sector reform (JSSR); including monitoring and evaluation of SDC-funded police cooperation programmes, gender mainstreaming, capacity building, human rights/International Humanitarian Law fact-finding and forensic investigations of crimes against humanity, war crimes and feminicide.
Mirko holds an LLM in International Human Rights Law and specialises in the promotion and incorporation of rights-based approaches in JSSR. His past field JSSR experience includes working with COGINTA/PeaceNexus in Ecuador, OHCHR Colombia, OSCE Mission in Kosovo, UNFPA Maldives. Mirko has also several years of experience working on enforced disappearances/missing persons with NGOs in Guatemala and Colombia, and with the UN in Timor Leste (DPKO Peace Missions) and Bosnia & Herzegovina (ICTY and ICMP).
Mirko is also a certified member of the Justice Rapid Response (JRR) general roster and member of the UN Women-JRR SGBV Justice Experts Roster.
Oanh-mai provides support to ISSAT's Training and Capacity Development department. Her main tasks include data analysis, undertaking background research on country specific and thematic issues and assisting in drafting reports. She also contributes to synthesis of lessons and presentations as well as the development of e-learning courses.
Before working as a Research Assistant, Oanh-Mai worked for one year as an intern in the Training and Capacity Department. Prior to joining ISSAT, Oanh-Mai was a graduate student studying International History, focusing specifically on Gender and Security at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva. Her masters’ dissertation focused on diplomatic relations of South Korea and the United States within the context of militarized prostitution in South Korea. She additionally worked as a Creative and Social Media Officer for GovFaces prior to joining ISSAT.
After receiving her BA from San Diego State University in Political Science and History, she worked for as a primary school teacher in Vietnam for two year before pursuing her graduate degree. During her bachelors she worked as research assistant for the County of San Diego. Her archival research contributed to the publication of the Lifeguards of San Diego County. She additionally worked as a congressional intern for Senator Dianne Feinstein in her regional office.
Patrick Hagan is a Security and Justice Sector Reform Advisor and the Guidance Coordinator at ISSAT. His role is to contribute to ISSAT mandate activities as an SSR specialist with operational experience of police and military peacekeeping and reform missions, and to oversee and quality assure the production of ISSAT guidance products for the international community.
Prior to joining ISSAT Patrick worked as the evaluation advisor to the Australian Federal Police, developing and conducting monitoring and evaluation processes to assess police reform, development, and peacekeeping activities across the Asia-Pacific, the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. Prior to that role Patrick worked for the Australian Defence Force’s Defence Science and Technology Organisation on the assessment of counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan and peacebuilding operations in Timor-Leste and the Solomon Islands.
Patrick Holds a Phd in Social Psychology from the University of Western Australia, and a BA in Philosophy from Murdoch University.
Pedro Rosa Mendes is an SSR Officer at ISSAT, working mainly on Advisory Field Support and Knowledge mandates, and contributing as well to training products and activities. His focus is on methodology and new guidance in SSR. Pedro reported and researched for over two decades on human security issues, with an emphasis on conflict resources, war economies and transitional justice. His most recent publication is Business and Security Sector Reform: The Case for Corporate Security Responsibility (DCAF SSR Paper 13, November 2015).
Prior to joining ISSAT, Pedro consulted for different organisations, including ACEP, Deutsche Welle Akademie, EPLO, Global Witness and Medico International. He is also an award-winning author, with reportage, fiction and essays published in several languages.
Pedro Rosa Mendes holds a degree in law from the University of Coimbra, a master’s in history from the EHESS in Paris and a CAS in civilian peacebuilding from the University of Basel and Swisspeace. He is an associate researcher with the Centre for African, Asian and Latin American Studies/CeSA from the University of Lisbon.
Rodrigo Amorim is Designer and Web Developer at ISSAT / DCAF. His role is to contribute to the ISSAT Knowledge Services and Advocacy and Outreach initiatives in the design, production and development of information, promotional, interactive and multimedia products.
Prior to joining ISSAT, Rodrigo worked for several years in graphic and web design and production in agency, in-house and freelance roles for the commercial, non-profit and education sectors. He uses a mix of creative, marketing and technical skills to help clients translate business concepts into effective and engaging visual materials. His experience includes working as Information Officer for the Institute of Development Studies, as Design Manager ( brand management) for FIFA, and as Creative Director for a design agency, I-Imagine GmbH.
Rodrigo holds a Bachelor Degree in Journalism from the Federal University of Pernambuco, in Recife, Brazil. He also holds a Master of Arts in Interactive Media from the University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Valentin Wagee is a Project Assistant working with ISSAT’s Advisory Field Support Services. He is particularly involved in a project from the European Emergency Trust Fund for Africa related to the Sahel region, for which he is in charge of background research and overall support to field missions.
Valentin started at ISSAT as an intern for the Advocacy and Outreach services. Previously, he had worked in support to the military cooperation mission of the French Embassy in Tunis.
Valentin holds a Master’s Degree in Strategy, Intelligence and Risk Management from the Institute of Political Studies of Lille. Part of his coursework was spent in Athens, as a student first and then as part of the Diplomatic Chancery of the French Embassy and the Greek Council for Refugees, where he grew a strong interest for migration issues. Valentin is fluent in French and English, has good knowledge of German and Greek, and is currently learning dialectal Arabic.
Vanessa is Project and Finance Officer with ISSAT. She is responsible for the management of ISSAT's finances, for managing ISSAT’s finance and logistics team, and for the development and implementation of operational and financial procedures. Her role involves financial planning, accounts and budgets management and oversight, liaising with Governing Board Members on bilateral and multilateral funding agreements, and the development of procedures to ensure the transparency, sustainability, effectiveness and cost-efficiency of ISSAT’s activities. Vanessa also contributes regularly to the development of ISSAT's SSR training and advocacy material, notably in Spanish and French.
Vanessa holds a Master's degree in International Relations from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. Prior to joining ISSAT, Vanessa worked for the Operations 1 Division at DCAF. She also worked as a Programme Assistant for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR). Before this, she held a sales and marketing position in a multinational company. Vanessa is fluent in French, English, Spanish and Italian.
Nicole Ball is Senior Fellow at the Centre for International Policy (CIP). She is also a visiting senior research fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ('Clingendael Institute') in The Hague and a member of the Enough Project's Non-Resident Senior Fellows Program. Nicole has previously held positions at the Overseas Development Council, the National Security Archive in Washington, DC, the Swedish Institute for International Affairs in Stockholm and the University of Sussex in the UK. She has conducted research on a broad range of issues relating to security and development, including the economics of security; democratic governance of the security sector; disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; the international development community's role in assisting countries to recover from violent conflict and reform their security sectors. Her current work is focused on strengthening democratic security sector governance and on assessing the impact of funding mechanisms in fragile and conflict-affected states.
Marc served 35 years in the Canadian Forces, culminating in the top position of Commander of the Army with the rank of Lieutenant-General. In that position, at the strategic level of the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defense, he contributed to the achievements of these organizations during one of the most important periods in recent times of operational commitment and transformation.
Since his retirement he has served as international civil servant with the UN. His first appointment from May 2008 to November 2008 was as the principal adviser to the Special Representative to the Secretary General of the UN Mission in Congo MONUC on Security Sector Reform. From November 2009 to May 2011 he was the Deputy Head of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT). From May 2012 to February 2013 he was appointed by the Secretary general of the UN as the Adviser to President Alpha Condé of Guinea. Marc currently serves additionally as the Director of the Board of the Perley and Rideau Veterans's Health Center Foundation, whilst providing advisory capacity to ISSAT.
Marc holds an undergraduate degree in Political Science from the University of Ottawa, a Masters in Military Studies from the UK Royal Military College of Science and a Masters in Security Studies from the US Army War College. He has also attended both the Canadian Land Force Command and Staff College in Kingston in 1982 and the Canadian Forces Staff College in Toronto in 1984.
Eboe Hutchful is Professor of Africana Studies at Wayne State University, Detroit, USA, Director of African Security Dialogue and Research (ASDR) in Accra, Ghana, and Chair of the African Security Sector Network (ASSN).
Dr. Hutchful is a long-time researcher on civil-military relations, security sector reform, and international development and conflict issues. Among other works, he is the author of Ghana’s Adjustment Experience: The Paradox of Reform(James Currey, 2002), co-editor (with Wuyi Omitoogun) of Budgeting for the Military Sector in Africa: the Processes and Mechanisms of Control (Oxford University Press, 2006), and co-editor (with Abdoulaye Bathily) of The Military and Militarism in Africa (Codesria Books, 1998). He has taught at several other universities in Africa and North America, including the University of Toronto, the University of Port Harcourt, and the University of Ghana.
Dr. Hutchful is also a member of the International Advisory Board of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF); the Advisory Group of the Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform (GFN-SSR), the Advisory Group of the Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform (GFN-SSR); and the erstwhile International Policing Advisory Council (IPAC) of the UN.
General Lamine Cissé from Senegal has held a number of senior positions at the national and international level. He culminated his military career in the position of Chief of Defence Staff. This was followed by his appointment as Minister of Interior and a series of International appointments which included the post of Head of Mission for the UN mission in the Central African Republic and Head of the United Nations Office for Western Africa. More recently, he led an SSR assessment mission for ECOWAS in Guinea.
General Martin Agwai from Nigeria held a number of senior positions in National and international contexts. He culminated his very successful career in the position of Chief of Defence force of the Nigerian Armed Forces. In the international arena he was Deputy Military Adviser in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in UN headquarters. He has field experience as the Deputy force Commander in the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone and commanded the AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur.
Clare Short is a British politician, and a member of the Labour Party. She was the Member of Parliament for Birmingham Ladywood from 1983 to 2010; for most of this period she was a Labour Party MP, but she resigned as the party whip in 2006 and served the remainder of her term as an Independent. She stood down as a Member of Parliament at the 2010 general election.
After the 1997 UK general election the Overseas Development Administration was given full departmental status as the Department for International Development, with Ms Short as the first cabinet-level Secretary of State for International Development. She retained this post throughout the first term of the Labour government, and beyond the 2001 UK general election into the second. On 9 March 1999, she gave a speech entitled ‘Security Sector Reform and the Elimination of Poverty’. This talk marked the publication that day of DFID’s first policy statement on SSR.
Alexander Mayer-Rieckh is an expert in post-conflict public sector reform with a particular focus on integrity enhancement of personnel and structures, and with over fifteen years of work experience in countries emerging from conflict. He is a member of the AFTERCONFLICT GROUP and a member of the editorial board of the Security Sector Reform Monitor.
From 2003 to 2008, he was the Director of the Security Sector Reform Program at the International Center for Transitional Justice. Mr. Mayer-Rieckh was the Chief of the Human Rights Office of the UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina and worked for the United Nations in Geneva, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Eritrea, and Timor-Leste.
In 2003, he was the recipient of a fellowship at the Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame Law School, where he conducted research on vetting of public employees in transitional contexts.
Mr. Mayer-Rieckh obtained his B.A. in philosophy at the Hochschule für Philosophie in Munich, his M.Div. at the Weston School of Theology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and his Masters in Law at the Universities of Vienna and Salzburg.
An experienced SSR (Justice and Governance) advisor, Arezou has developed justice-sensitive SSR policies, and has field experience working on police reform and human rights, and in SSR assessments, M&E and training. She has extensive UN experience and in supporting the policing components of technical assessment missions. She has a PhD in Oriental Studies and a Masters in international Affairs. She speaks German, English, Persian, French and Portuguese.
Bill Morrell is an experienced police reform and governance specialist who has a proven record of working with government counterparts in challenging environments to introduce sensitive reforms to strengthen police institutions and improve coordination between key stakeholders. Following a distinguished police career in the UK that culminated as Chief Superintendent, he completed his executive policing career as Commissioner of Police for the Solomon Islands 2003 – 2005 during a period of on-going conflict.
Following this he has worked with four European Union police missions: In Sudan, he acted as Senior Police Adviser to the Head of African Union Mission for Darfur as part of AMIS 2; As Regional Commander in Bosnia’s Republic of Srpska for EUPM; in Afghanistan as EUPOL Head of Mentors, and as part of a crisis response team to EUBAM Rafah in Israel. Since the beginning of 2010 he has worked as an independent consultant with the South Sudan Police Service and with State Security Committees, principally based in Juba but with experience in other States.
He has recently completed an MSc in Security Sector Management with a dissertation focused on the integration of women police in post conflict states as a means of enhancing the concept of Human Security.
Dr. Björn Holmberg has more than 20 years of field and HQ experience on issues related to peace and human security from a theoretical and a “hands-on” perspective. He is presently Secretary General of Swedepeace Foundation (2009-), a non-profit and impartial foundation promoting peaceful conflict resolution and human security.
Dr. Holmberg has been Country Director for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) in Guatemala and Deputy Head of Mission at the Swedish Embassy in Guatemala (2006–2008). In Guatemala, he also served as President of the donor’s Group for Coordination of Development Cooperation (GCC/G-13). One of the achievements of this group was the Antigua II Accords that paved the way for international support to a national driven SSR process.
Previously at Sida, he served as Head of the Division for Peace and Security (2005-2006) and Advisor on Peace and Security (2001–2005). Dr. Holmberg was Vice Chair of the Network on Conflict, Peace and Development Cooperation (CPDC) of the OECD-DAC (2005–2006) and has been a member or chair of various CPCD task forces and working groups dealing with matters such as evaluation, security system reform (SSR), and armed violence reduction (AVR) (2001–2008).
Before working at Sida, Dr. Holmberg served as Head of the UN Secretariat’s Regional Small Arms Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean, stationed at UN-LiREC in Lima, Peru (1999–2001). Dr. Holmberg was a researcher and lecturer at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, Sweden, and was a Visiting Scholar on the causes of war at the Department of Political Science at Rutgers University, NJ, USA (1992–1998).
He holds a Ph.D. in Peace and Conflict Research from Uppsala University and was commissioned as an Officer in the Army Reserve at the Swedish Infantry’s Officer Academy in 1989. Dr. Holmberg has been published on different topics such as causes of war, conflict analysis, peacebuilding , peacekeeping, SSR, DDR, etc.
Security and Justice Sector Advisor currently working as an advisor in the area of monitoring and evaluation of SSR. She has over ten years experience in the conflict-development nexus working with a number of the main multilateral and bilateral agencies. Main areas of expertise include security sector reform (SSR), peace/state building, and stabilization, as well as political analysis and conflict assessment. Skilled in project management, policy and strategy development, and donor coordination.
Dennis Blease is currently a part-time doctoral candidate with Cranfield University undertaking research into NATO’s role in support of Security Sector Reform (SSR) engagements.
He served in the British Army for 36 years and retired in 2008. During his time in service he spent a total of 9 years working with NATO. As Commander of NATO’s mission in the Republic of Macedonia (2004-2005), he advised the Government on post-conflict reconstruction programmes and SSR, as well as Whole of Government Approaches to transformation. This role was expanded to the regional level when he was appointed NATO’s lead on SSR matters for the Western Balkans (2006-2008). He worked closely with the governments of the region, and as part of this latter work he undertook the part-time role of SSR Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for the Future Status of Kosovo (2006-2007).
On retirement from the British Army he worked part-time for Cranfield University and lectured on SSR and NATO at a number of universities and security institutes throughout Europe, as well as in Palestine and Ethiopia. He was the lead facilitator for the UK’s Stabilisation Unit training courses in London for 18 months (2009-2010) and he has also provided SSR support to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in Palestine (2009-2010).
He is now Managing Director of DBA SSR Consultants Ltd and a Senior Security & Justice Advisor for the UK's Stabilisation Unit.
Ms Hayek’s academic background is in Economics and Political Science with additional professional training in Conflict Analysis, Human Rights, Risk Management and Emergency Response. She holds an MSc in Political Theory from the London School of Economics and Political Science, UK as well as a MSc in Business Economics from Eni Corporate University, Milan, Italy. Among her academic interest are Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors and Transitional Justice.
She has over twenty years of operational and managerial experience working in conflict and post-conflict situations addressing key issues related to Democratic Governance development programmes (DDR, S&JSR, Transitional Justice, and Violence Prevention). Her field experience covers programme design, coordination, management and evaluation, effectively applying instruments derived from the Results Based Management System (RBMS), Human Rights Approach to Development (HRAD), DAC Evaluation Quality Standards and Paris/Accra Principles on Aid Effectiveness. Her experience dealing with institutional capacity-building programmes and projects in all phases of the peace process in Central America and Colombia, has provided her with a valuable overview as well as specific insights regarding the challenges in terms of aid effectiveness in conflict and post-conflict contexts.
She has performed advisory and peer-review roles for multidisciplinary research on political and criminal violence in transitional processes. She served eleven years at the UNDP and is familiar with UN’s programming methodologies as well as with other multilateral and bilateral development agencies procedures. Throughout her career she has demonstrated strong skills in developing and managing collaborative relationships, the ability to work in multi-disciplinary teams and facilitating community-involvement and consensus building processes.
Gordon Hughes is the Senior Associate Security Sector Reform (SSR) Adviser (Security) with ISSAT. Previously, in 2009, he was the Chief Adviser and Deputy Head of the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN). In 2008 he undertook a 6 month assignment as the UN's Senior SSR Adviser drawing up a "road map" to guide the UN's emerging approach to security sector development. This UN assignment involved field assessments in the DR Congo, Burundi and East Timor. Since 2006 Gordon has been involved with the Centre for Security Sector Management (CSSM) at Cranfield University, UK, where he is currently a senior associate.
Gordon is a former UK Army brigadier with extensive experience from Africa, including working as a UK Regional Conflict Adviser. His military appointments included Commander British Forces (including the International Military Advisory and Training Team (IMATT)) in Sierra Leone, and Commander BMATT South Africa, where he led initiatives within the security sector on integration and training. He has commanded troops up to brigade level and served on operations in Northern Ireland, Bosnia and Sierra Leone.
Specialist knowledge: strategic planning; conflict prevention; security sector development; post-conflict reconstruction; and training.
SSR experience: Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Burundi, DR Congo, Timor-Leste, Uganda and Nepal.
Gordon is a Graduate of the Royal College of Defence Studies in London. He is a member of the Cranfield University International Advisory Board for the MSc in Security Sector Management, and the International Working Group on National Security.
Ilona Szabo de Carvalho is the director of the Igarapé Institute and serves as the co-coordinator of the Global Commission on Drug Policy Secretariat and formerly on the secretariat of the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy. She acted as the civil society liaison with the Quakers UN Office (Geneva) to the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development between 2008 and 2011. In 2009 and 2010 Ilona designed and produced a short documentary film entitled Faces of Violence, and was also the co-script writer and researcher for the documentary Breaking the Taboo, on drug policy issues. Before starting the Igarape Institute, she coordinated the world’s largest disarmament campaign and a national referendum to ban the sale of handguns to Brazilian citizens together with Viva Rio. She earned a Master Degree in Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Uppsala in Sweden and is a Specialist in International Development, from the Oslo University.
Janine has worked as an independent consultant for twelve years, advising a variety of government and donor agencies on security sector reform and community safety strategies in Southern Africa and elsewhere. She has also conducted numerous evaluations of international programmes in the fields of security and justice. Before coming to ISSAT, she spent 4 years working on DFID programs to support security sector accountability, civil society mobilisation and police reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 2004-5 she managed a global research project on police accountability for the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, based in New Delhi, India.
After South Africa’s first democratic election in 1994, Janine was appointed as Advisor to the Minister of Safety and Security. Following the restructuring and demilitarisation of the South African Police Service, she was appointed Chief Director for Policy, where she oversaw aspects of the transformation of policing such as basic recruit training, labour relations and amalgamation of the eleven apartheid police forces into the new SA Police Service. In 1996 she led the interdepartmental process of developing South Africa’s first National Crime Prevention Strategy.
Subsequent to leaving the South African public service, Janine worked as a consultant for a variety of INGOs (ICTJ, Clingendael) and donors (DFID, DANIDA, UNDP, the European Commission, and the Open Society Foundation) on program designs and evaluations. Since 2007, she has worked mainly in DRC on police reform, citizen participation and security sector accountability.
Janine has degrees in Criminology from the University of Cape Town (South Africa) and from Cambridge University (UK). She has researched and published extensively on police reform and crime prevention in South Africa. Janine holds a part time post at the Centre for Defence and Security Management at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Lara is an associate justice advisor at ISSAT, providing advice and guidance in the area of security and justice sector reform. She undertakes missions in reform programme design, assessment and monitoring and evaluation, as well as facilitating training of the justice sector reform module in ISSAT’s many training courses. In addition, Lara provides valuable assistance in increasing the breadth and depth of tools and resources highlighting the interdependence of the security and justice sectors.
Lara Deramaix has extensive experience on justice reform and access to justice programs in conflict affected states. She worked for more than 12 years at Avocats Sans Frontières (ASF) where she designed, managed, monitored and evaluated programmes aiming at supporting the Rule of Law through Justice and Security Sector Reform. She coordinated programmes such as Mobile Courts(technical support to the judicial authority), Legal Clinics (setting- up of legal advice and referral system in partnership with local lawyers) and Capacity Building (judges and lawyers).
Ultimately in charge of identifying new contexts of intervention, she successfully launched new programmes for ASF in Chad, Tunisia, Morocco/Egypt and Asia (Myanmar). She previously practiced Law at the Brussels’ Bar Association, where she specialised in asylum procedures, immigration law, criminal law and human rights. She works in four languages and her field experience includes Burundi, Chad, DR Congo, East Timor, Israel/Palestine, Rwanda, Tunisia, Turkey and Zimbabwe.
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Dr Laurie Nathan is a Visiting Professor at Cranfield University and Senior Researcher at the University of Pretoria. Between 1992 and 2003 he was Executive Director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution at the University of Cape Town.
From 1994 to 2001 Laurie was a policy advisor to the Minister of Defence and the chairperson of the parliamentary defence committee in South Africa. He drafted the White Paper on Defence (1996), the Code of Conduct for the South African National Defence Force (1999) and the defence foreign policy of the Department of Defence (1999). He was a member of the departmental drafting committees responsible for the Defence Review (1998), the Military Discipline Supplementary Measures Act (1999), the White Paper on the South African Defence Related Industries (1999), the Defence Act (2002) and the Armaments Corporation of South Africa Act (2003). From 1995 to 2002 he served on the Civic Education Monitoring and Advisory Committee of the South African Department of Defence. In 2006 the Intelligence Minister appointed him to support the civic education programme for the South African intelligence services.
In 1994 Laurie was appointed by President Mandela to serve on the Cameron Commission of Inquiry into Arms Trade. In 1999-2000 he was an adviser to the Foreign Minister of Swaziland, who was then the Chair of the Inter-State Defence and Security Committee in Southern Africa. Laurie was the principal drafter of the SADC Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security Co-operation (2001).
In 2005 Laurie was an adviser to the Palestinian security services and the Ward Mission on the preparation of a Palestinian White Paper on Safety and Security. In 2006 he was a member of the African Union mediation team for Darfur. In 2006-8 he served on the Ministerial Review Commission on Intelligence, established by the South African Minister of Intelligence. In 2009 he was appointed to the UN Roster of SSR Experts.
Laurie has served on a number of academic editorial boards; the International Advisory Board of the Masters Programme in Security Sector Management, Cranfield University; the Carter Centre’s International Council for Conflict Resolution; the Advisory Committee of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch; the Expert Advisory Group of the UNDP Democratic Governance Practice Network; and the Critical Review Panel of the OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform, OECD, 2007.
Laurie is the author of No Ownership, No Commitment: A Guide to Local Ownership of Security Sector Reform , University of Birmingham, 2007.
Michael Johnson is an SSR Associate at ISSAT and before that was a Senior Fellow for Law and Missions in the Deputy Director’s Office of DCAF. He has extensive experience as a senior advisor, project director, and evaluation expert in rule of law reform, governance and development projects in the Asia-Pacific, South Asia, the Balkans, and East and South Africa for, among others, the Australian Government, UNDP, and the US Department of State. Most recently he served as a Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow at the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin researching the promulgation of standards governing professional competence for rule of law development professionals. From 2004-2006, Mr. Johnson was the chief project manager and International Registrar for the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where he managed the establishment of the first sustainable national level War Crimes Chamber in Bosnia and Herzegovina under international standards of fair trial and due process of law. Mr. Johnson was appointed the Chief of Prosecution for the United Nations, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 2001 and concurrently, the Acting Deputy Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in 2002.
Prior to entering international practice Mr. Johnson was an elected state prosecutor in the United States from 1982 to 2001 and a member of the House of Delegates of the American Bar Association, Chair of the National Criminal Justice Standards review process, and an officer on the ABA Criminal Justice Council. He has been active on the boards of numerous professional and non-profit organizations, nationally and internationally, for over three decades. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Texas, at Austin, and a Jurist Doctorate from Catholic University, Columbus School of Law, in Washington, D.C.
Natacha Meden has been working on and in countries emerging from conflict for over fifteen years. Her work has focused on supporting end of conflict negotiations and the implementation of peace agreements, dealing with representatives of government, 'rebel' or 'resistance' groups and other forces. While serving on the Secretariat of the World Bank administered Multi-country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (Africa – Great Lakes), she was involved in the design, implementation and monitoring of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration programs. As United Nations SSR Officer, she was called upon to provide technical inputs to cease-fire agreement negotiations (Burundi) and advise on governance aspects of security institutions reform and development (Burundi, Timor-Leste, Guinea-Bissau). She also contributed to the policy dialogue on donor support to SSR in countries emerging from conflict. Natacha supported early reconstruction efforts as a member of the World Bank Resident Mission in Timor-Leste during the post-consultation transition to full independence. Her field work led her to develop an acute sense of the difficulties associated with the restructuring, reform and/or development of security institutions in conflict-affected environments.
Natacha has graduate degrees from University Paul Valery, Montpellier, France. She speaks French, English, and Portuguese fluently, and some Indonesian.
Oren Ipp is an international development professional with more than ten years’ experience in democratic governance. His expertise is in fragile and post-conflict governance, with a regional focus on Afghanistan and South Asia. Oren has worked in the areas of security sector reform, political party development, election support, legislative strengthening, and civil society capacity building. Within these functional areas, Oren’s primary focus has been on programme design, management and monitoring and evaluation.
Oren is currently an adjunct assistant professor at New York University (NYU) as well as a consultant for a number of organizations, including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, and the consulting firm Development Transformations. Recent projects have concentrated on international support for post-conflict political settlements, the role of development assistance in counterinsurgency efforts and political party development. During 2006-2008, Oren was based in Kabul, Afghanistan, where he directed the national and sub-national legislative programs of the National Democratic Institute (NDI).
Among Oren's publications is the chapter “Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector in Afghanistan” in the forthcoming volume "Deconstructing Afghanistan's Security Sector.” Oren holds a Master’s degree in International Policy Studies from Stanford University.
Pascale Vander Espt is a lawyer with expertise in justice reform issues and international human rights law. She has worked in the human rights and justice departments of several UN peace-keeping missions (Angola, East-Timor) and has assisted in establishing the UN Human Rights Office in Angola. She also worked for several NGOs, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Cambodia and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in Malawi.
More recently, she has worked for EuropeAid, the Cooperation Office of the European Commission (2004- 2010), where she was in charge of the quality of operations and the provision of thematic support to EU Delegations abroad in the design and formulation of programmes in the justice sector, both in ACP countries and Latin-America. She is now using this expertise as an independent consultant.
Pascale Vander Espt is also an attorney-at-law, specialised in immigration and asylum cases. She holds a bachelor in law and a master’s degree in development studies.
Piet Biesheuvel is an SSR Associate who regularly works with ISSAT. He has a wide range of developmental experience in the governance, justice and security sectors, especially in sub-Sahara Africa where he operated in the field for over sixteen years. He has managed long-term Safety Security and Access to Justice (SSAJ) programmes in Uganda and Malawi and was the British Government’s Policing & Security Adviser in South Africa between 1996 and 2001. Between 2004 and 2007 he was the policing and justice adviser in the UK Government’s Security Sector Reform Development Advisory Team.
He has advised on, designed, implemented or reviewed security and justice sector reform programmes throughout sub-Sahara Africa, as well as in North Africa and the Middle East, the Balkans, Central and Latin America, the Caribbean and South Asia. He has conducted a number of sector-wide reviews for the British Government. He has provided governance, security & justice policy support to the UK and Dutch Governments, specialising on the governance, accountability and oversight of the security and justice sectors. Between 2008 and 2009 he was the UK’s Security and Justice lead adviser in Helmand, Afghanistan.
Piet has worked worldwide on security and justice development for over 25 years and is a regular speaker on these issues.
Dr. Robert Muggah is a specialist in security and development and oversees research at the Igarapé Institute. He is also affiliated with the International Relations faculty of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro as well as the Center for Conflict, Development and Peace at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, in Switzerland. Robert Muggah has extensive experience overseeing large-scale research projects in more than 50 countries and has worked closely with dozens of multilateral and bilateral agencies on humanitarian action, development assistance, stability, security and defense policy. He also oversees a range of projects with universities in Canada, Switzerland, the UK and the US on urban violence, urban resilience, organized crime and cyberwarfare.
In addition to serving as a principal of The SecDev Group, Robert Muggah also oversees the Journal of Stability and sits on the boards of several international journals and organizations. Prior to joining Igarapé, he was the research director of the Small Arms Survey (2000-2011). He has authored five books and hundreds of chapters, journal articles, reports and media editorials. He earned a doctorate from the University of Oxford and an MPhil from IDS at Sussex University.
Dr Sami Faltas is the former Director of Centre for European Security Studies (www.cess.org) (CESS) and is currently teaching at the University of Groningen at the department of International Relations. He is still associated with CESS as Research Fellow. Originally from Egypt, he grew up in the Netherlands and worked in Germany for several years before coming to CESS. Trained as a political scientist, he holds a doctorate in economics and published widely on international affairs, disarmament and security.
Today, he develops and delivers training programmes, training for trainers, and simulation exercises on Security Sector Reform and governance. Among his clients are OECD DAC, the European Commission, the External Action Service of the EU, NATO, the governments of Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, and NGOs working on security and development.
His interests include SSR, democratic governance in the security sector, post-conflict peacebuilding, the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration of combatants (DDR) and transitional justice. As a trainer, Sami Faltas works with colleagues from institutes such as CESS, ISSAT, DCAF, BICC, Clingendael, the Folke Bernadotte Academy, the Netherlands Defence College, the UK Defence Academy, the OSCE, RACVIAC, UNDP, as well as independent experts. He teaches in English, French, German and Dutch. He is particularly active in Georgia, Moldova, Turkey, the Balkans and Western Europe, but also works in Central Asia, Africa and the Middle East.