ISSAT's resource library is an-up-to-date collection of security and justice reform materials in text, audio, and video formats. Material is provided by ISSAT and CoP members.
By Defence Transformation (DT), we mean major and long lasting changes to the structure, functioning and ethos of the defence sector of a country. DT is therefore more extensive than simple incremental improvement to a country’s defence sector, such as happens all over the world. It also typically occurs after a major political conflict or crisis, usually involving violence, and often on a large scale. DT is thus more ambitious than the reorganisation of defence sectors following peaceful transitions, such as those in Eastern Europe after 1989. DT should be viewed as a component of a whole security and justice transformation process.
A security and justice reform (SSR) process will at times lead to a discussion on the need to change the roles and responsibilities of different actors and institutions involved in the provision, management or oversight of security and justice services. Such changes may result in ‘training gaps’ or new training needs or demand for new training programmes. In this context, a undertaking a Training Needs Analysis (TNA) will contribute to the SSR planning process, help identify training needs and support a structured reform of the security and justice sector.
This note provides guidance on the procedure for conducting an analysis of security and justice training needs. While it does not focus on any particular security or justice actor, or oversight actors, this note highlights the political risks and technical difficulties involved in a TNA in a SSR setting.
This is the first OGN in the assessment series. It covers issues to be taken into account when first receiving a request to assist with a security and justice assessment. It provides an overview of the main steps that you should consider in order to ensure that you have as clear a picture as possible of what is required in order to start planning, as well as gathering initial information. It assumes that the request has come from a donor, but that the national partners will be brought into the process as soon as possible, in line with commitments under the Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action.
Advisors have become an integral and important part of the diplomatic, development and security landscape that is put in place by bilateral and multilateral donors in developing and conflict-affected countries. There are many different types of advisors. These include:
political advisors; development advisors specialising in many disciplines from governance through education and health to conflict prevention; security and justice advisors, encompassing national security, defence, security sector transformation and justice sector reform. Some focus in highly technical fields such as human resources or direct budget support. Others, depending on their responsibilities and levels of advice, are designated “strategic”, “senior” or “special” advisors. Although the organisational and security-development contexts within which advisors work may vary, there are a number of common and unique qualities, attributes and characteristics that set them apart from their counterparts working in political, diplomatic, development or security staff appointments. Like any professional a good advisor also needs good advice and guidance.
This is the fourth OGN in the assessment series. It covers the process of finalising and integrating the recommendations of the assessment and serves to a) provide the link between the assessment and subsequent justice and security donor support activities, and b) ensure that the lessons learned during the assessment process can be used constructively in the future. If the assessment is to determine a support programme, then this OGN should be read in conjunction with the ISSAT OGN series on Programme Design.
Public outreach and dialogue on a grassroots level have been high priorities throughout the development of the Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR). The campaign included widely publicized press conferences and debates, and the dissemination of publications to raise awareness of security issues as well as of the actual ISSR process and the role the population could play. Public input was then collected through public opinion surveys, comment boxes and questionnaires.
A key component here was the innovative approach of a “Have Your Say” bus, which travelled throughout Kosovo in urban and rural zones gathering information on threats. This carefully planned and targeted approach resulted in confidence building among the general population and facilitated the sharing of fears and expectations with the project team. Contrary to what was expected, the main threats identified by the population related to employment and the economy, rather than ethnic tensions or external dangers. This finding was integrated into the Review, which today is still considered one of the key reference documents for security issues in Kosovo.
In Sierra Leone, a decision was made to link efforts to develop national security policy to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). The national security sector review, which was designed to serve as the basis for national security policy, was therefore merged with a central strategic pillar of the PRSP on “promotion of good governance, security and peacebuilding”. The rationale for formally linking the two processes was based on national recognition that security is essential for economic development, and on the need to support connections between broader social and economic policies. It was also intended to align government priorities in a way that would streamline resources. This innovative approach faced several challenges; for example, concerns were voiced by some members of government about a “securitization” of the development agenda, particularly with regard to the high costs envisioned for the security package within the PRSP. Despite the challenges, Sierra Leone’s PRSP became the first national document to explicitly acknowledge linkages between security and economic development. In practice, it is also said to
have enhanced the coherence and coordination of SSR support on the part of international donors, by providing a clear framework with which they were able to align themselves.
Source: (Garrasi, Kuttner and Wam, 2009).
In Timor-Leste, the government’s intention was first to develop a national security policy, which would subsequently guide the development of national security legislation. However, following the 2006 security crisis, swift development of the legislation became a priority, so that the roles and responsibilities of the police and defence forces could be more clearly delineated. Legislation and policy thus advanced in parallel: the national security law would be led by the Office of the Prime Minister and Secretary of State for Defence, while national security policy would continue to be developed under the auspices of the Office
of the President and the Secretary of State for Security. In order to ensure links between the two processes, each of the institutions would comment in parallel on the draft law and draft policy. In practice this approach proved challenging; there were limited national resources to lead both processes, and equally limited international resources to support the national effort. Finally, further delays in the policy-making process resulted in the national security law being adopted prior to the national security policy. As a result there was difficulty aligning policy with law, despite the fact that the law did not undergo the same broad consultative process as national security policy. After considerable national effort, law and policy were finally aligned, with a focus on supporting an integrated security sector.
In Liberia, it was decided that the Governance Commission (GC) would lead in the development of national security strategy. The GC, which had been created by the Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement to promote good governance in the Liberian public sector, resolved to ensure a consultative approach to the development of the strategy. However, this approach was resisted by numerous representatives of government ministries, who feared that including civilians in discussions on national security would
amount to compromising that security.
The leadership provided by the GC was vital in overcoming this challenge. In particular, an effective approach was the South-South dialogue the GC supported, which brought together experts from other countries in the region to share their experiences with similar processes.
This approach proved extremely useful in alleviating fears of undertaking broad national public consultations. The consultation
process then took place across the country and involved traditional chiefs, women, civil society, local authorities, youth and local officials from the United Nations Mission in Liberia. The consultation identified local perceptions of national security threats, which included poverty, unemployment, crime, ethnic tensions and regional insecurity. These concerns were in turn reflected in the national security strategy and resulted in recognition of the need for a wider range of government ministries to support national security provision.
In the Central African Republic, the committee in charge of organizing the “National SSR Seminar” – the Comité Préparatoire
– was supported by UNDP. The Comité
was in charge of research and document preparation, including gathering lessons from the threat assessment and supporting the information and awareness-raising campaign via consultation meetings in Bangui and five provinces. The Comité
was also responsible for practical and logistical arrangements for the seminar. As the Comité
undertook this intensive work, two main challenges emerged. First, staff members were only partially detached from their ministries or civil society organizations. This resulted in a prioritization of their other duties rather than the short-term mission they had been asked to complete within the Comité
Second, a number of the members were very senior – often former ministers – and were therefore reluctant to undertake the large number of (even basic) tasks required by the Comité ’s mandate. UNDP and other international experts assisted the Government in overcoming these challenges: in highlighting the importance of the work of the Comité to high-level political actors, they garnered support for secondments of staff to the Comité .
UNDP also provided training and seconded secretarial staff to the Comité to increase the body’s administrative capacity. The provision of advice and sensitization on the need to carefully consider the membership of such committees paid off when the Secrétariat Technique Permanent (that replaced the Comité Préparatoire following the National SSR Seminar) was assigned full-time staff for its mandate, thus enabling it to fully support implementation of the security sector reform activities agreed at the Seminar.
Le présent module de ‘’Notions fondamentales’’ de droit répond au besoin des agents de l’ordre judiciaire de mieux connaître les notions juridiques de base qui leur permettront de communiquer aisément avec les usagers des services de la justice. Ainsi, les AOJ devraient avoir une formation de base sur les notions fondamentales de droit et de la procédure pour accomplir valablement leur rôle.
Produit avec l’appui technique et financier du Programme d’appui à la bonne gouvernance « Gutwara Neza » de l’Union Européenne et la Coopération technique Belge, le présent module rappelle les tâches confiées aux agents de l’ordre judiciaire. Il reprend les généralités, les fonctions d’un agent de l’ordre judiciaire en matière civile et pénale ainsi qu’en matière d’exécution des jugements. En outre, ledit module constitue un point d’introduction à la formation des agents de l’ordre judiciaire sur plusieurs autres modules relatifs à la Gestion administrative et judiciaire, à la déontologie et les relations publiques.
Produit avec l’appui technique et financier du Programme d’appui à la bonne gouvernance « Gutwara Neza » de l’Union Européenne et la Coopération technique Belge, le module traite des principales fonctions d’un agent de l’ordre judiciaire, de son rôle dans les phases pré juridictionnelle et juridictionnelle, et de ses fonctions en matière d’exécution de jugements.
A Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform seeks to encourage and empower women to take part in shaping and transforming the security sector in their communities and countries.
The Women’s Guide provides both information on the security sector and tools for action. It draws on the rich and varied experiences of women in civil society from across the world and shares examples of practical, and sometimes innovative, ways to influence reform from the grassroots.
The Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform includes three sections:
Introduces key concepts in security, explaining SSR, and discusses why women’s contributions in civil society are vital to transforming the security sector.
Outlines concrete ways in which women’s organisations can engage and influence reform: how to research security issues, form coalitions, plan strategically, develop recommendations, advocate and engage directly.
Presents an array of practical activities and tools for women’s organisations to take action, including activities to identify local security needs, sample letters to security officials, talking points for meetings with policymakers and media and definitions of security jargon.
The annual Christmas lecture to the Royal United Services Institute by General Sir David Richards GCB CBE DSO ADC Gen, Chief of the Defence Staff, UK Ministry of Defence.
This 2012 lecture elaborates on how the new Joint Forces Command and the changes in the armed forces as a result of the 2010 National Security Strategy (NSS) and the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) will need to adapt to contingency operations and to more steady-state defence engagement as a means of conflict prevention, especially after the withdrawal of combat troops from Afghanistan in 2014. This will include military contributions to Security Sector Reform as part of the joint Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO)/Ministry of Defence (MOD) Defence Engagement Strategy.
Read the transcript at http://www.rusi.org/cdslectures
The Delivery of Justice Project is an initiative of the consortium Oxfam Novib, TISCO of Tilburg University and local legal aid organisations in Cambodia, Eg...
(Juba, March 7, 2013) -- The government of South Sudan should increase efforts to protect girls from child marriage. The country's widespread child marriage ...
Dr. Alan Stolberg, Henry L. Stimson Chair of Military Studies Associate Professor of National Security Studies and Director, National Security Policy Program US Army War College, discusses the challenges of Making National Security Policy in the 21st Century.
This panel discussion on October 25th brought together senior officials from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Côte d'Ivoire to share their experiences as their governments continue to work, with international support, toward re-establishing the rule of law. The event was moderated by IPI Senior Adviser for External Relations, Warren Hoge.
Moderator: Dr. Michal Mlynár, Ambassador of Slovakia with residence in Nairobi and Chair of the ISSAT Governing Board
Ambassador Sahle-Work Zewde, Director General of the UN Office at Nairobi (UNON) (TBC)
Ambassador Nancy Kirui, CBS, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of State for Defence, Kenya
Moderator: Mr. Gabriel Negatu, Regional Director for the East Africa Resource Centre, African Development Bank (AfDB)
Dr. Julius T. Rotich, Deputy Secretary General (Political Federation), East African Community (EAC)
Mr. David W. Njoka,Director of Political Affairs, Ministry for the East African Community (EAC)-Kenya
Commander Abebe Muluneh Beyene, Head, IGAD Security Sector Program (ISSP)
Dr. Medhane Tadesse Gebresilassie, African Security Sector Network’s Senior SSR Adviser to the African Union
Moderator: Dr. Mark Downes, Head of DCAF’s International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT)
Mr. Joel Hellman, Director, Global Center on Conflict, Security and Development, the World Bank
Mr. Aeneas Chuma, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative for Kenya
Professor Eboe Hutchful, Chair of the African Security Sector Network (ASSN)
Dr. Serge Rumin, Director of the Security Sector Development Programme, Memorandum of Understanding Burundi-Netherlands
Moderator: Professor Eboe Hutchful, Chair of the African Security Sector Network (ASSN)
Ambassador Antoine Ntamobwa, Director General for North American Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Burundi
Dr. Norman Mlambo, SSR Focal Point, African Union
Brigadier Kellie Conteh, UNMISS Advisor to the Minister of National Security, South Sudan
Moderator: Ambassador Augustine Mahiga, UN SRSG for Somalia and Head of UN Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS)
Colonel Mohammed Jama, Strategic Military Adviser to the Somali Chief of Defence Staff
Hon. Hussein Arab Isse, former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence and Member of the Federal Parliament of Somalia
Ms. Hanan Ibrahim, Director of the African Initiative for African Women
Brigadier General Abdihakim Dahir Sa’id, Deputy Police Commissioner, Somalia
Les propositions dans cet article en vue de l’élaboration d’une Stratégie Nationale d’aide légale ont pour vocation d’aider à traduire dans la réalité la volonté politique exprimée par le gouvernement burundais de renforcer les politiques publiques qui garantissent l’accès à la justice des personnes vulnérables.
Afin de lire cette publication, veuillez suivre ce lien.
La notion de « Réforme des Systèmes de Sécurité » (RSS) s’est développée et diffusée depuis la fin des années 90 et s’est imposée comme l’une des activités vouées à prévenir les conflits et consolider la paix dans les États en proie à l’instabilité. Cette diffusion des politiques et des pratiques de RSS a donné lieu ces dernières années à des efforts d’élaboration de stratégies globales et de principes directeurs, parmi lesquels notamment les manuels du Comité d’Aide au Développement (CAD) de l’OCDE ou les papiers de positionnement de l’Union Européenne et de l’ONU.
Réforme politique par essence, la RSS a pour effet de modifier les équilibres existant entre les acteurs du système de sécurité. Le système de sécurité et sa réforme sont en effet au cœur de la souveraineté des États et de leurs peuples. Ils touchent aussi bien à des fonctions régaliennes qu’aux droits les plus élémentaires des populations. L’approche globale qui prévaut en matière de RSS a notamment pour conséquence d’exiger une coopération et une coordination étroites à la fois entre les différents acteurs qui composent les systèmes de sécurité nationaux et entre les partenaires de la communauté internationale qui cherchent à appuyer leurs efforts de réforme.
L’expertise francophone en matière de RSS est encore insuffisante. Il est aujourd’hui urgent de d’approfondir et de capitaliser les expériences, en vue de faire du monde francophone un espace de gouvernance démocratique des systèmes de sécurité. Les dispositions adoptées par la Francophonie à la faveur des Déclarations de Bamako et de Saint-Boniface, complétées par celle de la Déclaration de Québec, offrent un cadre pertinent pour encadrer les éventuelles interventions de l’OIF en matière d’appui a la reforme des systèmes de sécurité.
Les réseaux institutionnels de la Francophonie, particulièrement les réseaux à vocation judicaire peuvent apporter une contribution majeure à cet immense chantier, dont les derniers coups de force survenus dans un certain nombre d’États francophones, notamment africains, démontrent non seulement l’importance mais aussi l’urgence.
Afin de lire cette publication, veuillez suivre ce lien.
L’étude a pour objectif de faire avancer la réflexion sur le développement du secteur de l’aide légale, qui regroupe les activités d’aide juridique et d’assistance judiciaire et sur l’instauration d’un cadre légal et judiciaire de l’aide légale pour les personnes vulnérables au Burundi.
Afin de lire cette publication, veuillez suivre ce lien.
This report discusses ways to measure the success of stabilization and reconstruction efforts in failed states and war-torn societies objectively. The author stresses the need to establish clear and well-integrated goals that are based on an accurate baseline assessment of the conflict and are directly linked to strategic planning. The report provides a rudimentary framework for the development of a comprehensive metrics system for stabilization and reconstruction.
To view this article, please follow this link.
This paper is a summary of the discussions which took place at the roundtable event on 'Rebuilding Yemen: Roadmap for a National Dialogue’ held at Chatham House on 14 March 2012. The meeting brought together key Yemen Forum stakeholders, including academics, journalists, private-sector representatives, NGOs and members of the UK-based Yemeni diaspora. The discussion addressed two of the major challenges Yemen currently faces: the ‘Southern question’; and developing a ‘national dialogue’ process as stipulated by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) agreement.
Click here to see the pdf at Chatham House:
Moving beyond the limited focus of the individual strategic theorist or the great military leader, The Making of Strategy concentrates instead on the processes by which rulers and states have formed strategy. Seventeen case studies--from the fifth century B.C. to the present--analyze through a common framework how strategists have sought to implement a coherent course of action against their adversaries. This fascinating book considers the impact of such complexities as the geographic, political, economic and technical forces that have driven the transformation of strategy since the beginning of civilization and seem likely to alter the making of strategy in the future.
This is the first comprehensive study based on a detailed textual analysis of the classical works on war by Clausewitz, Sun Tzu, Mao Tse-tung, and to a lesser extent, Jomini and Machiavelli. Brushing stereotypes aside, the author takes a fresh look at what these strategic thinkers actually said—not what they are widely believed to have said. He finds that despite their apparent differences in terms of time, place, cultural background, and level of material/technological development, all had much more in common than previously supposed. In fact, the central conclusion of this book is that the logic of waging war and of strategic thinking is as universal and timeless as human nature itself. This third, revised and expanded edition includes five new chapters and some new charts and diagrams.
In this widely acclaimed work, now revised and expanded, Luttwak unveils the peculiar logic of strategy level by level, from grand strategy down to combat tactics. He explores examples from ancient Rome to present day to reveal the ultimate logic of military failure and success, of war and peace. 5 tables.
A handbook for assessing police performance in countries undergoing democratic transition has been published by the Johannesburg-based Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, in association with the Open Society Foundation of South Africa and the Open Society Justice Initiative.
The Police That We Want: A Handbook for Oversight of the Police in South Africa , by David Bruce and Rachel Neild, offers an outline of "democratic policing"—the behavior and techniques appropriate to police in a democratic setting. The book includes a set of indicators designed to assess democratic policing in order to encourage transparent and objective evaluation of the priorities and progress of police reform.
Written primarily for South Africa, the handbook follows international practices in policing and police oversight and can be adapted for use in other countries by all those supporting and overseeing police reforms. The indicators are applicable even where local police use different structures, systems, or operational strategies.
'The Police That We Want' identifies five areas of democratic policing and provides key measures for evaluating performance in each area. The five areas are the protection of democratic political life; police governance, accountability, and transparency; service delivery for safety, justice, and security; proper police conduct; and the police as citizens.
This document outlines comparative resource material on security, defense and interior parliamentary committees. The material is divided according to: established democracies, near and middle-eastern democracies, and post-conflict democracies. The "established democracies" category has quite a few committee Terms of Reference, including from the US, the UK, Switzerland, Australia and France; Also included are some rules of procedure, some of which outline more generally what committees do and how they function. Providing the broader context is generally very useful for an establishing parliament. The near and middle-eastern section sought to draw on Arab parliaments. Many of these countries do not have security-related committees, because oversight, particularly of the security sector, is not always sanctioned; some parliaments simply don't have websites; and a number are only in Arabic. Nevertheless, there are a few that are available, including from Turkey and Iraq.
There are also a few examples from post-conflict countries, given the sensitivities to security in such transitions. Here there is quite a bit, particularly from the Balkans. Also included are some secondary sources and case studies. A section on the "Role of Parliaments in Overseeing the Security Sector," is a collection of secondary sources that are very relevant to security-related committees. These include materials from DCAF, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), UNDP and a couple of others. There are some good case studies from Palestine and Iraq, among others. There is a book chapter about parliamentary oversight of the security sector in Afghanistan (DCAF publication), which has a focus on committees as well as a more general description of how parliaments can exercise oversight of the security sector.
The IPU is a particularly useful website with a comparative database of parliaments around the world and a webpage where parliamentary websites from around the world are made easily accessible on one page. IPU' PARLINE database contains information on the structure and working methods of 266 parliamentary chambers in all of the 189 countries that have a parliament.
The SSR Newsletter provides an update on recent activities of the UNDPKO's SSR Unit, gives an overview of upcoming initiatives and shares relevant information and announcements with the greater SSR community.
In this issue:
Cette nouvelle publication « Zoom sur la RSS » arrive à son heure pour servir non seulement de source d’informations et de
partage de connaissances, mais aussi de plateforme d’échanges au bénéfice de toutes les parties prenantes à la RSS, qu’elles soient nationales ou internationales.
This is the first edition of FORTES Informa, the bimestrial newsletter of the Rule of Law and Security Programme/RoLS (FORTES, from the acronym in Portuguese), a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) initiative in Guinea-Bissau.
Cette nouvelle publication « Zoom sur la RSS » arrive à son heure pour servir non seulement de source d’informations et de
partage de connaissances, mais aussi de plateforme d’échanges au bénéfice de toutes les parties prenantes à la RSS, qu’elles soient nationales ou internationales. Ce numéro contient un article qui discute les phases prochaines après l'élaboration de la stratégie nationale de sécurité ainsi que des informations fort utiles sur les activités de l’ONUCI et de ses partenaires.
Management approach that systematically follows the cycle of planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating the intervention.
Ways in which international humanitarian and development assistance given in conflict settings may be provided so that, rather than exacerbating and worsening the conflict, it helps local people disengage from fighting and develop systems for settling the problems which prompt conflict within their societies (CDA, 2004; OECD 2010d).
The extent to which data collection strategies and instruments measure what they purport to measure (OECD, 2002). “External validity” refers to the extent to which findings or conclusions from one evaluation/context are applicable and valid in another.
An evaluation that tracks the anticipated sequence of linkages from inputs and activities to outcomes and impacts (Weiss, 1995).
Statebuilding is a term used to describe the construction of a legitimate, functioning state. The OECD/DAC has defined statebuilding as an internal process to enhance capacity, institutions and legitimacy of the state, driven by state-society relations (OECD, 2008a).
The next International Summer Academy on Peacebuilding & Intercultural Dialogue by Institute for Peace and Dialogue, IPD will take place in Vienna, Austria during the 1-11 September.
The main goal of the summer academy is to support institutional academic peace education and strengthen peace-building skills and intercultural dialogue of international society.
Contact Person for sending application documents
Director of IPD
Institute for Peace & Dialogue, IPD
Address: Apostelgasse 17/20, Wien, Austria
Tel.: +43 6604947601
The International Centre for Parliamentary Studies is proud to announce that the Professional Certificate in International Security will take place from 11th - 15th November 2013 in London, UK.
International security is a key concern for all states given that local criminality, transnational criminal organisations and terrorists flourish where there is weak rule of law, a lack of adequate border control, entrenched corruption and poorly trained officials. The combination is extremely difficult to tackle in states with limited resources and as a result, individual states and international organisations each have a crucial role to play in ensuring citizens' safety and well being.
Past participants have benefited greatly from this high-level programmeand are now able to better recognise the contexts in which destabilising conditions can arise and to determine practical, implementable ways of tackling these problems before they cause social and economic crises or regional friction.
This certificate is accredited by the Chartered Management Institute, the leading body that awards internationally recognised management and leadership qualification.
For further information please visit the website.
Until 24th July 2013 there is an early registration rate of £2450 (registration after 24th July is £2950). If you wish to attend this certificated programme please register online now or contact us on +44 (0) 20 3137 8640 to secure your delegate place(s).
|1||Inside the International Criminal Court:The Court||The history of the ICC and how it came into being Play now Inside the International Criminal Court:The Court|
|2||Inside the International Criminal Court :The Offices||An in depth look at each of the 4 departments of the ICC: the presidency, the judicial divisions the office of the prosecutor and the registry. Play now Inside the International Criminal Court :The Offices|
|3||Inside the International Criminal Court: The Barristers||QCs and barristers talking about their job prosecuting or defending at the ICC Play now Inside the International Criminal Court: The Barristers|
|4||Inside the International Criminal Court: Thomas Lubanga case study||Tackling the case of Thomas Lubanga from the Congo Play now Inside the International Criminal Court: Thomas Lubanga case study|
|5||Inside the International Criminal Court: Saif al-Islam Gaddafi case study||Looks at the case of Saif al islam Gaddafi Play now|
Master of Science (MSc) Leadership and Development is covered over one year for full-time study and over two years for part-time study. This programme enables students to develop and demonstrate knowledge, understanding and skills in the following:
The programme explores several thematic issues including: the complexity of leadership; leadership in socio-economic transitions historically and in recent times; and the impact of global leadership on development processes in developing societies. Crucial to the success of this programme is:
For more information, please follow this link.
The Master of Science (MSc) Security, Leadership and Society is offered over one year for full-time study and over two years for part-time study. The programme enables students to develop and demonstrate knowledge, understanding and skills in the following:
For more information, please follow this link.
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