The Justice Studies Center of the Americas (JSCA) is an agency of the InterAmerican system that enjoys technical and operational autonomy. It was created in 1999 by the institutions of the InterAmerican System and is headquartered in Santiago, Chile. The members of JSCA are the active member states of the Organization of American States (OAS).
This chapter provides background information on the Haiti judicial system. It is based on the Introduction to the Caribbean Community contained in this report; the Report on Judicial Systems in the Americas 2004-2005; the report “Haiti: Failed Justice or the Rule of Law? Challenges Ahead for Haiti and the International Community” (2006), Inter-American Commission on Human Rights; Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2005, published by the U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor; the World Bank report “Doing Business” (2006); and data gathered via Internet.