Fundamentals of Strategic Advising in Reform Environments

Step 10 of 10: Assessment and Evaluation
Slide 2 of 6

Assessment

1 Capacity building is a key focus of an advisor.

True
Correct!

2 Technical expertise is essential for an advisor; no other attributes are required in order to do a good job.

False
Correct!

3 When trying to obtain a comprehensive picture of the situation, you might hear contradictory opinions on the same situation. This means that you should only rely on your main interlocutor, as he/she has the correct information.

False
Correct!

4 An effective advisor is likely to say, “I have managed the procurement system of my institution for 20 years. My experience will let me fix any other system.

False
Correct!

5 Select the best technique(s) for being an active listener?

all of the above
Correct!

6 As an advisor, you hold the key to all solutions.

False
Correct!

7 How can you improve your reputation?

none of the above
Correct!

8 Advisors are expected to communicate messages and results to all stakeholders clearly and on a regular basis.

False
Incorrect

Correct answer:
True

9 In your relationship with your counterpart, it is important that you are seen as the main authority with responsibilities.

False
Correct!

10 In the video of Paulo Costa on Communication, he mentions that it is important to understand the political environment and the decision making system. If you are not aware of this, your advice might jeopardise someone’s job security.

True
Correct!

11 What are the three guiding principles that need to be followed by all advisors when offering advice?

Local Ownership, Sustainability and Do No Harm
Correct!

12 Local ownership means that international actors need to own the local projects in order to make them sustainable and responding to local needs.

False
Correct!

13 Which of these statements are NOT representative of local ownership (select one or more)?:

Based on their experience in similar countries, international actors should use one-size-fits-all solutions
International actors should propose to execute programmes when local actors are unable or unwilling to do so
Correct!

14 In Lesson 2 it is mentioned that advisors should view their role as part of a “scaffolding arrangement”. What does this mean?

As an advisor you need to support capacity development, and once you leave, the counterpart needs to be able to continue without your support.
Correct!

15 In order for projects to be sustainable, it is important that you also consider the recurring costs.

True
Correct!

16 In order to ensure the sustainability of a programme you need to involve a range of partners and not seek political buy-in as this makes the project political.

False
Correct!

17 The three key principles that build the foundation for a productive and functioning relationship include:

Respect, Humility, Empathy
Incorrect

Correct answer:
Respect, Credibility, Humility

18 Empathy refers to feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. Or formal expression of such feelings.

False
Correct!

19 When you arrive as an advisor, it is very important to create a positive working relationship. You could do this by:

Establishing credibility and legitimacy and building trust
Correct!

20 Which of the following is NOT a guiding principle of effective advising?

Influence
Correct!

21 Considering the advisor's role as a resource, complete the following phrase with all answers that apply: "A person who is a RESOURCE is someone who..." Select one or more:

...shares information and experiences that are relevant to the situation at hand
Incorrect

Correct answer:
....looks for commonalities between the problems at hand and previous experiences.
...shares information and experiences that are relevant to the situation at hand

22 When working as an external advisor, soliciting local ownership is always possible.

False
Correct!

23 The lead actor in an advising project is the external advisor.

False
Correct!

24 In a peer-to-peer relationship, what should NOT be considered as part of the role of an Advisor?

Helping interlocutors think ‘out of the box’
Incorrect

Correct answer:
Providing comparative analysis

25 In a peer-to-peer relationship, what should NOT be considered as part of the role of the counterpart?

Agree to all proposals put forward by the Advisor in order to gain funds
Correct!

26 Local ownership ______

All of the above
Correct!

27 Which principle is illustrated the “scaffolding arrangement”?

Sustainability
Correct!

28 Local ownership should be “conditional on prior acceptance of an externally-defined set of norms, values”.

False
Correct!

29 As an advisor, your main role will be that of a capacity builder. You should assume that there is no capacity within your host government or institution, and that your role is to establish it.

False
Correct!

30 Which of the following actors might influence the work of an advisor?

All of the above
Correct!

31 The primary role of advisor is __________________

Building the capacity of the interlocutor
Correct!

32 You should assume that there is no capacity within your host government or institution in order to remain open minded and objective.

False
Correct!

33 Select ALL relevant characteristics of an appropriate interview style:

Ask focused questions without being accusatory
Ask questions that assign blame
Refrain from suggestive, judgmental language
Incorrect

Correct answer:
Ask focused questions without being accusatory
Ask questions regarding data not analysis
Refrain from suggestive, judgmental language

34 You arrive for your first meeting at the local Ministry in Country X to discuss the way ahead with your local counterparts. They express extreme pessimism in the capacity of their own institutions, complaining about faulty equipment and lack of funding, and insist that you intercede on their behalf with the donor agencies.

You listen to their complaints, ask questions and point out that there is a need to assess the situation before taking action.
Correct!

35 Training for collaborative capacity must be conceived of as a single, one-off training event.

False
Correct!

36 A fundamental characteristic of empowerment is consultation.

True
Correct!

37 As an advisor in Country X, you are attached to the Minister of Justice. You notice that various officials in the Ministry receive sums of money originally part of a budget support program. When you ask a colleague advisor, he/she states that in order to get reforms underway, bribes are essential. ‘Unfortunately, this is local practice. Nothing would get done otherwise’, your colleague mentions. What do you do?

You discuss the issue with the Minister, trying to find out more about it (e.g. extent, amounts, etc) before taking a course of action.
Correct!

38 As an advisor it is important to be aware of the local dimension. Which of the statements below does NOT take the local dimension into account? (select one or more)

Consult mainly with international actors
Duplicate existing structures/practices
Show sympathy for your counterpart’s hesitations
Correct!

39 Which of the following steps should be the first step toward effective advising? Select one:

With your counterpart, develop a shared analysis and understanding of the situation.
Correct!

40 You have been called in as an advisor on a strategic restructuring plan for a local ministry. Your counterpart says, "My ministry has never completed a strategic plan. Can you write one for us?" Of the following options, which is the most desirable response? Select one:

"I would be more than happy to support the development of your strategic plan."
Correct!

Your Score: 35 / 40 (88%)