Develop a shared analysis and understanding of the situation: The first step towards effective coordination is to bring together actors working on related issues to share their analyses on a particular situation. In the beginning, you may not be able to gather all the relevant actors because of their busy schedules, lack of interest or conviction etc. However, you can still initiate discussions with a small group, and as your meetings become more regular and more focused, other actors in the field would want to join and contribute. You could also actively reach out to other actors at this stage. If you find yourself in a situation where there is already coordination efforts being made by others, join in and support these rather than trying to establish your own initiatives.
If you are leading a coordination effort, it is important to focus on engaging in a shared analysis of the situation and invite all actors to present their perspectives. Where possible, encourage and enable your local counterpart to either lead the coordination efforts or identify an appropriate local actor to do so. Discussing different perspectives with relevant actors will enable you to see the situation in a new light, and also identify common areas of agreement. An over-emphasis on points of discord could derail discussions and dampen possibilities of coordination. Such issues should be addressed only when a certain group identity has been consolidated.