Policy and Research Papers
In this new addition to the International Peace Institute's "Providing for Peacekeeping" series, the authors look at the experiences of European UN member states in MINUSMA, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali. A subset of the paper gives an overview of the All Sources Information Fusion Unit (ASIFU), which gathers and analyses information to produce military intelligence. The report raises some issues that deserve further attention if MINUSMA, or future missions, are to optimise capability. A final section offers recommendations aimed at facilitating and improving the contribution and participation of European militaries in MINUSMA and in UN peacekeeping more broadly.
Published by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), this paper advocates for a strategic review of African peace operations in the face of increasingly complex security environments. It formulates a number of key recommendations for the next ten years, including establishing regular discussions between strategic partners and the African Union, fostering inter-departmental coordination and the adoption of common objectives, improving investment in the planning and management of missions, and reinforcing the role of civilians in mission planning.
The United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operation in Mali (MINUSMA) has become among the deadliest in UN history, suffering from attacks by violent extremists and terrorists. There are strong calls to give UN peacekeeping operations more robust mandates and equip them with the necessary capabilities, guidelines and training to be able to take on limited stabilisation and counter-terrorism tasks. This article conceptually develops UN counter-terrorism operations as a heuristic device, and compares this with the mandate and practices of MINUSMA. It examines the related implications of this development, and concludes that while there may be good practical as well as short-term political reasons for moving in this direction, the shift towards UN counter-terrorism operations will undermine the UN’s international legitimacy, its role as an impartial conflict arbiter, and its tools in the peace and security toolbox more broadly, such as UN peacekeeping operations and special political missions.
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