Kristin Valasek

Tools

Gender and SSR Toolkit - User Guide

The Gender and SSR toolkit is an initial response to the need for information and analysis on gender and SSR. It is designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with a practical introduction to why gender issues are important in SSR and what can be done to integrate them.

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

The Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit includes:

- This user guide- 13 Tools (20 pages)
- 13 Practice Notes (4 pages, based on the Tools)
- Annex on International and Regional Laws and Instruments related to SSR andGender

The topics of the Tools and corresponding Practice Notes are:

1. Security Sector Reform and Gender
2. Police Reform and Gender
3. Defence Reform and Gender
4. Justice Reform and Gender
5. Penal Reform and Gender
6. Border Management and Gender
7. Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
8. National Security Policy-Making and Gender
9. Civil Society Oversight of the Security Sector and Gender
10. Private Military and Security Companies and Gender
11. SSR Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation and Gender
12. Gender Training for Security Sector Personnel
13. Implementing the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions in Security Sector Reform

Tool

Guide to Integrating Gender in SSR Training

The Gender and SSR Training Resource Package is designed to provide you with a wide range of exercises, discussion topics and examples from the ground that you can adapt and integrate into your SSR training. In addition to having a specific exercise or session on gender and SSR, taking a few moments to look through this guide can help you to mainstream gender issues throughout your training. It provides practical tips on integrating gender into the entire SSR training cycle—from conducting a training needs assessment to monitoring and evaluation.

This guide is explicitly designed for SSR trainers and educators. Gender trainers working with the security sector will also find the content useful. As short-hand, the guide refers to “SSR training”, however, this is broadly defined to include training related to police reform, penal reform, security sector governance and oversight, border management, defence reform, justice reform, national security policy-making, etc.

Introduction 
Step 1: Assess and analyse training needs 
Step 2: Develop learning objectives 
Step 3: Design and develop the training 
Step 4: Implement the training 
Step 5: Monitor and evaluate the training

Tool

Security Sector Reform and Gender (Tool 1)

The tool includes:

- An introduction to SSR and gender 
- The rationale for why integrating gender issues strengthens SSR processes
- Practical ways of integrating gender into SSR policy and programme cycles
- An overview of specific gender and SSR issues in post-conflict, transitional, developing and developed country contexts.

See this page for more information on The GSSR Toolkit and the full range of "Tools" and "Practice Notes."

Tool

Gender & Security Sector Reform Toolkit

Security sector reform (SSR) is increasingly prioritised by governments, and on the agenda of international development, peace and security communities. SSR opens a window of possibility to transform security policies, institutions and programmes, creating opportunities to integrate gender issues.

The integration of gender issues is being recognised as a key to operational effectiveness, local ownership and strengthened oversight. For example, increasing the recruitment of female staff, preventing human rights violations, and collaborating with women'€s organisations contribute to creating an efficient, accountable and participatory security sector, which responds to the specific needs of men, women, girls and boys.

Despite this recognition of the importance of integrating gender issues in SSR, there has been a lack of resources on the topic. This Toolkit is an initial response to the need for information and analysis on gender and SSR. It is designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with a practical introduction to why gender issues are important in SSR and what can be done to integrate them.

Each SSR context is unique. As such, the strategies and recommendations provided in the Toolkit may not always be directly applicable, and should always be adapted to the local context.

For more information on the Gender & Security Sector Reform Toolkit, please follow the link provided.

Tool

Policy and Research Papers

The Security Sector and Gender in West Africa

This report aims to systematically document the status of gender integration within the security sectors in 14 Member States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

The report is designed to be a resource for people working in, or with, security sector institutions; for those interested in governance and development in West Africa; and for those involved in gender-related issues. It combines information gathered by in-country researchers, interviews, document analysis and desk research. Much of the data in this report has never before been published or compared across countries in the region.

The survey is guided by the following two questions: Are security sector institutions providing adequate response to the different security and justice needs of men, women, boys and girls? What steps have been taken to create internally equitable, representative and non-discriminatory institutions?

The report contains three main sections: an introduction, a summary and analysis of findings, and individual country profiles. The introduction provides background on the survey rationale, methodology and research challenges. The summary and analysis of findings offers a cross-country and cross-institution analysis of the survey findings, and includes a list of recommendations. The 14 extensive country profiles present easy-to-read yet detailed information structured by 101 indicators on national governance, police services, armed forces and gendarmerie, the justice system and penal services.

The complete report, as well as individual country profiles, can be accessed online here.

For more information, contact gender@dcaf.ch

Paper