Matthew Schwartz is a Senior Analyst at the Global Center on Cooperative Security. He focuses on the Global Center’s broader research and programming related to criminal justice, human rights, and the rule of law. He has written and contributed to numerous reports and articles on justice and security capacity development issues in weak- and fragile-country contexts. Over the past three years, he has worked to support the Global Center’s diverse programming agenda in East Africa and the greater Horn of Africa. Before joining the Global Center, he worked with the UN Security Council’s 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Monitoring Team providing research and analytical support. From 2007 to 2010, he served as a congressional staffer for U.S. Representative John J. Hall. He holds an MA in international affairs from the New School University in New York, where he specialized in conflict and security studies. He holds a BA in political science and history from the State University of New York at Albany.
Policy and Research Papers
Criminal Justice and Rule of Law Capacity Building to Counter Terrorism in Fragile Institutional Contexts: Lessons From Development Cooperation
Rule of law–based criminal justice responses to terrorism are most effectively ensured when they are practiced within a criminal justice system capable of handling ordinary criminal offenses while protecting the rights of the accused and when all are equally accountable under the law. Building the capacity of weak criminal justice systems to safeguard mutual rights and responsibilities of governments and their citizens is essential for the alleviation of a number of conditions conducive to violent extremism and the spread of terrorism. A new wave of multilateral counterterrorism initiatives has the opportunity to recalibrate how criminal justice and rule of law–oriented counterterrorism capacity-building assistance is delivered to developing states with weak institutions.
This policy brief argues that aligning counterterrorism capacity-building agendas within a framework informed by the Paris Principles and the development cooperation experience could greatly enhance the effectiveness and sustainability of criminal justice and rule of law capacity-building assistance in general and in preventing terrorism specifically.