Although each state is inarguably unique it is possible to identify certain common problems and issues with respect to defense governance and management. This text introduces the reader to the basic principles of governance and management through the identification of these key commonalities. It also shows that if individuals are keen to reform practices within their defense establishment they also need to be aware of the various constraints and obstacles that may challenge them. Each written by an acknowledged expert in their field, the contributions identify examples of good practice from across the world and analyze the steps taken to implement that practice. Designed to support teaching, each chapter includes prompts for reflective activity.