This paper is separated into four sections. First, it puts the criminal justice crisis on the radar by explaining the nature of the crisis that is looming. Second, it makes the argument that Covid-19 does not raise entirely new challenges, but rather highlights the importance of pre-existing ones. It follows that the solutions can also be found in existing practice and principles. This suggests that a complete overhaul of the system is not required, but rather a recalibration, and in fact revalidates the need for good access to justice programming against these challenges. The third section is the most detailed, discussing trends and issues affecting the criminal justice system due to Covid-19 and where relevant suggesting possible solutions. Last, it makes recommendations for donors as regards both immediate and medium-term interventions in support of the criminal justice system in developing countries as they grapple with the fall out of Covid-19 in their ability to provide access to justice.
Discussion Paper: Operationalizing Synergies between Disaster Risk Reduction and Security Sector Governance and Reform
This discussion paper produced by ISSAT summarizes areas highlighted during the Webinar “Operationalizing synergies between Disaster Risk Reduction and Security Sector Governance and Reform” hosted by ISSAT in May 2020.
DCAF-ISSAT began to explore the linkages between DRR and SSR in a blog post, which then was subsequently developed into a Thematic in Practice paper. To get first reactions from practitioners, this was discussed in a web-talk on “Operationalizing synergies between Disaster Risk Reduction and Security Sector Governance and Reform” in May 2020, bringing together SSR and DRR practitioners to identify areas and proposals presenting the biggest potential leveraging security actors’ potential for making societies resilient to disaster.
This note scopes the conceptual linkages between DRR and SSR, highlighting the importance of governance reform and accountability measures for deploying effective, efficient and accountable DRR measures.
The security sector plays a key role in planning for, managing and implementing resilience and disaster response measures. Due to their preparedness, capabilities and access to resources, internal and external defence forces, as well as, governance and judiciary institutions become primary service-providers during national disasters.
Furthermore, the processes of reform and economic and social development are often hijacked by national, regional or internal emergencies risking the sustainability of State-building, peacebuilding and conflict prevention efforts.
Communities have always been affected by natural hazards, but the scale of those hazards have increased due to environmental changes, including climate change. Fragile contexts, in particular, could be easily threatened with natural or man-made risks. These contexts usually lack institutional resilience and capacity to respond relevantly and effectively. The growing need for building resilient societies has moved disaster risk reduction from being a narrow, technical field, to becoming a broader, global effort anchored in the 2030 Agenda, which promotes a people-centred approach to conflict prevention.
The Framework was adopted at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, on March 18, 2015.
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 outlines seven clear targets and four priorities for action to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risks: (i) Understanding disaster risk; (ii) Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; (iii) Investing in disaster reduction for resilience and; (iv) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
To access the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, kindly follow the link.
This report is informed by the two-day roundtable-style workshop entitled "The Security Sector and Global Health Crises: Lessons from the 2014 Ebola Epidemic in West Africa" in Freetown, Sierra Leone. The workshop's main discussions, outcomes and recommendations are expected to facilitate better preparedness to mitigate future epidemics through collaborative and coordinated efforts between health and security sector communities, and directed at local, national and regional actors as well as the international donor community engaged in West Africa.