Disaster Risk Reduction, Preparedness and Relief and the Security Sector

This note scopes the conceptual linkages between DRR and SSR, highlighting the importance of governance reform and accountability measures for deploying effective, efficient and accountable DRR measures.

The security sector plays a key role in planning for, managing and implementing resilience and disaster response measures. Due to their preparedness, capabilities and access to resources, internal and external defence forces, as well as, governance and judiciary institutions become primary service-providers during national disasters.

Furthermore, the processes of reform and economic and social development are often hijacked by national, regional or internal emergencies risking the sustainability of State-building, peacebuilding and conflict prevention efforts.

Communities have always been affected by natural hazards, but the scale of those hazards have increased due to environmental changes, including climate change. Fragile contexts, in particular, could be easily threatened with natural or man-made risks. These contexts usually lack institutional resilience and capacity to respond relevantly and effectively. The growing need for building resilient societies has moved disaster risk reduction from being a narrow, technical field, to becoming a broader, global effort anchored in the 2030 Agenda, which promotes a people-centred approach to conflict prevention.

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2020