Policy and Research Papers

Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution

This policy brief is based on research CIVIC conducted on community militias, including the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF), in Borno state, Nigeria. The CJTF, locally known as the Yan Gora, counts more than 26,000 among its ranks in Borno state alone. Community militia members protect, but also prey, on civilians. Based on CIVIC’s research on the CJTF and other community militias, “Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution” outlines actions civil society, as well as federal, state, and local governments can take to ensure that the groups improve their engagement to protect civilians and minimize harm to civilians during their operations.

For full access to the event report on Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution, please follow the link. 

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Les opérations de paix du Maroc : un axe majeur de la politique extérieure du pays

Le Maroc a su tirer des leçons de son engagement historique dans les opérations de paix. La coordination des services en faveur des opérations s’est confortée au fil du temps. Les représentants du pays à New York sont consultés en permanence sur les bonnes pratiques à mettre en œuvre pour correspondre aux standards onusiens de la génération de force. Sur le plan national, l’engagement du Maroc aux côtés de l’ONU renforce la professionnalisation des administrations impliquées dans les OP. La préparation par étape des déploiements et le professionnalisme des services apportent un nouveau souffle au processus perpétuel d’ajustement des normes de travail des diplomates et des militaires marocains, tant à New York qu’à Rabat, pour correspondre aux exigences d’efficacité en matière de maintien de la paix.

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Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations

Since the end of the Cold War, the UN Security Council has authorized or recognized the deployment of more than forty parallel forces that operate alongside UN peace operations. As the Security Council has deployed peace operations in increasingly non-permissive environments, the division of labor between UN missions and these parallel forces has blurred, and their goals have sometimes come into conflict. This raises the question of whether they are partners or competitors.

This report examines the missions that have operated in parallel to UN peace operations to identify how to strengthen these partnerships in the future. It analyzes and categorizes the types of parallel forces that have been deployed and examines the rationales for deploying them. It also looks at strategic and operational challenges, including the challenges unique to peace operations operating alongside a counterterrorism force. Finally, drawing on lessons from past and current parallel deployments, it offers recommendations for member states, the Security Council, and the UN Secretariat.

For full access to the report Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations, please follow the link. 

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Security and Prosperity in Asia The Role of International Law

Hosted by the International Law Programme and the Asia-Pacific Programme at Chatham House on 27 March 2019, the conference focused on three themes: trade and investment, maritime security and governance, and emerging security challenges. What trends are emerging in terms of engagement with international law in the region, and how can international standards play a greater role in encouraging collaboration and reducing tensions? And, with the eastward shift in geopolitical power, how will Asia-Pacific states shape the future of international law?

For full access to the event report on Security and Prosperity in Asia The Role of International Law, please follow the link. 

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Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead

Drawing on extensive research and interviews, this new report identifies three areas where steps can be taken to democratise the security sector in Myanmar: giving more power to elected civilians as representatives of the people; transforming the security culture; and protecting and building civic space. The work ahead is best viewed as a multi-decade challenge, and sustained action from a wide range of organisations and individuals is needed to bring about generational change.

For full access to the report Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead, please follow the link. 

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