Policy and Research Papers

Darfuri Migration from Sudan to Europe: from Displacement to Despair

Significant numbers of Sudanese, many from Darfur, have made the journey from Sudan to Europe in search of safety and a better life. While there has been significant interest in Sudan as a transit country for migration from Africa to Europe, little attention has been paid to Sudan as a source of migrants and refugees. Yet the Sudanese were the fifth, sixth and seventh largest categories of migrants and refugees arriving in Italy in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.

This study documents for the first time the experiences of young Darfuris fleeing Sudan for Europe. It aims to deepen understanding of the trends, drivers and causes of migration and displacement from Darfur.

For full access to the paper, Darfuri Migration from Sudan to Europe: from Displacement to Despair, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Security Integration in Conflict-affected Societies: Considerations for Myanmar

Myanmar's peace process has brought to the fore critical debates about the future of the country’s security sector and the establishment of a federal system of government. This paper, draws on the experiences of countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas to offer technical and political insights for Myanmar.

In the second in Saferworld's security integration in Myanmar series, this report examines three themes:

  • sustaining security sector negotiations and making them more inclusive;
  • the institutional features of security sectors in federal countries;
  • and the integration of non-state armed groups with national security bodies.

The paper aims to support reflection and promote discussion on how to develop a more inclusive security sector in Myanmar – one that will meet the needs of the country’s diverse ethnic and religious communities and help consolidate long-term peace and stability. It provides insights that can hopefully be drawn upon by those both inside and outside the Myanmar peace process to influence and inform the security integration debate and to make it more inclusive.

For full access to the paper, Security Integration in Conflict-affected Societies: Considerations for Myanmar, please follow the link. 

Paper

Policy Impact Assessment Report on the NATO Building Integrity Programme

The NATO Building Integrity (BI) Programme is a defence capacity-building programme that aims to provide member states, partners and other states with tailored support to reduce the risk of corruption and enhance the understanding and practice of good governance in their defence establishments. This assessment examines the impacts achieved since the previous assessment was conducted in 2014. The assessment is based on statements of impact made in questionnaires completed by serving defence department officials of participating states. 

For full access to the report, Policy Impact Assessment Report on the NATO Building Integrity Programme, please follow the link. 

Paper

Gender-Sensitive National Action Plans on Preventing Violent Extremism

Terrorism and violent extremism impact women and girls in specific ways. Many terrorist and violent extremist groups are placing control over women and girls at the heart of their agendas, using gender stereotypes to radicalize and recruit. Limitations on women’s rights, including restrictions on their freedom of movement and freedom of expression can signal early warning signs of rising extremism. Increasingly, women and girls are themselves being recruited forcibly or willingly to these groups.

However, to date women’s participation in national, regional and global processes to tackle violent extremism, and their roles and priorities within prevention and response frameworks, have been underrepresented and undervalued. This guidance note makes a number of recommendations for how a gender-sensitive approach can help address violent extremism. 

For full access to the report, Gender-Sensitive National Action Plans on Preventing Violent Extremism, please follow the link. 

Paper

Shaping a New Peace in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas

Pakistan has merged the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) along the Afghan border into an adjacent province, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a big step toward bringing constitutional governance and restoring peace to these lands. However, the interim regulations governing FATA retain features of the colonial-era law previously in force, which this article argues risks imperilling stability. ICG suggest that Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s legislature should repeal FATA’s interim regulations and lift restrictions on freedom of movement. 

For full access to the article, Shaping a New Peace in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas, please follow the link. 

Paper