Policy and Research Papers

Youth Violence and the Challenges of Violent Extremism in Zinder

Building from individual interviews with young people from the fadas and palais and members of the local population, this study reveals the influence of the violent extremist ideology on young people from Zinder. They often get a rudimentary or indirect knowledge of Islam, through relatives or the Internet. They are also exposed to radical religious messages that are spread through social networks, traded or sold on CDs and USB drivers on the local market or through informal networks. In addition, charismatic religious leaders are supporting the spread of a rigorist and violent vision of the religion through regional preaching. The mosques and Koranic schools are playing a key role in the dissemination of these ideas, as the religious speech became tougher, and is now affecting more than just the religious aspect.

Thus, the study reveals that these messages and sermons are playing an important role in the knowledge and attraction young people have for actions led by extremist groups like Boko Haram. Furthermore, a significant number of young people have a positive vision of these actions, which they justify as acts of defiance towards a system perceived as unfair, as the State policies are not supporting people’s aspirations and are viewed as inadequate. Violence is perceived as a means of
pressure and assertion against a State seen as a repressive entity, while the religion is perceived as the only tool available for social regulation. In Zinder, where there are several religious movements, the study noticed the rise of the izala Salafists, a religious group opposed to the traditional Islam practiced in Niger and close to the Sufis and Malekites.

You can download the full report, Youth Violence and the Challenges of Violent Extremism in Zinder, by clicking the link below. 

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The Role of Young People in Preventing Violent Extremism in the Lake Chad Basin

The Lake Chad Basin countries of Cameroun, Chad, Niger and Nigeria have been marred by violence since the advent and rise of violent extremist groups like Boko Haram, Ansar Dine, and Mujao. Their continuous existence and operation means have tremendous negative effects on the young people in the region. This is because the youth in the region are brainwashed, deceived or forcefully recruited to serve as foot soldiers for these violent extremist groups. This trend if not reversed has long-lasting human, economic and social costs.

The constant involvement of some young people as perpetrators of violence has led several segments of society to stereotype them as the problem. However, this research has shown that the solution to violent extremism and other threats to safety and stability of the countries in the Lake Chad region can be found in working with young people, and tapping into their talents and potentials to reform and rebuild society. The adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250 (UNSCR 2250) on Youth, Peace and Security in December 2015 is a major and strategic global acknowledgement of the key role of young people in peacebuilding.

The primary objective of this research paper is to inform policy makers and the international community of key policy and programming considerations for supporting youth-led and youth-focused initiatives that are aimed at preventing violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin region.
This research paper highlights some of the localized drivers of violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin countries, enumerates some of the concrete initiatives by and for young people that are aimed at preventing violent extremism in the region. It goes further to show the operating environment of these youth groups and their initiatives while also discussing their sources of technical and financial support.

You can download the paper, The Role of Young People in Preventing Violent Extremism in the Lake Chad Basin, by clicking the link below.

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Three Predictions About Mali’s 2018 Presidential Election

This article looks at the upcoming 2018 presidential election in Mali and how the current socio-cultural and political issues are likely to impact the outcome of the elections. 

For full access to the article, Three Predictions About Mali’s 2018 Presidential Election, please follow the link. 

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L’exemplarité : une condition de la participation et du remboursement des états contributeurs de troupes dans les missions de paix

La multiplication des cas d’exploitation et d’atteintes sexuelles commis par les Casques bleus en mission conduit l’Organisation des Nations Unies à renforcer ses mécanismes de lutte contre ce problème.

Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, L’exemplarité : une condition de la participation et du remboursement des états contributeurs de troupes dans les missions de paix, veuillez suivre le lien.

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Relations de pouvoir locales, logiques de violence et participation politique en milieu peul (région de Mopti)

Le rapport qui suit est une analyse des dynamiques confictuelles et particulières au centre du Mali. Il démontre les limites importantes des analyses qui se limitent au « terrorisme » pour expliquer les violences. De par un examen minutieux de dynamiques sociopolitiques et socioéconomiques, les trois auteurs, notant une plus grande présence internationale à caractère militaire (MINUSMA,G5 Sahel), suggèrent une résolution de nature plutôt politique.

Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, Relations de pouvoir locales, logiques de violence et participation politique en milieu peul (région de Mopti), veuillez suivre le lien.

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