Violence is tearing Mali and the Sahel apart. But who are the armed groups behind the bloodshed? Where are international actors stationed in the region? And what motivates them all? This project maps jihadist and non-jihadist groups and pinpoints the presence of external actors in the region as of May 2019.
Since 2012, Mali has faced a succession of violent conflicts. The Tuareg rebellion and subsequent jihadist occupation of northern Mali in that year revealed several cleavages in society and governance that, while not new, have grown worse with time. The departure of the government from more than half of the country’s landmass and the pressure placed on local areas by resource competition, weapons proliferation, and clashing ideologies have all exacerbated Mali’s internal conflicts, patterns that have also played out elsewhere.
The French intervention under the guise of Operation Serval in January 2013 dislodged the jihadist groups from Mali’s cities, but did not eliminate them. They slipped away and reorganised, coming back to attack the United Nations peacekeeping mission established in Mali, MINUSMA, as well as Malian and French forces and civilian targets in the capital Bamako and even beyond Mali’s borders. The signing of peace accords in Algiers in June 2015 did not appreciably improve the situation. MINUSMA is the largest UN peacekeeping mission in the world but efforts to restore state authority have faltered, jihadist groups have grown and spread into Burkina Faso and parts of Niger, and local conflicts have also erupted in new and deadly ways.
Please follow the link provided to learn more about the Mapping armed groups in Mali and the Sahel project.
Fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) has become the new development frontier. By 2030, at least half of the world’s poor people will be living in fragile and conflict-affected settings.1 The impact of FCV is particularly profound on the most vulnerable people and communities, whose livelihoods and economic opportunities are threatened. The global fragility landscape has worsened significantly, with more violent conflicts than at any time in the past 30 years; the largest forced displacement crisis since World War II; high levels of interpersonal and gang violence; and conflicts driving 80 percent of all humanitarian needs.
Today, conflict and violence impact more civilians than at any point over the last two decades. FCV situations have a clear impact on poverty and, strikingly, the extreme poverty rate is rising only in fragile countries.2 In many contexts, this is due to large-scale violence, a collapse in basic services delivery, and the weakening of core state functions—dynamics that characterize most FCV situations and represent both a humanitarian and development challenge that calls for comprehensive and coordinated international responses. It will prove impossible to achieve the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity unless fragility, conflict, and violence are tackled.
For these reasons, addressing FCV has become the core business of the World Bank Group (WBG).
Please follow the link provided to access the full concept note World Bank Group Strategy for Fragility, Conflict and Violence 2020–2025.
The 15th Fragility States Index (FSI) annually highlights the current trends in social, economic and political pressures that affect all states, but can strain some beyond their capacity to cope. Linking robust social science with modern technology, the FSI is unique in its integration of quantitative data with data produced using content-analysis software, processing information from millions of publicly available documents.
The result is an empirically-based, comprehensive ranking of the pressures experienced by 178 nations. The Index is used by policy makers, civil society, academics, journalists, investors, and businesses around the world.
Fund for Peace launched the Fragile States Index 2019 in Geneva on Wednesday, 10 April and discussed the findings of the 15th Fragile States Index, published in conjunction with The New Humanitarian, and its relevance to the humanitarian sector at the Graduate Institute’s Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding. This joint event featured a briefing on the FSI and its findings for 2019 and a panel discussion on the changing humanitarian focus on fragile states and the role of the media in chronicling the immediate and long-term impact of social, political, and economic pressures on lives and livelihoods around the world.
At the Fifteenth Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) Coordinating Committee in Malaga that is took from 13-14 March 2019, the Netherlands launched a Policy Toolkit developed by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) with the view of operationalizing the GCTF The Hague Good Practices on the Nexus between Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism.
The toolkit provides local practitioners, policymakers and other governmental experts with a practical tool for the use and implementation of the Good Practices to address the challenge of the Nexus in various regions.
The Policy Toolkit is aimed at supporting concerned Member States in better understanding and addressing the nexus between transnational organized crime and terrorism.
To read more about the policy toolkit The Hague Good Practices on the Nexus between Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism, please follow the link provided.
The Displacement Tracking Matrix(DTM) is a system to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route.
Conceptualized in 2004 in Iraq, for the IDP assessments and monitoring exercises, the DTM has been continuously refined and enhanced through years of operational experience in countries in both conflict and natural disaster settings. It delivers essential role in providing primary data and information on displacement, both in country and at the global level.
Follow the link to read more about the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).