Peacebuilding is an operation to rebuild the social foundation and structures for sustainable peace in a post-conflict society. The assistance that the international community extends to this end can only be temporary, indirect and/or rear-end supported. Local talents and organisations that would actively carry out the process are, therefore, indispensable; supporting these initiatives of local actors and organisations allows the local community to develop a sense of ownership in their peacebuilding process. This is the desirable form of assistance that the international community is expected to provide.
This ideal form of assistance is shared among the UN and aid organisations involved in peacebuilding. For example, the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other related UN organisations as well as the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) operating in that country all shared and understood the importance of the local ownership.
This article identifies challenges to local ownership in peacebuilding and Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Timor-Leste, with a focus on the SSR in Timor-Leste after the 2006 crisis. For full access to the article, Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Timor-Leste: the Challenges of Respecting Local Ownership, kindly follow the link.
On 27th March 2014, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed a comprehensive peace agreement with the Government of the Philippines (GPH) after more than four decades of separatist struggle. The autonomous Bangsamoro Government is to be established through an election scheduled in 2016. This online article discusses the contents of Independent Commission on Policing (ICP)'s policy recommendation report to the Mindanao Peace Panel with particular attention to points regarding what is called “normalization”, a security arrangement for the Bangsamoro community.
For full access to the article, Toward Creating The Bangsamoro Regional Police: A Review of the Recommendations of the ICP, kindly follow the link.
On the Mindanao Island and Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines where a large number of Muslim populations reside, there has been an armed conflict for over 40 years. Muslim elements have been fighting for their independence from the Philippines. The Government of the Philippines (GPH) endeavored to engage in peace negotiations and in 1996 a peace agreement was made with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Meanwhile, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) refused to join the peace process and continued its armed struggle for independence. Despite this, on 27 March 2014, MILF signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) with GPH, which accelerated the mood for peace in Mindanao.
The ICP submitted a report and recommendations for the Peace Panel on 14 April 2014 after 6-months of activity. This article discusses the principles on which the ICP placed the importance when drafting the recommendations; power dynamics within the ICP which surfaced when forming consensus; and, foreseeable challenges which may emerge upon the implementation of the recommendations.
For full access to the article, The Independent Commission on Policing (ICP): Process and Challenges in Peacebuilding, kindly follow the link.