Policy and Research Papers

Survey on Access to Justice in Albania

The survey consists in a questionnaire administered to 1758 persons (as well as interviews and focus groups), we conclude that almost half of the population has had legal problems in the last five years, and that these have largely gone unresolved due to a lack of legal awareness in society and the underperformance of justice sector institutions. This is particularly true for members of disadvantaged groups, including the poor, those with a low level of formal education, the Roma, members of the LGBTI community, victims of domestic violence and others. 

For full access to the Survey on Access to Justice in Albania, please follow the link. 

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Children’s Equitable Access to Justice: Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Focusing on Albania, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Montenegro, Children’s Equitable Access to Justice: Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia (hereafter Children’s Equitable Access to Justice) provides insights from children, their families and justice sector professionals on why children become involved in justice systems, where children go to seek justice, the main obstacles they face in the process and whether justice procedures are child-sensitive.

For full access to the report on Children’s Equitable Access to Justice: Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, please follow the link. 

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Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution

This policy brief is based on research CIVIC conducted on community militias, including the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF), in Borno state, Nigeria. The CJTF, locally known as the Yan Gora, counts more than 26,000 among its ranks in Borno state alone. Community militia members protect, but also prey, on civilians. Based on CIVIC’s research on the CJTF and other community militias, “Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution” outlines actions civil society, as well as federal, state, and local governments can take to ensure that the groups improve their engagement to protect civilians and minimize harm to civilians during their operations.

For full access to the event report on Nigerian Community Militias: Toward A Solution, please follow the link. 

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Les opérations de paix du Maroc : un axe majeur de la politique extérieure du pays

Le Maroc a su tirer des leçons de son engagement historique dans les opérations de paix. La coordination des services en faveur des opérations s’est confortée au fil du temps. Les représentants du pays à New York sont consultés en permanence sur les bonnes pratiques à mettre en œuvre pour correspondre aux standards onusiens de la génération de force. Sur le plan national, l’engagement du Maroc aux côtés de l’ONU renforce la professionnalisation des administrations impliquées dans les OP. La préparation par étape des déploiements et le professionnalisme des services apportent un nouveau souffle au processus perpétuel d’ajustement des normes de travail des diplomates et des militaires marocains, tant à New York qu’à Rabat, pour correspondre aux exigences d’efficacité en matière de maintien de la paix.

Afin d'accéder au rapport sur Les opérations de paix du Maroc : un axe majeur de la politique extérieure du pays, veuillez suivre le lien.

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Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations

Since the end of the Cold War, the UN Security Council has authorized or recognized the deployment of more than forty parallel forces that operate alongside UN peace operations. As the Security Council has deployed peace operations in increasingly non-permissive environments, the division of labor between UN missions and these parallel forces has blurred, and their goals have sometimes come into conflict. This raises the question of whether they are partners or competitors.

This report examines the missions that have operated in parallel to UN peace operations to identify how to strengthen these partnerships in the future. It analyzes and categorizes the types of parallel forces that have been deployed and examines the rationales for deploying them. It also looks at strategic and operational challenges, including the challenges unique to peace operations operating alongside a counterterrorism force. Finally, drawing on lessons from past and current parallel deployments, it offers recommendations for member states, the Security Council, and the UN Secretariat.

For full access to the report Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations, please follow the link. 

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