Policy and Research Papers

Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead

Drawing on extensive research and interviews, this new report identifies three areas where steps can be taken to democratise the security sector in Myanmar: giving more power to elected civilians as representatives of the people; transforming the security culture; and protecting and building civic space. The work ahead is best viewed as a multi-decade challenge, and sustained action from a wide range of organisations and individuals is needed to bring about generational change.

For full access to the report Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead, please follow the link. 

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Responding to the Rise in Violent Extremism in the Sahel

Violent activity involving militant Islamist groups in the Sahel—primarily the Macina Liberation Front, the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, and Ansaroul Islam—has doubled every year since 2015. Employing asymmetric tactics and close coordination, these militant groups have amplified local grievances and intercommunal differences as a means of mobilizing recruitment and fostering antigovernment sentiments in marginalized communities. Given the complex social dimensions of this violence, Sahelian governments should make more concerted efforts to bolster solidarity with affected communities while asserting a more robust and mobile security presence in contested regions.

For full access to the report Responding to the Rise in Violent Extremism in the Sahel, please follow the link.

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Kazakhstan: Tested by Transition

A partial handover of political power through an orchestrated transition takes Kazakhstan into uncharted territory. Will it be able to pursue modernization and reform, and break from its authoritarian past?

For full access to the paper Kazakhstan: Tested by Transition, please follow the link. 

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Policy paper on reducing overcrowding in detention facilities

This policy paper was produced by a working group led by the OSCE Presence in Albania with the participation of officials of the Ministry of Justice, General Directorate of Prisons, Probation Service, and the European Union Tweeting Project on the Penitentiary System.

For full access to the Policy paper on reducing overcrowding in detention facilities, please follow the link.

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Survey on Access to Justice in Albania

The survey consists in a questionnaire administered to 1758 persons (as well as interviews and focus groups), we conclude that almost half of the population has had legal problems in the last five years, and that these have largely gone unresolved due to a lack of legal awareness in society and the underperformance of justice sector institutions. This is particularly true for members of disadvantaged groups, including the poor, those with a low level of formal education, the Roma, members of the LGBTI community, victims of domestic violence and others. 

For full access to the Survey on Access to Justice in Albania, please follow the link. 

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