Attacks on the Burkina Faso army headquarters and the French Embassy on 2 March 2018 were better organised, involved heavier weapons and were more sustained than anything seen so far in Burkina Faso. This paper explores the challenges this attack revealed for the Burkinabé.
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Initially, the 2012 crisis affecting Mali was understood to be primarily focused on the northern regions of the country, as were the previous rebellions that had been errupting at regular intervals since independence. However, the dramatic increase since 2015 in violence targeting security forces, elected or traditional officials, market places and schools in Mopti, the central region of Mali, has shifted attention.
This change in the geographic centre of the violence has led national and international security actors to re-assess their analysis on the root causes of the conflict affecting Mali.
Based on key interviews, a literature review and original documentation, this paper confronts the diverging narratives on the origins and drivers of the conflict in central Mali, as well as the interactions between them.
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Security sector reform (SSR) is urgently needed in Yemen in order to prevent the resumption or escalation of armed conflict. Despite rarely being recognised, the country’s army and police are at the centre of several conflicts affecting the country.
Yemen’s southern separationist movement Hiraak was re-energized, and won international sympathy if not support, when the country’s Central Security Forces (CSF) fired on generally peaceful protests in 2013. Earlier this year, the Yemeni military’s crackdown on Al-Dhale governorate in southern Yemen had a similar effect and (however briefly) awoke international concern after army commanders denied humanitarian groups access to around 50,000 Yemenis. There is an urgent need for international actors to work with Yemen’s CSF on managing civil unrest in a manner which dampens rather than fuels tensions.
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This paper summarizes the findings of the UN-World Bank Study on Prevention of Violent Conflicts (WB-UNDPPBSO-DPA-DPKO) regarding prevention.
For full access to, Shifting to Prevention: UN-World Bank Study on Prevention of Violent Conflicts, kindly follow the link.
Pathways for Peace is a joint United Nations–World Bank Group study that originates from the conviction that the international community’s attention must urgently be refocused on prevention. A scaled-up system for preventive action would save between US$5 billion and $70 billion per year, which could be reinvested in reducing poverty and improving the wellbeing of populations.
The study aims to improve the way in which domestic development processes interact with security, diplomacy, mediation, and other efforts to prevent conflicts from becoming violent. It stresses the importance of grievances related to exclusion—from access to power, natural resources, security and justice, for example—that are at the root of many violent conflicts today.
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