Stabilization as a goal of the international community became increasingly relevant with the interventions in the Balkans, Afghanistan, the Middle East and Africa. Various national governments and international organizations have established stabilization units, initiated stabilization programs and employed stabilization measures. Generally, it is useful to think of stabilization as a cross-cutting peace-building task that is applied in situations where violent conflict is imminent. While there are some typical areas of activity, stabilization approaches must be designed differently, depending on each conflict environment – both in terms of specific measures and their responsible institutions. Different policy areas must therefore be brought together in a comprehensive approach.
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