In the context of the ZPSP
The choice of external partners of ZPSP was not wide, given Zimbabwe’s turbulent history with the international community. Most donors would not engage at all with a programme working in SST in the country. Others were unlikely to be approached by ZPSP. The programme is extremely sensitive to national ownership, and expects any potential partner to be open to embark in a learning process about SST, in relation to risk-taking, time-frames of commitment and impact, and definition of tangible results.
Definition - Targeted Choice of External Partners
The disconnect between the type and nature of external support to SSR, on one side, and the realities, needs and expectations of host countries, on the other, responds for part of the underwhelming record of reform interventions. From a recipient perspective, external partnerships have to weight carefully what kind of support is needed, for what purpose, and from whom it should be envisaged. External support has therefore to meet the crucial challenges of true national ownership, local capacity, and sustainability. Transformation is unlikely to result from processes that ignore or sidestep these elements. From a donor’s perspective, meeting such challenges is predicated on aligning interests with the recipient’s, while addressing questions of coordination, pooling of resources, and knowledge-sharing among international partners. Support to national inclusive and transparent monitoring and evaluation mechanisms can go a long way in fostering such objectives.
- SSR Trends and Challenges in Africa: A Partners' Summary of the first Africa Forum on SSR, ISSAT, 2014
- No Ownership, No Commitment: A Guide to Local Ownership of Security Sector Reform, University of Birmingham, 2007
- International Coherence in Security Sector Reform, DCAF, 2011
- Policing the Context: Principles and Guidance to Inform International Policing Assistance, Stabilization Unit UK, 2014
- 3C: Coherence, Coordination, Complementarity report, The Graduate Institute, 2009