The Netherlands-Burundi cooperation was captured in a Memorandum of Understanding, which was signed in 2009. This MoU served as an umbrella for Netherlands-Burundi Security Sector Development Programme (SSDP) - which included 3 pillars: Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Defence and Security Sector Governance, for a period of eight years (2009-2017). This period was divided into four phases, each lasting two years. A strategic plan was developed for each phase. The programme was currently concluding phase I, with phase II officially commencing on I January 2012.
The overall objective of the mission was to assist the Netherlands Embassy in Burundi to evaluate the impact and results of Phase I of the Security Sector Development Programme. This included an analysis of the efficiency of the project implementation structures. The secondary objective of the mission was to assess the project design and relevance of Phase I of the SSDP. This assessment will be done to provide recommendations on any necessary amendments or alterations to the project. Such recommendations would reflect contemporary field conditions and lessons learned from Phase I.
The mission was divided into three parts – which would reflect the original SSD design: support to police reform, support to the reform of the army reform, an evaluation of the programme structure and coherence with SSR processes.
Support to Dutch SSD Programme Burundi – Support to SSD Training of Military and Police Officers in Charge of Drafting the Strategic Plans of the...
The Netherlands-Burundian cooperation was captured in a Memorandum of Understanding, signed in 2009. This MoU serves as an umbrella for the Netherlands-Burundian Security Sector Development programme that has 3 pillars: Ministry of Public Security (incl. the Burundi National Police), Ministry of Defence (incl. the Burundi Defence Forces) and Security Sector Governance and that covers a period of eight years (2009-2017). The programme was currently entering it phase II, for which strategic action plans are being developed.
The Dutch Embassy Office in Burundi sought advisory field and training support from ISSAT to run two trainings for military and police officers who were responsible to draft the strategic plans of the military and the police. The objective of the two trainings was to ensure that the participants understood the concept of SSD and its main principles, and that they would be able to apply the SSD principles in their daily activities, particularly when drafting the strategic plans.
ISSAT supported the Dutch SSD Programme in Burundi to design and implement two 2-day training workshops for the military and the police to achieve these objectives. The two workshop was structured as follows:
D1-1: SSD concept and principles (2 sessions)
D1-2: SSD programming in post-conflict contexts, SSD and gender (2 sessions)
D2-1: Case study (Guinea-Bissau for the military, Kosovo for the police) (2 sessions)
D2-2: SSD-approach to defence/police development, brainstorming on SSD in Burundi (2 sessions)
The participants included 20-25 military officers and around 30 police officers. The military participants included officers in charge to draft the strategic plans on the basis of the National Defence Review; some members of the MoD executive secretariat in charge of drafting the National Defence Review, and some national members of the management unit of the Dutch SSR programme. The police participants included officers in charge of implementing training projects and general staff officers in charge of planning.
The mandate was part of the on-going mentoring support that ISSAT is providing to the Burundi SSD Programme.
Support to Dutch SSD Programme Burundi – Support to joint Burundi-Dutch Workshop to define Implementation Strategy for SSD Programme
The Netherlands and the Burundian government are developing a joint 8 year SSD programme, structured in four phases of 2 years each. The ongoing work deals with 3 different fields: defence, police, and governance. Both parties are currently working on the second phase of the project. They have requested ISSAT advisory field support to help integrate SSD good practise into present discussion.
In 2009, the Dutch government concluded a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Burundian authorities to support security sector development (SSD) activities over the next 8 years.
As part of the activity portfolio under this MoU, two Dutch strategic advisors have been seconded to the Burundian ministries for Defence (MDNAC) and Public Security (MSP) – which is in charge of the police. The two strategic advisors provide support to the senior leadership of both ministries on matters pertaining to defence and police strategy, and security sector development processes.
The Netherlands has requested ISSAT to provide ongoing support to and mentoring for both of the Dutch strategic advisors in Burundi to facilitate learning from comparative experience in similar SSD processes elsewhere in Africa. Mentoring includes periodic missions to Burundi to provide face to face support. In addition, continuous assistance is provided through virtual means.
ISSAT will provide two mentors (one to be drawn from the ASSN expert roster) to assist the Dutch strategic advisors until September. These coaches will be backed-up by other members of the ISSAT team.
The Government of the Netherlands requested the assistance of ISSAT to support their Scoping Mission for the Netherlands-Burundian support to Burundian Parliamentary Oversight over Security and Defence. This was a follow-on to the previous request for assistance for the baseline study. ISSAT was requested to provide an expert with knowledge of ethnicity and the security/SSR context in Burundi.
In addition to the ongoing baseline study, the Netherlands came up with a number of quick win/confidence building projects for implementation between 2009 and 2010. The proposals included responding to the request to provide technical assistance from the Parliament, the Civil Society and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, by:
- Supporting the Parliament in holding a hearing on the issues of ethnic balance within with security services;
- Organising a seminar for civil society on civil involvement in/oversight of the security forces;
- Organising a seminar on SSR for the Burundian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to assist their role as coordinators of the national SSR process.