In conflict-prone regions such as the Middle East where conflict trends seem to be cyclical and undermine long-term reform efforts and institution building, security sector reform (SSR) is perceived to be a risky endeavour. However, SSR has been repeatedly anchored in international policy and programming as a prevention tool that aims to build institutional and community resilience. Building legitimate, representative security and justice institutions has been linked to contributing to consolidating peace. As a result, such contexts sometimes witness a surge in SSR programming without shared knowledge of what has been achieved and where are the gaps.
This can lead to duplication of efforts and burdening of national actors. Joint mappings of donor-supported reform programmes should facilitate coordination amongst donors, stronger alignment with national strategies and visions and facilitate a higher contribution to aid effectiveness.
ISSAT will continue to facilitate multi-donor mappings to enable greater coordination in contexts of shared interest by its Governing Board Members and help maximise the overall impact of donor engagement in reforming countries.
ISSAT’s support is requested to conduct a mapping study of SSR programmes ongoing in 4 countries in the Middle East (Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and Iraq). The mapping will look at security and justice reform programmes including access to justice and legal empowerment. It will also look at emerging thematic area support, including accountability, prevention of violent extremism, migration and other context specific challenges.
- “Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr” will conduct a special seminar on SSR, Local Ownership, Humanitarian Assistance, Protection of Civilians and Police in PeaceOps for its current General Staff Course.
- The support on SSR was provided by ISSAT SMEs in the past.
- Based on the German intent to build own national training capacities the German MAF will also provide a SME on SSR for this course.
- Time: 19th and 20th March (Location: Hamburg, Germany)
The E2I (Ertüchtigungsinitiative) with an annual budget of € 130 Mio. is among the most important instruments of German stabilization policy. Currently in the planning stage of the project cycle for next year, the Federal Foreign Office has requested ISSAT bring together key decision makers from the Foreign Office and the Ministry of Defense in a half-day joint mini-training on E2I in the framework of broader SSR.
October 11th : Meeting with German Foreign Office 202 Unit as well as participants from ZIF and the Ministry of the Interior to discuss German practices for seconding civilian staff into CSDP missions as part of the Irish CSDP Mapping Mandate.
October 12th : Meeting with German Foreign Office S03 Unit to discuss priorities and activities for the pooled funding under Pillar 1.
Part of ISSAT’s training support is in the provision of tailored short courses or modules for personnel ahead of their field deployments. In terms of the Hammelburg PKTC requirement, the ISSAT ‘pilot’ design was focussed on delivering a 3-day familiarisation and knowledge-based SSR module that helped participants to;
- Understand the principles, approach and characteristics of SSR;
- Explore the cross-cutting challenges and complexities of providing practical SSR support in fragile or complex environments. Looking at the need to balance accountability with effectiveness of development or reform work
- Enhance understanding of relevant SSR tools to support effective project implementation;
- Introduction to SSR Tool kit (with selected components for DE programming)
- Subjects selected and introduced to include;
i. Results Based Management (RBM)
ii. Stakeholder analysis and relationship management
iii. Integrity and sustainability framework
iv. Effects estimate and organisational (programme) mapping
4. Case Study exercise – practical demonstration of linkages between effective SSR programming, governance and oversight.