What does Community Policing mean?
Whilst each context has its own approach to community policing, programmatic strategies usually are hinged on concepts related to accountability, empowerment, transparency, service delivery, gender, equality commitments and human rights provisions; all managed through an array of police-community partnerships and problem-solving structures.
Community policing is an approach to police reform that is less centralised, less hierarchical, less structured and more involved in the community’s needs and priorities.
Community policing reform is a long-term process, which often involves shifts in political decision making, management and accountability reforms, legal process updates, capacity development, monitoring and feedback loops, community engagement frameworks and credible and effective partnerships across the formal and informal systems.
Community police reform has almost always been applied at a decentralised level and then scaled up gradually to the national level, notwithstanding the necessity of national political ownership of this engagement at the outset.