International Committee of the Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) works worldwide to provide humanitarian assistance to people affected by conflict and armed violence to take action in response to emergencies and at the same time promote respect for international humanitarian law.
In armed conflict and particularly in Other situations of Violence (OSV), the role of law enforcement officials may have key humanitarian consequences due to their responsibilities (maintenance of public order and security, prevention and detection of crime and provision of assistance) and the powers they have been granted (arrest and detention, search and seizure, use of force and firearms). They can significantly influence the fate of those affected by such situations by the way they exercise their power. Hence, maintaining a dialogue with law enforcement officials is an integral part of ICRC operations around the world to prevent and limit humanitarian consequences of armed conflict and OSV.
The Unit for Relations with Arms Carriers (DP_FAS) and more specifically the Program for dialogue with police and security forces (PGE Program) has primary responsibility for defining the concepts, guidelines, policies, working tools, rules and procedures governing the dialogue with law enforcement officials under the ICRC prevention approach. Moreover, PGE delegates contribute to delegation strategies and activities where their specific PGE expertise is required to support management and the relevant departments.
The ICRC does not provide operational/tactical advice (“how to do the job”), instead, it initiates and strengthens thinking processes on operational practice, lessons learnt, integration of the law and compliance that are fully owned by the law enforcement authorities themselves.