Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP)

The Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) is a multi-agency effort that operated from 2002 to 2009 to support the demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants in the greater Great Lakes region of Central Africa.

Telephone: +1 202 473 3328
Fax: +1 202 473 8229
Email: info@mdrp.org
Website: www.mdrp.org
MDRP Secretariat, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW
MSN J6-603
20433 Washington DC
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Policy and Research Papers

Reintegration Assistance for Ex-Combatants: Good Practices and Lessons for the MDRP

This working paper suggests the best practices in reintegration program design include: planning of pilot activities for reintegration support at the start of the DDR process; investing in regular communication and outreach with ex-combatants, communities and other stakeholders; ensuring specialised services and program adaptations for vulnerable groups of ex-combatants including children, women and the disabled; and building broad-based partnerships that facilitate the evolution of reintegration activities into wider development programming. 

As evidenced by the successes and challenges of reintegration programs around the world, the institutional structures and arrangements governing DDR and reintegration programs can have a significant impact on the effectiveness of these operations. Minimum institutional features of particular relevance include: strong national ownership; the separation of political oversight and technical implementation bodies; decentralized program structures; timely and regular monitoring and evaluation; rigorous financial systems and controls; and a clear exit strategy

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Paper

The Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Program: Reflections on the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants

To reflect on its activities and refine programming during its final two years, the Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Commission and Program (RDRC/RDRP) commissioned a series of specialized studies in 2005. These studies addressed questions related to the social and environmental impact of programming, as well as to the impact of program activities on particular
sub-groups of ex-combatants. The major findings, lessons learned and recommendations of three of these studies are summarized in this note.

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Paper

Targeting MDRP Assistance: Ex-Combatants and Other War-Affected Populations.

This paper has been prepared by the MDRP Secretariat in response to a request from MDRP partners to prepare a position paper on beneficiary definition and targeting under MDRP-supported demobilization and reintegration programs and activities in the greater Great Lakes region. The paper seeks to (i) explore the issue of beneficiary targeting within the MDRP framework, (ii) clarify principles for targeting MDRP assistance, (iii) elaborate on the linkages between support to ex-combatants and other war-affected groups, and (iv) propose strategies to further improve targeting of MDRP assistance in the future.

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Paper

Linkages between Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants and Security Sector Reform

This position paper draws on the linkages between disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants
(DDR) and security sector reform (SSR). The paper describes objectives, strategies and challenges of implementation and concludes with a number of suggestions to partners to further develop the role of SSR in DDR processes.

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Paper