Security Governance Group (SGG)

The Security Governance Group is a private research and consulting firm headquartered in Kitchener, Canada, which specializes in the security and governance dimensions of state building, peace building and post-conflict reconstruction. The firm combines grassroots, field-based practitioner experience and policy expertise with excellence in research and analysis. Our staff and associates have been at the forefront of policy and practice in the security sector reform field.

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Policy and Research Papers

Security Sector Reform in North Africa: Why It's Not Happening

Popular discontent with the repressive nature of security institutions and security forces in North Africa was the precipitating cause of the uprisings that composed the Arab Spring. Across the region the security apparatus was structured to protect regimes from their people. In the aftermath of regime change, it was evident in all countries that reform of the security sector was more than symbolically important. But why has it been so difficult for regional states to reform their security institutions? Why are we still talking about the need to reform the security sectors in these countries? This article answers these questions.

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Deportation, Circular Migration and Organized Crime: Jamaica Case Study


This report by the Canadian Department of Public Safety's Research Division, the Security Governance Group, reviews the impact of forced deportations, criminal and otherwise, on public security and organised crime in Canada and Jamaica, with a focus on transnational connections between deportees, organised crime and Canada. Within Canada, non-criminal deportations should be considered in the context of their impact on Jamaican-Canadian families and communities, where deportation has become a sensitive and political issue. In Jamaica, criminal deportations from Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom have had a profound impact on public security. Caribbean security officials are adamant that criminal deportees are at least partly responsible for rising crime rates throughout the region. Even non-criminal deportees, who lack opportunities for successful reintegration, contribute to street-level crime. Recent law enforcement operations in Canada have revealed long-standing connections between organised crime groups in both countries. While deportation is not thought to have played a role in the genesis of these criminal linkages, it may be responsible for strengthening contemporary connections. The report concludes by discussing possible mitigation strategies in Canada and Jamaica to minimise the unwanted impacts of deportation on public security.

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