United Nations (UN)

The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.

Website: www.un.org/en/
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UN – AU Review Meeting on the African Union (AU) Draft SSR Policy

United Nations mandate in AFRICA 17/05/2010 - 19/05/2010

Within the framework of the AU-UN strategic partnership on SSR, the UN SSR Unit supported the AU with a technical review meeting held in Addis Ababa to review the zero draft of the AU SSR policy paper.   

Building on ISSAT’s earlier support to the AU-UN strategic partnership, the UN SSR Unit requested ISSAT to participate in and contribute its experience to the event. ISSAT participated in a three-day consultative meeting on the draft SSR Policy paper which took place at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from May 17th till May 19th 2010.   

Mandate

UN Defence Sector Reform (DSR) Orientation and Training Project

United Nations mandate in United Nations 04/04/2012 - 11/05/2012

The UN DPKO approved a DSR Policy in June 2011 (Document Reference: UN DPKO DFS 2011.17 Effective date 27 June 2011). 

As a first step towards implementing this UN DSR policy a short orientation package will be prepared and delivered in the form of a pilot training course to UNHQ Staffs by 30 June 2012.  The objective is to sensitise and raise awareness of DSR and UN DPKO’s DSR policy.

Following the pilot course it is intended to deliver the programme in the field where DSR is a significant component of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) in the UN mission mandate. 

ISSAT was requested to provide a DSR Adviser to assist the UNSSRU in developing a pilot DSR orientation and training package. ISSAT’s assistance included identifying the key DSR subject matter for the overview generic component of the orientation/training package.  The DSR adviser also assisted on the development of the UN specific component and some short case studies.  The project involved working closely with the SSRU regarding the content of the pilot course including consultation with UN departments before delivery of a pilot training programme.

Mandate

Understanding Police Reform within its Cultural Context

United Nations mandate in Italy 07/04/2014 - 09/04/2014

The Standing Police Capacity (SPC) is an operational arm of UN Police Division, Department of Peacekeeping Operations. The SPC is based in UNGSC, Brindisi, Italy.

As per the SPC Policy Directive, January 2013, the SPC shall perform the following core functions: (i) providing the start-up capability for the police component of new peace operations; (b) assisting the existing UN peace operations through the provision of police and other law enforcement advice and expertise; and (c) if specifically directed, assisting the DPKO in the conduct of operational assessments and evaluations of existing UN police components as well as other relevant mandated duties, including providing assistance in mission drawdown and closure or as otherwise approved by the USG, DPKO.

One of the core values of the United Nations is ‘respect for diversity’. Cultural sensitivity is one of the pre-condition for respecting diversity which cannot be instilled without the adequate knowledge of a particular culture. The SPC experts are expected to objectively advise and mentor their counterparts on deployment to the field missions keeping in view the prevailing cultural differences. Understanding culture is a fundamental requisite to ensure success of these tasks.

In anticipation to the increasing  deployment trends of the SPC to different field missions  it is expected that the upcoming deployments demands may arise from predominately Islamic countries  such as Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, Somalia, Sudan (Darfur), Syria, etc. Understanding the culture and the core values of Islam will not only make the task easier but help SPC members to be well accepted by the host counterparts, community and other stakeholders. It is, therefore, considered pertinent to provide SPC members with proper orientation on all aspects of the Islamic culture, the tenants and its guiding principles on human security and the rule of law.

The training should primarily target the SPC experts and aim to enable them to maximize their knowledge and understanding of Islam. The training course might also include participants from the Justice and Corrections Standing Capacity (JCSC) based in Brindisi and other staff members of the UNGSC within the maximum slot of 25 participants.

Mandate

SSR Contribution to UN-World Bank Prevention Report

United Nations mandate in United Nations 01/03/2017 - 30/04/2017

In 2017, the UN and the World Bank requested DCAF's contribution to their planned study on the prevention of violent conflict. DCAF, used its subject-matter expertise to contribute knowledge and operational experience of how SSR processes have supported prevention efforts. DCAF provided the UN and the World Bank with a short paper setting out examples and available elements of evidence reflecting opportunities and entry-points for SSR processes to actively contribute to conflict prevention objectives in various contexts. This enabled the UN and the World Bank to present a more comprehensive definition of conflict prevention thus widening the space for various actors to work together from different angles.

To access the briefing paper by DCAF-ISSAT, The Contribution and Role of SSR in the Prevention of Violent Conflict, kindly follow the link. 

For the final report from the World Bank and UN, Pathways for Peace – Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict, kindly follow the link. 

Mandate

Planning: Training in civilian oversight of security sector, facilitate strategic development and review of Ministry of Security, Puntland

United Nations mandate in Somalia 01/12/2014 - 01/03/2015

NB - mandate closed without deployment due to operational reasons. See follow on ISSAT mandate for evolution of support. 

During the past year, the Puntland State of Somalia has taken steps towards the creation of an economically more manageable and sustainable security sector. An important element of this process has been the establishment by the President of Puntland of the ‘Committee on Counting and Reforming the Security Sector’, which currently is in the process counting Puntland's security forces (Darwish forces, police and custodial corps).  

The process of clarification/downsizing offers an opportunity to think through how broader security sector development may be taken forward. In this regard, the project seeks support from ISSAT with respect to two activities.

The first activity is in support of establishing an analysis cell within Puntland's Ministry of Security (MoS) to ensure a better and more coherent understanding of security developments across the territory of Puntland. This cell will have both an operational and a strategic purpose. It will provide more accurate analysis of security matters across Puntland’s territory, but it may also help to identify needs within the sector beyond downsizing. Specifically, ISSAT will be required to carry out an in-depth review of the MoS.

The other activity will directly support the initiation of broader strategic thinking on the direction of Puntland’s security sector development process. This will be done by holding two training workshop among relevant stakeholders. The first workshop will focus on training civilians managing and overseeing the security sector (specifically members of the security sub-committee in Puntland's parliament, Ministry of Security, Ministry of Justice, Committee on Counting and Reforming the Security Sector and members from Puntland's Office of the President). The second workshop will be a facilitated process of initiating long-term thinking within Puntland on what security sector development entails, linkages between different organisations within the security sector, why security sector development is important and how it can be taken forward in a resource-scarce environment. Specifically, this activity should also allow an initial discussion of needs within the different agencies. Workshop participants will include both civilian and uniformed elements of the security sector.

Mandate

UNSOM – Puntland Security Sector Development

United Nations mandate in Somalia 01/01/2016 - 30/04/2016

ISSAT was mandated by the United Nations Assistance Mission to Somalia (UNSOM) to support its initial thinking and activities under their programme on Security Sector Development, and as such, contribute to the initiation of broader strategic thinking by the Puntland security and justice institutions on the direction of their security sector development process. 

ISSAT was requested to support UNSOM’s Rule of Law and Security Institutions Group (ROLSIG) through the provision of advisory personnel with experience and knowledge of ministerial, parliamentary and public oversight of security forces, facilitation, and strategic development, as well as good practice in supporting nationally-led processes. The support contributed to reinforcing UNSOM in its process of facilitating the clarification of roles and responsibilities within the Puntland’s security sector as well as support a process of strategic thinking on security sector development. 

ISSAT supported UNSOM by further enhancing the way in which the UN:

  • supported civil society to engage in SSR;
  • supported the MoS (Ministry of Security) to;
  • adopted a holistic approach to institutional development of the security and justice sector;
  • adopted a risk management approach, and considered unforeseen consequences; and
  • worked coherently across the relevant UN agencies. 

The below activities were achieved through a joint UNSOM/ISSAT team approach.

  • Capacity development of  the MoS Strategic Analysis Unit (SAU) in collaboration with the local NGO the Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC);
  • Capacity development of  the MoS to build a better understanding of their role as a security ministry;
  • Identification of risks of engagement with UNSOM and UNDP.
Mandate

Review of SSR Process in Burundi: From Arusha to present

mandate in Burundi 01/05/2013 - 31/03/2014

This evaluation mandate, jointly commissioned by the Netherlands, the Government of Burundi and the BNUB, analyses the efforts made by the Burundians and their internationals partners to reform the security and justice sectors since the Arusha Peace Agreement signed in 2000. The main objectives of this evaluation were:

  • to provide an overview of the evolution of the reform process from 2000 to 2013;
  • to identify the results obtained and the remaining challenges ; and
  • to formulate recommendations to the Burundian Government and its international partners in order to improve the SSR process.
Mandate

Security Sector Reform Officer

Location: Amman, Jordan
Application Deadline: 23/05/2018 11:59 pm

This position is located in the office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen (OSESGY). This position is currently located in Amman, Jordan with possibility of re-deployment to Sana'a or to Aden. The Security Sector Reform Officer will report to the Senior Security Sector Reform Officer.

Responsibilities

Within delegated authority, the incumbent will be responsible for the following duties:
• Assists in the overall management and administration of the SSR-DDR capacity. Also provides support in the development of the SSR capacity’s support to national SSR efforts, as well as the day-to-day coordination of activities with other mission components and UN entities; 
• Supports the provision of operational and technical advice to both national stakeholders, international partners and Mission/UNCT leadership on security sector-wide issues, with special emphasis on civilian oversight, participation of communities and civil society, management and coordination; 
• Supports the development of mission strategy, policy and proposals with respect to support of national SSR efforts; 
• Supports the provision of advice and assistance to key parties; consults with relevant stakeholders through inclusive and participatory processes; 
• Assists national efforts to mobilize and coordinate international assistance to security sector initiatives; Prepares substantive inputs to SSR papers and reports for presentation to the relevant bodies; 
• Provides substantive support to the organization of meetings, seminars, and other events on substantive issues including proposing agenda topics, identifying participants, preparing documents and presentations; 
• Organizes and/or undertakes research on various aspects of SSR work; analyzes and presents information gathered from diverse sources; identifies problems and issues to be assessed and proposes corrective actions and/or way forward; 
• Contributes to the preparation of budget documents and preparation of inputs for results-based budgeting; 
• Performs any other assigned duties.

For further information about the position, Security Sector Reform Officer, please follow the link. 

Vacancy

Conseiller en chef pour la sécurité, P5 - ONU

Application Deadline: 07/06/2018 12:00 pm

Cadre organisationnel

Le Département de la sûreté et de la sécurité (DSS) dirige, appuie et contrôle le système de gestion de la sécurité, afin que les programmes et activités des organismes des Nations Unies puissent être exécutés de la façon la plus sûre et la plus efficiente possible.
Ces postes sont à pourvoir au Département de la sûreté et de la sécurité, notamment à la Section de la sécurité, dans d’autres missions ou au Siège. Le titulaire relève d'une unité administrative désignée ou d’un conseiller principal pour la sécurité et de la Division des opérations régionales. 

Responsabilités

Dans les limites des pouvoirs qui lui sont délégués, le titulaire est susceptible de s’acquitter des fonctions ci-après : 
•Préparer, passer en revue, approuver ou valider des documents de gestion de la sécurité pour la mission, le pays ou la zone géographique désignée, ou les activités, y compris tous les aspects relatifs à leur élaboration, leur mise au point, leur exécution et leur mise à jour.
•Mettre en place et présider une cellule de coordination de la sécurité, en assurer le bon fonctionnement et veiller à ce que de bonnes pratiques y soient observées, et promouvoir la coordination interinstitutions. 
•Fournir un appui et des avis à l’interlocuteur désigné, au Chef de la mission, aux coordonnateurs de sécurité ou aux organismes du Système de gestion de la sécurité des Nations Unies en ce qui concerne toutes les questions, politiques et procédures de sécurité.

Afin d'accéder à l'offre d'emploi, Conseiller en chef pour la sécurité, veuillez suivre le lien.

Vacancy

Coordonnateur (réforme du secteur de la sécurité), P3 - ONU

Location: New York, United States of America
Application Deadline: 02/06/2018 12:00 pm

Cadre organisationnel

Ce poste est à pourvoir au Groupe de la réforme du secteur de la sécurité, qui relève du Bureau de l’état de droit et des institutions chargées de la sécurité (Département des opérations de maintien de la paix), au Siège des Nations Unies. Le titulaire relève du Chef du Groupe de la réforme du secteur de la sécurité ou de son représentant.

Responsabilités

Dans les limites des pouvoirs qui lui sont délégués , le titulaire s’acquitte des fonctions ci-après : 
• Coordonner les réponses aux demandes et requêtes d'appui en matière de réforme du secteur de la sécurité émanant des opérations de maintien de la paix et des missions politiques spéciales de l'ONU, ainsi que d'autres départements, organismes et bureaux extérieurs.
•Travailler en coordination avec les partenaires régionaux et collaborer avec les équipes opérationnelles intégrées et les forums de coordination, y compris l’Équipe spéciale interinstitutions pour la réforme du secteur de la sécurité et le pôle de coordination mondiale pour assurer un soutien global aux opérations de maintien de la paix et aux missions politiques spéciales dotées de mandats de réforme du secteur de la sécurité, ainsi qu’à d’autres entités qui recherchent une expertise dans le domaine de la réforme du secteur de la sécurité. 
•Aider à développer et renforcer les partenariats dans le domaine de la réforme du secteur de la sécurité avec les partenaires régionaux et multilatéraux, notamment l’Union Africaine et les communautés économiques régionales en Afrique, l’Union Européenne et la Banque mondiale.

Afin d'accéder à l'offre d'emploi, Coordonnateur (réforme du secteur de la sécurité), veuillez suivre le lien.

Vacancy

Conseiller principal pour la sécurité (lieux d’affectation mulitples), D1 - ONU

Application Deadline: 20/05/2018 12:00 pm

Cadre organisationnel:

Cet avis de vacance de poste est publié à fin de générer une liste de candidats qualifiés pour l'inclusion dans la liste de candidats préselectionnés pour les postes dans les operations hors siege. Ces postes sont à pourvoir dans le Département de la sûreté et de la sécurité (DSS) dirige, appuie et contrôle le système de gestion de la sécurité, afin que les programmes et activités des organismes des Nations Unies puissent être exécutés de la façon la plus sûre et la plus efficiente possible. Le titulaire relève directement du responsable désigné de l'ONU et de l'équipe dirigeante du Département de la sûreté et de la sécurité du Siège à New York.

Responsabilités:

Sous la supervision du responsable désigné de l'ONU pour les questions de sécurité et sous l'orientation et la direction générale des cadres supérieurs du Département de la sûreté et de la sécurité de l'ONU, le titulaire exerce les fonctions de Conseiller principal pour la sécurité auprès du responsable désigné et de l'équipe de coordination du dispositif de sécurité. Il s'acquitte des fonctions ci-après : Conseiller le représentant désigné et l'équipe de coordination du dispositif de sécurité sur tous les aspects relatifs à la sûreté et à la sécurité du personnel des organisation du système de gestion de la sécurité des Nations Unies et de leurs ayant droits à charge, ainsi que des locaux, biens et opérations de ces organisations. En particulier, conduire et diriger les opérations de sécurité en s'acquittant des fonctions ci-après dans le pays, la mission, ou la zone désignée placée sous sa responsabilité : 
Gestion des risques de sécurité:

Maîtriser l'approche du système de gestion de la sécurité des Nations Unies en matière de gestion des risques et veiller à l'élaboration et à l'examen en temps voulu du processus de gestion des risques de sécurité, à l'administration des mesures de gestion des risques de sécurité et des mesures de sécurité applicables au domicile qui en découlent, et à d'autres exigences pertinentes relatives aux politiques et directives du système de gestion de la sécurité des Nations Unies, pour assurer l'exécution continue des programmes de l'ONU, en particulier dans les situations de crise, tout en assurant la sûreté, la sécurité et le bien-être du personnel, ainsi que celle des locaux et biens de l'ONU.

Afin d'accéder à l'offre d'emploi, Conseiller principal pour la sécurité (lieux d’affectation mulitples), veuillez suivre le lien.

Vacancy

Chief of Mission Support, D1

Application Deadline: 07/04/2018 11:55 pm

These positions are located in peace operations. The Chief of Mission Support (CMS) positions are typically in conflict and post-conflict locations in non-family and/or hardship duty stations. CMS may also be housed in camp environments. The Chief of Mission Support at this level typically reports to the Head of Mission (HoM) as applicable.

Responsibilities

Within delegated authority, the Chief of Mission Support (CMS) will be responsible for the following duties: (These duties are generic and may vary Depending on the mission’s mandate)
-Advice and coordination: Acts as principal adviser to the Head of Mission (HoM) on all matters pertaining to administrative, logistical and technical support. Ensures cooperation and integration of administrative, logistical and technical resources with military, civilian, police and other substantive elements of the mission as required. Performs related duties as may be required by the Head of Mission or United Nations headquarters, e.g., brief visiting senior officials on mission, administrative, logistics and technical support activities, etc. Liaises, negotiates and coordinates with national authorities with respect to administrative, logistical and technical support matters. Represents the civilian administrative, logistical and technical support staff at meetings, protocol and ceremonial occasions, military parades, etc. Ensures coordination between Supply Chain and Service Delivery Pillars.

-Management related: Contributes to the implementation of the mission/office mandate by providing the necessary managerial, logistical, technical and administrative support and strategic advice through the Head of Mission to the senior leadership team required for the fulfillment of the mandate, including in such areas as budget, finance, human resources management, logistics, supply chain management and technical support services, innovation and technology solutions, etc. Provides advice to the Senior Management Team, on the mission planning process throughout the mission lifecycle with particular attention to support areas and contributes to an integrated approach and consistency in the implementation of mandate. Establishes a set of sound policies, procedures, practices, standards and tools that are consistent with UN policy and practice in order to ensure proper budget, accounting, financial, property/equipment and human resources management and control.Plans, organizes, implements, manages and oversees the activities of all logistical, technical and administrative support operations. Develops policy, procedures and Mission Support Plans. Ensures development, preparation, coordination and monitoring of overall work plans, strategies and programs for the administrative, logistical and technical support activities of the mission and takes the lead in securing the required human and financial resources for the mission. Provides guidance, support and supervision to senior administrative, logistical and technical support staff, audit and evaluation services as appropriate. Ensures provision of guidance, performance evaluation, supervision and mentoring to all 
administrative, logistical and technical support and other staff in the areas of his/her responsibility. Advocates and ensures, through collaboration with all stakeholders, the implementation of the DFS or Organizational strategic priorities and initiatives, including, among others, a commitment to supply chain management and integrated/shared service delivery that is client-oriented, responsive and allows for efficiencies wherever possible. Maintains effective communication with UN headquarters and the Global & Regional service centres supporting the mission. May represent the mission before legislative bodies, and Member States delegations, providing information and clarification in support of budget proposals. Ensures effective integration and implementation of environmental works and measures. 
Provides effective management of human, financial and material resources of the mission. Certifies mission expenditure as the authority delegated by the UN Controller. 

-Other related duties: Performs other duties as assigned.

For further information about the vacancy and application process on Chief of Mission Support , please kindly follow this link.

Vacancy

Principal Security Sector Reform Officer, D1

Application Deadline: 07/04/2018 11:55 pm

These positions are located in United Nations (UN) Peace Operations. The Principal Security Sector Reform (SSR) Officer reports to the Director, SSR, or in the absence of such a position, to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) or the Principal Deputy SRSG. The focus of these positions is on the provision of strategic advice in support of nationally owned SSR efforts and the overall leadership and management of an SSR capacity, including its programme, staff and budgetary resources.It entails the following responsibilities : 

Within delegated authority, the Principal SSR Officer will be responsible for the following duties. (These duties are generic and may not be carried out by all Principal SSR Officers):
•Provides strategic and technical advice to both national stakeholders and Mission/UNCT leadership on security sector-wide issues, with special emphasis on civilian oversight, management and coordination. 
•Assists the SRSG in developing, formulating and promoting mission strategy, policy and proposals with respect to support of national SSR efforts.
•Seeks to find relevant solutions to meet host country SSR requirements; improves on existing frameworks; and offers new options to meet host country needs.
•Advises mission management on SSR policy and on the strategic planning, design, implementation, review and evaluation of SSR plans and programmes; assists in determining priorities and allocating resources.
•Serves as the Mission’s focal point on SSR, and as the Mission’s representative for government officials, bilateral and multilateral partners and other entities in this area; serves on relevant committees as required.
•Assists national efforts to mobilize and coordinate international assistance to security sector initiatives.
•Leads the delivery of coherent ‘one-UN’ support of national SSR efforts, together with all relevant Mission/UNCT interlocutors, including coordination of Mission-UNCT assistance. This should include initiating and subsequently chairing monthly Mission-UNCT SSR Working Group meetings. 
•Oversees the team’s outputs to ensure that products meet UN high-quality standards, and that reports are clear, objective, based on comprehensive data, produced in a timely fashion and complying with the relevant mandates.
•Represents the SSR capacity and participates in international, regional or national meetings; provides programmatic/substantive expertise on an issue, or holds programmatic/substantive and organizational discussions with representatives of other institutions.
•Leads and supervises the organization of meetings, seminars, and other events on substantive issues; manages the substantive preparation and organization of such events.

For further information about the vacancy and application process of Principal Security Sector Reform Officer , please kindly follow this link. 

Vacancy

UN Principal Security Sector Reform Officer, D1

Application Deadline: 07/04/2018 11:55 pm

Org. Setting and Reporting

These positions are located in United Nations (UN) Peace Operations. The Principal Security Sector Reform (SSR) Officer reports to the Director, SSR, or in the absence of such a position, to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) or the Principal Deputy SRSG. The focus of these positions is on the provision of strategic advice in support of nationally owned SSR efforts and the overall leadership and management of an SSR capacity, including its programme, staff and budgetary resources. (The actual level of these posts varies according to the size, scope and complexity of the programme and its operations.)

Responsibilities

Within delegated authority, the Principal SSR Officer will be responsible for the following duties. (These duties are generic and may not be carried out by all Principal SSR Officers):
•Provides strategic and technical advice to both national stakeholders and Mission/UNCT leadership on security sector-wide issues, with special emphasis on civilian oversight, management and coordination. 
•Assists the SRSG in developing, formulating and promoting mission strategy, policy and proposals with respect to support of national SSR efforts.
•Seeks to find relevant solutions to meet host country SSR requirements; improves on existing frameworks; and offers new options to meet host country needs.
•Advises mission management on SSR policy and on the strategic planning, design, implementation, review and evaluation of SSR plans and programmes; assists in determining priorities and allocating resources.
•Serves as the Mission’s focal point on SSR, and as the Mission’s representative for government officials, bilateral and multilateral partners and other entities in this area; serves on relevant committees as required.
•Assists national efforts to mobilize and coordinate international assistance to security sector initiatives.
•Leads the delivery of coherent ‘one-UN’ support of national SSR efforts, together with all relevant Mission/UNCT interlocutors, including coordination of Mission-UNCT assistance. This should include initiating and subsequently chairing monthly Mission-UNCT SSR Working Group meetings. 
•Oversees the team’s outputs to ensure that products meet UN high-quality standards, and that reports are clear, objective, based on comprehensive data, produced in a timely fashion and complying with the relevant mandates.
•Represents the SSR capacity and participates in international, regional or national meetings; provides programmatic/substantive expertise on an issue, or holds programmatic/substantive and organizational discussions with representatives of other institutions.
•Leads and supervises the organization of meetings, seminars, and other events on substantive issues; manages the substantive preparation and organization of such events.
•Provides leadership and overall management of an SSR capacity; formulates, develops and directs the implementation of the work programme; oversees programmed activities, ensuring appropriate coordination and integration with the Mission’s general mandate and all its components (in particular both the political affairs and justice/ROL components, but also communications and public information, legal affairs, policy and planning, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, humanitarian, human rights, civilian police, and military components), as well as with other UN organizations, and international and national partners, as appropriate.
•Undertakes or oversees the programmatic/administrative tasks necessary for the functioning of the capacity, including preparation of budgets, reporting on budget/programme performance, evaluation of staff performance (PAS), interviews of candidates for job openings, evaluation of candidates and preparation of inputs for results-based budgeting.
•Recruits staff while making every effort to ensure geographical representation and gender balance.
•Manages, guides, develops, and trains staff under his/her supervision.
•Fosters teamwork and communication among staff in the team and across organizational boundaries.
•Leads the preparation of regular progress reports on UN security sector support for the consideration of senior Mission leadership, in coordination with Mission/UNCT, national and international partners.
•Reports on budget/programme performance and other substantive issues, particularly those presented in biannual and/or annual reports.
•Prepares substantive inputs to SSR position papers and reports for presentation to relevant bodies.
•Responds to requests and reporting requirements from the SSR Unit, OROLSI, DPKO.

For full access to, Principal Security Sector Reform Officer,kindly follow the link.

Vacancy

Associate Security Sector Reform Officer UNSOM

Location: Mogadishu, Somalia
Application Deadline: 12/03/2018 12:00 pm

This position is located within the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), Mogadishu duty station. The encumbered will work under the direct supervision of the Security Sector Reform Officer (P4).

Duties and Responsibilities: With delegated authority, the Associate Security Sector Reform Officer will be responsible for the following duties:

  • Assists in the development of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) capacity’s to support national Security Sector Reform (SSR) efforts, as well as the day –to day coordination of activities with other mission components ( e.g. political, military, civilian, communications/ public affairs; legal; policy/ planning; mission analysis, etc.) and United Nations (UN) entities;
  • Supports the provision of strategic and technical advice to both national stakeholders and Mission/ United Nations Country Team (UNCT) leadership on security sector-wide issues, with special emphasis on civilian oversight, management and coordination;
  • Assists in the development of mission strategy, policy and proposals with respect to support of national Security Sector Reform (SSR) efforts;

For full access to, Associate Security Sector Reform Officer UNSOM, please follow the link.

Vacancy

UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Officer

Location: Bamako, Mali
Application Deadline: 06/03/2018 12:00 pm

Org. Setting and Reporting

This position is located in the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in Bamako. Bamako is classified as a “D” hardship duty station and a non-family duty station. For day to day matters, the incumbent will report to the Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) reporting, public information and reinsertion Team Leader. For strategic guidance, the incumbent will report to the Chief DDR and the Director Security Sector Reforms – Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration in Bamako.

Responsibilities

Within delegated authority, the incumbent will be responsible for the following duties:
• Contributes to the substantive development and implementation of the DDR programme, including overall policy and legal framework, implementation strategy, operational modalities and action plans, taking into account national programme priorities and targets; 
• Provides technical inputs to the planning, design and implementation of community violence reduction (CVR)/community based reinsertion (CBR) projects, as well as technical advice and assistance to key parties (e.g. National DDR Commission, and representatives of the signatories of the peace accord etc.); consults with relevant stakeholders through inclusive and participatory processes; and undertakes continuous monitoring of project activities;
• Organizes and undertakes research and analysis on various aspects of DDR work, including risk and threat assessments, target group profiles, political factors, security and other issues affecting operations; identifies problems and issues to be addressed and proposes corrective actions; identifies and tracks follow-up actions; produces progress and briefing reports; 
• Supports the development and maintenance of appropriate mechanisms and systems for tracking, monitoring and evaluation of key components of DDR-related programmes; manages data collection and follow-up; identifies issues and prepares conclusions; 

For full access to, UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Officer, please follow the link.

Vacancy

Tools

UNODC Tools and Resources for Criminal Justice Reform

UNODC develops tools for stakeholders to assist States in the implementation of the UN standards and norms. They include a variety of handbooks, training curriculums and model laws which provide guidance to United Nations agencies, governments and individuals at each stage of criminal justice reform.

An overview of all the handbooks and manuals that the Justice Section develops is available in English, French and Spanish.

To access UNODC Tools and Resources for Criminal Justice Reform, kindly follow the link. 

Tool

Videos

The United Nations' Civilian Capacities Initiative

Renata Dwan, Senior Project Officer Civilian Capacities at the United Nation's headquarters in New York, explains this initiative, why it was set up and what it seeks to achieve.

Video

Defense Sector Reform in the UN (Security Sector Reform Unit and UNITAR)

United Nations, New York, 26 November 2012 - The video provides guidance to United Nations staff engaged in supporting national defence sector reform and highlights its importance for the future stability, peace and development of post conflict countries. It also explains the role of the United Nations in the field of DSR and advocates for the inclusion of better defined DSR mandates for UN missions. -------- Definitions: Defence Sector Reform: Describes a nationally-owned process intended to reconcile, reform, transform, restructure, reengineers, enhance or develop an effective, efficient, accountable and affordable defence sector which operates without discrimination, with full respect of human rights and, under extraordinary and constitutionally defined circumstances, in support of the establishment, maintenance and upholding of law and order. In some specific cases, the reform process may include the assessment of the role of the private defence-related organizations and regularization of non-statutory forces . UN peacekeeping: Refers to activities that helps countries torn by conflict create conditions for lasting peace. UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles: 1) Consent of the parties; 2) Impartiality; 3) Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate. UN peacebuilding: Involves a range of measures targeted to reduce the risk of lapsing or relapsing into conflict by strengthening national capacities at all levels for conflict ...

Video

Women in Mine Action: Clearing landmines and explosives

United Nations - UNMAS programme staff is almost 50% female. What motivates these women? What makes this work so fulfilling? In their own voices UNMAS officers tell what they seek to achieve.

Video

Armenia & Georgia: Prison Reform

A United Nations Stories piece on the growing opposition to long prison sentences in Armenia and Georgia.

Video

Myanmar: Democracy Wins

United Nations - After almost 50 years of military rule, Myanmar, formerly known as Burma in Southeast Asia, is witnessing sweeping change. 

To access the video, please follow the link: Myanmar: Democracy Wins

Video

Ban Ki-moon (UN Secretary-General), Presentation of the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon presents the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism outlined in his report (A/70/674) from the 24th of December 2015, forwarded to the General Assembly for its consideration. In the plan he calls on Member States and the international community to come together to combine all their knowledge and resources to combat the roots of the causes that lead to violent extremism. With the emphasis on prevention as a long-term solution, he makes reference to the use of security sector reform programming as a mechanism to build the capacity of Member States to address violent extremism.

Access the video by following the link: Presentation of the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism 

For the full report by the Secretary General, kindly follow the link: Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

Video

Defense Sector Reform in the UN

This 16-minute video provides guidance to United Nations staff engaged in supporting national defence sector reform and highlights its importance for the future stability, peace and development of post conflict countries. It also explains the role of the United Nations in the field of DSR and advocates for the inclusion of better defined DSR mandates for UN missions.

Definitions:
Defence Sector Reform:
Describes a nationally-owned process intended to reconcile, reform, transform, restructure, reengineers, enhance or develop an effective, efficient, accountable and affordable defence sector which operates without discrimination, with full respect of human rights and, under extraordinary and constitutionally defined circumstances, in support of the establishment, maintenance and upholding of law and order. In some specific cases, the reform process may include the assessment of the role of the private defence-related organizations and regularization of non-statutory forces. 

Video

Parliamentary oversight: Challenges and opportunities

This summit of Speakers of Parliament from across the world is a unique forum for dialogue and cooperation between parliaments at the highest level. The overall theme of the Conference will focus on peace, democracy, and development seen through the parliamentary lens. The Conference is part of the series of high-level meetings leading up to the UN Summit in late September 2015, at which the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be launched.  The Conference is convened by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in cooperation with the United Nations.

For full access to Parliamentary oversight: Challenges and opportunities, please kindly follow the link.

Video

Conflict Related Sexual Violence Training Video

Conflict related sexual violence has a direct or indirect link to conflict or post-conflict settings and other situations of concern, and can constitute war crimes, crimes against humanity and acts of torture or genocide.

CRSV is an abhorrent crime used as a tactic of war for military, political and economic reasons and continues to be a feature of conflicts today, claiming thousands of victims every year. It is used to punish, terrorize, intimidate, control and displace civilians and, in the process, destroy the social fabric of communities.

Survivors of CRSV often experience severe physical and psychological health challenges exacerbated by a lack of medical facilities.

To find out what is being done to support the eradication of CRSV, kindly follow the link.

Video

Policy and Research Papers

Compilation of good practices on legal and institutional frameworks and measures that ensure respect for human rights by intelligence agencies while countering terrorism, including on their oversight

This document presents a compilation of good practices on legal and institutional frameworks and measures that ensure respect for human rights by intelligence agencies while countering terrorism, including on their oversight, as requested by the Human Rights Council and prepared by the Special Rapporteur on the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism. The compilation is the outcome of a consultation process where Governments, experts and practitioners in various ways provided their input. In particular, written submissions received from Governments by a deadline of 1 May 2010 have been taken into account.

Paper

African Perspectives on SSR

On 14 May 2010, the Permanent Missions of Nigeria and South Africa to the United Nations, with facilitation support from the United Nations SSR Unit, Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, and with generous financial contribution from the Permanent Mission of the Netherlands to the United Nations, co-hosted the High-level Forum on African Perspectives on SSR. The event brought together approximately 80 high-level participants from 55 Permanent Missions and 11 United Nations entities.

The High-Level Forum highlighted emerging trends and developments in the field of SSR, including its place within broader institutional reform, the role of intra-African SSR support, outsourcing and the role of private commercial security actors in supporting SSR and the significance of the African Union’s SSR Policy as an integral part the African Peace and Security Framework (APSA). The co-chairs’ statement, which is included herein, underscored that these developments are “significant for the success and sustainability of such reform processes moving forward but which, so far, have not featured adequately in the SSR policy agenda”.

The High-Level Forum and co-chairs statement were informed by findings from the Experts-level Seminar on African Perspectives on SSR, which was held the previous day on 13 May. This event brought together representatives from 15 African Permanent Missions, the African Union SSR advisor and high-ranking officials from the Burundian National Defense Forces and the Embassy of the Netherlands in Bujumbura. The discussions, focused on three main themes: 1) national ownership; 2) coordination of SSR assistance; and 3) the regional dimensions of SSR.

Paper

Report of the Secretary-General on the role of United Nations Peacekeeping in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (S/2000/101)

The Secretary General's report to the United Nations Security Council relating to the United Nation's role in Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR), with special attention being paid to the problems of disarmament and demobilisation of child soldiers and their reintegration into society. The report cites the precise definition of the term "DDR", and details a discussion on demobilisation and reintegration, and the best ways of approaching the issues.

For full report, click here.

Paper

Report of the Independent Expert on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia, Shamsul Bari

The unending saga of human rights deprivations in Somalia over the past two decades have now been compounded by another humanitarian crisis. The devastating drought currently ravaging the Horn of Africa, compounded by conflict and the denial of
humanitarian assistance, has resulted in a declaration of famine in two regions of South-Central Somalia. Already in the course of the independent expert’s sixth visit to Somalia, in February 2011, the drought had taken a heavy toll on livestock and food reserves. The full impact of the drought can be seen on the Somali population, a large number of whom have been forced to flee their homes in search of food and succour. Deaths caused by malnutrition have been documented among new arrivals in refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia and into Mogadishu. The United Nations has already warned that, unless urgent measures are taken to increase the response, the famine will spread to the whole of southern Somalia within the next two months. This should not be allowed to happen and become another blot on the conscience of mankind.

Apart from the drought and famine, the armed conflicts between Islamist insurgents and the Transitional Federal Government, supported by the troops of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), continues to cause deaths and injury to the civilian
population. Indiscriminate shelling and firing in urban areas, and suicide and improvised explosive attacks by the insurgent group Al-Shabaab, are the main causes.

Recent offensive has resulted in territorial gains for AMISOM and Transitional Federal Government forces. On 6 August 2011, Al-Shabaab announced its withdrawal from positions it had held in Mogadishu for nearly two years. Although Al-Shabaab has been
under military pressure in Mogadishu from the combined operations of AMISOM and Transitional Federal Government forces forsome time, its sudden withdrawal came as a surprise.

To view this publication, follow this link.

Paper

UN Defence Sector Reform Policy Document

To guide the United Nations support to national defence sector reform (DSR) efforts. It outlines the parameters and components of this support, including principles, elements for any mission concept, core tasks and constraints. The policy also highlights linkages with security sector reform (SSR), rule of law and other broader reform processes, such as public administration reform initiatives and regional security development plans, as well as with United Nations actors, including those involved in peacemaking, peacekeeping, early peacebuilding and peacebuilding, development, humanitarian relief and the promotion of human rights and the rule of law.

Paper

Guidance Note for Effective Use and Development of National Capacity in Post-Conflict Contexts

This Guidance Note provides principles, advice and resources for the United Nations as it supports the use and development of national capacity in countries emerging from conflict. The Note is intended to inform assessment, analysis and planning exercises with national as well as other partners and to guide capacity development programming, covering the entire spectrum of UN support including peacekeeping, humanitarian and development activities.

http://www.undg.org/docs/13236/CivCap%20Capacity%20Development%20Guidance%20Note_130816.pdf
 
The Note lays out ten principles, advice and resources, which seek to ensure that the United Nations’ system-wide support to capacity development is based on national ownership and priorities, while acknowledging its mandates and norms:
 
1. Make national ownership the starting point for capacity development.

2. Analyse and manage the political aspects of capacity development.

3. Adapt capacity development support to fit the national context.

4. Prioritise the feasible within the context of national priorities, including critical capacity gap
areas.

5. Take a strategic approach to capacity development, balancing support for quick wins and long-term results.

6. Draw on countries with experience of transition, especially from the global South.

7. Minimise the risk of undermining national capacity through the use of national and international
capacity.

8. Build back better: develop new capacities that don’t just replicate the past. 

9. Make more use of national systems and capacities.

10. Lead and collaborate more effectively as the United Nations in support of national capacity
development.

Paper

Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (Ref: A/55/305 - S/2000/809)

The Secretary-General commissioned a panel composed of individuals experienced in various aspects of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peace-building, to assess the shortcomings of the existing system and to make specific and realistic recommendations for change. The recommendations of the report focus not only on politics and strategy but also and perhaps even more so on operational and organizational areas of need. The report is popularly known as the Brahimi Report, named after the Chairman of the Panel, Lakhdar Brahimi.

To access the executive summary and the full report, click here.

Paper

UN Secretary General Report on "Securing States and societies: strengthening the United Nations comprehensive support to security sector reform" (A/67/970–S/2013/480)

The present report reviews the United Nations support to security sector reform, and includes recommendations on how best to strengthen the Organization’s comprehensive approach in this area, pursuant to the statement by the President of the Security Council of 12 October 2011 (S/PRST/2011/19). A number of achievements are highlighted and areas where further work is needed are noted, five years after the first report of the Secretary-General on security sector reform, entitled “Securing peace and development: the role of the United Nations in supporting security sector reform” (A/62/659-S/2008/39).

Paper

Global Study on Legal Aid

The United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime undertook the Global Study on Legal Aid to establish a baseline understanding of how the right to legal aid in civil, criminal and administrative cases has been defined and addressed around the world. The Global Study is the international community’s first attempt to collect data on and present a comprehensive overview of the state of legal aid globally. It provides valuable insights on a number of common priorities faced by countries for enhancing people’s access to effective legal aid services.

For full access to Global Study on Legal Aid, kindly follow the link.

Paper

Examination of Legal Aid in Haiti - Lessons Learned

Between 2 and 18 February 2017 a joint team from the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (MINUSTAH and the Justice and Corrections Service) and the USAID Justice Sector Strengthening Program (JSSP), supported by DCAF’s International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT) and the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) undertook a mission to Haiti that examined the MINUSTAH-supported Legal Aid Office (Bureau d’Assistance Légale - BAL) of Port-au-Prince (2012-2017), Cap-Haïtien and Les Cayes (2015-2016), legal aid projects implemented by PROJUSTICE/USAID, and Government-supported BAL established between 2015 and 2017.

The mission report is available in English and French. 

Paper

Pathways for Peace : Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict

Pathways for Peace is a joint United Nations–World Bank Group study that originates from the conviction that the international community’s attention must urgently be refocused on prevention. A scaled-up system for preventive action would save between US$5 billion and $70 billion per year, which could be reinvested in reducing poverty and improving the wellbeing of populations.

The study aims to improve the way in which domestic development processes interact with security, diplomacy, mediation, and other efforts to prevent conflicts from becoming violent. It stresses the importance of grievances related to exclusion—from access to power, natural resources, security and justice, for example—that are at the root of many violent conflicts today.

For full access to Pathways for Peace : Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Report of the Secretary-General on Peacebuilding and sustaining peace

Two years ago, the General Assembly and the Security Council came together to express their commitment to building and sustaining peace. They emphasized, in the twin resolutions on the review of the peacebuilding architecture, General Assembly resolution 70/262 and Security Council resolution 2282 (2016), that Member States needed to work better together to sustain peace at all stages of conflict and in all its dimensions and stressed that sustaining peace was imperative to preventing the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict. It was recognized in the resolutions that sustaining peace should be broadly understood as a goal and a process to build a common vision of a society, ensuring that the needs of all segments of the population were taken into account.

In the resolutions, the General Assembly and the Security Council recognized that sustaining peace was a shared task and responsibility of Government and all other national stakeholders and should flow through all three pillars of the United Nations’ engagement at all stages of conflict. They further reaffirmed the primary responsibility of national Governments and authorities in identifying, driving and directing priorities, strategies and activities for sustaining peace and emphasized that inclusivity was key to advancing national peacebuilding processes and objectives.

For full access to, Report of the Secretary-General on Peacebuilding and sustaining peace, please follow the link.

Paper

Other Documents

La MONUSCO facilite l’installation de la Commission de résolution de conflits à Mukebo

La MONUSCO facilite  l’installation  de la Commission de résolution de conflits à Mukebo, localité située à 160 Km au Nord-est de Manono dans la Province du Tanganyika. La Commission  est constituée de 14 membres choisis par les deux  communautés Pygmée et Luba dans l’objectif de relancer le dialogue intercommunautaire.

La mise en place de la Commission paritaire Pygmées-Luba vient consolider la mise en œuvre du plan d’action de résolution de conflit intercommunautaire lancé depuis quelques mois par le Bureau de la MONUSCO-Kalemie en soutien aux autorités politico-militaires de la province du Tanganyika. 

Article complet ici.

Other Document

Civil Affairs Handbook - Chapter 8: Analysis and planning

Chapter 8 discusses the importance of analysis and planning for every aspect of civil affairs work, and gives an overview of the tools and processes relevant for analysis and planning in UN field missions. It provides basic models for conducting both analysis and planning exercises that can be adapted to the needs of Civil Affairs Officers and components.

Other Document

Security Council, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2250 (2015), Urges Member States to Increase Representation of Youth in Decision-Making at All Levels

Recognizing the threat to stability and development posed by the rise of radicalization among young people, the Security Council today urged Member States to consider ways to give youth a greater voice in decision-making at the local, national, regional and international levels.

Through the unanimous adoption of resolution 2250 (2015), which defined youth as persons aged 18 through 29, the Council also urged Member States to consider setting up mechanisms that would enable young people to participate meaningfully in peace processes and dispute resolution.

Full document: Security Council, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2250 (2015), Urges Member States to Increase Representation of Youth in Decision-Making at All Levels

Other Document

United Nations Guidance for Effective Mediation

The guidance on mediation provides relevant concepts and tools that can add to the palette of expertise of a good advisor in volatile settings. Mediation skills are an important feature of a good advisor, even if mediation is not the key role.

This guidance is available through the following link: http://peacemaker.un.org/sites/peacemaker.un.org/files/GuidanceEffectiveMediation_UNDPA2012%28english%29_0.pdf

Other Document

June 2015 Final Report of the High Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations

Mandates of recent UN peacekeeping operations have shown substantial innovation in the thinking of UN Security Council. The expansion of the scope of activities of UN missions beyond what the UN peacekeepers are accustomed to has prompted questions over the future direction of UN peacekeeping. At the June 2014 open debate of the UN Security Council on "New trends in UN peacekeeping operations", Secretary General Ban Ki-moon announced he had asked the Secretariat to initiate work on a review of UN peacekeeping. It was decided that the review would consist of two parallel but interrelated efforts on the part of the UN Secretariat and the High-Level Panel, and that attention should be given both to the peacekeeping operations and the special political missions (SPMs). 

(For more background information on the High-Level Independent Panel on UN Peace Operations, read this Policy Brief authored by Mateja Peter and published by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs.) 

In June 2015, members of the High level panel produced a 111 page joint report, which can be downloaded here. A summary of key findings can also be found here. The latter highlights four essential shifts that are needed, and formulates a number of key recommendations, including (but not limited to) on conflict prevention, protection of civilians, use of force, women, peace and security, and integrating human rights.

Other Document

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules)

UN_Standard Rules for Treatment of Prisoners_Mandela Rules

The Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners adopted in 1957 have recently undergone a revision.  The revision process recognised that the Rules are a key standard for the treatment of prisoners globally and are widely used today, but there had been major developments in human rights and criminal justice since their adoption.  The revised set of Rules will be known as the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules)’.

Find out more about the revision process of the Standard Minimum Rules (SMR)

Other Document

UNDPKO SSR Unit Newsletter No.19 | July-September 2013

The SSR Newsletter provides an update on recent activities of the SSR Unit, gives an overview of upcoming initiatives and shares relevant information and announcements with the greater SSR community.

In this issue:

  • Release of the second Secretary- General’s report on SSR
  • Spotlight on a Mission: UNSOM
  • UN Military Contingent Officers Course
  • Policy Forum on SSR and POC
Other Document

UN Secretary General's Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

On the 24th of December 2015, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon created the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism which he presented in his report (A/70/674) for the General Assembly to consider. The plan emphasises the need to act to prevent the further spread of violent extremism by addressing the root causes that lead to it through an effective global partnership that brings together knowledge and resources to tackle these issues. The recommendations presented have international, regional and national implications for all stakeholders. More specifically, with the emphasis on prevention as a long-term solution, he makes reference to the use of security sector reform programming as a mechanism to build the capacity of Member States to address violent extremism.

For the full report, kindly follow the link: Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

To access the official UN video of the Secretary General presenting the plan of action, kindly follow the link: Ban Ki-moon (UN Secretary-General), Presentation of the Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

Other Document