Policy and Research Papers
The CSG has just published its inaugural SSR 2.0 Brief on “Security Sector Reform in the Central African Republic: Chronicle of a Death Foretold,” written by Teodora Fuior and CSG Senior Fellow David Law.
This brief looks into the implementation of SSR in CAR, the deficiencies of its design, and the missteps made in its implementation. Its central finding is that the failure of the peacebuilding process in CAR was predestined, stemming from the earliest stages of SSR implementation in the country.
For the UN, the Mali deployment has been politically one of its most important to date, one of its largest in terms of numbers of deployed personnel, and one of its most deadly in terms of personnel losses. At the time of writing, MINUSMA also appears to have been one of the least successful.
Overall, implementation of the peace agreement has been slow, uneven and flawed. The ongoing violence has made it difficult for armed groups to withdraw from certain areas, let alone disarm, and has thwarted development of the new power-sharing arrangements agreed in Algiers. As noted above, the Mixed Units to be constituted by previous opponents have not got off the ground as violence among their would-be constituent actors has continued. The impression one gains is that the political ground work that needed to be done to make possible cooperation among Malians from the centre and the North has not been forthcoming.
For further reading the article on The Malian Crises : Thinking more broadly about the Security Sector Agenda, please kindly follow the link.
In late 2011, Mali was plunged into a severe political and security crisis when the situation in the country, already seriously unstable, was rendered that much more so by the impact of the Arab Spring, and in particular the events in Libya. Five years later, notwithstanding a multi-faceted intervention by regional states as well as the EU and the UN, Mali is still struggling to put itself back together again.
This three-part blog addresses several issues associated with the crisis. It, however, puts a particular focus on the security sector inadequacies that prevailed in the country when the original crisis broke, and that continue to plague it a half-decade later.
For further reading the article on The Malian Crises: Security Sector Perspective, please kindly follow the link.
Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) play a crucial role insecurity sector reform and governance (SSR/G). In virtually allinstances of recent and current SSR program delivery, IGOs have either led the SSR effort or supported the lead provided by other actors.How this role is played is of vital importance for the prospectsof fostering durable security and development in a wide range ofcountries. This volume looks at a selection of organizations thathave been in the forefront of SSR activity or that have the potentialfor significantly developing their SSR agendas in the future.