Bringing Regional Politics to the Study of Security Sector Reform: Army Reform in Sierra Leone and Iraq
This paper argues that the scholarship on security sector reform (SSR) tends to neglect regional politics in the formulation of its concepts and policies, and that this neglect deprives the study of SSR of a valuable analytical level. It therefore uses comparative historical analysis and the model of regional conflict formations (RCFs) to examine army reforms in Sierra Leone and Iraq from a regional angle, thereby illustrating the explanatory potential that regional politics could bring to the study of SSR and its implementation. The paper also distinguishes between convergent and divergent regional formations, whereby the relationship between SSR outcomes and regional politics is conceived of as constitutive, entangled, and holistic.
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The publication argues that communications and narrative must occupy a much more central part of the vision of transitional justice. For too long, war crimes tribunals and truth commissions have tried to tell too much of the storyline of mass abuse on their own, disconnected from a larger national conversation and societal narrative that seek to re-imagine a different future in the aftermath of conflict or authoritarian rule. Some of the most powerful voices shaping such narratives – media, public intellectuals and artists – have been treated as just one more type of stakeholder, rather than as distinctive protagonists in creating the possibility of transformative results.
For full access to the document The Role of Communications in Transitional Justice, please follow the link.
Depuis le 11 avril 2019 et le renversement d’Omar el-Béchir, le Soudan s’est engagé dans un processus politique incertain et complexe. Parmi les nombreuses questions soulevées domine celle de l’ampleur et de la nature des mutations en cours : s’agit-il d’un véritable changement de régime ou d’une simple transformation du système pour survivre à la crise ? Afin d’y répondre, il est nécessaire de s’intéresser à l’appareil sécuritaire car c’est lui qui a pris les rênes du pouvoir, en particulier l’armée, et qui s’impose comme l’acteur central de la transition face à l’opposition civile. Cette note analyse l’architecture, l’histoire et les évolutions de cet appareil depuis 1989.
Pour accéder à l'intégralité du document L'appareil sécuritaire et la transition politique au Soudan, veuillez suivre le lien.
The report examines the discrepancies, similarities, risks and opportunities identified regarding the questions of the role of the state, the provision of security and justice, and inclusion and the social contract. The analysis looks at the discrepancies and similarities between the assumptions of external intervenors and the perceptions and experiences of local populations and key stakeholders, as well as the risks and opportunities linked to achieving the legitimate stability that results from them. Its recommendations aim to contribute to guidance on how best to identify, account for and navigate these risks and opportunities.
For full access to the report Towards legitimate stability in CAR and the DRC: External assumptions and local perspectives, please follow the link.
The implementation of sustaining peace in Papua New Guinea is already underway, with clear examples of how UN’s tools and resources reduce and prevent violence and sustain peace. As such, the study provides unique lessons learned on what is working and what is not. For instance, the importance of taking a long-term, preventative approach. It also shows how important it is to build capacity of government and civil society and to work with the Peacebuilding Commission to bring political attention in New York.
For full access to the report Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: A Look at Conflict Prevention in Practice, please follow the link.