Policy and Research Papers

Multilateral Peace Operations and the Challenges of Organized Crime

Multilateral peace operations are increasingly confronting a set of interrelated and mutually reinforcing security challenges that are relatively new to them, that do not respect borders, and that have causes and effects which cut right across the international security, peacebuilding and development agendas. As a result, the New Geopolitics of Peace Operations III: Non‑Traditional Security Challenges initiative seeks to enhance understanding about peace operations and non-traditional security challenges such as terrorism and violent extremism, irregular migration, piracy, organized crime and environmental degradation. As a part of this initiative, this SIPRI Background Paper explores the ‘non-traditional’ security challenges that organized crime presents to multilateral peace operations.

For full access to Multilateral Peace Operations and the Challenges of Organized Crime, please follow the link. 

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Surveys and Countering Violent Extremism

This guide will acquaint development practitioners, those funding surveys, international and local NGOs, consultants and think tanks with the use of surveys in preventing or countering violent extremism (CVE). Surveys are a powerful and flexible tool with many potential applications to CVE. This guide will help practitioners ensure that their surveys yield accurate, useful data about violent extremism while gathering information ethically and safely.

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De la “question touarègue” aux mémoires du conflit: pour une réconciliation malienne

La relation entre certaines communautés touarègues et l’État malien est confictuelle, et ce, dès l’obtention de l’indépendance du Mali. S’il est courant de parler de la « question touarègue » pour aborder le confit entre les Touaregs, principalement au nord du pays, et les populations bambaras/malinkés et l’autorité centrale au sud du pays, celle-ci tend en vérité à réifer de nombreux préjugés hérités, en partie, de l’époque coloniale. Par ailleurs, les rébellions touarègues (de 1963, des années 90, de 2006, et de 2012) et les répressions successives commises par les représentants de l’État ont progressivement accentué les ressentiments de part et d’autre et nourri des mémoires alimentant les potentialités de confit.

L’objectif de ce rapport est de remettre en perspective les représentations en confit et du confit par une lecture historique attentive. Le matériel utilisé dans ce rapport a été collecté lors d’un terrain de recherche au Mali, réalisé de décembre 2016 à février 2017.

L’accent sera mis sur la confictualité entre les Touaregs et l’État malien et entre les différentes communautés touarègues. Acteurs principaux des rébellions successives au Mali, l’étude se veut centrée sur les Touaregs. Ce matériel se constitue principalement d’entrevues semi-dirigées et de discussions avec des cadres et leaders touaregs, ainsi que d’échanges avec des acteurs et experts internationaux.

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Examining the links between security sector reform and peacekeeping troop contribution in post-conflict states

This article examines the links between post-conflict states’ troop contributions to international peacekeeping missions and security sector reform (SSR). It shows how SSR and troop-contribution preparations are increasingly interwoven and at times perceived as complementary by both external and internal actors. Some of the objectives sought after in SSR, such as the modernization of the military forces and the institutionalization of international norms, overlap with the aim of external partners’ pre-deployment training programmes and formations.

Yet, it is argued that there are several unintended consequences with establishing links between SSR and peacekeeping capacity-building that are too strong, including the reinforcement of the troop-contributing government which, in case the government has authoritarian tendencies, undermines democratic reforms and transparency. There is also a risk that donors increasingly prefer to support pre-deployment training that has tangible and rapid results rather than investing funds in SSR, which is politically difficult with few examples of success. Donors and national actors alike are therefore encouraged to reflect on whether post-conflict states should contribute troops in the immediate aftermath of conflict before SSR has been completed. The answer is likely to vary depending on context-specific issues, which makes it difficult to generalize across cases, but the question remains nevertheless essential.

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Tackling the MENA Region’s Intersecting Conflicts

How can the dizzying changes, intersecting crises and multiplying conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa since the 2011 Arab uprisings be best understood, let alone responded to? This long-form commentary by MENA Program Director Joost Hiltermann and the International Crisis Group steps back for a better look and proposes new approaches.

For full access to the paper, Tackling the MENA Region’s Intersecting Conflicts, please follow the link.

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