Policy and Research Papers

Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: Prevention in Practice

Papua New Guinea is facing two major challenges to peace: a November referendum on the future political status of Bougainville, the site of a brutal conflict from 1989 to 1998; and the recent increase in intercommunal violence in the Highlands region. This makes it an important test case for the UN’s approach to peacebuilding and sustaining peace and the recent reforms to the UN development system.

This paper examines the implementation of the UN’s peacebuilding and sustaining peace framework in Papua New Guinea, looking at what has been done and what is still needed. It focuses on the four issue areas highlighted in the secretary-general’s 2018 report on peacebuilding and sustaining peace: operational and policy coherence; leadership at the UN country level; partnerships with local and regional actors; and international support.

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Towards Responsible Autonomy - The Ethics of RAS in a Military Context

The accelerating arms race in Artificial Intelligence and the diffusion of cheap, technologically advanced military systems among state and non-state actors, compel countries to adopt robotic and autonomous systems (RAS). This is due to not only the prospect of lagging behind allies, but the notion that adversaries use RAS to gain a significant military advantage and escalation dominance. How can countries stay competitive, without violating core national and international ethical principles? This paper discusses the key ethical challenges spanning human agency, human dignity and responsibility in the operation of RAS.

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Disaster risk reduction in conflict contexts: an agenda for action

There is substantial experience and an extensive literature on humanitarian responses to disasters in conditions of conflict. But little attention has been paid to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, programmes and strategies to such contexts. The prevention of disasters and of conflict have largely been treated separately, governed by different frameworks, managed by different institutions and theorised and conceptualised in very different ways. Disaster policy and practice has thus far failed to make adequate links with conflict vulnerabilities or the practice of conflict prevention and peacebuilding, and in policy spaces disaster risk management is often portrayed as an apolitical endeavour.

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Sahel : soubassements d’un désastre

Économies atones peu créatrices d’emplois, croissances démographiques vigoureuses, aides internationales souvent considérées comme des rentes, appareils de sécurité incapables de sécuriser les espaces nationaux, et surtout de protéger les populations : les États du Sahel sont-ils en train de perdre la main sur leurs propres espaces intérieurs ? La déroute des systèmes militaires, judiciaires et éducatifs n’autorise que peu d’optimisme sur l’avenir de ces pays, et de l’insécurité qui y grandit.

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Guide to Good Governance - On the Needs and Functions of Codes of Ethics

In Guide to Good Governance – “On the Needs and Functions of Codes of Ethics” - the role of ethics in the public sector is discussed, focusing on the concept of ethics and how governments can enhance ethical standards within their bureaucratic systems. Two main modalities of codes of ethics is discussed: 1) codes emerging from a compliance-based cultural approach to ethics , and 2) codes emerging from an integrity-based cultural approach based on aspiration – ethics seeking to inspire the behaviour of civil servants.

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