Assistance to Public Expenditure Review of the Security Sector in Guinea-Bissau

04/06/2018 - 30/06/2018

Target country


The purpose of the mandate is to assist the World Bank team in finalizing a public expenditure review (PER) of security and justice institutions in Guinea-Bissau. The PER will provide a rapid assessment of the fiscal affordability of the security sector (military and internal security). To this end, it will (i) outline the main historical and sectoral challenges pertaining to security and justice institutions in Guinea-Bissau, including various phases of its security sector reform efforts; (ii) present an overview of security and justice institutions, with an emphasis on the composition of security spending by economic and functional classification; (iii) examine the affordability of security spending against revenue and growth projections as well as benchmark trends in security expenditures against other fragile and neighbouring countries; and (iv) discuss options for policy reform.     

Mandate outputs / products

The mandate shall result in: 

  • Provision of written information to the World Bank team regarding the history of security sector reform in Guinea-Bissau, including various phases, international actors involved, elements accounting for success and failure, over-the-horizon issues
  • Written inputs to the World Bank team’s presentation to the government, identifying organizational structures of the security and justice institutions
  • Participation in consultations, as part of the World Bank team, with key local stakeholders and government officials
  • Any other written inputs solicited by the World Bank pertaining to SSR efforts in Guinea-Bissau necessary to finalize deliverables and commonly agreed upon 

Outcome objectives of mandate

The analysis sets up a macroeconomic foundation for potential security sector reform (SSR) and prepares the ground for a future in-depth and more comprehensive assessment of the security sector. The military and internal security forces have been at the heart of Guinea-Bissau’s development. As envisaged by the 2016 Conakry Accord, robust security sector reform is necessary to ensure that security provision favors development and poverty reduction

Start date


End date



Specific Lessons Identified

  • application/pdf

    Guinea Bissau Public Expenditure Review

    ISSAT contributed to the latest World Bank PER report for Guinea Bissau. The 6th chapter of the report, which was dedicated to the analysis of  the Security Sector in the country, provided insight into the actual status of this sector and the reform efforts so far. In addition, the trends and affordability of security compared to other fragile and neighboring countries were examined, as well as some options for policy reforms put forward.