Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

Podcasts

Bougainville veterans need more help to re-engage

Conciliation Resource's Papua New Guinea Projects Manager, Amie Kirkham, spoke to Radio New Zealand about the findings of the new report on Bougainville's unheard veterans.

For full access to the Podcast Bougainville veterans need more help to re-engage, kindly follow the link. 

For full access to the Report The Voices of Central Bougainville’s Unheard Veterans, kindly follow the link. 

Podcast

Policy and Research Papers

Enhancing Security Sector Governance in the Pacific Region

Security institutions in the Pacific region have a special responsibility in society to support democracy and human rights and to protect citizens from harm. This publication focuses on the need for a new strategic framework in the Pacific, which will complement existing reform and capacity building efforts of police, military, and customs and immigration agencies and will result in greater accountability and legitimacy of security institutions.

To view this publication, please follow this link.

Paper

Monitoring and Evaluation Arrangements for the Law and Justice Sector in Papua New Guinea: A Case Study

This report assesses the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) arrangements for the AusAIDsupported Law and Justice Sector in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It covers both Government of PNG and AusAID mechanisms: examining their content, development and convergence over time. AusAID’s Law and Justice Sector Program (LJSP) has been running since 2004, with an initial design phase one year prior to that. The LJSP presents a unique case study involving the support of only one donor (AusAID) to a sector programme that is led with an increasing level of ownership by the recipient government.

Paper

The Voices of Central Bougainville’s Unheard Veterans

It’s now almost two decades since the signing of the Bougainville Peace Agreement – an agreement that ended nearly a decade of violent conflict and saw the creation of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville within Papua New Guinea. Significant progress towards peace has been made in the region, but legacies of the conflict still present challenges – including for former combatants and the communities they live in. This report presents an opportunity for veteran’s voices to influence decision-making, and provides a basis for policy-making that is relevant and responsive to the interests and needs of people who are the target of these policies.

For full access of the report The Voices of Central Bougainville’s Unheard Veterans, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: Prevention in Practice

Papua New Guinea is facing two major challenges to peace: a November referendum on the future political status of Bougainville, the site of a brutal conflict from 1989 to 1998; and the recent increase in intercommunal violence in the Highlands region. This makes it an important test case for the UN’s approach to peacebuilding and sustaining peace and the recent reforms to the UN development system.

This paper examines the implementation of the UN’s peacebuilding and sustaining peace framework in Papua New Guinea, looking at what has been done and what is still needed. It focuses on the four issue areas highlighted in the secretary-general’s 2018 report on peacebuilding and sustaining peace: operational and policy coherence; leadership at the UN country level; partnerships with local and regional actors; and international support.

For full access to the paper Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: Prevention in Practice, please follow the link. 

Paper

Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: A Look at Conflict Prevention in Practice

The implementation of sustaining peace in Papua New Guinea is already underway, with clear examples of how UN’s tools and resources reduce and prevent violence and sustain peace.  As such, the study provides unique lessons learned on what is working and what is not. For instance, the importance of taking a long-term, preventative approach. It also shows how important it is to build capacity of government and civil society and to work with the Peacebuilding Commission to bring political attention in New York. 

For full access to the report Sustaining Peace in Papua New Guinea: A Look at Conflict Prevention in Practice, please follow the link.

Paper

Books

Reforming Justice - A Journey to Fairness

'Reforming Justice' calls for justice to be repositioned more centrally in evolving notions of equitable development. Justice is fundamental to human well being and essential to development. Over the past fifty years, however, overseas development assistance - foreign aid - has grappled with the challenge of improving 'the rule of law' with underwhelming and often dismal results around the world. Development agencies have supported legal and judicial reforms in order to improve economic growth and good governance, but are yet to address mounting concerns about equity and distribution. Building on new evidence from Asia, Livingston Armytage argues that it is now time to realign the approach to promote justice as fairness and equity.

Book

Other Documents

How Can Fragile and Conflict-Affected States Improve Their Legitimacy With Their People?

Fragility, conflict, and violence affect development outcomes for more than two billion people. This poses a particular challenge to development organizations, governments, and NGOs alike.

On December 5, 2016, the World Bank and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy convened a day-long conference to discuss some of these challenges, share the latest research, and exchange knowledge and experience from the field.

To access the entire conference report How Can Fragile and Conflict-Affected States Improve Their Legitimacy With Their People?, kindly click on the link.

Other Document

Police Reform: Lessons from donor programming on accountability, demilitarization and representativeness of police institutions

In a Security Sector Reform (SSR) context, police reform aims to transform the values, culture, policies and practices of police organizations so that police can perform their duties with respect human rights and the Rule of Law. Given the police’s direct interaction with the community and the powers typically conferred to them, it is vital to ensure that police officers adhere to high standards of professionalism and accountability in their work. A lack of effective democratic governance and accountability mechanisms over the police forces can have triggering effects on social unrest.
The wide protests across the US and Europe against excessive police use of force focused popular attention on running debates over policing and reform. The COVID-19 pandemic has sharpened this focus further. As State of Emergency measures have been a critical part of the global response to the pandemic, the discretionary powers granted to law enforcement institutions to prevent public gatherings have enabled to abusive behaviours in certain cases.

The wide protests across the US and Europe against excessive police use of force focused popular attention on running debates over policing and reform. The COVID-19 pandemic has sharpened this focus further. As State of Emergency measures have been a critical part of the global response to the pandemic, the discretionary powers granted to law enforcement institutions to prevent public gatherings have enabled to abusive behaviours in certain cases.

For more resources on Police Reform, visit out dedicated Thematic in Practice Page on Police Reform

Other Document