The Department of Political Affairs plays a central role in United Nations efforts to prevent and resolve deadly conflict around the world. DPA monitors and assesses global political developments with an eye to detecting potential crises before they escalate, and devising effective responses. The Department provides close support to the Secretary-General and his envoys, as well as to UN political missions deployed to areas of tension around the world with mandates to help defuse crises or promote lasting solutions to conflict.
UNDP is the United Nations' global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. We are on the ground in 177 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners.
The Rule of Law Coordination and Resource Group is chaired by the Deputy Secretary-General and is supported by its secretariat, the Rule of Law Unit in the Executive Office of the Secretary-General. The Unit’s substantive support falls into three broad areas of activity: ensuring coordination and coherence among the many United Nations entities engaged in rule of law activities; developing system-wide strategies, policy direction and guidance for the Organization’s activities in promoting the rule of law; and enhancing partnerships between the United Nations and other rule of law actors.
In 2007, as part of the broader efforts to foster system-wide coherence, the Secretary-General established the Inter-Agency Security Sector Reform Task Force (IASSRTF) to develop and promote an integrated, holistic and coherent United Nations approach to SSR. When it was first established, the Task Force consisted of seven United Nations entities: The Department of Political Affairs, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Peacebuilding Support Office, the United Nations Development Programme, the Development Fund for Women (now part of UN Women) and theUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Today, the membership of the IASSRTF has increased to 14, including seven new members: the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs; the United Nations Office for Project Services, the Office of the Special Advisor on Africa, the Office of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, the United Nations Children's Fund, theUnited Nations Institute for Training and Research; and the United Nations Population Fund. The IASSRTF is co chaired by DPKO and UNDP, while the SSR Unit, located within the DPKO Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, provides its secretariat.
The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.