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Policy and Research Papers

Heart of Africa’s organised crime: Land, property and urbanisation

This policy brief examines Africa's most overlooked organised criminal activity.

Most analyses of organised crime in Africa focus on illegal trafficking of commodities such as drugs, arms and wildlife. However, there have been few studies of what may be the largest type of organised criminal activity in Africa: land allocation, real estate and property development, which includes infrastructure and the delivery of basic public services such as water and electricity, particularly in urban areas. All 10 of the world’s fastest-growing cities are in Africa and Africa’s urban population is projected to double by 2030–2035. By then, 50% of all Africans are likely to live in urban areas, mainly in informal settlements. This policy brief recommends steps that can make urban development less vulnerable to crime.

To read the full paper, please follow the link.


Other Documents

Infographic - Arms Control: Africa's Regional Progress

ENACT arms control infographic

The five regions of Africa have committed - at least at the policy level - to a range of initiatives to fight arms trafficking. This infographic depicts the key instruments. 

To view the infographic, Arms Control: Africa's Regional Progress, please follow the link. 

Other Document