The main duty of the Ministry of Justice is to plan and to carry out a legal and criminal policy of the state, which will help ensure an open and secure society, where people may be assured of the use and protection of their rights.
As coordinator of legislative drafting, the Ministry of Justice stands for the systematic development of law and supports the formation of quality legislative drafting. To that end, it sees to it that new legislation is drafted in conformity with the constitution and other acts and with the general principles of public and private law.
The ministry manages the institutions of the administrative field strategically, not directly – by developing their trends, specifying the objectives and analyzing the performance, guaranteeing the budget, exercising supervision etc.
The competence of the Ministry of Justice also includes organizing the professional activities and legal services of the notaries’ offices, the work of the service of sworn translators and bailiffs, coordinating crime prevention and harmonization of Estonian legislations with the law of the European Union, processing international rogatory letters, and guaranteeing the legality of the activities of the Bar Association, and organizing the representation of the state in judicial proceedings.