Friedrich Ebert Stiftung

The promotion of young talent has been one of the founding principles of the FES. At the time when Friedrich Ebert was elected as the first president of the Weimar Republic, it was almost impossible for talented children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds to study at universities or take part in research programmes. With the foundation of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in 1925, the first scholarships were awarded to particularly talented young individuals from a working class milieu who were taking an active part in the young democracy of the Weimar Republic. To address social disadvantages by supporting students who actively work for freedom, justice and social cohesion in their commitment to social democracy, or will do so in future, continues to be one of the aims of the FES.

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Policy and Research Papers

The challenges and lessons learned in supporting Security Sector Reform

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This publication from the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) is the slightly abridged and adapted translation of a study whose original German language version was aimed primarily at German experts (published in November 2014). The starting point for the study was the observation that although support for SSR processes had been accorded great conceptual importance in German discussions on crisis prevention and peacebuilding, this rhetoric commitment to support SSR was inadequately reflected in actual policy and practice. The present publication in English contains new contextualisations relevant to a broad international readership while omitting some content likely only of interest to a German audience

The study pursues three objectives: First, it provides an overview of the concept of SSR support and analyses the most recent trends and relevant developments. Second, on this basis, it identifies the challenges confronting practitioners when implementing SSR measures and examines the solutions and strategies they pursue. Third, in light of the findings, the reasons for civil society to engage in SSR are presented along with possible approaches. The data for the study were collected from fifty-nine interviews with experts and augmented by analysis of policy papers and studies on SSR.

To access the Challenges and lessons learned in supporting Security Sector Reform study, kindly follow the link.

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The Challenges and Lessons Learned in Supporting Security Sector Reform

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This is an updated English version of a study originally published in German in November 2014. The policy paper was produced as a collaboration between the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) and GPPi and pursues three objectives: First, it provides an overview of the concept of SSR support and analyses the most recent trends and relevant developments. Second, on this basis, it identifies the challenges confronting practitioners when implementing SSR measures and examines the solutions and strategies they pursue. Third, in light of the findings, the reasons for civil society to engage in SSR are presented along with possible approaches. The data for the study were collected from fifty-nine interviews with experts and augmented by analysis of policy papers and studies on SSR.

To access "The Challenges and Lessons Learned in Supporting Security Sector Reform" study kindly follow the link.

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Kosovo after Independence. Is the EU’s EULEX Mission Delivering on its Promises?

The aim of this study, besides giving an overview on the most important stages on the way to an independent Kosovo, is to provide an analysis of the political and economic situation in Kosovo since the independence declaration and to put under the microscope the priorities and expected problems of the EU mission, which, in coming years, will cost European tax payers millions of euros. The present investigation is based on a book published in 2005 and revised in 2006 and on interviews and research in Kosovo since 2002.

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New Thrust for the CSDP from the Refugee and Migrant crisis

There can be no doubt that the refugee crisis possesses a security dimension. Armed conflicts with scant prospect of speedy resolution are driving people to seek refuge abroad. Their growing numbers represent an enormous challenge for a string of states — from the immediate neighbourhood with its gigantic refugee camps through the transit countries to the Member States of the European Union. What does this mean for the European security order and its central actors, first and foremost the United Nations (UN), the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union (CSDP) and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)?  How does the refugee crisis alter the role and self-perception of the security institutions, and what influence does it exert on ongoing strategy processes?

 The present analysis points to the impact of the so-called »migrant and refugee crisis« on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CSDP): The dramatic spike in asylum applications to EU member states in 2014/2015 has put to the test the added value and legitimacy of the European Union as a Foreign Policy actor. It has demonstrated to what extend the boundaries between external and internal security have become blurred.

For full access to the report New Thrust for the CSDP from the Refugee and Migrant Crisis, kindly follow the link.  

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Quelle viabilité pour le processus de désarmement, démobilisation et réintégration de la Côte d’Ivoire ?

A deux ans de la prochaine présidentielle, des révoltes au sein de l’armée viennent ternir l’image de la Côte d’Ivoire en tant qu’exemple de sortie de crise réussie. Tandis que l’Opération de l’ONU pour la Côte d’Ivoire (ONUCI) se retire et que le gouvernement ivoirien qualifie sa réforme du secteur de la sécurité comme largement aboutie, des signaux laissent à penser que la paix en Côte d’Ivoire est loin d’être aussi durable qu’on ne le pensait.

Finalement, la Côte d'Ivoire n'a peut-être pas fait complètement table rase du passé. Un pays divisé par des facteurs socio-culturels, un bilan mitigé de l'ancien processus de paix, un procédé de désarmement réussi en trompe-l'oeil suivi de la crédulité de la communauté internationale ainsi qu'une réintégration trop hâtive des anciens combattants et tous ces facteurs associés de beaucoup de négligence font que la viabilité du processus de paix peut être remis en question.

Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, Quelle viabilité pour le processus de désarmement, démobilisation et réintégration de la Côte d’Ivoire ?, veuillez suivre le lien.

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Penser la sécurité de demain: Plaidoyer pour un nouveau mot d’ordre européen pour la politique de paix et de sécurité

Au niveau mondial, un large éventail de systèmes étatiques et de systèmes de contrôles de la violence existe (à l’avantage ou aux dépens de la population locale). Dans le même temps, l’ordre et le droit international se fondent sur l’existence d’Etats-nations souverains.

Dans ce contexte, la Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung a initié le Groupe de réflexion mondial «Monopole de la violence2.0? », qui vient de rendre son rapport final «Garantir la sécurité en des temps incertains"». seront  Les principaux résultats de ces recherches sont résumés dans cet article qui se concentre sur les conséquences politiques pour l’Allemagne et l’Union européenne et plaide pour un nouveau mot d’ordre européen dans la politique de paix et de sécurité, tendu vers un modèle de sécurité soumis au contrôle démocratique.

Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, Penser la sécurité de demain: Plaidoyer pour un nouveau mot d’ordre européen pour la politique de paix et de sécurité, veuillez suivre le lien.

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Other Documents

Baseline Study of the State of Play of SSG-R and the inclusion of CSOs in SSR processes Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS-ECCAS Region

This baseline study was conducted by the African Security Sector Network (ASSN) team for the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Peace and Security Competence Centre (FES PSCC) as part of the project "Security for All", which is co-financed by the European Union. 

This study intends to be a gap analysis audit and an overview on SSG/R processes in targeted countries (Nigeria, Mali and Cameroun) and the wider ECOWAS region.

The aim of the study is to identify gaps and the causes of the weak involvement of civil society in the public oversight of the security sector so that project activities in all work packages can be specifically tailored and targeted to encourage greater participation of civil society organisations in these reform processes in West and Central Africa.

To access the Baseline Study of the State of Play of SSG-R and the inclusion of CSOs in SSR processes Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS-ECCAS Region, kindly follow the link. 

Other Document