The Inclusive Peace and Transition Initiative (IPTI) is dedicated to evidence-based research and its transfer to policy and practice. The objective of the initiative is to support sustainable peace by providing expertise and information on the inclusion of diverse actors in peace and transition processes.
Policy and Research Papers
This Briefing Note is the summary of IPTI’s report “Preventing Violence Through Inclusion: From Building Political Momentum to Sustaining Peace,” commissioned by the World Bank as a thematic research input into the United Nations- World Bank Study “Pathways for Peace: Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict.” IPTI’s report analyzes when, how, and under what conditions the inclusion of a broad range of actors in peace and political transition processes contributes to the prevention of violence and armed conflict, through a comparative analysis of 47 prevention attempts reconstructed from IPTI’s datasets. This work builds on previous case study research conducted in the framework of the Graduate Institute’s multi-year project, “Broadening Participation.”
For full access to the paper, Preventing Violence through Inclusion, please follow the link.
Cette note d’information fait la synthèse du rapport « Prévenir la violence grâce à l’inclusion : de la création d’une dynamique politique à la pérennisation de la paix », préparé par IPTI à la demande de la Banque mondiale afin d’apporter une contribution thématique aux recherches menées pour son étude conjointe avec les Nations Unies, « Pathways for Peace: Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict » (Avenues pour la paix : approches inclusives pour la prévention des conflits violents). Le rapport d’IPTI étudie quand, comment et dans quelles conditions l’inclusion d’un large éventail d’acteurs dans les processus de paix et de transition politique contribue à la prévention de la violence et des conflits armés. Le rapport analyse de manière comparative 47 cas de tentatives de prévention tirés des bases de données d’IPTI.
Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, Prévenir la violence grâce à l’inclusion, veuillez suivre le lien.
Civil Society’s Role in Monitoring and Verifying Peace Agreements: Seven Lessons from International Experiences
This report summarizes the available evidence about civil society’s role in monitoring and verification activities around the world in recent decades. The inclusion of civil society in monitoring and verification has so far been limited. With some notable exceptions, the full capacities of civil society organizations have not been embraced by policy makers or negotiation parties, but this report shows that civil society has much to offer, particularly in the monitoring of intra-state peace agreements.
Effective monitoring and verification increases the durability of peace agreements by addressing commitment problems inherent in peace processes. It is a feature of most ceasefire agreements and thematic peace agreements. Monitoring refers to the technical process of collecting information on the basis of which a verification judgment is to be made. Verification is the process of using monitoring information to evaluate compliance with an agreement.
The report draws on the “Civil Society and Peacebuilding” project (2006-2010), and the “Broadening Participation in Political Negotiations and Implementation” project (2011-ongoing), both under the lead of Dr Thania Paffenholz at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva.
Based on experiences from different peace processes, this report’s aim is threefold. First, it provides an introduction to the purpose of monitoring and verification of peace agreements. Second, it presents the different modalities of how civil society has participated in the monitoring and verification of peace agreements, drawing upon examples. Third, it analyses opportunities and challenges, and presents seven lessons for civil society’s effective contribution to monitoring and verification of peace agreements.
For full access to the Civil Society’s Role in Monitoring and Verifying Peace Agreements: Seven Lessons from International Experiences, kindly follow the link.
Women’s groups were highly influential in Liberia’s peace process, yielding long-term impacts. The Mano River Women’s Peace Network (MARWOPNET) had formal observer status during the peace talks, the Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET) led a mass action campaign, and activists had informal consultations with the mediation team and conflict parties. Women’s influence was strongest during the negotiation period. It weakened during the implementation phase, despite women’s groups being directly represented in the transitional government and various implementation commissions.
Strong public buy-in, supportive regional and international actors, strong women’s groups, pre-existing personal networks, and regional women’s networks all contributed to women’s influence on the talks. That said, the ad hoc and unstructured nature of women’s transfer and communication strategies meant that the impetus for change was not sustained throughout the implementation process. Limited decision-making power, lack of funding, and heterogeneity among the groups also constrained women’s continued influence.
For full access to the case study document Women in Peace and Transition Processes, please kindly follow the link.