Popular discontent with the repressive nature of security institutions and security forces in North Africa was the precipitating cause of the uprisings that composed the Arab Spring. Across the region the security apparatus was structured to protect regimes from their people. In the aftermath of regime change, it was evident in all countries that reform of the security sector was more than symbolically important. But why has it been so difficult for regional states to reform their security institutions? Why are we still talking about the need to reform the security sectors in these countries? This article answers these questions.
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