Since the late 1990s the international community has become increasingly aware that no actor in the context of violent conflict can ever be neutral. Accordingly all interventions have the potential not only to have a positive impact but also to generate unintended negative impacts on the conflict context. It is now acknowledged that, even in well-thought out and circumspect peacebuilding programs, interventions do not automatically build peace. Many scholars and organizations subsequently started to develop conflict sensitive methodologies and tools to assess the impact of their humanitarian, development or peacebuilding interventions on the conflict context. Many institutions are currently looking for appropriate tools and methodologies to mainstream conflict sensitivity. This KOFF InfoSheet discusses important aspects of the current debate and trends without claiming to provide a complete overview. Please note that the abbreviations are explained at the end of this paper.