Notwithstanding the contested political environment, the Zimbabwe Peace and Security Programme (ZPSP) successfully developed the pillars of an inclusive, politically resilient and locally owned security sector transformation process over five years. Despite the closed environment for debate around SST/R, the ZPSP were able to carve out the necessary political space where state and non-state actors can discuss issues around security sector transformation. This was achieved through ZPSP engaging in dialogue a wide variety of SSR stakeholders, in order to build their knowledge and information on SSR, demystify the notion of SSR as regime change (as has been patent in the internal political discourse), and to promote consensus on the way forward in terms of security reforms’ thinking in the country. This was achieved through ensuring a Zimbabwean owned and transparent process, and by utilising mediation as a methodology to ensure buy-in by all stakeholders.
The aim of ZPSP was to contribute, through impartial and professional technical assistance, to the effective and sustainable modernisation and transformation of the security and justice sector in Zimbabwe, in order to enhance democratic governance, peace and security and the national sovereignty of the people of Zimbabwe. In order to accomplish its mission in a difficult political environment, the ZPSP engaged in a very innovative process. As a result and at the request of the EU and the Government of Switzerland, ISSAT undertook a review to document the trajectory of the ZPSP with a view to identifying lessons and mapping potential good practice, which is still greatly absent from the growing academic and policy production on SSR experiences in Africa. The results of that review can be seen in http://issat.dcaf.ch/Learn/SSR-in-Practice/Case-Studies/Zimbabwe-Peace-and-Security-Programme
Following on from this, the ZPSP entered the third phase of its programme, which included the development of a three year national security sector transformation plan with a host of stakeholder from the state sector, academia, civil society (including the strong participation of women’s group who have developed a gendered SST strategy), traditional leaders and parliament. It also included continued SST capacity building across these sectors and in particular with the parliament, civil society, national and non-state actors. It did so in a context of limited financial support, with uncertain prospects for future funding, which required an adaptation of ZPSP institutional structures and the design of new funding modalities (project funding).
ISSAT’s support was requested to both advise and enhance the capacity of the ZPSP in the planning, designing and implementing of the third phase of programming, which included the provision of support in developing a plan for phasing out the programme and transforming it into a state-managed unit. ISSAT’s generalist support was particularly required in the 1st quarter of 2016, period during which ZPSP concluded its second phase of programming and plan for the third phase, while adapting its institutional structure and seeking funding to implement its activities. In subsequent quarters, specialist support (Policing, Parliamentary training etc) was required.
The Global Action Against Mass Atrocity Crimes (GAAMAC) is an inclusive, state-led network created in March 2013 by States and NGOs joining together to engage in the prevention of atrocities.
The meetings organized by GAAMAC provide a platform for exchange, dialogue and dissemination of learning and good practice in prevention. GAAMAC supports States in building their capacities to prevent mass atrocity crimes (war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and ethnic cleansing), as well as, in developing and implementing national prevention strategies. It serves as a space for exchange and sharing among different communities of practice and stakeholders.
The objective of GAAMAC II is to convene representatives of interested governments, regional organizations, NGOs, and relevant UN offices to discuss and identify the challenges and ways to develop national architectures and policies for the prevention of atrocity, and to strengthen the capacities and strategies of states and governmental organizations in this field. This meeting is organized jointly by the Governments of the Philippines, as a host country, and Switzerland, current chair of GAAMAC, as mandated by the GAAMAC Steering Group1.
The Zimbabwe Peace and Security Programme (ZPSP) was designed and implemented on behalf of the Zimbabwe Peace and Security Trust (ZPST), a legally constituted and Zimbabwean owned and driven organisation registered as a Trust in Zimbabwe. It aimed to contribute, through impartial and professional technical assistance, to the effective and sustainable modernisation and transformation of the security sector in Zimbabwe. The fragile political environment in Zimbabwe led the ZPSP to engage in a dialogue with a wide variety of SSR stakeholders, in order to build their knowledge and information on SSR, demystify the notion of SSR as regime change (as it has been patent in the internal political discourse), and foster consensus on the way forward in terms of security reforms’ thinking in the country. Its ability to engage such broad range of stakeholders, as well as the thus far political sustainability of the programme in an SSR-adverse environment, deserve to be understood.
The innovative dimension of the process led the EU and the Government of Switzerland to request ISSAT to undertake a review to document the trajectory of the ZPSP, with a view to identifying lessons and mapping potential good practice, which is still greatly absent from the growing academic and policy production on SSR experiences in Africa. The results of that review can be seen in http://issat.dcaf.ch/Learn/SSR-in-Practice/Case-Studies/Zimbabwe-Peace-and-Security-Programme
Following from that, the purpose of this mandate was to present the findings of the report to the international community in Harare, as a means of facilitating discussion and garnering support for the SST process going forward, and to help facilitate coordination amongst the international community. In addition the mandators also requested that ISSAT provideed some advice and support to ZPSP in planning the design of the next phase of their programme.
This five-day training will bring together approximately 25 participants from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and the region, including military, police and civilian personnel. The course includes several modules covering topics such as the concept, context and components of SSR, cross-cutting issues, and soft skills. The Peace Support Operations Training Centre (PSOTC) will take the lead in the design and delivery of the course, with ISSAT mentoring the PSOTC team and providing some support in the delivery of the training.
The Dealing with the Past Course is designed to train professionals from governmental and multilateral institutions as well as from national and international non-governmental organizations, working in countries or regions which are confronted with a legacy of massive human rights abuse.