Climate Security and Security Sector Governance and Reform
The impact of climate change and environmental degradation as a risk multiplier for conflict and fragility is well documented, creating a vicious cycle. On the one hand, natural disasters and climate-induced resource scarcity in terms of water, arable land, protective ecosystem services and food increase the likelihood of community tensions, violent conflict and displacement. On the other hand, the relationship between conflict and the environment is bidirectional. Hence, violent conflict, migration and environmental crime enabled by fragility further aggravate climate change and environmental degradation.
There is emerging agreement on the significant role the security sector has to play in climate change adaptation (CCA), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and addressing environmental risks.
We have produced two Thematic in Practice Pages on the subject:
Climate and Environmental Security