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Réunion de Travail: Mission de Protection en vue de la Réinstallation de Réfugiés en Europe

Cette vidéo présente la réunion de travail des chefs de gouvernement Français, Allemand, Espagnol, Italien, Tchadien, Nigérien, et Libyen, en présence de Mme Federica Mogherini, Haute Représentante de l'Union Européenne pour les Affaires Etrangères et la Politique de Sécurité sur la Mission de Protection en vue de la Réinstallation de Réfugiés en Europe, 29 août 2017.

Pour accéder à la Déclaration Finale de la Réunion, veuillez suivre le lien.

video

Documents de recherche et de stratégie

Lessons from NATO’s Military Missions in the Western Balkans

The subject of learning lessons is fraught with difficulties, not least because lessons,like beauty, are often in the eye of the beholder. It has been the author’s experience that many lessons that are formally identified as such are not learned. The reasons for this are varied: those identifying the lessons may be biased; the resources to enable learning may be lacking; and the lessons simply may not “stick.” Nonetheless, those lessons that do become embedded in the human and organizational psyche are those that have created new doctrines, reshaped institutions, become an integral part of new training standards, and demonstrably shown an improvement in the conduct of business. NATO’s involvement in the Western Balkans over the past fifteen years has provided a rich vein of experience and has fomented considerable change. This article examines that experience and analyzes some of the major lessons that have been identified. Some will have been learned, while others have not; in some instances, the lessons that were identified will subsequently prove to be flawed. Throughout this analysis the paper will attempt to chart the metamorphosis of NATO from a passive Cold War military alliance to an active political and security actor on the world stage.

Access or download the full paper at: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=eb06339b-2726-928e-0216-1b3f15392dd8&lng=en&id=122284

Paper

Codes of Conduct in Defence Ministries and Armed Forces

Corruption risk in defence and security establishments is a key concern for defence officials and senior military officers, as corruption wastes scarce resources, reduces operational effectiveness and reduces public trust in the armed forces and security services. Part of the solution to these risks is clear guidance on the behaviour expected of senior officers and officials, and strong application of those standards of behaviour. 

The report presents the conclusions of an analysis of the written codes of conduct and related documents from 12 participating nations: Argentina, Australia, Croatia, Denmark, Germany, Kenya, Lithuania, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.

To view this publication, please follow this link.

Paper

Le débat allemand sur la sécurité : changement du discours, maintien du paradigme

Les récents débats allemands sur l'avenir de la politique étrangère et de sécurité du pays ont suscité l'intérêt de l'étranger, notamment en France. L'évolution du discours allemand sur le rôle de l'Allemagne sur la scène internationale a pu amener certains à espérer une modification de la posture stratégique du pays. On ne relève pourtant outre-Rhin aucun changement de paradigme, et la « nouvelle » politique étrangère et de sécurité s'inscrit dans une grande continuité.

Document disponible ici: Le débat allemand sur la sécurité : changement du discours, maintien du paradigme

Paper

Germany’s OSCE Chairmanship 2016: The need for “contagement”

The tensions between Russia and the West challenge the OSCE security order from within. Hence, critics support a containment strategy in the scope of NATO. This paper by the German Federal Academy for Security Policy argues that the conflict management in Ukraine shows that the OSCE continues to practice a successful combination of expertise, inclusivity and rapid reaction. Moreover, the organisations’ comprehensive conception of security relations provides numerous opportunities for engagement. Thus, it should be regarded as an organisation that can reinstate European peace and stability. It stresses that during its OSCE chairmanship in 2016 Germany should strive to restore security by renewing dialogue and rebuilding trust in all of the organisations’ fields of work. This would successfully complement NATO’s containment strategy. The paper considers 'contagement' as the mix between containment and engagement.

For the full report on Germany ’ s OSCE Chairmanship 2016: The need for “contagement”, kindly follow the link.

Paper

L’Allemagne et le Partenariat oriental après la crise en Ukraine

Le conflit en Ukraine et autour de ses enjeux a propulsé le Partenariat oriental (PO) de l’Union européenne sous les feux de la rampe de la scène internationale. Considérée dédaigneusement comme un instrument politique bureaucratique et technique, la Politique européenne de voisinage (PEV) et son volet régional couvrant l’Europe de l’Est au sens large, le Partenariat oriental, ont gagné en importance de façon tout à fait inattendue sur le plan géopolitique en l’espace de quelques mois.

Du même coup, l’Allemagne – pourtant réticente à se placer en première ligne de l’initiative du PO – s’est retrouvée au centre des efforts de gestion de crise déployés en Ukraine. Pourtant, la position générale de l’Allemagne vis-à-vis du PO n’en a pas été changée pour autant en ce qui concerne la perspective d’une possible adhésion à l’UE des pays les plus avancés. Pour l’Allemagne, le PO reste un outil d’Ordnungspolitik – dont l’objet est de ramener l’ordre dans la région – et non un instrument de pré-adhésion.

Accéder au rapport complet en cliquant sur le lien: L’Allemagne et le Partenariat oriental après la crise en Ukraine

Paper

Event Report: The 'Technocracy Trap' of State-Building – How to Improve the Effectiveness and Legitimacy of Security and Justice Sector Reforms

Collaborative

On 14 September 2016, 60 experts from civil society, academia, international organisations and German ministries gathered at the German Federal Foreign Office to discuss Germany’s engagement in supporting justice and security sector reforms (JSSR).

The workshop aimed at providing input for the new governmental guidelines on crisis engagement and peacebuilding, to be adopted in the spring of 2017. Findings were discussed with representatives from the Federal Ministry of Defence, the Federal Foreign Office, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection. This document gathers key recommendations that were expressed in the course of the workshop regarding new guidelines on crisis engagement and peacebuilding.

To read the full report please click on: The 'Technocracy Trap' of State-Building – How to Improve the Effectiveness and Legitimacy of Security and Justice Sector Reforms.

Paper

New Thrust for the CSDP from the Refugee and Migrant crisis

There can be no doubt that the refugee crisis possesses a security dimension. Armed conflicts with scant prospect of speedy resolution are driving people to seek refuge abroad. Their growing numbers represent an enormous challenge for a string of states — from the immediate neighbourhood with its gigantic refugee camps through the transit countries to the Member States of the European Union. What does this mean for the European security order and its central actors, first and foremost the United Nations (UN), the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union (CSDP) and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)?  How does the refugee crisis alter the role and self-perception of the security institutions, and what influence does it exert on ongoing strategy processes?

 The present analysis points to the impact of the so-called »migrant and refugee crisis« on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CSDP): The dramatic spike in asylum applications to EU member states in 2014/2015 has put to the test the added value and legitimacy of the European Union as a Foreign Policy actor. It has demonstrated to what extend the boundaries between external and internal security have become blurred.

For full access to the report New Thrust for the CSDP from the Refugee and Migrant Crisis, kindly follow the link.  

Paper

La politique de sécurité de l’Allemagne après la parution du Livre blanc : ni refondation ni statu quo

Cette étude se penche sur le contenu stratégique du Livre Blanc allemand, explicité dès le préambule rédigé par la Chancelière fédérale : les répercussions du désordre mondial sur l’Allemagne et l’Europe exigent de « décri[re] les fondements de la politique de sécurité allemande et le cadre dans lequel celle-ci s’exerce » et d’« identifie[r], pour l’ensemble du Gouvernement fédéral, les champs d’action de la politique de sécurité  ». L'étude pose ainsi la question des principes de sécurité d’un pays qui se définit comme une « société ouverte », une « économie nationale prise dans un réseau mondial » et une « nation ».

Pour accéder à l'étude La politique de sécurité de l’Allemagne après la parution du Livre blanc : ni refondation ni statu quo, veuillez suivre le lien.

Paper

How Does the Media on Both sides of the Mediterranean Report on Migration?

A study by journalists, for journalists and policy-makers

Funded by the European Union Migration media coverage in 17 countries from 2015 to 2016

We have all seen the stark images depicted in the media of migrants and asylum seekers packed aboard vessels of questionable seaworthiness, risking life and limb to make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean in search of a safe haven and a better future. These images convey in sharp relief the human struggle in its most desperate moments. Over the course of the last three years, we have witnessed a range of different approaches to covering migration in traditional media on both sides of the Mediterranean.

This study aims to unpack some of these approaches in order to identify and better understand the prevailing media narratives on migration that exist in different national contexts. It looks at the strengths and shortcomings and provides some insight into the interplay between editorial lines, political narratives, journalistic approaches and public discourse on this sensitive and often polarising subject. 

For full access to the paper, How Does the Media on Both sides of the Mediterranean Report on Migration?, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Security Strategies Today : Trends and Perspectives

There have been considerable developments in security-policy thinking since the end of the Cold War, and a complex set of transnational threatsand challenges necessitates new security policies and strategies. Not only the attacks of 11 September 2001, but also the dark side of globalisation such as climate change, the global spread of dangerous technologies and international organised crime have changed the security perspective and policy procedures in recent years. Consequently, new
national-security strategies, white papers and security-policy documents have been drafted in order to take into account the changing security landscape.

On 6 April 2009, the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) welcomed a group of leading security experts for a seminar entitled “Security Strategies Today : Trends and Perspectives”. The goal of the seminar was to provide a forum for experts from different European states, major international powers and regional and international organisations to take stock of current security polices in the European region and beyond. The participants had an opportunity to assess the direction of security-policy thinking by analysing a number of key security-policy documents such as national-security strategies, defence concepts and white papers, among others. Assumptions regarding future threats were considered, as were a variety of drafting processes and methodologies.

More than 30 participants attended the seminar, including representatives of the Defence Ministries of Finland, Germany and Sweden, as well as representatives of the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). In addition to faculty members from the GCSP, regional and international experts from a range of academic and policy institutions participated, including speakers from PricewaterhouseCoopers, the International Affairs Institute (Rome), the Institute for International Strategic Studies (Beijing), the Royal Institute of International Relations (Brussels) and the Foundation for Strategic Studies (Paris).

Paper

Mapping Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces

DCAF's newest addition to its SSR series has just been published, co-authored by Albrecht Schnabel and Marc Krupanski and titled "Mapping Evolving Internal Roles of the Armed Forces." It is widely assumed, at least from a Western perspective, that the armed forces provide national defence against external threats. In reality, within many consolidated Western democracies the armed forces are assuming an increasingly wide range of internal roles and tasks. These can include domestic security roles and the provision of humanitarian assistance in situations of natural or humanitarian catastrophe, often under the command and control of different civilian agencies. This SSR Paper seeks to make sense of this complex reality. Different internal roles of armed forces are analysed, drawing on the cases of Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Through carefully examining evolving internal roles and identifying patterns and lessons from these experiences, this SSR Paper provides an important contribution to understanding the evolving nature of contemporary armed forces.

Paper

The Federal Government of Germany - Interministerial Strategy to Support Security Sector Reform (SSR)

The Federal Government of Germany's SSR Strategy Interministerial Strategy  to Support Security Sector Reform (SSR). 

First, it describes interministerial objectives and principles of action, thereby creating a framework for improving coherence among ministries in the planning and implementation of SSR measures. Second, the strategy defines concrete interministerial measures to achieve these goals.

To access the Interministerial Strategy  to Support Security Sector Reform (SSR), kindly follow the link. 

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Strategy of the Federal Government of Germany for promoting the rule of law in the fields of crisis prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding

The Federal Government’s strategy for promoting the rule of law aims to improve Germany’s engagement to promote the rule of law in fragile contexts in order to improve crisis prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The main aim is to promote greater coherence and harmony between the respective ministries’ conceptual understanding and action, and to harness synergies between different policy areas.

To access the Strategy of the Federal  Government of Germany for promoting the rule of law in the fields of crisis prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding, kindly follow the link. 

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German Interministerial Strategy to Support “Dealing with the Past and Reconciliation (Transitional Justice)” in the Context of Preventing Crises, Resolving Conflicts and Building Peace

 This strategy should strengthen Germany’s engagement in transitional justice and position it on a clearer conceptual foundation. In particular, the aim is to help ministries act more coherently and in a more coordinated manner, to use synergies between different policy areas and to create closer links between relevant stakeholders. Action in the field of transitional justice also always includes the equally important field of reconciliation.

To access the German Interministerial Strategy  to Support “Dealing with  the Past and Reconciliation (Transitional Justice)” in the Context of Preventing Crises, Resolving Conflicts and Building Peace, kindly follow the link. 

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White Paper on German Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr

The 2016 White Paper: Strategic Review and Way Ahead on Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr is the key German policy document on security policy. It is a strategic review of the current state and future course of German security policy. It is thus the principal guideline for the security policy decisions and measures of our country. It establishes a framework in terms of concepts and content and provides starting points for strengthening the whole of government approach and developing further ministerial strategies.

To access the White Paper on German Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Livres

The Role of Parliament in Police Governance

As the primary agency for law enforcement, the police operates at close proximity to the public and exerts significant influence over the security of individuals and communities through its behaviours and performance. Therefore, ensuring accountability of both the individuals and institutions of the police is a fundamental condition for good governance of the security sector in democratic societies. The parliament, as the highest representative body in a democratic system, plays a significant role in maintaining police accountability.
The objective of the edited volume on “The Role of Parliament in Police Governance: Lessons Learned from Asia and Europe” is to put forward good practices and recommendations for improving police accountability, with an emphasis on the strengthening of the role of parliament in police governance. The comparative analysis includes insights and lessons learned from eight country case studies including Belgium, Germany, India, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand and the United Kingdom. The findings of the cases studies can be taken into account when analysing and considering options for improving the accountability of the police to parliament as well as strengthening independent oversight bodies and parliament-police liaison mechanisms. However, it must be emphasised that these good practices always need to be adapted to the exigencies of the local context.

Book

Civil-military Relations in Europe

Democracy is unlikely to develop or to endure unless military and other security forces are controlled by democratic institutions and necessary safeguards, checks and balances are in place. The result of a 2-year research project managed under the auspices of the European Group on Armed Forces and Society (ERGOMAS) and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), this comparative study examines how contemporary European states, both mature Western democracies and emerging democracies of post-communist Europe, manage the issue of how best to control the very institution that has been established for their protection and wields the monopoly of legitimate force. This volume contains 28 case studies from 14 countries: the Czech Republic, Germany, Georgia, France, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro, Switzerland, and the Ukraine. The studies cover a variety of situation from corruption to military incompetence, disobediencetowards civilian superiors, lack of expertise among civilians, to unauthorized strikes and accidents. They focus on the relationship between political, civilian and military actors while identifying problems and dangers that can emerge in those relations to the detriment of effective and legitimate democratic control. This book will be of much interest to students of Civil-Military Relations, military sociology, IR and strategic studies.

Book

Autres documents

The 2016 German White Paper: Strategic Review and Way Ahead

The White Paper on Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr is the key German policy document on security policy. It is a strategic review of the current state and future course of German security policy. It is thus the principal guideline for the security policy decisions and measures of our country. It establishes a framework in terms of concepts and content and provides starting points for strengthening the whole-of-government approach and developing further ministerial strategies.

Other Document

German SSR support in practice in Nigeria

This paper documents good practice evidence from German SSR activities in Nigeria. Major German involvement in support to SSR is relatively new, and has tended to focus on train and equip approaches. The examples of German support to SSR included here may not involve full-fledged reform processes, they may, however, provide an insight into some good practices from the ground that could be used as entry points for wider SSR engagement and strategic Security Sector Governance reform.

Other Document

Soutien RSS allemand en pratique au Mali

L’engagement de l’Allemagne en soutien aux processus de la RSS dans des pays tiers est relativement nouveau et se base principalement sur des approches de formation et équipement. Les exemples ci-dessous du soutien de l’Allemagne à la RSS au Mali ne constituent pas tout à fait des programmes RSS tel qu’entendu par l’OCDE CAD. Toutefois, les activités ci-dessous représentent des exemples intéressants de bonne pratique à partager au sein de la communauté RSS. Ce papier traite des aspects de confiance, d’approche inclusive, et de coordination. 

Other Document

Soutien RSS allemand en pratique au Mali

L’engagement de l’Allemagne en soutien aux processus de la RSS dans des pays tiers est relativement nouveau et se base principalement sur des approches de formation et équipement. Les exemples ci-dessous du soutien de l’Allemagne à la RSS au Mali ne constituent pas tout à fait des programmes RSS tel qu’entendu par l’OCDE CAD. Toutefois, les activités ci-dessous représentent des exemples intéressants de bonne pratique à partager au sein de la communauté RSS. Ce papier traite des aspects de confiance, d’approche inclusive, et de coordination. 

Other Document

German SSR support in practice in Nigeria

This paper documents good practice evidence from German SSR activities in Nigeria. Major German involvement in support to SSR is relatively new, and has tended to focus on train and equip approaches. The examples of German support to SSR included here may not involve full-fledged reform processes, they may, however, provide an insight into some good practices from the ground that could be used as entry points for wider SSR engagement and strategic Security Sector Governance reform.

Other Document