ISSAT

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La RSS en Bref

Rss francais

Manuel de formation: Introduction à la réforme du secteur de la sécurité  

Ce manuel vient compléter le Cours d’initiation (niveau 1) à la formation en matière de réforme du secteur de la sécurité proposé par l’ISSAT. S’inspirant de différents exemples d’efforts déployés pour soutenir la réforme de la sécurité et de la justice, il présente les grandes lignes de la stratégie et des pratiques utilisées dans ce domaine. Le manuel s’articule autour des quatre piliers de la RSS :

Ie chapitre : le concept de RSS

Ce chapitre traite de la RSS en tant que concept, explique son évolution ainsi que les préceptes théoriques qui l’ont inspirée et donne la définition des termes les plus importants. Il met aussi l’accent sur certaines caractéristiques importantes de la RSS.

IIe chapitre : les différents acteurs

Ce chapitre dresse le catalogue des principaux acteurs - nationaux et internationaux – du secteur de la sécurité et de la justice, puis examine comment assurer la coordination entre ces parties prenantes lorsqu’elles décident d’entreprendre un programme de RSS.

IIIe chapitre : la programmation de la RSS

Ce chapitre décrit les divers stades du cycle de programmation de la RSS et aborde les différentes difficultés - d’ordre politique ou technique - susceptibles de survenir au cours de la programmation.

IVe chapitre : les questions intersectorielles

Ce chapitre examine d’importants aspects thématiques et pratiques de la RSS souvent négligés, notamment les questions de genre. Il traite aussi des sujets étroitement liés à la RSS, tels que le désarmement, démobilisation et réinsertion (DDR), le contrôle des armes légères et de petit calibre (ALPC) et la justice transitionnelle (JT).

Ce manuel donne une idée générale du contexte théorique et des connaissances pratiques nécessaires pour se lancer dans une programmation de RSS car, ne se contentant pas d’énoncer les principes de base, il met aussi l’accent sur les divers obstacles qui risquent de surgir lorsque l’on décide d’entreprendre un prgrammme de RSS. Ouvrage de référence par excellence, il sera utile tout autant à ceux qui ont déjà assisté au Cours d’initiation (niveau 1) à la formation en matière de réforme du secteur de la sécurité proposé par l’ISSAT qu’aux néophytes.

La version espagnole de RSS en Bref se trouve ici. La version anglaise de RSS en Bref se trouve ici. Pour notre version en langue arabe, veuillez suivre le lien.

Tool

Qu'est-ce que la gouvernance?

vdyscy

Cette infographie donne un aperçu de la gouvernance en lien avec la réforme du secteur de la justice et de la sécurité. Elle fournit une représentation visuelle de la bonne gouvernance et une présentation détaillée des éléments interdépendants essentiels à la bonne gouvernance.  En outre, elle comprend des ressources supplémentaires sur la gouvernance dans le secteur de la sécurité, sur les indicateurs de performance et les mesures d'effets, ainsi que sur des sujets connexes.

Ce document s’imprime en taille A3. Vous pouvez le télécharger, l'imprimer et le plier le long des lignes pointillées – ce qui vous fournira un document A5 facile à partager.

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Policy and Research Papers

A Common Approach for Building International Capacity to Support SJSR

"A Common Approach for Building International Capacity to Support SJSR" is the title of ISSAT's second High Level Panel (HLP), organised on May 19th, 2011. ISSAT hosted its HLP discussion in Brussels, Belgium with the focus on the increasing need for establishing the right balance of technical, methodological and contextual expertise within SSR interventions.

The basis for the HLP topic was the recognition that the number of SSR mandates within Peace Support Operations (PSO) and crisis management operations has increased over the past years. In parallel, the demand for SSR and rule of law advisors who combine specialist knowledge with a solid understanding of the politics involved in reform processes has increased.

At present, many bilateral and multilateral donors face serious capacity gaps when it comes to having readily-available and deployable personnel with SSR experience and expertise. Security and justice reform requires a multi-disciplinary response: it requires personnel with an understanding of the political nature of SSR and the importance of accountability to a legitimate authority, coupled with those who have a technical understanding of how, for example, a police service, the military, the courts system and the various ministries function.

The panel who addressed these issues were:

  • Mr. Richard Wright, Director Conflict Prevention & Security Policy, European External Action Service (EEAS)
  • Mr. Cedric de Coning, Advisor to ACCORD and NUPI and Author of the Study on Civilian Capacities within the Non-governmental Civilian Roster Community
  • Mr Mika-Markus Leinonen, Director, Civcom Chair, European External Action Service (EEAS) 
  • General Juan Estaban (by video), Former Head of the EU SSR Mission in Guinea Bissau
Paper

What Works in International Security and Justice Programming?

S_J_study_UK_mission

 

This preliminary scoping study was commissioned by the Department for International Development (DFID), with the aim of considering the security and justice sector reform efforts of 19 of the main Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – Development Assistance Council (OECD-DAC) donors. It focuses on the efforts of each nation’s foreign affairs, development, defence, and justice agencies, and provides an initial assessment of how policy and programming are linked, what evidence of good practice has been collected, and what knowledge and programming gaps exist currently.

Paper

Executive Summary: Stocktaking of Security Sector Roles in Climate and Environmental Security: Report on the occupied Palestinian Territory

The occupied Palestinian Territory is facing a range of climate and environmental risks which directly affect human security. From rising temperatures and increasing aridity to water scarcity and widespread pollution,the combined effects of climate change and human pressures on the environment are contributing to local tensions and increasing the fragility of both communities and local ecosystems in the West Bank, which was the geographic focus of this study. This is an executive summary of the full report. 

Paper

What Works: Maximising the Internal Security Benefits of International Police Missions

In a changing strategic environment characterized by a trend towards the militarization of security, several countries are keeping their commitment to civilian crisis management and to multilateral police missions in particular. At the European Union (EU) level for example, the 2022 EU Strategic Compass for Security and Defence emphasizes the EU-wide commitment to strengthen
civilian Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and to renew the civilian CSDP Compact.

While demand for officers to participate in missions is rapidly growing, the supply of available officers has stagnated or even declined. Several studies have demonstrated that one of the reasons is that police institutions do not yet fully recognize the internal-external security nexus and fail to fully maximize the benefits of seconding staff to international missions.

The governments of France and the Netherlands have commissioned this study to contribute to the sharing of good practices and experiences, and to initiate further discussions between interested countries.

This report presents a range of good practices employed by states to maximize the benefits of mission participation to police institutions and serve internal security objectives when making officers available. It also aims to inform discussions around ongoing efforts to develop the roadmap towards the Civilian Compact 2.0 by EU Member States (EUMS).

Paper

Stocktaking of Security Sector Roles in Climate and Environmental Security: Report on the occupied Palestinian Territory

The occupied Palestinian Territory is facing a range of climate and environmental risks which directly affect human security. From rising temperatures and increasing aridity to water scarcity and widespread pollution,the combined effects of climate change and human pressures on the environment are contributing to local tensions and increasing the fragility of both communities and local ecosystems in the West Bank, which was the geographic focus of this study. 

ISSAT's this stocktaking study has found significant potential for SSG/R programming to improve service delivery of security institutions with regards to mitigating the impact of climate and environmental risks on communities and the environment, as well as strengthening social cohesion and contributing to sustainable peace. While international partners in their SSG/R programming tend to not yet fully maximize the potential of this area, findings place SSG/R’s role on climate and environmental security at the heart of the triple nexus between humanitarian needs, development and security. Moreover, working at this nexus is relevant in the context of the sustaining peace and prevention agenda, commitments to mainstream DRR into all sectors under the Sendai Framework, as well as the Paris Agreement’s Global Goal on Adaptation

Paper

Other Documents

Final report of the European Association of Peace Operations Training Centres (EAPTC) annual meeting 2014

The annual meeting of the European Association of Peace Operations Training Centres (EAPTC) was organised by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) and the International Security Sector Advisory Team of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF/ISSAT) from 12-13 March 2014, in Stans, Switzerland. The meeting brought together over 40 participants from various European training institutions.

The meeting provided members the opportunity to share information on their ongoing and planned activities. The main focus of the meeting was to discuss lessons learned and challenges in the design and delivery of Peace Support Operations (PSO) trainings.

Other Document

German SSR support in practice in Nigeria

This paper documents good practice evidence from German SSR activities in Nigeria. Major German involvement in support to SSR is relatively new, and has tended to focus on train and equip approaches. The examples of German support to SSR included here may not involve full-fledged reform processes, they may, however, provide an insight into some good practices from the ground that could be used as entry points for wider SSR engagement and strategic Security Sector Governance reform.

Other Document

ISSAT Gender and SSR Report (2016)

DCAF-ISSAT aims to incorporate gender sensitivity throughout its work. This report on gender and SSR in DCAF-ISSAT's work for 2016 highlights how we have incorporated gender aspects in:

  • our Member's national policy thinking
  • partner country thinking on their national security strategy 
  • programming 
  • training
  • advocacy and outreach
  • knowledge products
  • gender sensitive representation
Other Document

Soutien RSS allemand en pratique au Mali

L’engagement de l’Allemagne en soutien aux processus de la RSS dans des pays tiers est relativement nouveau et se base principalement sur des approches de formation et équipement. Les exemples ci-dessous du soutien de l’Allemagne à la RSS au Mali ne constituent pas tout à fait des programmes RSS tel qu’entendu par l’OCDE CAD. Toutefois, les activités ci-dessous représentent des exemples intéressants de bonne pratique à partager au sein de la communauté RSS. Ce papier traite des aspects de confiance, d’approche inclusive, et de coordination. 

Other Document

Training course on "Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R) contribution to Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE)"

Course Description
This course provides participants with knowledge and practical tools to better understand the drivers (root causes and triggers) of violent extremism in contexts of fragility. It includes a strong component on the security and development nexus and covers dimensions related to human security, access to justice and community violence reduction (CVR). It also touches upon the holistic nature of SSG/R, including sessions on policing, national security strategy, relations with the media and strategic communication in contexts of VE.
The course was developed acknowledging that significant improvements must be made in prioritising interventions that address the structural causes and aggravating factors that create insecurity, marginalisation, and grievances. It is in this context that the crucial role of SSG/R becomes most apparent.

Learning methodology
The course will use interactive and peer-learning activities while adopting a problem-solving approach through a series of case studies, hands-on practical exercises, simulations and group activities to help participants understand the challenges related to SSG/R in practice. An inductive approach is used in every session of the course in order to place participants at the centre of the training.

Benefits of attending
The course will enable you to:

  • Understand the drivers (root causes and triggers) of violent extremism within the context of conflict and fragility.
  • Identify and prioritise the drivers which can be managed and mitigated through SSG in the short and long term.
  • Explore and apply options for change in improving security and justice service delivery.
  • Enhance individual and collective competence in applying integrated thinking on SSG/R contribution to address violent extremism.

Who should attend
The course will target senior practitioners and professionals – including civilian, military and police personnel, as well as civil society representatives and professionals from the private sector – who are working closely on issues related to SSG/R and violent extremism such as governance, rule of law, police reform, defence reform, justice reform, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration. The course also targets those involved in programme design, management and implementation, mission planning and delivery and/or in political/policy dialogues.
DCAF-ISSAT is commited to selecting diverse participants in terms of professional and organisational background, age and nationality, as well as gender balance.

Other Document