This 2015 DCAF paper by Bernie Gravett of Specialist Policing Consulting UK analyses from a security sector perspective, the structure, politics and process of efforts to counter trafficking in human beings.
The United Kingdom (UK) is a destination country for men, women, and children primarily from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe who are subjected to human trafficking for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour, including domestic servitude. Human trafficking is a subject of growing concern in the UK, which has therefore led the government to take positive action to improve legislation and punishment for trafficking and slavery offences. In 2015, the UK government passed the Modern Slavery Act to restructure criminal offences linked to trafficking, implement tougher sentencing and create a new position for a Modern Slavery Commissioner to oversee changes in the UK trafficking response. This legislation also gives support to victims through seizing traffickers’ assets and channeling some of that money towards reparations for victims. Furthermore, it created a new statutory defence for slavery or trafficking victims compelled to commit criminal offences. However, there is still a long way to go in terms of investing in dedicated police human trafficking training and investigation capacity as police forces in the UK are facing up to 45% budget cuts over an 8 year period lasting until 2018.
For DCAF's full report on Countering Human Trafficking: The UK’s Efforts, kindly follow the link.