Examples of illicit financial flows in SSR assessments

31/03/2014 @ 18:09
par James Cohen

Hello everyone,

I'm currently conducting research on justice approaches to addressing corruption in SSR.

One aspect of this is looking at the use of integrating the examination of illicit financial flows, particularly by the security sector, as part of truth and reconciliation commissions. While I'm not sure if this has actually happened before, does anyone have experience of conducting anything similar to this? My one example right now mapping the poppy trade in Afghanistan.

Thank you for any and all suggestions.


13/04/2014 @ 01:49
by Timothy Reid

Hello James,

I am not sure if this is what you are getting at, but one of the prime examples of this is in the Great Lakes of Africa where the international community has been financing the conflict for decades, even patting itself on the back for pretending that Rwanda and Uganda are great examples of development, even though that growth is largely from donations and pillaging in the DRC.

Managing resources is directly linked to solutions in the DRC.  I include some links to stuff that I have already published on this:

. Journal of African Elections Vol 12 Number 1 June 2013 http://www.eisa.org.za/EISA/publications/jaec.htm


Rapes in the Congo: More Than a Weapon of War published July 29, 2011 in The InterDependent, a publication of the United Nations Association of the United States of America. http://www.theinterdependent.com/110729/rapes-in-the-congo-more-than-a-weapon-of-war


War is not Politics by Other Means: a Case Study of how Western Indulgence Encouraged Rwanda and Uganda to Undermine the Security and Sovereignty of the Democratic Republic of Congo published in Manuela Franco [Ed.]. A UE E ÁFRICA: EM BUSCA E PACERIA DE PARCERIA ESTRATÉGICA [“The EU and Africa: Looking for Strategic Partnership”]. Fundaçào Luso-Americana [Luso-American Foundation] & Instituto Portugués de Relações Internacionais [IPRI - Portuguese Institute for International Relations].Lisbon, 2009 : pp 133-196. Previously published as Working Paper n. º 36 – IPRI 08 | Abril | 2008. NOTE:  The first draft was presented at the Conference – “The EU and Africa: Looking for Strategic Partnership” November 8-9, 2007- organized in preparation for the EU Africa Summit which took place in Lisbon December 2007.  http://www.ipri.pt/publicacoes/working_paper/working_paper.php?idp=238


 “Why the UN Needs Private Security” Journal of International Peace Operations Volume 3, Number 3: November-December 2007 located at www.PeaceOps.com.


Contributed to “Avoiding Disarmament Failure: The Critical Link in DDR – An Operational Manual for Donors, Managers, and Practitioners” by Peter Swarbrick. A Working Paper of the Small Arms Survey [Geneva, Switzerland] February 2007. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/files/sas/publications/w_papers_pdf/WP/WP5%20DDR%20Manual.pdf


Killing Them Softly: Has Foreign Aid to Rwanda and Uganda Contributed to the Humanitarian Tragedy in the Democratic Republic of Congo? ” Africa Policy Journal [Harvard Kennedy School of Government], Spring 2006, Volume 1 http://www.hks.harvard.edu/kssgorg/apj/issues/2006_issue/reid.htm


This topic is also an issue currently in Libya where certain "semi official" militias control the oil production, border posts, etc.

In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge, the People's Party (refounded communists put in place by Vietnam) and FUNCINPEC were all involved in carving up resources.

Rebel militias, government forces and vigilante groups have all had varying degrees of participation in the drugs trade in South America,

Hope this helps.